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detecting     
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  检测
     Researches on Detecting and Tracking Dim Small Targets in Image Sequences
     图像低信噪比小目标检测与跟踪算法研究
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     Detecting methods of Services Conflict in Intelligent Networks
     智能网业务冲突检测方法的研究
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     Research on Theory and Method in Detecting Colorectal Cancer with Laser-Induced Fluorescence
     激光诱导荧光检测大肠癌变组织的理论与方法研究
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     Research on the Detecting Technologies and System Based on Whole-Field Parallel Confocal
     基于全场并行共焦的检测技术与系统研究
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     Study on Image Detection Technique and Its Application on Detecting Defects of Leather
     图像检测技术在皮革缺陷检测中的应用研究
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  探测
     Detecting and Controlling Network Technology with Multisensor System--Microseismic Signals Detecting and Identification of Target Moving on the Ground
     多传感器探测与控制网络技术——地面运动目标震动信号探测与识别
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     The Research of Ultraviolet Technology of Detecting and the Examining System of Double Spectrum Image
     紫外探测技术与双光谱图像检测系统的研究
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     Study on the Technologies for Detecting Small Dark Target with Laser Active Imaging
     应用激光主动成像探测小暗目标的技术研究
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     Application Research of Microwave to the Nondestructive Detecting of Leukemia
     微波在白血病无损探测中的应用研究
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     Study on Model for Detecting Concentrated Seepage in Dam by Temperature and Its Numerical Experiment
     堤坝集中渗漏温度场探测模型及数值实验
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  监测
     Gas Detecting and Forecasting via Time Series Method
     瓦斯监测和预报的时间序列分析方法
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     Reverse indirect hemagglutination inhibition assay(RIHI)for detecting F_1 antibody of Y.pestis in epidemiological surveillance and focus survey
     反向血凝抑制试验(RIHI)检测鼠疫F1抗体在疫情监测和疫源地调查中的应用
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     Diagnosis of Trichinosis by Detecting Circulating Antigen in Infected Pigs
     检测受染旋毛虫猪血清中循环抗原对诊断和监测本病的研究
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     Design of GPS Monitoring Points in a Fault Area and Its Effect on Detecting the Fault Activities
     断层区域的GPS监测点布设及其探测效果
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     A Technique of Detecting Cutting Tool Fracture Automatically
     刀具破磨损的自动监测技术
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  检出
     The Study of Three Kinds of Image and Serum AFP Test on Detecting the Residual, Recurrence and Metastasis Lesions After TACE for Primary Carcinoma of Liver
     三种影像学方法及血清AFP对原发性肝癌TACE后残留、复发、转移病灶检出的研究
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     The analysis of artifact in EECG and R-wave detecting circuit
     运动心电图干扰的分析及R波检出电路
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     Effects of consecutive microwave radiation on the detecting rate of micronucleus in bone marrow cell
     连续微波辐射对动物骨髓微核细胞检出率的影响
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     0.36% NACI PHOSPHATE BUFFER ASSAY IN DETECTING THALASSEMIAS
     应用0、36%NaCl 磷酸盐缓冲液检出地中海贫血方法的探讨
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     R Wave Detecting Device for γ Camera and Cardiometer
     用于γ相机和心功能仪的R波检出装置
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  detecting
In this paper, we given an approach for detecting one or more outliers in randomized linear model.
      
A new method for rapidly detecting restriction enzyme patterns of Mycobacterium DNA using capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIFD) was developed.
      
This method enhances the Snake algorithm's ability of detecting object edge.
      
The performance of the algorithm is evaluated by the covered percentage of region/events, the detecting ability and the energy equalization of the networks.
      
The simulation results indicate that SOMDA outperforms uniform and random deployment with lossless coverage, enhancive detecting ability and significant energy equalization.
      
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A new alkaloid, sipeimine, has been isolated by the authors from a Chinese drug, Si-Pei-Mu, with a yield of 0.12-0.2% (based upon the dry drug), being the highest for Fritillaria alkaloid so far. Sipeimine has an empirical formula C_(27)H_(43)O_3N, m.p. 269℃, [α]_D -33.8° (CHCI_3), [α]_D-39.4°(C_2H_5OH). It crystallises in colorless prisms, and is easily soluble in chloroform or ethyl acetate, soluble in methanol, ethanol, acetone or ether but insoluble in water, sodium hydroxide or petroleum ether. From it,...

A new alkaloid, sipeimine, has been isolated by the authors from a Chinese drug, Si-Pei-Mu, with a yield of 0.12-0.2% (based upon the dry drug), being the highest for Fritillaria alkaloid so far. Sipeimine has an empirical formula C_(27)H_(43)O_3N, m.p. 269℃, [α]_D -33.8° (CHCI_3), [α]_D-39.4°(C_2H_5OH). It crystallises in colorless prisms, and is easily soluble in chloroform or ethyl acetate, soluble in methanol, ethanol, acetone or ether but insoluble in water, sodium hydroxide or petroleum ether. From it, a hydrochloride in the form of a colorless, amorphous and hygroscopic powder with a m.p. 210° (sealed tube), [α]_D-51.1° (H_2O), a thiocyanate, C_(27)H_(43)O_3N·HCNS·H_2O, in the form of colorless prisms with a m.p. 170° (262° decomp.), an aurichloride with a m.p. 1638 (decomp.) and a platinichloride with a m.p. 239° (decomp.) are prepared. Sipeimine is a strong monoacidic tertiary base, containing one alcoholic hydroxyl group and one carbonyl group. Its methiodide, C_(27)H_(43)O_3N·CH_3I, colorless needles, m.p. 252°(decomp.), methoperchlorate, C_(27)H_(43)O_3N·CH_3ClO_4, colorless needles, m.p. 281° (decomp.), monoacetyl derivative, C_(29)H_(45)O_4N, colorless prisms, m.p. 189°, [α]_D-39.6° (CHCl_3) and mono-oxime C_(27)H_(44)O_3N_2, colorless needles, m.p. 171°, are obtained. It contains at least three carbon-methyl groups but has no active ethylenic linkage, nor has any active methylene group been detected. It does not form sparingly soluble digitonide with digitonin. From the similarity of its empirical formula, botanical origin and properties, sipeimine probably belongs to the steroidal alkaloids as peimine does. A partial formula is presented as follows:

由西貝母提得新植物鹼西貝素(sipeimine)C_(27)H_(43)O_3N,熔點269°,[α]_D——33.8°(CHCl_3),[α]_D-39.4°(C_(2)H_(5)OH),為無色柱狀結晶,易溶於氯仿,可溶於甲醇、乙醇、丙酮及醚,不溶於水、石油醚及苛性鹼溶液。其氫氯酸鹽,熔點210°;硫氰酸鹽,熔點262°;氯金酸鹽,熔點163°(分解):氯鉑酸鹽,熔點239°(分解)。西貝素合一個叔胺基[碘甲季銨鹽,熔點252°(分解)],一個醇羥基[乙醯西貝素,熔點189°,乙醯西貝素氫氯酸鹽,熔點271°(分解)],一個羰基(肟,熔點171°),及至少三個碳甲基。其部分分子式如下:

A method for the paper chromatography of aureomycin is here described. Out of 43 kinds of developing solvents studied, four have been proved satisfactory. They are: (1) n-butanol saturated with M/10 citrate buffer of pH 3.9, (2) 1% aqueous solution of boric acid, (3) M/10 citrate buffer of pH 3.9 saturated with n-butanol, and (4) n-butanol-acetic acid-water (5∶1∶4). The upward R_F values for the above four solvent systems are 0.40 ± 0.02, 0.83 ± 0.02, 0 and 1 respectively when Whatman No. 1 filter paper is...

A method for the paper chromatography of aureomycin is here described. Out of 43 kinds of developing solvents studied, four have been proved satisfactory. They are: (1) n-butanol saturated with M/10 citrate buffer of pH 3.9, (2) 1% aqueous solution of boric acid, (3) M/10 citrate buffer of pH 3.9 saturated with n-butanol, and (4) n-butanol-acetic acid-water (5∶1∶4). The upward R_F values for the above four solvent systems are 0.40 ± 0.02, 0.83 ± 0.02, 0 and 1 respectively when Whatman No. 1 filter paper is used. For general purpose the first solvent is preferred. With this solvent, the R_F values for terramycin hydrochloride, streptomycin hydrochloride-calcium chloride complex and chloromycetin are 0.32±0.03, 0 and 1 respectively. Chromatograms containing aureomycin may be easily recognized with naked eyes if the amount of the antibiotic present is not less than 5 μg/cm~2, or by fuming with HC1- vapour to give an orange stain of anhydroaureomycin hydrochloride if not less than 1.6 μg/cm~2, or by agar-plate method if not less than 0.3 μg/cm~2, or by fluorescence method if not less than 0.09 μg/cm~2. Under an UV-lamp, aureomycin hydrochloride shows a bright lemon-yellow fluorescence; terramycin, dirty yellow; and anhydroaureomycin hydro- chloride-boric acid complex, dull brown. The fluorescing chromatograms can be photo- graphed. The present method can be directly employed for qualitative as well as rough quantitative determination of the aureomycin in the beer of Streptomyces aureofaciens. It may serve as a useful aid in antibiotic screening. By means of mixing chromatography, aureomycin may be detected in the human urine collected after oral administrations. Using 1% boric acid as the developing solvent, anhydroaureomycin hydrochloride can be successfully separated from aureomycin hydrochloride by chromatography. In fact, the existence of a trace of the anhydro-compound has been detected in some crude aureomycin preparations.

本報告提供了一個金黴素的紙上層析方法。在28°用Whatman 1號濾紙研究了43種紙上層析用的顯層溶劑。用其中的四種顯層溶劑,M/10檸檬酸鹽pH 3.9緩衝液飽和的丁醇(I),1%硼酸水溶液(II),丁醇飽和的M/10檸檬酸鹽pH3.9緩衝液(III),和丁醇-醋酸-水(5∶1∶4)(IV)顯層,都可以得到較滿意的色層。它們的比移分別是0.40±0.02,0.83±0.02,0.87±0.01和0.88。這四種中尤以顯層溶劑(I)的結果最佳。用顯層溶劑(I),在同一條件下的鹽酸地黴素、鹽酸鏈黴素氯化鈣複鹽和氯黴素的比移,分別是0.32±0.03,0和1。色層辨認的方法,在超過5微克/厘米~2以上可用肉眼;1.6微克/厘米~2以上可用氯化氫氣體顯色;在0.3微克/厘米~2以上可用瓊脂平板培養基制菌法;在0.09微克/厘米~2以上可用螢光法。色層螢光可以直接攝照。 應用本法可以直接鑑定金黴菌發酵液中的金黴素,並可以初步估計含量。用混合層析法也可以鑑定尿中的金黴素。 應用1%硼酸水溶液作顯層溶劑,可以鑑別鹽酸金黴素和鹽酸脫水金黴素,用本法曾鑑定了幾批鹽酸金黴素粗製品中有微量脫水化合物的存在。

Hung Hwa, the floral parts of Carthamus tinctorius L. (Compositae), is one of the important Chinese drugs used in gynecology. A brief review of the literature and detailed descriptions of the macroscopical and microscopical characters of the drug are given with plates of illustration. The more important microscopical features of the drug are: (1) pollen grains, yellow, single, subspherical, diameter about 55μ, three distinct germinal pores visible in polar view, surface with fine warts arranged in a net pattern;...

Hung Hwa, the floral parts of Carthamus tinctorius L. (Compositae), is one of the important Chinese drugs used in gynecology. A brief review of the literature and detailed descriptions of the macroscopical and microscopical characters of the drug are given with plates of illustration. The more important microscopical features of the drug are: (1) pollen grains, yellow, single, subspherical, diameter about 55μ, three distinct germinal pores visible in polar view, surface with fine warts arranged in a net pattern; (2) pigment tubes, contents yellowish brown to reddish brown, often accompanied with a few spiral vessels; (3) fibrous layer of the pollen sac, elongated, transverse walls with rod-like or 1-3 bead-like thickened portions; (4) fibrous layer of the anther tip, walls thickened with simple pits; (5) stigma densely covered with conical trichomes; (6) upper epidermal cells of the corolla, elongated, with wavy anticlinal walls; (7) epidermal calls of the filament, elongated, thin walled, with uniseriate or diseriate papillose trichomes. Specimens adulterated with bracts may be detected by the presence of its unicellular, thick-walled trichomes with stone cell-like base.

红花是菊科植物Carthamus tinctorius L.的干燥花,是中医常用的妇科要药。本文简单地总结了前人对红花的研究工作,然后详细地描述了红花的原植物形态,以及药用部分的外形、组织构造和粉末特征。

 
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