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planting
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  种植
    Investigation and research report on garlic planting and development in Henan Province
    河南省大蒜种植与开发的调研报告
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    A Study of Reform of Crop Planting System in Flat Area of Hanzhong
    汉中平坝区种植制度改革的研究
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    Compound Planting Model and Agricultural Sustainable Development
    复合种植模式与可持续发展农业
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    (3) The planting mode is single.
    (3)种植体制模式单一。
短句来源
    Investigation on supply and demand in feed and planting structure in low hilly red soil region
    低丘红壤区饲料供需状况与种植结构的调查
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  种植业
    Problem on Development of Planting in Altai Region
    阿勒泰地区发展种植业的若干问题
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    Research on the National Planting Nonlinear Input-output Model
    全国种植业非线性投入产出模型的研究
短句来源
    Analysis of Planting Structure in Zhungar Southern Fan Zone
    准噶尔南缘扇缘带种植业结构分析
短句来源
    Optmum Design of Planting Structure in Jilin Province
    吉林省种植业结构优化设计
短句来源
    The Optimal Model on Disposal of Resources for Planting in Gansu
    甘肃省种植业资源配置优化模型
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  播种
    By analysis on provision security of Jiangsu Province, it concluded the safe area for crop planting from 2004 to 2030. And the provision crisis time was predicted.
    同时,进行了江苏省粮食安全分析,计算了在安全系数为0.925条件下,2004~2030年江苏省应保持的粮食作物安全播种面积,并设计耕地在不同年均递减幅度下,江苏省出现粮食危机的时间预测。
    The results showed that the percentage of grain crop area to the total planting area reduced to 35. 3% of 2010 by 71% of 1998. The percentage of economic crop rises greatly.
    表明延庆县粮食作物占播种面积的比例由1998年的71%下降到2010年的35.3%; 蔬菜果树等经济价值高的作物占总播面积比例均有较大提高;
    The results showed that the percentage of grain crop area to the total planting area reduced to 35. 3% of 2010 by 71% of 1998. The percentage of economic crop rises greatly.
    表明延庆县粮食作物占播种面积的比例由1998年的71%下降到2010年的 35.3%; 蔬菜果树等经济价值高的作物占总播面积比例均有较大提高;
    From 1998 to 2003, planting area and the output of food have decreased in our country, the price of food have increased according.
    从1998年至2003年,我国粮食播种面积逐年下降,粮食产量逐年减少,全国粮食总的趋势是“三降一升”,即粮食总产量降、收购量降、库存量降,粮价上升。
短句来源
    planting grain area is 120×10~4hm~2;
    粮食年播种面积警戒线120×104hm2;
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  “planting”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Eco-economical Analysis of Planting Grass to Fish Culture
    种草养鱼的生态经济分析
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    Countermeasures to Develop a Modern Cotton Planting Industry in South Xinjiang
    发展南疆现代化植棉业的对策
短句来源
    Agricultural Land Evaluation Based on the Different Crop Planting at County Level
    基于GIS的县域不同作物土地综合生产力评价
短句来源
    Studies on Grass Planting for Animal Husbandry and Poultry Raising to Promote Strategic Adjustment of Agricultural Structure
    发展种草养畜(禽)促进我国农业产业结构的战略性调整
短句来源
    Thoughts on the Project of Planting and Managing Pear and Teak Trees in Shangrao City
    上饶市建设梨柚工程的思考
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  planting
The influence of woodland soil bulk density on the growth and distribution of fine root system of main planting tree species in the Weibei Loess Plateau was investigated by means of pot culture and field survey.
      
Besides, runoff and sediment produced in mixed planting of apple trees and crops were 16.14-fold and 2.96-fold than those of O.
      
Container stecklings are more likely to increase the planting survival rate.
      
Therefore, it is important to consider planting densities on the hillsides with slope gradients less than 10° for reconstructing vegetation.
      
To improve soil quality and maintain sustainable productivity, some measures, including planting mixed conifer with hardwood, preserving residues after harvest, and adopting scientific site preparation, should be taken.
      
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The target and efforts in the development of agriculture is to create an agricultural production systetn to achieve high yield, better quolity by consuming less energy, thus obtaining the ideal material, economic, ecological and social benefits. In order to change the backward agrcultural production in Lintao as quickly as possible, based on its evolutiion, present situation and the natural resources, we have proposed some measures for the development of agriculture there: starting from the adjustment of agriculturai...

The target and efforts in the development of agriculture is to create an agricultural production systetn to achieve high yield, better quolity by consuming less energy, thus obtaining the ideal material, economic, ecological and social benefits. In order to change the backward agrcultural production in Lintao as quickly as possible, based on its evolutiion, present situation and the natural resources, we have proposed some measures for the development of agriculture there: starting from the adjustment of agriculturai system, to realize the transformation to the strategy of planting trees and growing grass; paying more attention to the most backward areas, to transfer our main effo(?)ts to the arid and semiearid mountainous areas;acting in accordance with the naturaf and economic laws, to realize the transfomation from the selfsufficient agricultural production to the commercial one.

农业发展的目标相重点,是要创造一个高产、优质、低耗的农业生产系统和一个合理、高效、良好的农业生态系统,从而获得理想的物质效益、经济效益、生态效益和社会效益。为了迅速改变临洮农业落后状况,本文仅就临洮农业的演变、现状、资源,提出临洮农业发展的趋势和措施:即从调整农业生产结构入手,实现以植树种草为目标的战略转移;抓农业生产薄弱地区,实现以干旱、半干旱山区为重点的工作转移;遵循自然规律和经济规律,实现农业自给半自给生产向商品生产转移.

Agricultural cultivation in the northwest loess plateau has a long history. Owing to long-term irrational exploitation and utilization,the producttve structure tends to become monocultivation.The material circulation has been so seriously blocked that the raising of systematic productivity is confined. The fixed-position research in 1980 showed:“conversion efficiency between soil fertility and crop moisture is posittvely correlated with an obvious positive correlation.”and the results also deeply revealed that...

Agricultural cultivation in the northwest loess plateau has a long history. Owing to long-term irrational exploitation and utilization,the producttve structure tends to become monocultivation.The material circulation has been so seriously blocked that the raising of systematic productivity is confined. The fixed-position research in 1980 showed:“conversion efficiency between soil fertility and crop moisture is posittvely correlated with an obvious positive correlation.”and the results also deeply revealed that though dryness was a frequent threat to rainfed agricultural production on the plateau,poor soil fertility led to the waste of soil moisture,which was the direct cause for the low efficiency of utilization of plentiful of sunlight and heat resources. Research showed that perennial legume forage crop---alfalfa (M.satival)with an extensive ecological adaptibility ands tability should be largely planted in agricultural zones where there is lack of non-aiable land.pl- anting alfalfa must be taken as a break-through so as to regulate agricultural sturcture and intensify the integration of agriculture with animal husbandry. In this way,the bio-nitrogen fixed by alfalfa and other organic matter may be transferred into farmland through the channels of animal husbandry. And at the same time,the principle of enlarging material circulation chanoels of“lack of organic matter with compensation of ionrganic matter”should also be implemented.The close combination of the two was to prosper animal husbandry so as to promote agriculture and to change mnostructure and to setablish the stable agricultural production structurey related to natural resources on the plateau and with higherstable agrtcultural ecolgical effects and economi- cal returns.Every means possible should be tried to convert the potentialprod- uctivity into social wealth. In 1981,the sturctural reform testing points were set up in Guyuan/Chenchen /Yaoxian/Qishan counties with rainfall of 400/500/600 mm respectively. In these testing points,area of 10% or 20% of the arable land was devoted to plant alfalfa with the better results produced in 1983.The results revealed that rncressing planting alfalfa in the rainfed and irrigated regions with lack of non-arable land to stimulate agricultural sturcture refom was reasonable. The production returns of the first batches of testing points showed that planting alfalfa may have the following advantages;(1)enlarging material circulation channels to increase soil fertility;(2)lowering coefficient of soil moisture evaporation and raising of conversion efficiency of soil moisture and(3)edurcing consumption of farmland energy and raising energy conversion efficiency.

西北黄土高原农耕历史悠久,由于长期不合理的开发利用,生产结构趋于单一,物质循环障碍严重,制约着系统生产力的提高。一九八○年定位研究表明:“农田肥力与作物的水分转化效率呈正相关、相关显著”,深刻地揭示出,干旱固然是高原旱作农区生产的经常威胁,然而地力不足导致农田水分无谓地耗损,是丰足的光、热资源利用率低下的最为直接的原因。研究表明,高原非耕地欠缺的主要农区,扩种具有广泛生态适应性和稳定生产力的多年生豆科牧草——紫花苜蓿(M.SativL.),并以此为突破口,调正农业结构,强化农牧结合,使苜蓿所固定的生物氮连同有机质,通过畜牧业渠道集中地向衣田转移;同时实行“有机不足、无机补”的拓宽物质循环通道的原则,二者紧密结合应是兴牧促农,改变结构单一,建立与高原资源相适应的具有较高生态效益和经济效益的性能稳定的农业生产结构依据,尽可能地把资源潜在生产力转化为社会财富。一九八一年开始的,分别在年降水量400、500、600毫米地区的固原、澄城、耀县、岐山建立的结构改革试验点,以耕地10%或20%的面积种植苜蓿,一九八三年开始产生良好效果,正面显示出:在非耕地欠缺的旱作或灌溉农区,增种苜蓿促进农业结构改革是可行的。第一批试点单...

西北黄土高原农耕历史悠久,由于长期不合理的开发利用,生产结构趋于单一,物质循环障碍严重,制约着系统生产力的提高。一九八○年定位研究表明:“农田肥力与作物的水分转化效率呈正相关、相关显著”,深刻地揭示出,干旱固然是高原旱作农区生产的经常威胁,然而地力不足导致农田水分无谓地耗损,是丰足的光、热资源利用率低下的最为直接的原因。研究表明,高原非耕地欠缺的主要农区,扩种具有广泛生态适应性和稳定生产力的多年生豆科牧草——紫花苜蓿(M.SativL.),并以此为突破口,调正农业结构,强化农牧结合,使苜蓿所固定的生物氮连同有机质,通过畜牧业渠道集中地向衣田转移;同时实行“有机不足、无机补”的拓宽物质循环通道的原则,二者紧密结合应是兴牧促农,改变结构单一,建立与高原资源相适应的具有较高生态效益和经济效益的性能稳定的农业生产结构依据,尽可能地把资源潜在生产力转化为社会财富。一九八一年开始的,分别在年降水量400、500、600毫米地区的固原、澄城、耀县、岐山建立的结构改革试验点,以耕地10%或20%的面积种植苜蓿,一九八三年开始产生良好效果,正面显示出:在非耕地欠缺的旱作或灌溉农区,增种苜蓿促进农业结构改革是可行的。第一批试点单位的生产效益表明:扩种苜蓿可以:①拓宽物质循环渠道、坛进地力;②降低耗水系数,提高水分转化效率;③减少农田耗能,提高能量转化效率。

The author chose Lumacha, Dinxi, Gansu as an epitome from dryland agriculfural ecosystems. The present situation of this natural area was examined in detail from ecological viewpoint. In order to utilize this kind of ecosystem reasonably, tree-or shrup-planting and grass-growing are of importance. The management of local natural area in a comprechensive way has achieved success at Anjaiagou. Adeqaute supply of manures is another key faetor at present time.

本文根据对鹿马岔小流域农业生产现状的调查研究,分析了定西地区旱地农业生产系统的现状及特点。认为:定西地区旱地农业生态系统的现状表现为系统的稳定性不高,水土流失严重和“三料”俱缺。导致这种现状的原因为农业生态系统的结构极不合理,对自然资源的利用率较低,农业生态系统投入的能量和物质入不敷出。最后在分析研究的基础上,按定西地区的自然和社会资源,提出了改善该旱地农业生态系统恶性循环的途径。

 
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