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application     
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  应用
    STUDY ON THE REINFORCING MECHANISM OF STEEL FIBER AND ITS APPLICATION IN EXPANSIVE CONCRETE
    钢纤维膨胀混凝土增强机理及其应用研究
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    Theoretical Analysis Model for Block Crack Rockmass Slope Stability and Its Application
    块裂岩质边坡稳定性理论分析模型及工程应用研究
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    Study and Application on Random Inverse Analysis in Geomechanical Engineering
    岩土工程随机反演分析及工程应用
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    The Elastoplasticity and Rheological Analysis and Their Application of Foundation Pit Excavation
    基坑开挖的弹塑性与流变分析及其应用
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    Longitudinal Vibration Theory of Pile in Layered Soils and Its Application in PIT
    成层土中桩纵向振动理论及其在PIT中的应用
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  适用
    Application of ISO14000 Standards in Infrastructure Field in China
    ISO14000标准在我国基本建设领域的具体适用
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    CFG-pile composite foundation is one of new foundation treatment technologies developed in recent decade This paper discusses its conventional technology including makeup material,constnuction method and pillow setting In addition,its application conditions and design method are also discussed
    对CFG桩桩体材料、施工方法、褥垫层设置等进行了讨论,并对其适用条件、设计方法等方面作了探讨。
短句来源
    PP-R polypropylene water supply pipe that has been spread and applied gradually in water supply industry in recent years is in detail discussed from many aspects such as its characteristic, application range, production quality demand, construction installing, construction check and so on.
    介绍了近年来在给水行业中逐步推广和应用的PP R聚丙烯给水管 ,并从其特性、适用场合、产品质量要求以及施工安装、验收等方面作了系统的论述。
短句来源
    This paper introduces the designing principles,advantages, applicable arena and application foreground of vacuum sewerage technology.
    简要介绍真空排污技术的原理、优点、适用场所及应用前景。
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    Concrete cutting with diamond tool and conventional machining are compared in this paper. Four various concrete cutting methods and their application are introduced.
    本文分析比较了金刚石工具切割混凝土与传统方法切割混凝土的优缺点 ,介绍了四种典型金刚石工具切割混凝土的方法和适用场合 ,以及多个应用实例。
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  实际应用
    Principle and Practical Application of Automatic Water Flushing Facilities
    自动冲水装置的原理和实际应用
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    Based on the application in ENCH mansion,the paper analyses the features of double-skinned curtain wall and discusses some aspects in practical application.
    作者通过呼吸式玻璃幕墙在银城大厦中的实际应用,分析了呼吸式玻璃幕墙的特点并对银城大厦应用呼吸式玻璃幕墙方案的优化及在呼吸式玻璃幕墙实际应用中需要注意的方面进行了阐述。
短句来源
    According to relative code in current,application of intelligent leaking current switch in LV power distribution system are discussed,including component,function feature,and suggestion on setting range,position,grading protection,residual current and action time.
    并按照国家现行漏电防火有关规范,就智能漏电防火开关在低压配电系统中的应用进行分析与研讨,简述其内容组成和功能特点,对漏电火灾报警系统的设置范围、安装位置确定、分级保护、剩余电流与动作时间确定提出了建议,在低压配电系统中得到了实际应用
短句来源
    The reasonable result in actual application is got by using fuzzy comprehensive assessment, which accords with the rock mass classification's demand and reflects the rock mass' actual condition.
    并使用了模糊综合评价方法,建立了工程岩体设计分类方法,通过实际应用检验,得到了较好的效果,分类结果符合岩体分类要求,反映了岩体的真实状态。
短句来源
    Some Problems in Application of Cement Stiring Piles
    水泥搅拌桩实际应用中的几个问题
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  应用情况
    This paper introduces the characteristics of steel fiber reinforced concrete,analyzes several basic mechanical properties of steel fiber-steel wire mesh concrete by lots of experiments,introduces its application in protective engineering,and shows by practices that this new composite material has well application effect and is worthy to be popularized.
    介绍了钢纤维—钢筋混凝土的特性,通过大量的实验,对钢纤维—钢丝网混凝土的一些基本力学性能进行了分析验证,并介绍了钢纤维—钢丝网混凝土在防护工程中的应用情况,实践证明,钢纤维—钢丝网混凝土新型复合材料使用效果良好,值得推广应用。
短句来源
    According to the difficulties encountered in construction of 32 m 9753-I type post-tensioned prestressed beam in railway bridge works with C55 greatly mobility concrete measures utilizing 42.5 Portland cement,high-quality aggregate and high efficiency water reducing agent are introduced as well as quality control and engineering application situations. Author point out that double-admixing concrete is practicable to increase economic benefits for project.
    针对铁路专桥9753-I型32 m后张预应力梁采用C55大流动性混凝土的施工难题,通过采用42.5级普通硅酸盐水泥、优质骨料、掺用二级粉煤灰和高效减水剂,对混凝土的试配进行了分析计算,并对其质量控制和工程应用情况进行了介绍,指出“双掺”技术可提高工程的经济效益。
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    In light of current application condition of solar energy in building in our country,the author proposes the design method of combining solar energy collector with building and the suggestions for it,and illustrates the integration application of solar energy collector in building,in order to quicken the development of applied technique combining solar energy with building.
    针对我国目前太阳能在建筑上的利用现状,提出了太阳能集热器与建筑相结合的设计方法及相关建议,阐述了太阳能集热器在建筑中的一体化应用情况,以加快太阳能与建筑结合应用技术开发的步伐。
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    This article will emphasize to introduce the application of the continuous basalt fiber in architecture and capital constructions: 1. the applications of continuous basalt fiber in bridge, decking.
    本文将重点介绍连续玄武岩纤维在建筑和基础工程领域中的应用情况:1、连续玄武岩纤维在桥梁、桥面板中的应用;
    Technological Principle, Development Process and Application of Epoxy Resin Coated Steel Bar Both in China and Abroad
    环氧树脂涂层钢筋的技术原理、发展过程及国内外应用情况
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      application
    As an application we produce complete hyperbolic 5-manifolds that are nontrivial plane bundles over closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds and conformally flat 4-manifolds that are nontrivial circle bundles over closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds.
          
    As an application of the results we prove a generalization of Chevalley's restriction theorem for the classical Lie algebras.
          
    The proof is an application of a recent result by W.
          
    The application arises because of a very strong homological property enjoyed by certain cell filtrations forq-permutation modules.
          
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    It is pointed out in this paper that the following apparent discrepancies exist in Coulomb's Theory: (1) In any problem in mechanics, a force to be definite must have all the three factors involved under consideration. In Coulomb's Theory, however, the point of application of the soil reaction on the plane of sliding is somehow neglected, thus enabling the arbitrary designation of the obliquity of the earth pressure on the wall to be equal to the friction angle between the wall surface and soil. As a matter...

    It is pointed out in this paper that the following apparent discrepancies exist in Coulomb's Theory: (1) In any problem in mechanics, a force to be definite must have all the three factors involved under consideration. In Coulomb's Theory, however, the point of application of the soil reaction on the plane of sliding is somehow neglected, thus enabling the arbitrary designation of the obliquity of the earth pressure on the wall to be equal to the friction angle between the wall surface and soil. As a matter of principle, the point of application should never be slighted while the obliquity of the earth pressure could only have a value that is compatible with the conditions for equilibrium. (2) If the point of application of the soil reaction is taken into account in the problem, the sliding wedge would only tend to slide either on the plane of sliding or on the surface of wall but not on both at the same time, thus frustrating the very conceptidn of sliding wedge upon which Coulomb's Theory is founded. (3) The above discrepancies arise from the fact that the shape of the surface of sliding should be curvilinear in order to make the wedge tend to slide as desired, while Coulomb, however, adopted a plane surface instead. (4) Coulomb, in finding the plane of sliding, made use of the maximum earth pressure on the wall (for active pressure), which refers to the different magnitudes of pressure corresponding to different assumed inclinations of the plane of sliding. But from the relation between the yield of wall and amount of pressure, this maximum value is really the minimum pressure on the wall, which it is the purpose of the theory to find. In engineering books, however, this terminology of maximum pressure has caused considerable confusion, with the result that what is really the minimum pressure is carelessly taken as the maximum design load for the wall. How can a minimum load be used in a design?This paper also attempts to clarify some contended points in Rankine's Theory: (1) It is claimed by Prof. Terzaghi that Rankine's Theory is only a fallacy because of the yield of wall and that of the soil mass on its bed. This charge is unjust as it can be compared with Coulomb's Theory in the same respect. (2) Some books declare that Rankine's Theory is good only for walls with vertical back, but it is proved in this paper that this is not so. (3) It is also generally believed that Rankine's Theory is applicable only to wall surfaces with no friction. This is likewise taken by this paper as unfounded and illustration is given whereby, in this regard, Rankine's Theory is even better than Coulomb's, because it contains no contradiction, as does Coulomb's.

    本文從力學觀點對庫隆理論提出下列問題:(1)在解算力學問題時,每個力有三個因素都該同時考慮,但庫隆對土楔滑動面上土反力的施力點竟置之不理,因而才能對擋土墙上土壓力的傾斜角作一硬性假定,使它等於墙和土間的摩阻角,然而施力點是不能不管的,因而土壓力的傾斜角是不能離開平衡條件而被隨意指定的。(2)如果考慮了土反力的施力點,則土楔祇能在滑動面上,或在墙面上,有滑動的趨勢,而不能同時在兩個面上都有滑動的趨勢,因而庫隆的基本概念“滑動土楔”就站不住了。(3)問題關鍵在滑動面的形狀;如要使土楔在滑動面和墙面上同時有滑動趨勢,則滑動面必須是曲形面,然而庫隆採用了平直形的滑動面。(4)庫隆的土楔滑動面是從墙上最大的土壓力求出的(指主動壓力),這裏所謂“最大”是指適應各個滑動面的各個土壓力而言,但對適應墙在側傾時土壓力應有的變化來說,這個最大土壓力却正是墙上極限壓力的最小值。一般工程書籍,以為這土壓力既名為最大,就拿它來用作設計擋土墙的荷載,荷載如何能用最小的極限值呢?本文對朗金理論中的下列問題作了一些解釋:(1)朗金理論在擋土墙的位移問題上所受的限制,是和庫隆理論一樣的,竇薩基教授曾就此問題認為朗金理論是幻想,似乎是無根據的。...

    本文從力學觀點對庫隆理論提出下列問題:(1)在解算力學問題時,每個力有三個因素都該同時考慮,但庫隆對土楔滑動面上土反力的施力點竟置之不理,因而才能對擋土墙上土壓力的傾斜角作一硬性假定,使它等於墙和土間的摩阻角,然而施力點是不能不管的,因而土壓力的傾斜角是不能離開平衡條件而被隨意指定的。(2)如果考慮了土反力的施力點,則土楔祇能在滑動面上,或在墙面上,有滑動的趨勢,而不能同時在兩個面上都有滑動的趨勢,因而庫隆的基本概念“滑動土楔”就站不住了。(3)問題關鍵在滑動面的形狀;如要使土楔在滑動面和墙面上同時有滑動趨勢,則滑動面必須是曲形面,然而庫隆採用了平直形的滑動面。(4)庫隆的土楔滑動面是從墙上最大的土壓力求出的(指主動壓力),這裏所謂“最大”是指適應各個滑動面的各個土壓力而言,但對適應墙在側傾時土壓力應有的變化來說,這個最大土壓力却正是墙上極限壓力的最小值。一般工程書籍,以為這土壓力既名為最大,就拿它來用作設計擋土墙的荷載,荷載如何能用最小的極限值呢?本文對朗金理論中的下列問題作了一些解釋:(1)朗金理論在擋土墙的位移問題上所受的限制,是和庫隆理論一樣的,竇薩基教授曾就此問題認為朗金理論是幻想,似乎是無根據的。(2)有些工程書中認為朗金理論是專為垂直的墙?

    This paper is a supplement to the author's previous paper "The Constants and Analysis of Rigid Frames", published in the first issue of the Journal. Its purpose is to amplify as well as to improve the method of propagating joint rotations developed, separately and independently, by Dr. Klouěek and Prof. Meng, so that the formulas are applicable to rigid frames with non-prismatic bars and of closed type. The method employs joint propagation factor between two adjacent joints as the basic frame constant and the...

    This paper is a supplement to the author's previous paper "The Constants and Analysis of Rigid Frames", published in the first issue of the Journal. Its purpose is to amplify as well as to improve the method of propagating joint rotations developed, separately and independently, by Dr. Klouěek and Prof. Meng, so that the formulas are applicable to rigid frames with non-prismatic bars and of closed type. The method employs joint propagation factor between two adjacent joints as the basic frame constant and the sum of modified stiffness of all the bar-ends at a joint as the auxiliary frame constant. The basic frame constants at the left of right ends of all the bars are computed by the consecutive applications of a single formula in a chain manner. The auxiliary frame constant at any joint where it is needed is computed from the basic frame constants at the two ends of any bar connected to the joint, so that its value may be easily checked by computing it from two or more bars connected to the same joint.Although the principle of this method was developed by Dr. Klouěek and Prof. Meng, the formulas presented in this paper for computing the basic and auxiliary frame constants, besides being believed to be original and by no means the mere amplification of those presented by the two predecessors, are of much improved form and more convenient to apply.By the author's formula, the basic frame constants in closed frames of comparatively simple form may be computed in a straight-forward manner without much difficulties, and this is not the case with any other similar methods except Dr. Klouěek's.The case of sidesway is treated as usual by balancing the shears at the tops of all the columns, but special formulas are deduced for comput- ing those column shears directly from joint rotations and sidesway angle without pre-computing the moments at the two ends of all the columns.In the method of propagating unbalanced moments proposed by Mr. Koo I-Ying and improved by the author, the unbalanced moments at all the bar-ends of each joint are first propagated to the bar-ends of all the other joints to obtain the total unbalanced moments at all the bar-ends, and then are distributed at each joint only once to arrive at the balanced moments at all the bar-ends of that joint. Thus the principle of propagating joint rotations with indirect computation of the bar-end moments is ingeneously applied to propagate unbalanced moments with direct computation of the bar-end moments, and, at the same time, without the inconvenient use of two different moment distribution factors as necessary in all the onecycle methods of moment distribution. The basic frame constant employed in this method is the same as that in the method of propagating joint rotations, so that its nearest approximate value at any bar end may be computed at once by the formula deduced by the author. Evidently, this method combines all the main advantages of the methods proposed by Profs.T. Y. Lin and Meng Chao-Li and Dr. Klouěek, and is undoubtedly the most superior one-cycle method of moment distribution yet proposed as far as the author knows.Typical numerical examples are worked out in details to illustrate the applications of the two methods.

    本文為著者前文“剛構常數與剛構分析”之補充,其目的在將角變傳播法及不均衡力矩傳播法加以改善,以便實用。此二法均只需一個公式以計算剛構中所有各桿端之基本剛構常數(即任何二相鄰結點间之角變傳播係數),將此項公式與柯勞塞克之公式相比較,藉以指出前者較後者為便於應用,並亦可用之以直接分析較簡單之閉合式剛構,此外補充說明此法中之剛構常數與定點法之關係,剛構有側移時計算各結點角變所需之各項公式亦行求出。不均衡力矩傳播法係顧翼鹰同志最近研究所得者,既係直接以桿端力矩為計算之對象,而且只須採用不均衡力矩分配比將各結點作用於各桿端不均衡力矩之總和,一次分配,即得所求各桿端分配力矩之總值,實係力矩一次分配法之一大改進,著者將顧氏之法加以推廣与改善,使其原則簡明而計算便捷,著者認為此法係將林、柯、孟三氏法之所有優點熔冶於一爐,實可稱為现下最優之力矩一次分配法。最後列舉算例,以說明此二法在實際工作中之應用。

    In this paper a method for computing the influence lines in open rigid frames is presented. This method is based on the Müller-Breslau's principle that every deflection diagram is an influence line. If any section of a given rigid frame, at which the influence llne of any stress function——such as reaction, shear, bending moment and torsion——is desired, is allowed to produce freely a corresponding unit deformation, the deflection diagram of this frame will be the same as the influence of that stress function.The...

    In this paper a method for computing the influence lines in open rigid frames is presented. This method is based on the Müller-Breslau's principle that every deflection diagram is an influence line. If any section of a given rigid frame, at which the influence llne of any stress function——such as reaction, shear, bending moment and torsion——is desired, is allowed to produce freely a corresponding unit deformation, the deflection diagram of this frame will be the same as the influence of that stress function.The fundamental idea of this method is that the angle-changes at ends of bars due to unit deformation can be determined by propagating joint rotations and that the resulting deflection diagram which is the same as the influence line of the corresponding stress function may be determined by method of conjugate beam.Typical numerical examples are worked out to show the application of this method.

    本文提供一種求敞口剛架影響線的方法。依據米勒白斯老(Müller-Bres1au)氏“變位線即影響線”的原理,令剛架中某點有與其應力函數相应的單位形变,則剛架因此所產生的變位曲線即為該應力函數的影響線。本文所叙述的方法,係利用角變傳播原理,求出各桿兩端由於上项單位形變所引起的角变,再根據此項角變求出各桿的變位曲線,亦即該應力函數的影響線。举有實例以示此法之應用。

     
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