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     The Equivalent Probability Density Error Model to Linear Entity in Vector GIS
     矢量GIS线状实体等概率密度误差模型
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     A STUDY ON THE MODELLING OF “ENTITY MODEL” OF CROP—PRODUCTION EMPIRICAL PATTERN
     作物栽培模式的实体模型的研究
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     Guillain-Barre syndrome in six cities and provinces of northern China ──is it a new entity
     中国北方六省市格林-巴利综合征分析──是一种新的疾病实体吗?
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     Discuss Table installation of Teaching Work Category in College Archival Entity Classification
     高校档案实体分类法中教学工作类类目设置
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     Entity and Entity Manager on SGML Implementation
     SGML实现中的实体实体管理
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     Compared with civil subject,the system of employer qualifications needs two aspects: the entity and the procedure.
     通过对雇主与民事主体资格的比较分析,从实体和程序两个方面构建了雇主资格的认定体系。
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     People are the learning entity, individual learning, group learning, organizational learning and learning among the companies are the four elements of organizational harmonious learning.
     组织学习的主体是人,通过个人学习、团队学习、组织学习和组织间学习等不同方式开展,这四个学习层次构成组织协同学习的要素。
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     Through entity and nonentity value action analysis, we emphasis on study on system operation of logistics in integrated supply chain.
     结合集成供应链的实体和非实体价值活动,重点对集成供应链中物流整体化运作从物流范围和物流主体层面进行了详细的分析。
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     The fourth part It is the comprehensive influence of the entity of analysing university's network ideological and political education object.
     第四部分是分析高校网络思想政治教育客体的主体性的综合影响。
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     JILIN COMMERCE COLLEGE Auditing risk mainly comes from auditing entity,auditing object and users of auditing report.
     审计风险的成因主要来自审计主体、审计客体以及审计报告的使用者。
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     The design and implementation of the firewall agent (FW-Agent) entity
     防火墙代理(FW-Agent)实体的设计与实现
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     Design and Realization of the Automatic Topology Model Based on GIS Spatial Entity
     基于GIS空间实体的自动拓扑模型设计与实现
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     The Interface between database and entity data in autoCAD R12 programming and its application
     AutoCAD 12 版编程中数据库与实体的连接与应用
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     Study on the Economic Management of Network Information Resources(Ⅰ) ——On the Economic Management of Chinese Internet Entity
     网络信息资源的经济管理研究(Ⅰ)——论我国互联网实体的经济管理
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     Secondly, by the analysis about a great deal of file, get hold of the pattern data file structure of several main apparel CAD—Lectra, Nissyo, Richpeace(MDL, IBA, PA1 , PA2, PDF), in particular the entity structure of point, line, curve, circle, arc, text.
     其次,经过对大量文件进行分析,得到了几种主流服装CAD——Lectra、Nissyo、Richpeace样板数据文件(MDL、IBA、PA1、PA2、PDF),特别是点、直线、曲线、圆、弧、文本等实体的存储结构。
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     With constant intensification of the process of economic globalization growing, each country and nationality get in touch to become an organic entity day by day, which has profound effect on international laws in the process of economic globalization, and leads to a series of new development trends: 1. The authoritativeness of international laws and mandatory intensive trend day by day;
     经济全球化进程的不断加深 ,使各个国家和民族日益联系成为一个有机的统一体 ,使国际法在经济全球化进程中发生了深刻的变化 ,出现了一系列新的发展趋势 :1.国际法的权威性和强制性日益强化的趋势 ;
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     Abstract Scientific research,economy and management is an organic entity.
     科研、经济、管理是有机的统一体,面对二十一世纪,必须着力培养集科研、经济、管理于一体的复合型组织帅才。
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     The psychological health is an entity of physiological health and psychological health.
     心理健康是生理健康、心理健康的统一体;
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     WLE is "the consistent entity of hardware, software and educational content that supports the learning process and the communication about that learning process, while using the WWW".
     网络学习环境作为学习环境的一种类型,是指在使用互联网的过程中,用来支持、组织学习过程和促进学习交流活动的硬件、软件和教育内容的统一体
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     The law is the entity of value and technology, the research of the recycle economy legislation should pay attention to the teleology questions at first, i.e. the value of the recycle economy law;
     规范层面上的法是价值和技术的统一体,循环经济立法研究首先应关注目的论问题,即循环经济法的价值问题;
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    In order to study the distribution of the virus entities which cause“Kwuting”symptomsof Chinese cabbage on various cruciferous crop plants,diseased specimens were collected fromPeking and Tientsin throughout the growing season in 1962.Isolations and routine diagnosiswere made during 1962-63.On basis of the differential host reactions,109 isolates weregrouped into seven types,among which types Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ being reacted with K_1 (TurnipMosaic Virus) antiserum were thus considered to be related strains.These...

    In order to study the distribution of the virus entities which cause“Kwuting”symptomsof Chinese cabbage on various cruciferous crop plants,diseased specimens were collected fromPeking and Tientsin throughout the growing season in 1962.Isolations and routine diagnosiswere made during 1962-63.On basis of the differential host reactions,109 isolates weregrouped into seven types,among which types Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ being reacted with K_1 (TurnipMosaic Virus) antiserum were thus considered to be related strains.These strains were de-signated K_(1-2) for type Ⅰ,K_(1-3) for type Ⅱ and K_(1-4) for type Ⅲ.Type Ⅰ neither infectedNicotiana tabacum nor N.glutinosa.Type Ⅱ did infect N.tabacum causing local lesions,butnot N.glutinosa.Type Ⅲ with its T.D.P.slightly higher than 65℃ did infect N.glutinosacausing local lesions,but might or not infect N.tabacum.Type Ⅳ being identical to theKwuting Virus 1 (A type strain of Turnip Mosaic Virus on Chinese cabbage) was designatedK_(1-1).Types Ⅴ and Ⅵ had not yet been identified,while type Ⅶ was identical to the former-ly reported virus K_3 (A ringspot strain of TMV).In fields,types Ⅰ and Ⅱ occurred more frequently.They were 59.0 and 32.0 per cent ofthe total isolates respectively.Type Ⅲ was apparently less prevalent (5.5 percent) and theother types occurred more rarely (less than 0.9 percent each).Therefore the two TurnipMosaic Virus strains K_(1-2) and K_(1-3) were the most prevalent and responsible for the epiphyto-tics of the Kwuting disease of Chinese cabbage in 1962.However,in Peking K_(1-2) was lessabundant than K_(1-3),while in Tientsin the condition was quite the reverse.The difference ofstrain dominance might be attributed to the different varieties of Chinese cabbage cultivatedin these two localities.For instance,the main Chinese cabbage variety cultivated in Pekingwas“Qinpaikou”,from which the isolates of K_(1-3) and K_(1-2) were in the ratio of 3:2.Themain Chinese cabbage variety grown in Tientsin was“Tianjinl(?)”,from which the isolates ofK_(1-3) and K_(1-2) was in the ratio 1:5.Isolates made from two kinds of seeding plants,namely the overwintered seed plants plant-ed out in spring and the seed plants grown from vernalized seeds,revealed that they wereessentially K_(1-2) and K_(1-3).It was believed that these virus entities were carried in the over-wintered seed plants and disseminated to other cruiferous plants after planting out in spring.These two essential virus entities were isolated from successive cruciferous crops throughoutthe growing season.Therefore the summer sown cabbage served as one of the principal hostsfor the virus to tide over summer,while the autumn Chinese radish which was sown usually10-15 days earlier than Chinese cabbage,served as one of the important bridge hosts.

    1962年至1963年系统地调查北京及天津白菜区十字花科作物上逐月出现的病毒类型及其相对数量,以确定十字花科作物之间病毒的相互关系。从109个分离物中,根据寄主反应,区分成7个类型,其中Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ型都和芜菁花叶病毒(白菜孤丁病毒1号即 K_1)的抗血清起反应,因此认为它们是白菜孤丁病毒1号的相关株系:Ⅰ型定为 K_(1-2),根本不侵染菸草;Ⅱ型定为 K_(1-3),能侵染普通菸,产生局部坏死斑,但不侵染心叶菸;Ⅲ型定为 K_(1-4),能侵染心叶菸产生局部坏死斑,能或不能侵染普通菸与产生局部坏死斑,致死温度稍高于65℃;Ⅳ型为典型的白菜孤丁病毒1号的原株系(K_(1-1));Ⅴ及Ⅵ型是未经鉴定的毒原;Ⅶ型是典型菸草环斑型花叶病毒(K_3)。京、津两地109个分离物中,Ⅰ型(K_(1-2))占59%,Ⅱ型(K_(1-3))32%,Ⅲ型(K_(1-4))5.5%,Ⅳ型(K_(1-1))0.9%,Ⅴ型0.87%,Ⅵ型0.87%,Ⅶ型(K_3)0.87%。其中以 K_(1-2)及 K_(1-3)(芜菁花叶病毒亦即白菜孤丁病毒1号)为主,其他类型均不重要。北京及天津两地十字花科作物上病毒类型的分布显然有些差别,在北京...

    1962年至1963年系统地调查北京及天津白菜区十字花科作物上逐月出现的病毒类型及其相对数量,以确定十字花科作物之间病毒的相互关系。从109个分离物中,根据寄主反应,区分成7个类型,其中Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ型都和芜菁花叶病毒(白菜孤丁病毒1号即 K_1)的抗血清起反应,因此认为它们是白菜孤丁病毒1号的相关株系:Ⅰ型定为 K_(1-2),根本不侵染菸草;Ⅱ型定为 K_(1-3),能侵染普通菸,产生局部坏死斑,但不侵染心叶菸;Ⅲ型定为 K_(1-4),能侵染心叶菸产生局部坏死斑,能或不能侵染普通菸与产生局部坏死斑,致死温度稍高于65℃;Ⅳ型为典型的白菜孤丁病毒1号的原株系(K_(1-1));Ⅴ及Ⅵ型是未经鉴定的毒原;Ⅶ型是典型菸草环斑型花叶病毒(K_3)。京、津两地109个分离物中,Ⅰ型(K_(1-2))占59%,Ⅱ型(K_(1-3))32%,Ⅲ型(K_(1-4))5.5%,Ⅳ型(K_(1-1))0.9%,Ⅴ型0.87%,Ⅵ型0.87%,Ⅶ型(K_3)0.87%。其中以 K_(1-2)及 K_(1-3)(芜菁花叶病毒亦即白菜孤丁病毒1号)为主,其他类型均不重要。北京及天津两地十字花科作物上病毒类型的分布显然有些差别,在北京地区 K_(1-3)占51.2%,K_(1-2)占34.1%,K_(1-4)占7.3%,其余 K_(1-1),Ⅴ及Ⅵ各占2.5%,无 K_3,而在天津地区则 K_(1-2)占68.8%,K_(1-3)占22.9%,K_(1-4)占6.3%,有 K_3的出现(2.1%),而无 K_(1-1),Ⅴ及Ⅵ。这种差异可能与当地所栽品种及十字花科蔬菜种类有关,因为北京的白菜以青白口品种为主,而 K_(1-3)和 K_(1-2)在青白口品种上的出现此数为3∶2。天津地区的白菜品种邓鄯沽大核桃纹、高杆连心壮及天津绿上的 K_(1-3)和 K_(1-2)的出现比数相应为1∶5,1∶2及3∶4。根据两种采种株,即越冬菜株及当年播的春化种子的种菜上的毒原类型分析,一般均为,K_(1-2)及 K_(1-3),而出现的次数在越年采种株上为多,可见越年采种株是白菜孤丁病毒的主要越冬寄主之一,春化种子的种菜上的病原可能是从越冬采种株上传来的,根据3—10月各种十字花科作物上病毒类型出现次数的分析,K_(1-2)及 K_(1-3)在四至五月间在留种菜、小白菜、油青菜及甘兰上达到高峯,六月间则出现在白菜及甘兰上,最后则出现在秋白菜上,其中甘兰是京津六至九月间的连续作物,因此作为主要越夏寄主的可能性更大,而萝卜则因其播种较秋白菜早10天至15天,正当传毒翅蚜的发生期,因此认为是一个比较危险的过渡寄主。

    During 1957 and 1958,a survey of the virus diseases of cucurbit crops was carried out inPeking.Not only the symptoms of the naturally infected plants were described,but also thesamples of the diseased plants were collected and proceeded to routine diagnosis.The mosaicdisease of vegetable marrow(Cucurbita pepo L.var.)was very severe in this district.Theessential causal factor of this malady was revealed to be the Muskmelon Virus(=Marmormelonis Raeder et al.)which evidently caused the systemic infection of watermelonand...

    During 1957 and 1958,a survey of the virus diseases of cucurbit crops was carried out inPeking.Not only the symptoms of the naturally infected plants were described,but also thesamples of the diseased plants were collected and proceeded to routine diagnosis.The mosaicdisease of vegetable marrow(Cucurbita pepo L.var.)was very severe in this district.Theessential causal factor of this malady was revealed to be the Muskmelon Virus(=Marmormelonis Raeder et al.)which evidently caused the systemic infection of watermelonand hada lower thermal death point(55-62℃).In the case of the mosaic disease of squash(Cucurbitamoschata var.melonaeformis,Makino),a similar virus was isolated,however,it differed fromthe above strain by not attacking watermelon,although having the same thermal resistance.From the specimens of the mosaic disease of cucumber plants,all isolates were pertain-ing to the Cucumber Mosaic Virus(CMV=Marmot cucumeris Holmes)group,consisting oftwo or more distinct strains,except a peculiar entity was isolated from a specimen of theautumnal cucumber plant.This entity,having a higher thermal death point(85℃),did notattack Nicotiana glutinosa L.,but did systemically infect N.tabacuum L.and N.sylvestris L.and caused local necrotic spots on Datura stramonium L.It was tentatively considered as anew strain and named Autumnal Cucumber Mosaic Virus(ACMV).All isolates from variousmelons were demonstrated to be the same entity as that obtained from the vegetable marrow,namely the Muskmelon Virus(MMV).A virus isolated from Luffa cylindrica Roem.was shown to have distinct properties butclose to MMV.Owing to its rather restricted host range among cucurbits,it was possibly adistinct strain of the Muskmelon Virus.

    从1957到1958年,在北京都区进行了瓜类作物花叶病毒的调查研究。在记述病作物症状的同时,还采集了各类花叶病株的标样,进行了病毒的常规鉴定。西葫芦的花叶病是一个严重的病毒病,鉴定的结果证明其毒原主要为典型的甜瓜花叶病毒(MMV),而且能侵染西瓜而产生系统性花叶症。在南瓜的花叶病标样中分离到的也是甜瓜花叶病毒,但是这个株系不同于典型的甜瓜花叶病毒,因为它们都不侵染西瓜。从黄瓜花叶病标样中分离出来的病毒全属于黄瓜花叶病毒种羣(GMV),其中可能有不同的株系,而秋黄瓜上却分离出了一个毒原,不侵染心叶菸,系统侵染普通菸和毛叶菸,在蔓陀蘿叶上产生局部枯斑而具有较高的致死温度(85℃)。作者认为这可能是一个新单元,称之为秋黄瓜花叶病毒(ACMV)。所有在甜瓜,哈密瓜及绞瓜上分离出来的毒原都是属于典型甜瓜花叶病毒的,但梢瓜(即白瓜)上的毒原都是黄瓜花叶病毒(CMV),没有广州报告的白瓜花叶花病毒。丝瓜花叶病的分离物类似甜瓜花叶病毒,但寄主范围远较狭隘,很可能是一个甜瓜花叶病毒的新株系。

    Based on our previous findings that N-phthalyl glutamine (compound 7) was inhibitory to the glutaminase (phosphate activated) activity in tumour tissues, a series of 44 synthetic compounds which are analogues in chemical structure to N-phthalyl glutamine was further investigated for their effects on glutaminase activity in both tumour tissues (Sarcoma 180, Reticulum cell sarcoma L_(II) P and 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene induced liver tumour) and rat liver. The results showed that the presence of N-phthalyl...

    Based on our previous findings that N-phthalyl glutamine (compound 7) was inhibitory to the glutaminase (phosphate activated) activity in tumour tissues, a series of 44 synthetic compounds which are analogues in chemical structure to N-phthalyl glutamine was further investigated for their effects on glutaminase activity in both tumour tissues (Sarcoma 180, Reticulum cell sarcoma L_(II) P and 3'-methyl-4-dimethylaminoazobenzene induced liver tumour) and rat liver. The results showed that the presence of N-phthalyl group seems to be important, though not absolutely necessary,for the compounds to inhibit glutaminase in tumour tissues. Removal or change in structure of this group led to a decrease in the inhibitory effect of the compound. A more pronounced inhibitory activity was, however, noticed with the N-phthalyl derivatives of a modified γ-amide group. So far, compound 45 was found to be the most active in inhibiting the enzyme from both tumour tissues and rat liver.Different responses of enzymes from liver and tumour tissues (Sarcoma 180 and liver tumour) were observed with a number of compounds. These facts together with the observation of different pH optima (8.0 for the enzyme in rat liver and 9.0 for that in tumour tissues) indicate that glutaminase in liver and the tumour tissues may be different entities.Kinetic data showed that the inhibition of compounds 7 and 42 on the glutaminase activity in Sarcoma 180 is reversible. The inhibitory effect of compound 7 and 45 may be primarily due to modification of the enzyme or the enzyme-substrate complex (ES), while that of compound 45 on the enzyme activity in rat liver may be due to the effect on the rate of breakdown of ES.

    本文报告了45种谷氨酰胺衍生物对肉瘤180、L_(11)(脾)网织细胞肉瘤、肝癌及大鼠肝组织中谷氨酰胺酶活性的抑制作用。结果表明,化合物的结构与对酶的抑制似有一定关系。其中以α-N-邻苯二甲酰基较为重要,如将其去除,或将其环打开或缩小,都会导致对原来抑制作用的降低。但如在有此基的同时改变γ-酰胺基的结构,则又可能提高对酶的抑制作用。目前发现以化合物45对肿瘤及肝谷氨酰胺酶的抑制作用最好。动力学试验结果表明,化合物7及42对肉瘤180谷氨酰胺酶活性的抑制是可逆的。化合物7及45的作用可能不是通过与酶的活性中心相结合,而是通过对酶或酶与底物复合物的影响所致。化合物45对肝酶活性的抑制则可能是由于影响了酶与底物复合物的分解速度,而不是由于与酶或酶与底物复合物相结合所致。

     
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