Juri Mikhailovich Lotman (1922-1993) is a world famous Russian literal theorist and semiotician of the 20* century. He served as Vice President of International Semiotics Association, and was a representative of the Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School and one of the initiators of Cultural Semiotics.
尤利·米哈依洛维奇·洛特曼(Юрий Михайлович Лотман)(1922-1993)是20世纪苏联享有世界声誉的文艺理论家、符号学家,曾担任国际符号学研究协会的副主席,是塔尔图—莫斯科符号学派的代表人物、文化符号学的首创者之一。
Especially inrecent one hundredyears there are so many writers committing suicide in the world,Virginia Woolf,Jack London, Ernest Hemingway~ This mysterious phenomenon has astrongappeal to the people, which has them rethink the survivalsituation and ideologicallevel of writers, even rethink the whole value of the human race.
The conclusion of this thesis brings a brief look into the feminism's development in the United States, even all over the world during the period from Kate Chopin's publication of The Awakening in 1899 to the death of Pearl Buck in 1973. Though it is difficult for feminism to develop, the development of feminist literatures have still achieved a lot.
Yet his thought failed to be accepted until latter half of the 20th century when the world environment deteriorated. From then on, Thoreau was remembered again and regarded as “the Father of the Modern Environmental Movement ”because of his far-sighted thought about nature and ecology.
The world is currently faced with severe environmental crisis such as soil erosion,decrease of farmland, the extinction of rare species, etc. The ecological devastation ofecological environment has bitterly endangered the existence and development ofmankind.