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thrombi
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  血栓
     The size of thrombi ranged from 7mm X 6mm to 65mm X 27mm.
     栓 1例Q个人血栓大小为 7 X 6mm~65 X 27mm,形状以附壁二
短句来源
     The length of the thrombi varied from 3 to 8 cm, and the diameter from 5 to 10 mm.
     血栓的长度为 3~ 8cm ,直径为 5~ 10mm。
短句来源
     Results The thrombolysis rate was improved in the thrombi clotting for 2 h, 6 h and 12 h with the ultrasound insonation of 10 min(P<0.05)and in those clotting for 2 h with the insonation of 10 min, 20 min, 30 min and 60 min(P<0.01).
     结果凝龄2,6,12h的体外血栓在超声辐照10min条件下,溶栓率显著提高(P<0.05); 超声辐照凝龄2h的体外血栓10,20,30,60min,溶栓率显著提高(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The length of thrombi varied from 3 to 8 cm, and the diameter from 5 to 10mm.
     血栓长度为 3~ 8cm ,血栓直径为 5~ 10mm。
短句来源
     CONCLUSION:The determination on the levels of plasma TXB2,6 keto PGF1αand TXB2/6 keto PGF1αhas important significance for knowing the changes of platelet function of acute cerebral infarction patients and for the diagnoses, treatment, prevention of cerebral infarction, and it is suggested to be the index of state before thrombi.
     结论:TXB2,6-keto-PGF1α及TXB2/6-keto-PGF1α的测定对于了解急性脑梗死患者中血小板功能变化,对于预防和诊治脑梗死具有重要参考价值,并建议作为血栓前状态的指标。
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  “thrombi”译为未确定词的双语例句
     VEGF levelwas higher in the patients with big tumor (>5 cm)、tumor thrombior microscopic thrombi(270 pg/ml vs l71 pg/ml; 389 pg/ml vs2l2 pg/ml; 366.0 pg/ml vs 2l0.9 pg/ml, P<0.05);
     在肝癌患者中,VEGF浓度在肿瘤直径>5cm、有癌栓或镜下癌栓的患者体内水平较高(270pg/ml vs.171pg/ml;389pg/ml vs.212pg/ml,366.0pg/ml vs.210.9pg/ml, P<0.05);
短句来源
     22.45% ,30.52% ,68.66% ,and 23.28% of the occlusion type thrombi disappear in 3,7,8-30,and more than 30 days, respectively.
     表现为闭塞型的血栓栓子中,1-3天22.45%的栓子溶解,4-7天30.52%栓子溶解,8-30天68.66%栓子溶解,>30天23.28%栓子溶解。
短句来源
     18. 84% , 12. 99% ,84.41% ,and 28. 93% of the mural type thrombi disappeared within 3,7,8-30,and more than 30 days,respectively.
     附壁型血栓栓子1-3天溶解率18.84%,4-7天溶解率12.99%,8-30溶解率84.41%,>30天溶解率28.93%;
短句来源
     And when the frequency was kept at 2 MHz, ultrasound of 0.7 W/cm2, 1.4 W/cm2 and 1.8 W/cm2 also solved the thrombi significantly and there was a positive correlation between the thrombolysis rate and the intensity (r2 = 0.980,P<0.05).
     频率2MHz条件下,声强为0.7W/cm2、1.4W/cm2和1.8W/cm2的超声波有明确效果,溶栓率与声强呈正相关(r2=0.980,P<0.05)。
短句来源
     Results When the intensity was kept at 0.7 W/cm2, ultrasound of 0.5 MHz, 1 MHz and 2 MHz solved the thrombi obviously and there was a negative correlation between the thrombolysis rate and frequency (r1 = 1.000,P<0.01).
     结果声强0.7W/cm2条件下,频率为0.5MHz、1MHz和2MHz的超声波有明确的溶栓效果,溶栓率与频率呈负相关(r1=1.000,P<0.01);
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  相似匹配句对
     52left atrial thrombi;
     左房血栓者5 2例;
短句来源
     Effects of ultrasound energy on thrombi in vitro
     超声能量对体外血栓的溶解作用
短句来源
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  thrombi
Venous thrombi of limbs appeared in five cases and neurological abnormalities in two cases.
      
One case manifested left renal venous thrombi and the other two cases thrombotic microangiopathy.
      
In the majority of cases right atrial or ventricular thrombi represent pulmonary emboli in transit.
      
In literature the incidence of right heart thrombi in patients with proven pulmonary embolism is said to be in the range of 3 - 4%.
      
Finally, patients with echocardiographically detected mobile thrombi in the right heart or the proximal portions of the pulmonary artery should undergo emergency pulmonary embolectomy.
      
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With a method similar to chandlers, artificial red and white thrombi of rabbit in vitro were prepared, and then separately infused into jugular vein of the same rabbit to form red and white thrombi in its pulmonary circulation. Within 48 hours, each experimental animal was given a hind of traditional Chinese medicine which has the property of invigorating circulation and reducing stasis, or saline as a control. The result showed that the resolution rate of red thrombi in vivo was significantly...

With a method similar to chandlers, artificial red and white thrombi of rabbit in vitro were prepared, and then separately infused into jugular vein of the same rabbit to form red and white thrombi in its pulmonary circulation. Within 48 hours, each experimental animal was given a hind of traditional Chinese medicine which has the property of invigorating circulation and reducing stasis, or saline as a control. The result showed that the resolution rate of red thrombi in vivo was significantly increased by the injection of CH-Ⅱ (coronary heart Ⅱ), or piperazine of ligusticum wallichii, and the extract of leonums hetorophylls; but the resolution rate of white thrombi was not.Gt indicated that the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine which has the property of invigorating circulation and reducing stasis possibly relate to thrombolysis.

采用与chandler氏相似的方法,制取家兔体外人工红、白血栓,然后分别注入同体家兔颈静脉,使之形成肺循环红、白血栓。在48小时内,给予实验动物某种活血化瘀中药或对照生理盐水。结果表明,冠心Ⅱ号针剂、川芎嗪以及益母草提取物均使家兔体内红血栓的溶解率显著升高,但白血栓溶解率则未见显著升高。结果说明活血化瘀中药的作用原理可能与血栓溶解有一定联系。

The clinical experiences of 63 cases of great vessel grafts from 1954 to 1978 were summarized. Orthotopic vessel grafts after removal of the diseased vessels were performed in 55 cases (59 grafts) and bypass grafts in 8 cases. The sites of diseased vessels requiring graft replacements included thoracic aorta in 22 cases, abdominal aorta 12 cases, main aortic branches 24 cases and great veins 5 cases. The pathology of the 63 cases were: aortic aneurysms in 40 cases, coarctation of aorta 8 cases, vascular thrombi...

The clinical experiences of 63 cases of great vessel grafts from 1954 to 1978 were summarized. Orthotopic vessel grafts after removal of the diseased vessels were performed in 55 cases (59 grafts) and bypass grafts in 8 cases. The sites of diseased vessels requiring graft replacements included thoracic aorta in 22 cases, abdominal aorta 12 cases, main aortic branches 24 cases and great veins 5 cases. The pathology of the 63 cases were: aortic aneurysms in 40 cases, coarctation of aorta 8 cases, vascular thrombi 9 cases, arterio-venous fistulas 3 eases and others 3 eases. The complications were: blood oozing, massive bleeding, acute pulmonary edema, cardiac arrest, injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve and anoxie damage of the brain during the operation; acute renal failure, respiratory failure, rupture of anastomosis, thrombus formation in the bypass-grafts, septicemia and occlusion of grafts in the early stage after operation; obstruction or rupture of transplanted vessels, pseudo-aneurysm, aorto-gastrie fistula and cerebro-vascular accidents in the later stage. The operative mortality was 17.5% and the late mortality 19%. The percentage of long-term pateney of graft was related to the length and diameter of grafts as well as the flow in the vessels distal to the graft.

本文报道大血管移植术63例,手术及术后1个月内死亡12例,后期死亡10例。介绍了术中、术后近期及远期的各种并发症及其处理,并就动脉瘤的处理、胸腹主动脉瘤的分支移植、主动脉狭窄的旁路移植、血管吻合口破裂的防止及血管材料的选择等问题进行了讨论。

Acute obstructive suppurative cho-langitis (AOSC) is a serious andurgent clinical condition. It is mainlythe result of its extensive and seriouspathological damages. The autopsy fin-dings of 20 cases of acute suppurativecholangitis in Sichuan Medical CollegeHospital from 1970 to 1979 are presen-ted and their clinical significance inthe diagnosis and treatment of thisdisease is studied. There were 8 malesand 12 females, with their age rangedfrom 9 years to 69, and 4 / 5 of thesecases had a history of biliary...

Acute obstructive suppurative cho-langitis (AOSC) is a serious andurgent clinical condition. It is mainlythe result of its extensive and seriouspathological damages. The autopsy fin-dings of 20 cases of acute suppurativecholangitis in Sichuan Medical CollegeHospital from 1970 to 1979 are presen-ted and their clinical significance inthe diagnosis and treatment of thisdisease is studied. There were 8 malesand 12 females, with their age rangedfrom 9 years to 69, and 4 / 5 of thesecases had a history of biliary diseasefor more than 5 years. The autopsy findings in the hepa-tobiliary system were: (1) Cholangitisand pericholangitis associated with oneor more obstructive factors in thebiliary tract in all cases, (2) secondaryorganic lesions in the hepatobiliarysystem in most of the cases, and (3)secondary inflammatory lesions on thesurface or in the peripheral region ofthe liver involving neighboring struc-tures probably resulted from directinflammatory infiltration or lymphaticdissemination. In other vital organs,suppurative lesions in the lungs,kidneys, spleen, pancreas and meninges,etc were important pathology in mostof these cases. Eight cases had Gramnegative septicemia confirmed by posi-tive blood cultures before death. Fourcases had disseminated intravascularcoagulation and essential hemorrhageproved by laboratory examinations. Itis worth noting that numerous freebilirubin particles were revealed in thesinusoids forming "biliary sandy throm-bi" in the liver of 4 cases. These particles are probably comingfrom the corroded canaliculi passingthrough the necrotic hepatocytes intothe sinusoids. Then these mixed thrombi got intothe central venulae, sublobular veins,hepatic veins and their branches, and in two cases the mixed thrombi wereeven found in the inferier vena cava.In three of the 4 cases Budd-Chairi's.Syndrome was recorded, and in theremaining case numerous pigment stoneswere found in the abscess of the left lo-be, and biliary sandy thrombi weredemonstrated in the corroded cho-langio-vascular fistula in the abscess.In two of the four cases numerous bi-liary sandy thrombi were found in manypulmonary arteries and veins. It is, therefore, suggested that:(1) Intrahepatic caculus is most liablythe common and insidious cause ofobstruction of the bile duct died ofacute obstructive cholangitis in Chengduarea. (2) The intrabiliary pressuremight be gradually raised up as a resultof bile accumulation in the presenceof bile duct occlusion. If the pressureis much higher than the limit of toler-ance the mucous barrier of the bileduct is likely to be damaged extensively,and the intra-and/or extrahepatic bileducts as well as surrounding tissuestend to be involved in diffuse suppu-rative inflammation, focal necrosis, andeven multiple abscesses. In case ofacute suppurative hepatitis and biliarycirrhosis, the decompensation of liverfunction usually develops promptly. Regarding the possible mechanismof the formation of biliary sandythrombi, it is strongly suggesed thatthe spreading of bilirubin particlesfrom the bile duct to hepatic veins andpulmonary blood vessels, reflects theactual passage through which pyogenicbacteria get into the systemic circulation,causing fulminating toxemia, septicshock, and septicemia as a result ofacute biliary obstruction and infection.It is also suggested that the site ofintrahepatic multiple abscesses may bethe foci from which purulent germswere admitted intermittently into theblood circulation.

急性梗阻性化脓性胆管炎的病理损害远远超过胆道系统本身。本文列举了20例本病尸检所见的肝胆系统、肝脏周围和其他重要器官的主要相关病理改变,其中4例在肝静脉系统或肺血管内发现大量胆砂性血栓。本文根据尸检结果讨论了本病的病因、发病机理、胆砂性血栓、肝脓肿和其他并发症的临床意义。

 
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