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dilatation
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  扩张
    Ti-Ni Alloy Frame Dilatation for Treatment of Prostatomegaly( Λ X-ray analysis of 11 cases).
    钛镍合金支架扩张治疗前列腺增生症(附11例X线分析)
短句来源
    By the analysis of 15 cases of BPH treated with balloon dilatation and combining with literatures,the technical methods,indications,complications,mechanism and long-term efficacy of the balloon dilatation were discussed.
    笔者通过对15例球囊导管扩张术治疗良性前列腺增生症(BPH)的结果分析,结合有关文献资料,对球囊导管扩张术治疗 BPH 的技术方法、适应症、并发症、扩张机制及其远期疗效进行了讨论.
短句来源
    5 patients were treated with TUR,1 surgery, 3 urethral dilatation and 2 urethral catheter drainage.
    治疗方法:TUR 5例,尿道扩张3例,手术1例,导尿管引流2例。
短句来源
    The main ultrasonographic manifestation was obvious dilatation of the ureter ranging from 1.8 to 4.2cm with a mean of 3.1cm.
    巨输尿管症主要声像图表现管腔扩张内径为1.8~4.2cm,平均3.1cm,患侧肾多伴有轻度或中度积水。
短句来源
    Results: 7 cases were caused by violent dilatation and 1 case by incorrect cystoscopy.
    结果:7 例为强行尿道扩张所致,1 例为不正规膀胱镜操作所致。
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  扩张术
    Transurethral Balloon Dilatation for Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia(BPH)(Report of 15 Cases)
    球囊导管扩张术治疗良性前列腺增生症(附15例报告)
短句来源
    By the analysis of 15 cases of BPH treated with balloon dilatation and combining with literatures,the technical methods,indications,complications,mechanism and long-term efficacy of the balloon dilatation were discussed.
    笔者通过对15例球囊导管扩张术治疗良性前列腺增生症(BPH)的结果分析,结合有关文献资料,对球囊导管扩张术治疗 BPH 的技术方法、适应症、并发症、扩张机制及其远期疗效进行了讨论.
短句来源
    21 cases( 91.3%) were normally relieved the bowels after being followed-up for 0.5 to 3 years, 2 cases( 8.7%) were lessened urine and micturated well after being treated with urinary dilatation.
    随访 0 .5~ 3年 ,大小便功能正常的 2 1例 ,占 91.3% ; 尿流变小 2例 ,行尿道扩张术治疗后排尿良好 ,占 8.7%。
短句来源
    Forty-seven patients were followed for 6~12 months (mean,10 months). Urethral dilatation was performed for once within 1 week after the remorval of catheter in 10 patients,for 3~5 times within 3 months after operation in 21 patients,and after the third postoperative month in 16 patients.
    47例随访6~12个月,平均10个月,10例拔尿管后1周内行1次尿道扩张术,21例术后3个月内行3~5次尿道扩张术,16例术后3个月后行尿道扩张术
短句来源
    Direct vision filiform probe dilatation for treatment of urethral stricture
    直视下丝状探子尿道扩张术治疗尿道狭窄
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  “dilatation”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Results Success has been achieved in 11 with good vioding and no need of dilatation during 2~24 months of follow up. Qmax has increased from 12.5ml/s to 32.6ml/s with an average of 24.5ml/s.
    结果  11例术后排尿良好 ,最大尿流率 12 .4~ 32 .6ml/s,平均 2 4.5ml/s。
短句来源
    Results MRI showed ureteral dilatation in 33 of 35 cases, no abnormal appearance in 1 case, and only primary kidney atrophy post renal transplantation in 1 case.
    结果 35例中MRI显示33例患侧输尿管有不同程度积水,1例无异常发现,1例仅显示肾移植术后原肾萎缩改变。
短句来源
    Results:The appearances of colonic ileus include:①diffuse gaseous colonic dilatation(36/52,69.23%),the average colonic diam-eter is38.9mm;
    结果:结肠淤积的主要征象:①累及多个肠段的结肠充气(36/52,69.23%),平均最大横径为38.9mm。
短句来源
    ③conti-nuity of the dilatation segment;
    ③结肠充气肠段以连续性为特征。
短句来源
    Urethral stricture occurred in 2 cases postoperation, and was trea ted by urethral dilatation for 2 weeks. The Qmax increased from (9.4±3.9) to (1 9.2±3) ml·s~-1, the IPSS decreased from 25.2 to 5.4, and the QOL decrease d from 5.1 to 1.1 after 6 months.
    术后最大尿流率(Qmax)由术前的(9.4±3.9)ml·s-1升至(19.2±3)ml·s-1,国际前列腺症状评分(IPSS)由术前的25.2下降至5.4,生活质量评分(QOL)由术前的5.1下降至1.1。
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  dilatation
Pulsating flow of a newtonian fluid through an axisymmetric tube with a local dilatation
      
It is shown that four characteristic regimes of change of tube shape are possible: local dilatation, collapse, flexure, and distributed auto-oscillations.
      
Therewith, an increase in the stomach fluid, intestinal dilatation, and an increased gallbladder tone were determined in most cases on an empty stomach, which suggested increased secretory activity.
      
We consider functional-differential equations with the Dirichlet conditions and with contraction and dilatation of the arguments.
      
We consider functions f(z), z ∈ D ? ?, determining the mappings w = f(z) that, at the points ζ of the domain D, have the same dilatation ratio along the three pairwise noncollinear rays issuing from ζ.
      
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Intraoperative measurement of cyst volume and pressure as well as morphological studies of the cysts were performed in 18 cases of adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD). The results suggest that nephron obstruction plays an important role in its pathogenesis. The intracystic hydrostatic pressure was significantly higher than that in normal nephrons in 95.6% of the cysts, and was definitely related to the volume of the cysts. Light and transmission electron microscopic studies demonstrated the cysts contained...

Intraoperative measurement of cyst volume and pressure as well as morphological studies of the cysts were performed in 18 cases of adult polycystic kidney disease (APKD). The results suggest that nephron obstruction plays an important role in its pathogenesis. The intracystic hydrostatic pressure was significantly higher than that in normal nephrons in 95.6% of the cysts, and was definitely related to the volume of the cysts. Light and transmission electron microscopic studies demonstrated the cysts contained degenerated cells embedded in an eosinophilic protein coagulum with focal epithelial hyperplasia and papillary polyp formation along the tubules. Many cysts and tubules were surrounded by fibrous tissue. These factors resulted in partial obstruction of nephron by increasing resistance to the outflow of tubular fluid with elevation of intracystic pressure, leading to dilatation of nephron and finally cyst formation. Expansion of the cysts would further obstruct the surrounding functioning nephrons, and culminate in chronic renal failure. Cyst "decapitating" decompression may ameliorate the pressure symptoms, preserve the kidney function and prolong the patient's life.

本文报告了18例成人多囊肾囊肿容量、压力测定和形态学顶究结果。肾单位管腔内有脱落细胞和蛋白性液体形成之管型;管壁有灶性上皮细胞增生和息肉形成;腔外纤维组织增生使管腔受压、扭曲。这些梗阻因素使管内尿流阻力增大,压力升高,管腔局部扩张,最终囊肿形成。肾单位梗阻在成人多囊肾发病中起重要作用。“去顶”减压术可解除高压囊肿对肾实质的压迫,有缓解症状、保护肾功能、延长病人生命的作用。

34 cases of female urethral syndrome, a common cause of the lower urinary tract infection in young females are reported. The main etiology is the abnormal anatomical structure of the urethral orifice. "Frequency and urgency of urlnationand painful or burning feeling of the urethral orifice are the most important clinical manifestations. Rapid onset and liability of recurrences are the characteristics of this disease. It is difficult to cure except by operation. Urethrostomatomy and urethral dilatation,...

34 cases of female urethral syndrome, a common cause of the lower urinary tract infection in young females are reported. The main etiology is the abnormal anatomical structure of the urethral orifice. "Frequency and urgency of urlnationand painful or burning feeling of the urethral orifice are the most important clinical manifestations. Rapid onset and liability of recurrences are the characteristics of this disease. It is difficult to cure except by operation. Urethrostomatomy and urethral dilatation, hymenectomy and urethrostomatoplasty are the best surgical treatments of choice. The procedure of urethrostomatomy is performed according to the variety of the pathogenesis of the urethal orifice. Simple urethrostomatomy and dilation including longitudinal small incision at the point of 12 o'clock in supine position and to dilate the urethral orifice to No. 45 in French size are emphasized. Hymenectomy and urethrostomatoplasty including urethrostomatomy and dilation as mentioned above, and resection of the residue of the hymen around the urethral orifice, and suture of the incisional edges to 0.7-1.2cm is necessary. The rate of cure and improvement in this group is 92.8%. The total curative effect is somewhat elevated in comparing with the group of Chai's report. The postoperative attentions are also mentioned.

本文报道34例女性尿道综合征。本病是女性下尿路感染的重要原因之一,常见于青壮年妇女。尿道口解剖结构上的异常是导致本病的主要原因。临床症状主要是尿频、尿急、尿道口痛或烧灼感。特点为发病急,易反复。药物治疗多难凑效,主要采用外科手术治疗。根据尿道口不同病变情况,可采用:1.单纯尿道口切开扩张术、手术要点:①于12点处作一纵形小切口。②强调尿道扩张必须扩至F_(45)。2.处女膜撒切除、尿道口成形术、手术要点:①先作尿道口切开扩张(见上述)。②切除处女膜撒,再在尿道与阴道口之间作整形,延长其间距达0.7~1.2厘米。本组治愈好转率达92.8%。本组与蔡氏治疗病例作了比较,治疗效果有进一步的提高。

Intravesieal ureterocele refers to cystic dilatation of the lower end of the ureter,situated completely within the bladder.Clinically this condition is relatively rare.Five cases of intravesical ureterocele with typical radiological appearances and laterconfirmed by operation were reported.Its pathogenic mechanism,classification andclinical manifestation were discussed with review of the literature,and emphasison radiological appearances and differential diagnosis.

本文报告5例膀胱内输尿管囊肿,其 X 线表现典型,并经手术证实。作者结合文献讨论了本病的发病机制、分类和临床表现,着重讨论了本病的 X 线诊断和鉴别诊断问题。

 
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