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guides
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     It is the basic footstone, guides the direction and method of researching the other theories, and provides precondition of the idea to establishing the subject of ideological and political education.
     思想政治教育目的是思想政治学重要的理论基石,指导着其它相关的理论的研究方向和方法,为思想政治教育学科理论体系科学建构提供思想前提和理论基础。
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     Reading teaching is the action that teacher guides the students to learn and practice.
     阅读教学是教师指导学生学习与实践阅读的教与学的行为。
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     For a long time, however, such theory that guides practice in financial management has always been scarce, which bounds the practice of financial analysis and various financial management functions, affecting the realization of rehabilitation objective in commercial bank.
     这就离不开财务报表分析理论的指导,然而,长期以来适合商业银行财务管理实践的财务报表分析理论是比较欠缺,跟不上商业银行形势发展的要求,这不仅制约着商业银行财务分析工作的有效开展和各项财务管理职能的发挥,也影响着商业银行治理目标的实现。
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     Software process supporting environment (PSE) is a kind of computer system that supports meta-process of software process. PSE controls and guides real-world software development process by enacting a pre-defined software process model (SPM).
     过程支撑环境PSE(process supporting environment)是一种支持软件过程元过程的计算机环境,PSE通过运作一个事先定义好的软件过程模型SPM(software process model)来控制和指导实际软件开发过程.
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     Antimicrobial Therapy of Pulmonary Infections Guides by Pharmacokinectic/ Pharmacodynamic Principle on Antibiotic
     应用药代动力学/药效学原理指导肺部感染的抗菌治疗
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  “guides”译为未确定词的双语例句
     AMPLITUDE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS OF SOME TRIANGULAR WAVE GUIDES
     几个三角形波导的振幅分布函数
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     Repairing Guides of BQ 2020 6 Meters Double Housing Planer with Sticking PTFE Soft Tape
     用聚四氟乙烯软带贴面法修复BQ2020六米龙门刨导轨
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     Some Exploration Guides of Primary Gold Deposits
     原生金矿的若干找矿标志
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     Geochemical Features and Exploration Guides of Elements Se and Te in the Hetai Gold Deposit
     河台金矿床中Se、Te地球化学特征及其找矿意义
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     Mineral Typomorphic Characteristics and Prospecting Mineralogical Guides of Primary Au-deposits in the Ailaoshan Gold Ore Belt
     哀牢山金矿带原生金矿床矿物标型特征及找矿矿物学标志
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  相似匹配句对
     (3)guides as action;
     ( 3)能否成为实践活动的指南 ;
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     What guides Teaching
     指导教学的是什么
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  guides
The design method and damping valve structure are useful guides for hydro pneumatic suspension, especially for the design of heavy-duty vehicles.
      
Spleen function is a key issue that generally guides advances in splenic surgery.
      
Here, we present a simpler variant of the theory of the phenomenon based, on the one hand, on [3], and, on the other, on the theory of weakly inhomogeneous wave guides [4-6].
      
Soundproofing in wave guides has been considered in a number of papers, a fairly complete review of which is given in [1].
      
Periodic variations of chemical and mineral compositions of rocks were used as helpful guides for the determination of boundaries and volumes of primary sedimentary cycles in metasedimentary sequences with obliterated stratigraphy.
      
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Since the beginning of the last half century, the science of hydrology through successive steps of development has advanced to the realm of quantitative analysis. Engineers employed empirical methods to compute river discharges from precipitation data in answer to the ever-increasing demands made upon hydrologic analyses for engineering works. Yet for the phenomena of conflux of flows from precipitations, there exist only meager and fragmental quantitative analyses, without, so far, a systematic study of their...

Since the beginning of the last half century, the science of hydrology through successive steps of development has advanced to the realm of quantitative analysis. Engineers employed empirical methods to compute river discharges from precipitation data in answer to the ever-increasing demands made upon hydrologic analyses for engineering works. Yet for the phenomena of conflux of flows from precipitations, there exist only meager and fragmental quantitative analyses, without, so far, a systematic study of their underlying theories recorded in literature. On account of this, the progress of hydrology in respect to theory as well as to prac- tice has been retarded. By means of hydrodynamic analysis, the author has tentatively made an approach to the establishment of such a scheme of theories, in which he divided the rainfall-runoff phenomena into three parts for separate analyses, i. e., the occurrence of runoff due to rainfall at a surface point, the surface flow, and. the conflux of channel flows. This paper is devoted to the first part, which is, in essence, an analysis of the basic hydrologic phenomena. The theories thus established may be used as a guide for various hydrologic analyses in practice, may be based upon to examine the validity of various methods of hydrologic calculations, and may be further used to develop an approximate yet rational method for computing discharges from precipitation data. In this paper, the author proposes a scheme of underlying theories for analyzing the hydrograph of surface flow due to rainfall at a point, in which the essence of basic hydrologic phenomena is revealed, and this is accompanied with calculations of an example. In the earlier years, R. E. Horton established a theory of correlations of rainfall and runoff from small drainage basins by analyzing the data of Homer's sprinkler experiments. Thereafter, researchers basing upon his theories and methods analyzed the relations between rainfall and runoff by sprinkler experiments or data from natural areas. On account of the fact that Horton's analysis does not begin with an accurate hydrodynamical viewpoint, problems are bound to arise in practice due to defects in the underlying theories. Shortcomings of Homer's analysis on the basis of the author's theories are pointed out and the practical value of sprinkler experiments estimated. A method proposed by E. V. Bodakoff for computing discharges due to storms on small basins has raised wide discussions among the Soviet scholars, many of whom hold different views. The author hereby points out the main shortcomings of Bodakoff's method, and gives a numerical example with results compared with those computed by the author's method, thus showing the limitations of Bodakoff's method in practical applications.

半世紀來,水文学在發展的过程中已進入了定量分析的途徑;工程師們曾用各种經驗性的方法依據降水的资料推演河槽裹水流的現象,以应各种工程建設对於水文分析的要求。但是对於降水集流的过程始終祇有一些零星、片面的数值分析,没有一套完整的理論系統,因此阻碍着水文学在理論与应用方面的發展。作者曾用流体力学的分析法初步建立了降水集流的理論系統,把降水集流的过程分為三個階段:雨降地面逕流的產生、地面流、槽流之滙集,分别予以分析。本文便是其中第一階段,亦即最基本水文現象的分析。这些建立了的理論可以用為指導各种水文分析的南針,用為評論各种水文計算法的依據,並可用以創造一种近似而合理的方法,从降水資料推算逕流資料。本文中作者貢献一套理論,以分析地面點上降雨產生逕流的过程,揭發了基本水文現象的本質,最後並列舉实例的計算。早年郝登(R.E.Horton)曾依據郝納(W.W.Homer)的地面流实驗資料建立了一套在小地域內降水和逕流關係之理論,其後学者們根據他的理論和方法,用人工降雨法或流域資料实測法來確定降水和逕流間的關係。郝登的分析並没有从準確的動力学观點出發。在实際分析中發生了欠缺理論基礎的根本問題。这方面作者持着不同的意見。本文中根...

半世紀來,水文学在發展的过程中已進入了定量分析的途徑;工程師們曾用各种經驗性的方法依據降水的资料推演河槽裹水流的現象,以应各种工程建設对於水文分析的要求。但是对於降水集流的过程始終祇有一些零星、片面的数值分析,没有一套完整的理論系統,因此阻碍着水文学在理論与应用方面的發展。作者曾用流体力学的分析法初步建立了降水集流的理論系統,把降水集流的过程分為三個階段:雨降地面逕流的產生、地面流、槽流之滙集,分别予以分析。本文便是其中第一階段,亦即最基本水文現象的分析。这些建立了的理論可以用為指導各种水文分析的南針,用為評論各种水文計算法的依據,並可用以創造一种近似而合理的方法,从降水資料推算逕流資料。本文中作者貢献一套理論,以分析地面點上降雨產生逕流的过程,揭發了基本水文現象的本質,最後並列舉实例的計算。早年郝登(R.E.Horton)曾依據郝納(W.W.Homer)的地面流实驗資料建立了一套在小地域內降水和逕流關係之理論,其後学者們根據他的理論和方法,用人工降雨法或流域資料实測法來確定降水和逕流間的關係。郝登的分析並没有从準確的動力学观點出發。在实際分析中發生了欠缺理論基礎的根本問題。这方面作者持着不同的意見。本文中根據作者的理論指出了郝登分析法的癥結所在,並估計了人工降雨实驗法的实用價值之限度。波達闊夫曾建議暴雨逕流之一种計算法,引起了苏联学者的廣泛討論,很多人持有不同的意見。作者於文中指出了波氏等方法發生問題的症結所在;並用实例計算和作者的方法比較,說明了波氏法在实用中的準確限度。

1.This paper includes two parts,namely the study of flowering biology and crossing technique in sweet potato,and the 3-year experi- mental results of several hybrid lines, 2.When a “short-day”condition of 8 hours was provided,sweet potato plants flowered about 10-25 days earlier than that under natural condition in Foochow.However,it varied with different varieties, different stages of treatment and environmental factors. 3.The percentage of cross-fertility,based on more than 1000 crosses we made during a 4-year...

1.This paper includes two parts,namely the study of flowering biology and crossing technique in sweet potato,and the 3-year experi- mental results of several hybrid lines, 2.When a “short-day”condition of 8 hours was provided,sweet potato plants flowered about 10-25 days earlier than that under natural condition in Foochow.However,it varied with different varieties, different stages of treatment and environmental factors. 3.The percentage of cross-fertility,based on more than 1000 crosses we made during a 4-year period,was about 45%.It seems that “mixed-pollination” and “repeated pollinaation”tended to increase the percentage of cross-fertility. 4.According to the 3-year experimental results,the hybrid lines, 5414-5 and 5414-8,were found to be hetter than their parents,Triumph 100 and Yoliow Sweet Potato,in yield.The hybrids were also superior to their parents in vine production.It seems that the hybrids were more adaptaple to environment conoitions than their parents. 5.The problem regarding the choice on combinations of parental pairs is discussed.The principle of choosing psrental pairs from geo- graphically distant locaties,propossd by I.V.Michurin,is a guide to sove this problem.A great number of hybrid lines are undergoing study.

1.本文包括两部分,即甘薯开花生物学和有性杂交技术的研究及几个杂交系的三年试验结果。2.当给以8小时短日条件,甘薯植株比在福州自然条件下的提早开花10——25天。但因品种、处理时期及环境条件而不同。3.根据四年来杂交一千余朵花的结果,甘薯杂交成功率约为45%。混合授粉及重复授粉似乎有增加杂交成功率的趋势。4.根据三年试验结果,发现二个杂交系,即5414——5和5414——8,在块根产量上比亲本胜利百号及黄薯都高。在蔓的产量上,杂交系亦比较亲本为优。而且这两个杂交系似乎比亲本具有较大适应不同环境条件的能力。5.关于选择亲本组合的问题曾加以讨论。米丘林所提出关于选择远地亲本的原则,对于这个问题的解决具有指导的作用。许多杂交系尚在继续研究中。

An equivalent circuit of transistors operating in saturation region is suggested. This circuit contains a transistor operating in active region and a diode biased in forward direction. By using this equivalent circuit, the physical meaning of storage time of transistors may be explained more intuitively. With this, the storage time in drift transistor, Which is common base connected, has been investigated. By solving the continuity equation, the steady state and the transient components of the densities of minority...

An equivalent circuit of transistors operating in saturation region is suggested. This circuit contains a transistor operating in active region and a diode biased in forward direction. By using this equivalent circuit, the physical meaning of storage time of transistors may be explained more intuitively. With this, the storage time in drift transistor, Which is common base connected, has been investigated. By solving the continuity equation, the steady state and the transient components of the densities of minority carriers in diode near the p-n-junction is obtained. By setting these two components equal in magnitude and opposite in sign, we get a formula, from which the storage time may be determined. The storage time in some special cases has been calculated. The results show that the storage time depends upon the life time of minorities and the surface recombination velocities both in base region and in collector region. This may be a guide for design a transistor with more short storage time.

半导体三极管在饱和区工作时,其等效电路可以用一个三极管及一个由集电极及基极构成的二极管联成的电路表示出来,其中三极管在有源区工作,而二极管在正向偏压下工作。这样的等效电路具有比较明显的物理意义。利用这个电路来求漂移管在一个共基极电路中脉冲工作下的储存时间。解出非平衡少数载流子的连续性方程,求出二极管p-n结附近非平衡少数载流子密度的稳定态分量及暂态分量,从而得到决定储存时间的方程。计算结果表明,储存时间与基极区域及集电极区域中非平衡载流子的寿命及表面复合速度有关。减少寿命及增加表面复合速度就可以减少储存时间。

 
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