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pathogen     
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  病原菌
    Pathogen Analysis in Acute Diarrhea in 400 Cases and Changes of Shigella-resistant Spectrum
    400例急性腹泻病原菌分析及志贺氏痢疾杆菌耐药谱变化
短句来源
    Lung Infection Pathogen Changes and Experimental Diagnosis
    肺感染病原菌的变迁及实验诊断
短句来源
    Coagulase negative Staphylococcus(CNS)(15.7% of the isolates) was the most frequently isolated pathogen,followed by Staphylococcus aureus,Escherichia coli,Pseudomonas spp and Acinetobacter spp.
    最常见的病原菌是凝固酶阴性葡萄球菌(CNS),占15.7%,其次是金黄色葡萄球菌、大肠埃希菌、假单胞菌属、不动杆菌属。
短句来源
    Testing drug resistance of 5816 strains or opportunistic pathogen
    5816株病原菌或机会致病菌耐药性监测
短句来源
    Application of API in indentification of pathogen of infective diarrhea
    API在感染性腹泻病原菌鉴定中的应用
短句来源
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  病原体
    ANALYSIS OF PATHOGEN CONSTITUENTS AND DRUG RESISTANCES IN LOWER RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION
    下呼吸道感染病原体构成及耐药分析
短句来源
    Results In the pathogen separated from tfe infective parts , G-bacterium takes up 56.5% ,G+bacterium 34.4% ,fungus and other bacteria 9.3% ,Which fits the tend of the developing of pathogen ,That is G- bacterium is adding ,While G+ bacterium is reducing .
    结果:在从感染部位分离出的病原体中,G-菌占56.3%,G+菌占34.4%,真菌占9.3%。 符合近年来病原体种类变化的趋势,即G-菌比例在增加,G+菌比例在减少的变化。
短句来源
    Experimental study of PCR about pathogen of 1656 VD cases from Zheng Zhou area's high risk group.
    郑州地区高危人群1656人中性病病原体的PCR实验研究
短句来源
    Clinical Application of Multi-PCR and Tiny-aperture-board Nucleic Acid Hybridization to the Detection of Three Kinds of Pathogen's DNA
    多种PCR-微孔板核酸杂交法同时检测三种病原体DNA的临床应用
短句来源
    Analysis of Pathogen and Drug Sensitivity in Hospitalized Gynecologic Tumor Patients with Infection
    妇科肿瘤患者常见感染的病原体及药敏分析
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  致病菌
    RESULTS Escherichia coli was the most predominant pathogen,whose isolating rate occupied 40.24%.
    结果尿路感染的致病菌主要为大肠埃希菌,占40.24%;
短句来源
    ANALYSIS OF COMMON PATHOGEN BACTERIAL CULTIVATIONAND RESISTANCE TO ANTIBIOTICS IN CLINICAL
    临床常见致病菌培养及耐药性分析
短句来源
    Experimental Study of Drug Resistance of Common Clinical Pathogen to Disinfectant
    临床常见致病菌对消毒剂耐药性的实验研究
短句来源
    Testing drug resistance of 5816 strains or opportunistic pathogen
    5816株病原菌或机会致病菌耐药性监测
短句来源
    Analysis of Pathogen Resistance Rate in 1592 Nosocomial Infection Cases
    1592例医院感染致病菌耐药率分析
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  病原学
    Detection of Pathogen in 423 Cases of Chronic Prostatitis with Sexually Transmitted Diseases
    性传播疾病性慢性前列腺炎423例病原学检测
短句来源
    Establishment of Rapid Detection Method of Pathogen During Wide-epidemic Period of Influenza
    流感大流行期病原学快速检测方法的建立
短句来源
    A clinical and pathogen study on Haemophilus influenzae infection of children
    儿童流感嗜血杆菌感染的临床及病原学研究
短句来源
    Detection and Analysis of the Pathogen of Aseptic Meningitis Circulated in Zhejiang Province During 2002-2003
    浙江省局部地区2002~2003年流行的无菌性脑膜脑炎的病原学检测与分析
短句来源
    Pathogen analysis of 247 cases of septicemia
    247例小儿败血症病原学分析
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      pathogen
    Changes in trypsin inhibitor activity, lectin activity, and the content of endogenous salicylic acid after administration of exogenous salicylic acid or a pathogen were shown to depend on the resistance of maize strains to Fusarium.
          
    A change in the activity of lectins may be a nonspecific response of plants to infection with the pathogen.
          
    Infection of tubers with a compatible race of the pathogen or treatment with a suppressor (laminarin) decreased both the degree of hydrolysis of conjugated forms of salicylic acid and the accumulation of its free form.
          
    An increase in the soil pool of Trichoderma harzianum as a result of application of a biological preparation based on this antagonistic fungus correlated with its effectiveness against the soil pathogen Fusarium sp., which causes root rot.
          
    Interaction of proteinases secreted by the fungal plant pathogen Rhizoctonia solani with natural proteinase inhibitors produced
          
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    This article deals with the results of anaerobic cultures of blood and pus in 99cases during May 1979 to March 1980.Comments were made on the predisposing fac- tors,the portals of entry,clinical features,techniques of culture and drug sensitivitytests.Seven of the 20 blood specimens and 26 of the 86 pus specimens were positive.It is recognized that anaerobic bacteria are the most common pathogens in infectiousdiseases.Most of the patients had underlying diseases.It is emphasized that isolationof anaerobic...

    This article deals with the results of anaerobic cultures of blood and pus in 99cases during May 1979 to March 1980.Comments were made on the predisposing fac- tors,the portals of entry,clinical features,techniques of culture and drug sensitivitytests.Seven of the 20 blood specimens and 26 of the 86 pus specimens were positive.It is recognized that anaerobic bacteria are the most common pathogens in infectiousdiseases.Most of the patients had underlying diseases.It is emphasized that isolationof anaerobic bacteria is more difficult than that of facuiative or aerobic organisms,butcareful work will give satisfactory results.

    对99例感染患者的血液和脓液分离厌氧菌,在20份血液标本中,7份阳性,其中革兰氏阴性菌4株,革兰氏阳性菌3株;86份脓液中,26份阳性(其中12份同时有兼性菌),其中革兰氏阴性菌19株,革兰氏阳性菌11株。36株厌氧菌药物敏感度测试(简称药敏)结果显示,氯霉素、氯林可霉素、利福平和呋喃唑酮等抗菌效能强、抗菌谱广;青霉素 G 则对球菌和革兰氏阳性杆菌有较强的抗菌活性。本文认为,厌氧菌分离的难度虽较兼性菌或需氧菌为高,但如能抓好培养基、采样、接种、厌氧环境以及鉴定等环节,仍可获得满意的效果。

    This paper reports the results of 26 antimicrobial agents against 353 strains of clinical isolates, including S, aureus, E. coli, E. aerogenes, Klebsiella, Proteus, Salmonella, Shigella and Ps. aeruginosa, etc, by tube double dilution method in Chongqing during 1980 - 1983, and compates with the results of 1960s and 1970s. Clinical observations on the treatment of infections caused by these organisms are also reported.The results indicated that 6 cephalosporins, vancomycin, oxacillin, cloxacillin and ampicillin...

    This paper reports the results of 26 antimicrobial agents against 353 strains of clinical isolates, including S, aureus, E. coli, E. aerogenes, Klebsiella, Proteus, Salmonella, Shigella and Ps. aeruginosa, etc, by tube double dilution method in Chongqing during 1980 - 1983, and compates with the results of 1960s and 1970s. Clinical observations on the treatment of infections caused by these organisms are also reported.The results indicated that 6 cephalosporins, vancomycin, oxacillin, cloxacillin and ampicillin had marked activity against S. aureus, the susceptibility rates were high, varying from 96-100%; Penicillin.G retained its antistaphylococcal activity, the susceptibility rate was 90,2%. There was a decreasing trend of sensitivity to erythromycin and gentatnicin. Therefore penicillinasc-resistant semisynthetic penicillin is the drug of first choice in infections due to S. sureus. During recent years the resistance rates of Enterobacteriaceae against commonly used antibiotics were increased. The thrid generation cephalosporins and amikacin are the drugs of choice in severe infections caused by these Gram-negative rods. Chloramphmicol and SMZ/TMP were still active against S. typhi, and the sensitivity to chloramphenicol has not changed during the last 24 years, thus they are the drugs of choice in typhoid fever. SMZ/TMP were active against all shigellae strains, and the susceptibility rates of geatamtcio, kanamycin, amikacin and cephalosporins varied from 98-100%. SMZ/TMP are preferred in acute bacillary dysentery, while amikaoin and ampicillin are the drugs of choice in chronic bacillary dysentery. Resistance rates of Ps. aeruginosa against most antibiotics are quite high, and this paper demonstrated that the activity of amikacin was the highest. The results in the treatment of infections caused by these commonly encountered pathogens generally correlated fairly well with the in vitro sensitivty test.

    本文报告重庆地区1980~1983年8种常见致病菌对26种抗菌药物敏感度测定结果,并与本地区60和70年代结果作了比较。对同期174例细菌性感染疗效进行了分析。结果表明,对金黄色葡萄球菌所致严重感染的治疗,以耐酶半合成青霉素为首选,青霉素G仍可用于敏感菌株所致感染;肠杆菌科细菌所致严重感染以第三代头孢菌素或联合丁胺卡那霉素治疗为主;氯霉素和复方SMZ仍可作为治疗伤寒的首选药物;细菌性痢疾急性期患者可用复方SMZ治疗,慢性期可选用丁胺卡那霉素或氨苄青霉素;绿脓杆菌所致严重感染以丁胺卡那霉素和头孢氧哌羟苯唑治疗为宜。

    Twenty-seven specimens collected from abdominal cavities or incisions on the abdominal wall of patients with suppurative infection were examined bacteriologi-cally, with the main purpose of isolating and identifying the non-sporc-forming anaerobes. Twenty-eight strains of aerobes (including facultative anaerobes) and twenty-two strains of obligate anaerobes were screened out. 90.9% of the obligate anaerobes were bacteroids and 64% of the aerobes were G bacteria. Bacterial cultures showed that the infection rates...

    Twenty-seven specimens collected from abdominal cavities or incisions on the abdominal wall of patients with suppurative infection were examined bacteriologi-cally, with the main purpose of isolating and identifying the non-sporc-forming anaerobes. Twenty-eight strains of aerobes (including facultative anaerobes) and twenty-two strains of obligate anaerobes were screened out. 90.9% of the obligate anaerobes were bacteroids and 64% of the aerobes were G bacteria. Bacterial cultures showed that the infection rates of aerobes and the mixture of them were 55.6%, 18.5% and 25.9% respectively. The total infection rate of anaerobes was 44.4%. The rate of anaerobes isolated from patients with suppurative infection after appendectomy (58.3%) was the highest among the specimens. These results signify that anaerobes are significantly important pathogens in abdominal suppurative infection.

    收集27份腹腔内和腹壁切口感染脓汁标本,进行以无芽胞厌氧菌为重点的细菌学分离鉴定。其中共检出需氧菌(含兼性厌氧菌)28株和专性厌氧菌22株。厌氧菌中类杆菌属占90.9%。细菌培养结果表明,单独需氧菌感染占55.6%,单独厌氧菌感染占18.5%,需氧菌和厌氧菌混合感染占25.9%。厌氧菌的总感染率为44.4%。几种不同标本中,以阑尾炎手术后化脓感染检出厌氧菌的比率最高,占58.3%。这一结果表明,厌氧菌在腹部化脓感染中,占有不可忽视的地位。

     
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