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     Public Key Infrastructure:Study of Certificate Status Information Distribution Method and System Design
     PKI:证书状态信息分发方法研究和系统设计
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     Legal Liability of Certified Public Accountants Concerning Information Disclosure in Securities Market
     证券市场信息披露中注册会计师的法律责任研究
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     Study on Non-state Capital Investing Infrastructure and Public Utility
     关于民间资本投资基础设施领域的研究
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     Study on Investment Policy of Public Finance to Agriculture in China
     中国财政农业投入政策研究
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     The Research on Management Performance Appraisal of Local Governments' Public Business and Its Governance Countermeasures
     地方政府公共事业的管理绩效评价与治理对策研究
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     On the "Public Benefit"
     “公共利益”问题话要
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     On Public Policies
     试论公共政策
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Further research on public-key cryptosystems based on third-order recurrence sequence
      
Properties of third-order recurrence sequences were investigated and a new variant of the GH public-key cryptosystem, which was further improved to be a probabilistic public-key cryptosystem, was proposed.
      
Management pattern of ecological public welfare forests in South China
      
The characteristics and actualities of ecological public welfare forests in South China are studied in this paper, including common and special management patterns.
      
The authors also point out, based on ecological transformation and utilization, that ecological public welfare forests should be oriented to multiple benefit utilization to maintain sustainable management.
      
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This paper describes the design of a frequency shifter to suppress acoustic feedback, to be studied by the experimental method. When the frequency shifter is inserted between the microphone and loudspeaker in the public address system, it shifts all frequency components of the microphone signal by a constant amount. By this method two types of distortions due to acoustic feedback in the public address system can be reduced. The sound pressure level in a room can be increased by about 5-8 db on a...

This paper describes the design of a frequency shifter to suppress acoustic feedback, to be studied by the experimental method. When the frequency shifter is inserted between the microphone and loudspeaker in the public address system, it shifts all frequency components of the microphone signal by a constant amount. By this method two types of distortions due to acoustic feedback in the public address system can be reduced. The sound pressure level in a room can be increased by about 5-8 db on a number of auditoriums. For the public address system in free field, which has multiple loudspeakers, it also has the same effect. If the public address system is operated below but too close to the instability condition the frequency shifter can reduce effectively the interference of the regenerative reverberation.

本文叙述抑制声反馈的频移器的设计,并进行了实验研究.当语言扩声系统的传声器和扬声器之间插入频移器时,传声器信号的所有频率分量都偏移一个常量,这种方法可以减少语言扩声系统在有声反馈时产生的两类畸变.对于一般厅堂,扩声声级大约可提高5—8分贝.对于具有分布式扬声器的窒外扩声系统,也有类似的效应.若语言扩声系统临近不稳定状态工作,频移器可以有效地减少再生混响干扰.

The memorial hall stands in Tien An Men Square. Here 28 years ago our great leader Chairman Mao himself raised the first five-star red flag and solemnly proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China. Tien An Men Square is a symbol of the new China. The construction of the memorial hall not only adds more important political significance to the square, but also makes it look grander and more imposing than ever.The memorial hall is located on the central axis of the square, with a distance of 200 metres...

The memorial hall stands in Tien An Men Square. Here 28 years ago our great leader Chairman Mao himself raised the first five-star red flag and solemnly proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China. Tien An Men Square is a symbol of the new China. The construction of the memorial hall not only adds more important political significance to the square, but also makes it look grander and more imposing than ever.The memorial hall is located on the central axis of the square, with a distance of 200 metres from the Monument to the People's Heroes and Chen Yang Men Gate respectively. The combination of the memorial hall with Tien An Men, the Great Hall of the People and the Revolutionary History Museum, forms a unified architectural ensemble.The site is level and covers an area of 5.72 hectares, 260 metres from north to south and 220 metres from east to west. Inside the boundary of the site there are peripheral paved grounds 30 to 70 metres wide for the use of mass rally, which make it possible to enlarge the capacity of Tien An Men Square from 400,000 to 600,000 people. When important political rallies are held in the square, the memorial hall will be encircled by the masses. This is meant to embody the idea of Chairman Mao living forever in our hearts.In deciding the height of the memorial hall, an important consideration of the design is to ensure that the silhouette of the large pitched roof of Chen Yang Men will not emerge from behind the memorial hall when one looks at it standing on the rostrum of Tien An Men. Moreover, from any point of the square, even from a maximum distance of 700 metres, one can see a good perspective of the memorial hall with a horizontal visual angle larger than 6 degrees.Around the memorial hall are roads and greenery. Greenery of the courtyard consists of two sections: the inner peripheral green area 6 metres wide, laid out as lawns dotted with flowers and evergreen shrubs, and the outer peripheral green area 30 metres wide, planted with a large number of pines and cypresses as well as trees of precious species sent from various parts of the country such as camellia, cherry, pomegranate and kumquat trees.Flanking the approaches to the northern and southern entrances are four group sculptures of workers, peasants and soldiers. The contents of the two group sculptures at the northern entrance are based on Chairman Mao's great revolutionary practice in the new democratic revolution period and the socialist revolution period respectively.Parking spaces and bus terminals are placed on the south of Tien An Men Square, and public service facilities are arranged on the east and west of the memorial hall.

为了永远纪念我党我军和我国各族人民的伟大领袖、国际无产阶级和被压迫民族被压迫人民的伟大导师毛泽东主席,以英明领袖华主席为首的党中央,在一举粉碎“四人帮”之后,立即决定在北京建立毛主席纪念堂。今天,庄严宏伟的毛主席纪念堂已巍然矗立在天安门广场上,人民群众将世世代代在这里亲眼瞻仰毛主席的遗容,缅怀毛主席的丰功伟绩,重温毛主席的教导,亲身感受毛主席的教育和鼓舞,实现了八亿中国人民和世界革命人民的共同心愿。以华主席为首的党中央最了解亿万人民的热切要求,决定把毛主席纪念堂建在天安门广场上。从此,天安门广场——毛主席在这里宣告中华人民共和国成立、亲自升起第一面五星红旗和多次检阅群众队伍的地方,更加放射出灿烂的光辉。 以华主席为首的党中央对毛主席纪念堂这项具有伟大意义的工程的设计和施工极为重视,审查了设计方案,作了极其重要的指示:纪念堂要设计得坚固适用,庄严肃穆,美观大方,有中国自己的民族风格,方便群众瞻仰,利于遗体的安全保护;要精心组织,精心施工。这就为纪念堂的设计及建设提出了正确的指导思想和具体要求。 毛主席纪念堂的设计方案,是来自八个省市的老中青设计人员共同进行的。以后由北京市建筑设计院等在京单位的工人、干部和技术人...

为了永远纪念我党我军和我国各族人民的伟大领袖、国际无产阶级和被压迫民族被压迫人民的伟大导师毛泽东主席,以英明领袖华主席为首的党中央,在一举粉碎“四人帮”之后,立即决定在北京建立毛主席纪念堂。今天,庄严宏伟的毛主席纪念堂已巍然矗立在天安门广场上,人民群众将世世代代在这里亲眼瞻仰毛主席的遗容,缅怀毛主席的丰功伟绩,重温毛主席的教导,亲身感受毛主席的教育和鼓舞,实现了八亿中国人民和世界革命人民的共同心愿。以华主席为首的党中央最了解亿万人民的热切要求,决定把毛主席纪念堂建在天安门广场上。从此,天安门广场——毛主席在这里宣告中华人民共和国成立、亲自升起第一面五星红旗和多次检阅群众队伍的地方,更加放射出灿烂的光辉。 以华主席为首的党中央对毛主席纪念堂这项具有伟大意义的工程的设计和施工极为重视,审查了设计方案,作了极其重要的指示:纪念堂要设计得坚固适用,庄严肃穆,美观大方,有中国自己的民族风格,方便群众瞻仰,利于遗体的安全保护;要精心组织,精心施工。这就为纪念堂的设计及建设提出了正确的指导思想和具体要求。 毛主席纪念堂的设计方案,是来自八个省市的老中青设计人员共同进行的。以后由北京市建筑设计院等在京单位的工人、干部和技术人员组成毛主席纪念堂规划设

The writer tries to expound some problems concerning architectural creation through his reflections on some newly-built public buildings he has visited.First, the problem of guideline. In civilian-building design, this has long been manifested in the principle of "utility, economy and aesthetic consideration when conditions permit." The three elements stated here are indeed the criteria in the assessment of architectural design. But the "gang of four", in attempting to usurp Party and state leadership,...

The writer tries to expound some problems concerning architectural creation through his reflections on some newly-built public buildings he has visited.First, the problem of guideline. In civilian-building design, this has long been manifested in the principle of "utility, economy and aesthetic consideration when conditions permit." The three elements stated here are indeed the criteria in the assessment of architectural design. But the "gang of four", in attempting to usurp Party and state leadership, had sabotaged the principle. It is of cardinal importance at present to reaffirm it. To do so does not at all imply a lowering of aesthetic standards, but on the contrary is true. The three elements are regarded as a unified whole for every architectural design to measure up to, and that goes for not only ordinary civilian buildings, but for large, major public buildings as well.Second, the problem of unshackling the minds to pave the way for creative expressions. The article gives an account of the ideological regimentation imposed by the "gang of four" and its detrimental effects. To remedy the situation, it is suggested that while endeavouring to eliminate the after-effects of the "Gang of Four" disaster, a stress on the implementation of the policy of "letting a hundred flowers blossom and a hundred schools of thought contend" is quite necessary. Thus, academic discussions as well as studies of theoretical or technical problems should be promoted and encouraged, for these in themselves are a process of freeing the minds and a means to produce dynamic influence on architecture.Third, the problem of how to create a rich variety of styles. In the light of the spirit of "making the past serve the present and foreign things serve China," the article asserts that Chinese architects should take over from their own cultural legacy and at the same time be informed about and susceptible to advanced contemporary expressions and innovations abroad, so as to improve, and ultimately create, their own new styles. The example of Kwangchow is cited. It is pointed out that the architectural design of Kwangchow's public buildings in recent years is marked by a rich variety of forms, ingenious treatment of massing and planning, unique harmony in integrating spaces with greenery-planting, and proper attention paid to scale.In conclusion, the writer holds that, under the circumstances, so long as the architect is clear minded on the above stated guideline and frees himself from the shackles once imposed by the "gang of four" while giving a full play to all forces (traditional, contemporary, Chinese and foreign) in improving his own proficiency, he will be sure to be productive in his work, thus making greater contributions to the four modernizations of the country.

在抓纲治国的大好形势下,建筑界的同志们遵循“百花齐放,百家争鸣”的方针,开始积极地进行建筑理论的研究和创作问题的探讨,学术气氛逐渐活跃,本刊收到这方面的来稿也逐渐增多。 为了使理论研究与探讨真正有助于指导实际工作,我们提倡在总结实践经验的基础上研究和讨论建筑理论问题,以提高我们的规划、设计水平。这里,我们先发表陈世民同志的文章,希望同志们多多撰写这方面的稿件,积极参加讨论。

 
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