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cervical spine
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  颈椎
     The Studies of Anatomic Biomechanics and Clinical Treatment on the Surgical Disorders of the Upper Cervical Spine
     上颈椎外科疾患的解剖学与生物力学研究及临床治疗
短句来源
     Experimental and Clinical Research on Anterior Cervical Spine Fusion
     颈椎前路椎间融合的实验与临床研究
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     THE ANTERIOR DECOMPRESSION AND BONE GRAFT FUSION IN THE TREATMENT OF FRACTURE-DISLOCATION OF THE CERVICAL SPINE : REPORT OF 45 CASES
     颈椎骨折脱位前方减压植骨固定术(附45例报告)
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     FRACTURE-DISLOCATION COMPLICATED WITH CORD INJURY OF THE CERVICAL SPINE (Analysis of 125 cases)
     颈椎骨折和脱位并脊髓损伤125例分析
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     Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament of Cervical Spine
     颈椎后纵韧带骨化
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  颈脊柱
     Method Specimens of 5 intact fresh cervical spine (C2-C7) were collected from adult cadavera and abnormal ligamentum flavum was simulated by a hemispherical steel ball (diameter of 9.58 mm) in the back of the canal through the C4.5 bone window.
     方法采用5具新鲜成人尸体颈脊柱标本(C2~C7)通过后方C4~5间骨窗伸入直径9.58 mm的半球形致压物模拟颈椎黄韧带病变时对颈脊髓后方所形成的压迫。
短句来源
     Method:Specimens of five intact fresh cervical spine(C2~C7) from adult cadavera were collected and abnormal ligamentum flavum was simulated by placing a hemispherical steel ball(diameter 9.58mm) in the back of the canal through the C4-5 bone window.
     方法:采用5具新鲜成人尸体颈脊柱标本(C2~C7)通过后方C4/5间骨窗置入直径9.58mm的半球形致压物模拟颈椎黄韧带病变时对颈脊髓后方所形成的压迫,硬膜囊前方测压杆与硬膜囊接触端为直径18mm弧形圆柱形面,圆柱形面纵轴与颈脊髓纵轴相吻合。
短句来源
     Method: Ten human cadaver cervical spine were harvested and dissected into 20 motion segments containing 2 vertebrace and the intervertebral discs (C_(3、4) and C_(5、6)) and only remaining integrity the anterior longitudinal ligament, the posterior longitudinal ligament and the intervertebral discs.
     方法:选用10具新鲜成人尸体颈脊柱标本,解剖出C_(3、4)、C_(5、6)共20个运动单位(包括上下两个椎骨和椎间盘),切断棘上、棘间和黄韧带,切除相邻上下关节突,去除脊髓,保留完整前、后纵韧带及椎间盘。
短句来源
     Through calculation of super SAP all data of load-corresponding and displacement of internal cervical spine can be achieved while cervical radian changed.
     将不同垫枕体位及不同气垫充气状态下的具体受力情况移植于机内模型上,并通过Super SAP新加版具体的计算程序,分别得出颈椎曲度减少、变直、反弓3种颈脊柱内部有关部位的应力与位移情况。
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     A research about decreasing hi elbow flexor inhibition after cervical spine manipulation in patients with chronic neck pain
     颈脊柱推拿对减轻慢性颈痛患者肘屈肌抑制机制研究
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  “cervical spine”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Experimental studies on the hypermobility of cervical spine induced by posterior structure resection at C3~C5 levels
     C3~5后部结构切除引起过度活动的实验研究
短句来源
     Results Fifteen ASEHs involved 18 spinal segments, 6 of the segments (6/18) in cervical spine, 9 segments (9/18) in thoracic spine, and 3 segments (3/18) in lumbar spine.
     4例行SET1WI增强扫描。 结果  15例血肿共发生于 18个脊柱节段 ,其中 6例次 (6 /18)位于颈段、9例次 (9/18)位于胸段、3例次 (3/18)位于腰段。
短句来源
     For group A, the ROM of the cervical spine decreased to 81.6% comparing with the preoperative extent, and that of group B 65.3%.
     术后1年A、B组ROM分别保留术前的81.6%和65.3%(P<0.01);
短句来源
     Results 12 of 28cases were in cervical spine, 5 in thoracic spine, 11 in lumbar spine.
     结果28例中12例位于颈段,5例位于胸段,11例位于腰段。
短句来源
     Conclusion The 9235s creep quantity of human cervical spine C3 segment is 2.6%,and it is viscous and stretch material.
     结论C3段椎骨9235s蠕变量为2·6%,其为粘弹性材料。
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  cervical spine
A device for stable intra-operative positioning and for reduction of unstable injuries of the cervical spine
      
Anterior interbody fusion using the cervical spine locking plate
      
Morscher: Anterior interbody fusion using the cervical spine locking plate by M
      
NIV may be applied in upper cervical spine lesions and neuromuscular disease with intact swallowing and coughing, while it is useless or impractical in epilepsia.
      
Dislocation of the cervical spine with horner's syndrome and a lesion of the spinal trigeminal tract
      
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Among 52 cases of cervical spine injury admitted from 1973 to 1977,13 werehyperextension injuries complicated with central spinal cord syndrome.The clinicalcharacteristics of the syndrome were:paralysis of upper limbs being more severe thanthat of the lower limbs,the sensation of warmth and pain being lost but tactile sen-sation partly preserved.In our series,the levels of paralysis and vertebral injury weresame in 10 cases and different in 2.Another 2 eases had concurrent thoracic or lumbarvertebral injury...

Among 52 cases of cervical spine injury admitted from 1973 to 1977,13 werehyperextension injuries complicated with central spinal cord syndrome.The clinicalcharacteristics of the syndrome were:paralysis of upper limbs being more severe thanthat of the lower limbs,the sensation of warmth and pain being lost but tactile sen-sation partly preserved.In our series,the levels of paralysis and vertebral injury weresame in 10 cases and different in 2.Another 2 eases had concurrent thoracic or lumbarvertebral injury of the flexion type.Traction reduction with neck in slight flexion wasused,provided there was no fracture of the spinous process or vertebral arch.The patientswere treated conservatively as long as there was continual recovery from the paralysis,then followed by spinal fusion without laminectomy.Dehydrating agents such as sor-bitol and mannitol and dexamethasone were also administered to reduce edema aroundthe central canal of the cord.Most of the patients (11/13) had satisfactory recovery.

本文报道13例颈椎过伸性损伤引起脊髓中央症群的发病机理、类型、临床特点和治疗方法.有些患者的 X 线表现与屈曲型损伤类似,应予以鉴别.治疗时不宜手术减压,用脱水疗法可取得满意效果.

For the purpose of exploring the relationship between osteogenous oervioal gpondylosis and aging changes that took place in Lusohka joints, 18 autopsy fresh cervical specimens of different ages and 160 sets of 03-7 vertebrae bones were studied.lodipin was injected into the cavity of Lusohka joint of the 18 fresh specimens and X-ray pictures were taken. Serial sections of Lusohka joints were made and examined after staining.The shape of unoinate process was described with measurement of its three dimensions and...

For the purpose of exploring the relationship between osteogenous oervioal gpondylosis and aging changes that took place in Lusohka joints, 18 autopsy fresh cervical specimens of different ages and 160 sets of 03-7 vertebrae bones were studied.lodipin was injected into the cavity of Lusohka joint of the 18 fresh specimens and X-ray pictures were taken. Serial sections of Lusohka joints were made and examined after staining.The shape of unoinate process was described with measurement of its three dimensions and diameter of the intervertabral foramen on the 160 sets of 03-7. The results were analysed statistically.For the study of the morphology of the joint in correlation with its function, biomechanioal test was undertaken with static and dynamic load to measure the strain at different levels of Luschka joints in the fresh specimens.In bones of male over 50 years old, osteophytes of Lusohka joint were found bilaterally at C4-6 resulting narrowing of the foramina (P<0.01). In those of female over 50 years old, this phenomenon was of negative interrelation unilaterally at C4 and 06 (P<0.05). Hyper trophic changes of Lusohka joints are considered as pathological changes causing different forms of oervioal spondylosis.The stress-strain curve of the cervical spine showed that the vertical stress in extension is about 50 % of that in flexion. The experiments for stress investigation in human cervical spine revealed that the levels of maximum stress are between C4-C6 with the neck in extension and flexion. Biomeohanical factor is considered to be one of the important factors for osteophytio formations occuring frequently at C4-C6.

本文针对临床上常见的骨原性颈椎病,研究了钩椎关节(Luschka关节)的年龄解剖及其大、微体解剖形态学和关节的发育过程与毗邻组织器官的关系以及发生退行性改变后,对颈椎间管管径,椎管管径和横突孔的影响程度,试图为临床骨原性颈椎病的发病机理提供解剖学上的解释。同时,也在新鲜颈椎材料上,进行了静、动态等生物力学的测试,探索在不同体位下的颈椎活动范围,不同水平颈椎体和钩椎关节的钩突部在一定负荷情况下,所产生的应力——应变曲线。因而,从生物力学的模拟实测中,得到一些理性上的认识。

Complications of anterior approach to the cervical spine ara encountered during exposure,spinal procedure, interbody fusion and the postoperative period. 200 cases of such operative procedure observed by the authors are analyzed, and they are divided into following two types:1.Operative injuries: Include the following:(1)Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy;(2) Homer's syndrome; (3) spinal cord and nerve root injury; (4) cere-brospinal fluid fistula; (5) sleepinduced apnea, and others.2. Postoperative complications...

Complications of anterior approach to the cervical spine ara encountered during exposure,spinal procedure, interbody fusion and the postoperative period. 200 cases of such operative procedure observed by the authors are analyzed, and they are divided into following two types:1.Operative injuries: Include the following:(1)Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy;(2) Homer's syndrome; (3) spinal cord and nerve root injury; (4) cere-brospinal fluid fistula; (5) sleepinduced apnea, and others.2. Postoperative complications include: (1) postoperative hematoma; (2) failure of bony fusion, nonunion and anterior angulation deformity; (3) laryngo-spasm; (4) infection of the operative wound; (5) persistent pain of the iliac donor site.It is the opinion of the authors that the anterior approach to the cervical spine invites less serious complications than the posterior approach, and It should be employed more extensively for degenerative and traumatic disorders of the cervical spine.

颈椎前路手术的合并症主要见于手术暴露、对患椎的操作、椎体间融合和术后。根据我们对200例手术的观察,将其分为以下两类:(1)手术损伤,包括喉返神经麻痹,Horner氏综合征;脊髓与神经根的损伤,脑脊液痿和睡眠性窒息等。(2)术后合并症,包括颈部术后血肿;植骨块的滑出、不愈合与成角畸形;喉头痉挛;切口感染和髂骨供骨区的残留痛。作者认为,已被广泛用于颈椎退行性变和颈椎外伤的颈椎前路手术,其合并症的频发率与严重性较颈后路手术为低。

 
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