助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   disease 在 植物保护 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.193秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
植物保护
神经病学
精神病学
呼吸系统疾病
心血管系统疾病
内分泌腺及全身性疾病
医药卫生方针政策与法律法规研究
公路与水路运输
园艺
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

disease     
相关语句
  
    Biocontrol Mechanisms of Agrobacterium Vitis Strain E26 on Grapevine Crown Gall Disease
    土壤杆菌E26菌株防治葡萄根癌的机理研究
短句来源
    Diagnosis of Crop Disease,Insect Pest and Weed Based on Image Recognition
    基于图像识别的作物虫草害诊断研究
短句来源
    ON A ROOT ROT DISEASE OF JUTE CAUSED BY PAPULOSPORA SP.
    浙江省黃麻新害——根腐Papulospora sp.的初步研究
短句来源
    A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THERMOTHERAPY OF YELLOW SHOOT DISEASE OF CITRUS
    柑桔黄梢(黄龙)热治疗的初步研究
短句来源
    STUDES ON THE "SIL VER-LEAVES"DISEASE (STEREUM PURPUREUM (PERS)FR.)OF APPLE IN CHINA(Ⅰ)
    中国苹果银叶[Stereum purpureum(Pers.)Fr.]的研究(一)
短句来源
更多       
  病害
    Hybrid Neural Network PFNN_FG and Its Application in Plant Disease Prediction
    参数化模糊遗传神经网络及在植物病害预测的应用
短句来源
    Plant Disease Management in Sustainable Agriculture
    可持续农业中的植物病害管理
短句来源
    ON A ROOT ROT DISEASE OF JUTE CAUSED BY PAPULOSPORA SP.
    浙江省黃麻新病害——根腐病Papulospora sp.的初步研究
短句来源
    A NEW BACTERIAL DISEASE OF YAM BEAN
    豆薯的一种新的細菌病害
短句来源
    STUDIES ON RICE DWARF VIRUS DISEASE II. INFECTION,DISEASE DEVELOPMENT AND CONTROL
    水稻矮缩病的研究——Ⅱ.病害感染、发生和防治
短句来源
更多       
  病情
    Relationships among Disease Indices of Different Gradation Standards of Rice Sheath Blight
    水稻纹枯病不同分级标准病情指数间的关系
短句来源
    The effect of osthol on the development of Sphaerotheca fuliginea was studied by detached leaves. The results showed that 6 days after inoculation,the disease index was 68.89 in the control,while that was only 15.56 in the treatment with osthol at 100 μg/mL.
    采用室内离体叶片法,发现蛇床子素(osthol)处理能显著降低南瓜白粉病菌侵染的病情指数,接菌6d后对照的病情指数为68.89,经100μg/mL蛇床子素处理组的病情指数仅为15.56。
短句来源
    Disease indexes of four rape varieties infected by 11 Turnip mosaic virus(TuMV)isolates ranged in 26.2-76.0 in the Spring test,while those of 14 rape varieties infected by 5 TuMV isolates in 38.3-55.9 in the Autumn test in 2004.It revealed that the virulence of all tested isolates differed at the high significance and significance levels based on statistic analysis,respectively.
    2004年春季参试的湖北、安徽2省11个芜菁花叶病毒(Turnip mosaic virus,TuMV)分离物感染4个油菜品种,病情指数幅度为26.2~76.0; 秋季参试5个TuMV分离物感染14个油菜品种,病情指数幅度为38.3~55.9,均值方差分析表明,致病力差异分别达到极显著和显著水平。
短句来源
    This disease could be effectively controlled by using 24 % Streptomycin,25 % Bismerthiazol and 45 % Ambam at the initial infection stage.
    在发病初期使用24%农用链霉素可溶性粉剂100~200mg·kg-1水溶液、25%叶枯宁可湿性粉剂600~900倍液和45%代森铵水剂600~900倍液等能有效控制病情发展。
短句来源
    The systemic investigations reveal that the severity of red leaf blight of transgenic Bt cotton variety is higher than that of non-Bt cotton variety,the disease incidence and index of transgenic Bt cotton variety are 47.95%~79.45% and 12. 95~28. 25, respectively and those of non-Bt cotton variety are 32. 12%~55. 06% and 9.09~15.75,respectively.
    结果表明,转Bt抗虫棉的发病程度均高于非抗虫棉,前者的发病率、病情指数依次为47.95%~79.45%和12.95~28.25; 后者的发病率、病情指数依次为32.12%~55.06%和9.09~15.75;
短句来源
更多       
  病的
    Biocontrol Mechanisms of Agrobacterium Vitis Strain E26 on Grapevine Crown Gall Disease
    土壤杆菌E26菌株防治葡萄根癌病的机理研究
短句来源
    STUDIES ON RICE DWARF VIRUS DISEASE II. INFECTION,DISEASE DEVELOPMENT AND CONTROL
    水稻矮缩病的研究——Ⅱ.病害感染、发生和防治
短句来源
    ON RICE DWARF VIRUS DISEASE Ⅲ HOST RANGE
    水稻矮缩病的研究Ⅲ寄主范围
短句来源
    STUDIES ON RICE ORANGE LEAF DISEASE
    水稻橙叶病的研究
短句来源
    OCCURRENCE AND PREVALENCE OF ZEBRA DISEASE IN AGAVE HYBRID 11648
    龙舌兰杂种11648斑马纹病的发生与流行
短句来源
更多       

 

查询“disease”译词为其他词的双语例句

 

查询“disease”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  disease
Mechanisms and Issues Relating to the Use of D1-like Dopamine Receptor Agonists for Age-related Illnesses: Parkinson's Disease a
      
Furthermore, acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors such as tacrine, donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine are currently used to manage Alzheimer's disease.
      
Since amlodipine besylate is a very potent inhibitor of both cholinesterases, amlodipine besylate may, like donepezil, be useful in Alzheimer's disease treatment.
      
According to the protocol of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in vitro disease-oriented human cells screening panel assay, 13 compounds showed promising broad spectrum antitumor activity.
      
Epidemiologic model of SIS type has a delay corresponding to the infectious period and disease-related deaths, so that the population size is variable.
      
更多          


Occurrence of sporadic diseased plant centers during or after the bloomingperiod is considered as reliable indication of the current year's forthcomingoutbreak of late blight in a potato farm. Incubation period of each secondary infection being about 4 days,is ratherconstant during the blight epiphytotic season under Chahar conditions.The timeinterval between the appearance of initial diseased plant centers to final totalblight in a potato field varies greatly,however,not only from locality to localitywith different...

Occurrence of sporadic diseased plant centers during or after the bloomingperiod is considered as reliable indication of the current year's forthcomingoutbreak of late blight in a potato farm. Incubation period of each secondary infection being about 4 days,is ratherconstant during the blight epiphytotic season under Chahar conditions.The timeinterval between the appearance of initial diseased plant centers to final totalblight in a potato field varies greatly,however,not only from locality to localitywith different climatic conditions but also from field to field under similarclimatic conditions.Our data record a range of 18-42 days.Circumstantial eviden-ces indicate that this variation is due,on the one hand,to the rainfall whichinfluences the amounts of sporulation and the frequency of penetration of thepathogene,and on the other hand,to cultural and other factors that determinethe vigor and the rate of aging of the plant itself. Actual counts of lesions formed from secondary infection in the early periodof the spread of the disease in a potato field,reveal that their distribution bearsdirect relation with the direction of the prevailing wind.It is estimated that over90% of spores fall within a rectangle of 800 sq.m.around a diseased plantcenter along the loci of wind directions. On the basis of possible function of absorbed copper ions in the enhancementof plant resistance to late blight,field experiments have been conducted by using0.1 - 0.2% copper sulfate solutions as spray.Results show that spraying 2-3 timesat 7-10 days' interval,started soon after the appearance of diseased plant center,gives remarkable control of late blight and corresponding reduction of loss inyield.The copper sulfate spray,though less effective and stable in comparisonwith the bordeaux spray,has the advantage of being more economical and easierto apply.Further experiments with the pu:pose of modifying and improving themethod are in progress.

從馬鈴薯的開花期起可能在田间出现的晚疫病中心病株是本田當年病害即將大量發生的重要標誌。每次再侵染的潛育期,在張家口壩下地區的氣候下,大約4天。從病害的最初發現到全面枯死所經過的日期囚種種外界環境條件而有很大的差別,我們所觀察到的是18—42天。根據調查资料來推測,一方面,促進病菌孢子形成数量和侵入數量的雨水,另一方面,决定植株衰老速度的栽培條件,是這種差別的主要原因。田間再侵染所形成的病斑之分佈情况說明病菌孢子的傳播与風向有直接的關係。估計90%以土的孢子落在中心病株附近順着風向的800平方米的長方形面積上。根據馬鈴薯地上部吸收銅素以提高共抗病力的可能性,利用0.1—0.2%硫酸銅溶液作為噴射劑,在田间中心病株發現的時期開始每隔7—10天喷射共2—3次,可以顯著地降低晚疫病的為害,提高產量。這個方法在共效驗及穩定性上不如波爾多液,在藥劑費用的節省及施用的方便上則勝之?椒ǖ母牧己吞岣哒谶M一步研究中。

Following a series of experiments conducted in East China Agricultural Re-search Institute (Nanking) during the past years,the "red arsenic",a well-knownraw-drug (containing approximately 90% of As_2O_3,9% of AS_2S_2 and 1% of mis-cellaneous substances),is found to be acceptable as seed disinfectant for the controlof cereal smuts.This raw-drug is not only excellent in effectiveness,but alsoeasily obtainable in this country. Incidence of infection of wheat bunt in the plots receiving 3 different treatments,namely,red...

Following a series of experiments conducted in East China Agricultural Re-search Institute (Nanking) during the past years,the "red arsenic",a well-knownraw-drug (containing approximately 90% of As_2O_3,9% of AS_2S_2 and 1% of mis-cellaneous substances),is found to be acceptable as seed disinfectant for the controlof cereal smuts.This raw-drug is not only excellent in effectiveness,but alsoeasily obtainable in this country. Incidence of infection of wheat bunt in the plots receiving 3 different treatments,namely,red arsenic (inoculated seed grains dusted at the rate of 0.05 % by weight),copper carbonate (0.3%),ethyl mercury phosphate (0.05%),during the last 4years,averaged 0.2%,1.4% and 2.7%,respectively against 44.8% in the control.The corresponding figures for the flag smut of wheat were respectively 3.1%,0.8%,5.0% against 20.5%; for the covered smut of barley,0.9%,1.1%,0.9% against1.6%; for the kernel smut of oats,6.8%,3.1%,0.5% against 41.4%.The resultsmake us believe that this native raw-drug is not inferior,in some cases even su-perior,to other fungicides now extensively manufactured and considered efficientin preventing the various cereal smuts.But in the control of the covered smut ofbarley,as we have already shown elsewhere,another native raw-drag,sulphur ismore effective.In the last 3 years,field experiments were carried out to studywhether arsenic gives beneficial effect on the germination of seed and on the yieldof grain.Arsenic was applied as dust to the clean seed wheat following thestandard hot water treatment.Data showed that the number of seedlings in asingle 12-ft.row ranged 368-400 from treated seed as compared with 362-386 fromuntreated seed.Yield of grain also increased 4.7 to 23.6 per cent.It is,there-fore,evident that this fungicidal dust,when properly used,is at least not injuriousto seed wheat.The following points,however,must be borne in mind when thearsenic treatment is put into practice: (1) The dosage should not be higher than0.05 per cent and lower than 0.005 per cent by weight of seed grain.Otherwise, ??it would be either injurious to seed germination or ineffective for disease control.(2) Arsenic can be applied only to thoroughly dried seed grain. Seed wheat con-taining 24% of moisture when treatment was made, lost its vitality in a very fewdays, while that with less than 12% moisture can be stored for one month withoutspoilage. (3) Arsenic reduced germination of seed grain after storage at the highertemperatures. Under laboratory conditions, seeds, treated during hot summer whenthe air temperature ranged between 31 and 35℃, largely lost their germinativecapacity within half a month, but seeds, treated in cooler season when air tempera-ture dropped below 22℃, germinated as untreated ones after being stored for 3months or longer. (4) The relative humidity during storage played the most im-portant role in causing arsenic injury to the seeds. Seeds of wheat containingproper moisture (around 12%) dusted with arsenic at correct rate (0.05% byweight), failed to germinate after being stored for 5 days at temperatures above30℃ under 100% r.b.; but there was little or no injury after a storage period ofover 7 months at 37℃ under 18% r.h. (5) The length of storage period is alsoa factor in causing arsenic injury, and at the same time affecting the efficiency ofthe treatment. Seeds dusted with arsenic at a dosage of 0.05% during mid-summer(July of 1953) retained their germinative capacity within 0.5 month, but no seedsgerminated after 2.5 months' storage. On the other hand, almost complete controlof disease was obtained from thoroughly infested seed grain dusted with 0.0125%of arsenic and stored for 60 days, but similarly treated seeds which were sownimmediately, gave 45.15% infection as compared with 72.77% in the check plot.Consequently, the proper method of using arsenic against cereal smuts is to dustthoroughly dried seed grain at the rate of 0.05-0.0125% by weight and to storetreated seeds under cool (below 25℃) and rather dry (around 80% of r.h.) con-ditions for a period of about one month. According to the results obtained from experiments conducted under bothlaboratory and field conditions, it is found that there is no synergism nor antago-nism between arsenic and such filling materials as ashes, slake lime, talc, charcoalpowder, and calcium phosphate; and that neither soil temperature nor soil moistureact as factors influencing the germination of treated seeds.

(一)用紅砒粉末作為種子消毒處理藥劑,對於幼苗感染性的小麥腥黑穗、小麥稈黑穗及燕麥堅黑穗等,有極良好的防治效果。但對大麥堅黑穗及條斑病,則不見功。(二)紅砒使用得法,對於麥種絕對無害;而且對於大麥、小麥的清潔種子,有積極的增產作用;惟對於燕麥還未能肯定。(三)紅砒粉末的拌種用量,當以種子重的0.025—0.05%為準簧僦?.005%,仍有殺菌效果。(四)為了增大藥物的容積,使得微量的紅砒粉末能够均勻週到地沾着每一麥粒,可用滑石粉、木灰末、甚至消石灰、草木灰或過磷酸鈣來稀释。(五)麥種拌砒後,須經一定期間的貯藏後播種,方顯出其强大的殺菌防病效果珉S拌隨種,則效果较少。至貯藏期間的久暫,則當因季節和用量等等而異。大致可以一個月為度。(六)紅砒使用不得其法,易起藥害。而藥害有無的關键,主耍在於拌砒後貯藏中的濕度,其次才是温度。如充分乾燥,在酷暑的氣候條件(37℃)下,貯藏7個月,尚??無妨礙。至於播種時的地温土濕,則關係極微。(七)紅砒的藥害與麥種處理當時的含水量有密切關係.含水量多,極為蝛U;含水量在12%以下,即安全無礙。(八)在自然狀况下用紅砒處理麥種,應當避去炎夏季節。又麥種拌砒前,必須充分晒乾。拌砒後...

(一)用紅砒粉末作為種子消毒處理藥劑,對於幼苗感染性的小麥腥黑穗、小麥稈黑穗及燕麥堅黑穗等,有極良好的防治效果。但對大麥堅黑穗及條斑病,則不見功。(二)紅砒使用得法,對於麥種絕對無害;而且對於大麥、小麥的清潔種子,有積極的增產作用;惟對於燕麥還未能肯定。(三)紅砒粉末的拌種用量,當以種子重的0.025—0.05%為準簧僦?.005%,仍有殺菌效果。(四)為了增大藥物的容積,使得微量的紅砒粉末能够均勻週到地沾着每一麥粒,可用滑石粉、木灰末、甚至消石灰、草木灰或過磷酸鈣來稀释。(五)麥種拌砒後,須經一定期間的貯藏後播種,方顯出其强大的殺菌防病效果珉S拌隨種,則效果较少。至貯藏期間的久暫,則當因季節和用量等等而異。大致可以一個月為度。(六)紅砒使用不得其法,易起藥害。而藥害有無的關键,主耍在於拌砒後貯藏中的濕度,其次才是温度。如充分乾燥,在酷暑的氣候條件(37℃)下,貯藏7個月,尚??無妨礙。至於播種時的地温土濕,則關係極微。(七)紅砒的藥害與麥種處理當時的含水量有密切關係.含水量多,極為蝛U;含水量在12%以下,即安全無礙。(八)在自然狀况下用紅砒處理麥種,應當避去炎夏季節。又麥種拌砒前,必須充分晒乾。拌砒後,必須貯置高燥處所。

Citrus in South China is affected with a highly destructive disease known as"Yellow shoot".The disease is most serious in the Chaoshan and the Yuehchungdistricts of Kwangtung Province and in the Changchow district of Fukien Province.It has been known in the Chaoshan district for over 70 years but has becomeepiphytotic only since about 30 years ago.During this period,millions of Citrustrees have been killed. Citrus trees may be affected in any age.The characteristic symptoms of thedisease are general...

Citrus in South China is affected with a highly destructive disease known as"Yellow shoot".The disease is most serious in the Chaoshan and the Yuehchungdistricts of Kwangtung Province and in the Changchow district of Fukien Province.It has been known in the Chaoshan district for over 70 years but has becomeepiphytotic only since about 30 years ago.During this period,millions of Citrustrees have been killed. Citrus trees may be affected in any age.The characteristic symptoms of thedisease are general yellowing of some of the nearly mature new shoots put out insummer,autumn,or early winter,dropping of the yellow leaves,and rotting ofrootlets.In addition to these general symptoms in the early stage,fasciculationof branches and malformation of leaves (abnormally large or deformed in variousways) often occur on Ponkan and Chiaokan (C.reticulata) and are particularlycommon on sweet orange.On affected sweet orange trees may also be seenshortening of internodes,resulting in bunchy growth of branches,and downwardas well as upright growth of shoots.In a later stage,the affected tree puts outnew shoots as usual but such shoots generally become chlorotic showing zinc ormanganese deficiency symptoms.The midrib and lateral veins as well as theadjoining tissues of part of the older leaves turn yellow.The midrib and largerveins may also become enlarged and corky and often split on dorsal side,showingnitrogen and boron deficiency symptoms.Affected trees blossom earlier and moreheavily than usual but bear few fruits.On badly affected trees fruits matureearlier but do not color well and are often deformed.Defoliation and root rottingbecome progressively serious as the disease advances.Young trees below 7 yearsof age generally are killed in 1 to 2 years or sooner.Nursery trees are killedeven more quickly.Older trees decline less rapidly but generally become unpro-ductive in about 2 years after the first symptoms appear. Nearly all the species and varieties of Citrus grown in the affected area aresusceptible.The order of degree of susceptibility is as follows: Ponkan,Chiaokan,Chachihkan,Lukan,Tungkan (all (C.reticulata),various varieties of sweet orange(C.sinensis),Hungninmeng (hybrid of C.lemon and C.rcticulata) Nienchu (C.rcticulata),Shangmayu (C.graudis) and Shihchichu (C.mitis). Studies of the cause of the disease will be reported in a later paper.

广东的潮汕区、新会县、番禺縣、广州市郊,福建的龍溪縣、福州市郊,和广西的柳城、融縣、兴業縣、郁林縣的柑桔类,都發生一种毁滅性的病害称为黄梢,或黄龍病。病区各种柑桔类的各品种一般都很易感染。其感病程度的次序大約如下:栟柑、蕉柑、茶枝柑、蘆柑、桶柑、各种甜橙、紅檸檬、年桔、桑麻柚及四季桔。用实生苗繁殖的福州紅桔及廣柑(橙),和福建龍溪的坪山柚及文旦柚,則未見發病。各齡的柑桔樹——自苗木至20齡以上的老樹——都能感染,一般以3—8齡的幼樹受害最烈?静〉闹饕钗跗诓糠中律业囊度烤然苹T谔鸪取薷毯徒陡躺嫌幸徊糠只苹蛘>G色的叶特别肥大或呈各种畸形狀态,有許多新梢簇生或束化。發病的枝条很快落叶。老枝上的叶有一部分亦黄化脫落。根系腐烂。至發病中期,新梢的叶多呈缺鋅或缺锰病狀,老叶呈缺氮及缺硼病狀,落叶及根腐更嚴重,开花早而多,結果少,部分枝条枯死。到后期,全株嚴重雕殘,終而枯死。本病在70—80年前在廣东潮汕区已有發现,但在近30年來始在各地蔓延成灾壳氨静≡诠愣鄙乔V州市郊及新会縣和福建龍溪縣已成为柑枯業發展的限制因素。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关disease的内容
在知识搜索中查有关disease的内容
在数字搜索中查有关disease的内容
在概念知识元中查有关disease的内容
在学术趋势中查有关disease的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社