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disease
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  病变
    Intravascular Ultrasound Study on Coronary Artery Disease
    冠状动脉病变的血管内超声研究
短句来源
    Evaluation of Coronary Artery Disease and Acute Myocardial Infarction and Reperfusion with 16-slice Spiral CT: Clinical and Experimental Study
    16层螺旋CT评价冠状动脉病变及急性心肌梗塞与再灌注的临床与实验研究
短句来源
    Relationship between Serum Paraoxonase 1 Activities, Gene L55M Polymorphism and the Angiographic Characteristics of Coronary Arteries in Chinese Patients with Coronary Heart Disease Complicated with Hyperglycemia.
    中国人PON1活性及其L/M55基因多态性和oxLDL水平与伴高血糖的冠心病患者冠脉病变关系的研究
短句来源
    Atrial Lesions of Keshan Disease
    克山病的心房病变
短句来源
    The relationship between electrocardiographic patterns and angiographic features in patients with isolated left circumflex coronary artery disease
    左冠状动脉回旋支病变患者心电图与心血管造影表现的关系
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  “disease”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The studies on mechanism of insulin-like growth factor 1 and neopterin in atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease
    胰岛素样生长因子1及新蝶呤于动脉粥样硬化、冠心病发病机制中的研究
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    The Relationship between Mannose-binding Lectin (MBL) and Rheumatic Heart Disease and Recombinant MBL Protein Expression
    甘露糖结合凝集素与风湿性心脏病的关系及其重组蛋白的表达
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    Study on the Clinical Risk Factors, Polymorphism of Lipoprotein Lipase Gene and Its Post-heparin Plasma Activity Among Patients with Premature Coronary Heart Disease
    早发冠心病患者临床危险因素、脂蛋白脂酶P,H基因多态性及其酶活性研究
短句来源
    Effects of Nuclear Factor κB and Cyclooxygenase-2 on Coronary Artery Disease and Restenosis
    核因子-κB、环氧化酶-2与冠心病及再狭窄关系的研究
短句来源
    Study of the Risk Factors with Coronary Heart Disease and Association of PAI-1 Gene, ACE Gene Polymorphisms in the Races of the Uygur and the Hans in Xinjiang, China
    新疆维、汉民族冠心病危险因素探讨及PAI-1、ACE基因多态性研究
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  disease
Mechanisms and Issues Relating to the Use of D1-like Dopamine Receptor Agonists for Age-related Illnesses: Parkinson's Disease a
      
Furthermore, acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors such as tacrine, donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine are currently used to manage Alzheimer's disease.
      
Since amlodipine besylate is a very potent inhibitor of both cholinesterases, amlodipine besylate may, like donepezil, be useful in Alzheimer's disease treatment.
      
According to the protocol of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in vitro disease-oriented human cells screening panel assay, 13 compounds showed promising broad spectrum antitumor activity.
      
Epidemiologic model of SIS type has a delay corresponding to the infectious period and disease-related deaths, so that the population size is variable.
      
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The clinical features of 415 attacks of rheumatic fever observed in 365 adult patients are described, and some of the diagnostic problems are discussed, 102 of the attacks were considered to be initial and 313 recurrent attacks. Pre-existing chronic valvular disease was diagnosed in 184 cases. The attack rate of rheumatic fever by season was found to be highest in late Winter and Spring, with the peak incidence in the months of March and April. A history of preceding sore throat was elicited in 41% of...

The clinical features of 415 attacks of rheumatic fever observed in 365 adult patients are described, and some of the diagnostic problems are discussed, 102 of the attacks were considered to be initial and 313 recurrent attacks. Pre-existing chronic valvular disease was diagnosed in 184 cases. The attack rate of rheumatic fever by season was found to be highest in late Winter and Spring, with the peak incidence in the months of March and April. A history of preceding sore throat was elicited in 41% of the rheumatic attacks, and inflammatory signs in the pharynx and tonsils were observed in 58.6% of the attacks. The antistreptolysin O titer was above 250 units in 80% of the cases examined. Among the clinical manifestations arthritis and carditis were most common, occurring in 55.7% and 49.9% respectively, while arthralgia without frank inflammatory signs was noted in 30% of the attacks. The incidence of arthritis was lower in the cases with chronic valvular defects than in cases without. In 29% of the cases ECG abnormalities constituted the sole clinical evidence of carditis. Since prolongation of P-R interval or higher grades of atrioventricular block are relatively common in rheumatic fever and other manifestations of rheumatic carditis like murmurs, cardiac enlargement, pericarditis and heart failure are equally non-speclfic, it is suggested that a-v block be included as evidence of carditis rather than considered as a minor manifestation if one adopts Jones' criteria for the diagnosis of rheumatic fever. In the presence of chronic valvular disease frank arthritis was uncommon and signs of carditis were often masked by those of valvular defects so that in 38.5% of cases the diagnosis of rheumatic activity had to depend upon a combination of clinical and laboratory signs generally concidered as minor rheumatic manifestations according to Jones' criteria.

1.本文报告成人急性风湿热366例,經住院观察的急性发作共415次,其中102次診断为初发,313次为复发。发作見于已有慢性心瓣缺损者計184例(218次发作),无心瓣缺损証据者182例(197次发作)。对发病季节、与溶血性鏈球菌感染的关系、临床表現、实验室发見、病程及病死率等作了分析。重点討論了本病的診断问題。 2.风湿热在春冬二季的发病率較高,41%的风湿发作前有咽痛,58.6%的风湿发作时咽部尚有炎症表現,仅24.7%的风湿发作前后均无咽炎的証据。約有80%发作中抗鏈球菌溶血素“O”滴定度在250单位以上。以上数字有力地說明了风湿热和鏈球菌感染之间的密切关系。 3.临床表現中以关节炎最为常見,发生率为55.7%,仅有关节酸痛的有30%。已有慢性心瓣缺损的病例中仅37.6%有关节炎,其发生率远低于无慢性心瓣缺损的病例(75.6%)。 4.心炎見于49.9%的发作中,其临床表現有时颇不明显。仅在心电图檢查中发見者有41例,占所有經过心电图檢查的心炎病例的29%。由此可見心电图检查对診断心炎的独特价值。 5.在曾作心电图檢查的250次发作中有82次(32.8%)发見房窒傳导阻滞,其中68次为P-R间期延长。作...

1.本文报告成人急性风湿热366例,經住院观察的急性发作共415次,其中102次診断为初发,313次为复发。发作見于已有慢性心瓣缺损者計184例(218次发作),无心瓣缺损証据者182例(197次发作)。对发病季节、与溶血性鏈球菌感染的关系、临床表現、实验室发見、病程及病死率等作了分析。重点討論了本病的診断问題。 2.风湿热在春冬二季的发病率較高,41%的风湿发作前有咽痛,58.6%的风湿发作时咽部尚有炎症表現,仅24.7%的风湿发作前后均无咽炎的証据。約有80%发作中抗鏈球菌溶血素“O”滴定度在250单位以上。以上数字有力地說明了风湿热和鏈球菌感染之间的密切关系。 3.临床表現中以关节炎最为常見,发生率为55.7%,仅有关节酸痛的有30%。已有慢性心瓣缺损的病例中仅37.6%有关节炎,其发生率远低于无慢性心瓣缺损的病例(75.6%)。 4.心炎見于49.9%的发作中,其临床表現有时颇不明显。仅在心电图檢查中发見者有41例,占所有經过心电图檢查的心炎病例的29%。由此可見心电图检查对診断心炎的独特价值。 5.在曾作心电图檢查的250次发作中有82次(32.8%)发見房窒傳导阻滞,其中68次为P-R间期延长。作者等认为,P-R间期延长或更高度的房室傳导阻滞,若发見于有鏈球菌感染之后的年青患者,应作为急性风湿性心炎的診断依据之一。 6.在已有慢性心瓣病的病例中,有38.5%得根据Jones氏診断标准中的几項次要表現而診断为风湿活动。 7.366例中58.5%有风湿热的复发,其中半数发生子初发以后的第一年內。住院期的当时病死率为6.5%。

Under the guidance of Chairman Mao's revolutionary line, the medical workers of our hospital have gone out to the factories, worker-shops and workers' residential districts to examine and prevent diseases of the broad labouring masses. The variation of serum lipids in 1835 healthy subjects (from the newborn to 102 years of age), most of them workers, were investigated during the period from October, 1973 to December, 1974. The results are summarized as follows:The frequency distribution of serum cholesterol...

Under the guidance of Chairman Mao's revolutionary line, the medical workers of our hospital have gone out to the factories, worker-shops and workers' residential districts to examine and prevent diseases of the broad labouring masses. The variation of serum lipids in 1835 healthy subjects (from the newborn to 102 years of age), most of them workers, were investigated during the period from October, 1973 to December, 1974. The results are summarized as follows:The frequency distribution of serum cholesterol values followed the normal distribution in all age groups. The frequency distribution of values for serum triglyceride and β-lipoprotein were both skewed in most age groups.In general, there was a tendency for the concentration of serum lipids to increase with age. There was no difference in cholesterol concentration between men and women below fifty years of age, while women had a higher value than men at ages above fifty. The serum triglyceride level was slightly higher in men than in women below fifty; above fifty years of age women had a significantly higher serum triglyceride level than men.The results of statistical analysis indicate that the normal limits of values for serum cholesterol, triglyceride and β-lipoprotein in healthy working people to be 100 mg/100 ml, 110 mg/100 ml and 500 mg/100 ml respectively; the upper limits being 220 mg/100 ml, 160 mg/100 ml and 610 mg/100 ml respectively. Using the WHO classification, Type Ⅱ_a, Type Ⅱ_b and Type Ⅳ hyperlipoproteinemia were shown to be the most prevalent types in this population.The concentration of β-lipoprotein closely correlated with those of cholesterol and triglyceride. It was shown that the quantitative determination of β-lipoprotein is a simple and effective method for screening hyperlipidemia.This preliminary investigation indicated that the pattern of serum lipid variations of the working people in our country was different from that of western countries. Differences in race, the social system, and dietary habits, probably all account for such differences in pattern.

在毛主席革命路线的指引下,我院医务工作者走出医院大门,深入工厂车间,街道里弄,为劳动人民查病、防病。本文报告我院自1973年10月至1974年12月调查1385名以工人为主的上海市健康人(自新生儿到102岁老年人)的血脂改变,所得结论如下: 1.血脂含量的频率分布:各年龄组胆固醇含量基本上呈正态分布,甘油三酯和β脂蛋白含量多数年龄组均呈偏态分布。2.血脂含量与年龄和性别的关系:一般均有随年龄而增高的趋势。胆固醇在50岁以前男女并无差别,50岁以后女性高于男性。甘油三酯50岁以前男性略高于女性,50岁以后女性显著增高超过男性。3.根据统计分析,求得健康劳动人民血胆固醇、甘油三酯和β脂蛋白的正常上限分别为180毫克/100毫升、110毫克/100毫升和500毫克/100毫升;过高界限分别为220毫克/100毫升、160毫克/100毫升和610毫克/100毫升。按国际暂行的分类标准,本组中出现的高脂蛋白血症以II_a、II_b和IV型最为多见。4.β脂蛋白含量与胆固醇和甘油三酯含量之间存在着密切关系。认为β脂蛋白测定是一项预测高脂血症的简便有效的方法。初步调查表明,我国人民血脂改变规律与西方资本主义国家不尽一样,可...

在毛主席革命路线的指引下,我院医务工作者走出医院大门,深入工厂车间,街道里弄,为劳动人民查病、防病。本文报告我院自1973年10月至1974年12月调查1385名以工人为主的上海市健康人(自新生儿到102岁老年人)的血脂改变,所得结论如下: 1.血脂含量的频率分布:各年龄组胆固醇含量基本上呈正态分布,甘油三酯和β脂蛋白含量多数年龄组均呈偏态分布。2.血脂含量与年龄和性别的关系:一般均有随年龄而增高的趋势。胆固醇在50岁以前男女并无差别,50岁以后女性高于男性。甘油三酯50岁以前男性略高于女性,50岁以后女性显著增高超过男性。3.根据统计分析,求得健康劳动人民血胆固醇、甘油三酯和β脂蛋白的正常上限分别为180毫克/100毫升、110毫克/100毫升和500毫克/100毫升;过高界限分别为220毫克/100毫升、160毫克/100毫升和610毫克/100毫升。按国际暂行的分类标准,本组中出现的高脂蛋白血症以II_a、II_b和IV型最为多见。4.β脂蛋白含量与胆固醇和甘油三酯含量之间存在着密切关系。认为β脂蛋白测定是一项预测高脂血症的简便有效的方法。初步调查表明,我国人民血脂改变规律与西方资本主义国家不尽一样,可能与社会制度、民族特点、饮食习惯不同有关。

In order to improve the work of electrocardiography in children, theliterature has been reviewed and 4 points are discussed in this paper. 1. Technique of recording: Direct writing ECG machine with elec-trodes of adequate sizes for different ages, the application of electrodepaste to a limited area and to keep the baby quiet during ECG exami-nation are essential for good recording. In addition to the usual precordialleads, V_3R or V_4R should be recorded. A paper speed of 50mm persecond for newborns and infants...

In order to improve the work of electrocardiography in children, theliterature has been reviewed and 4 points are discussed in this paper. 1. Technique of recording: Direct writing ECG machine with elec-trodes of adequate sizes for different ages, the application of electrodepaste to a limited area and to keep the baby quiet during ECG exami-nation are essential for good recording. In addition to the usual precordialleads, V_3R or V_4R should be recorded. A paper speed of 50mm persecond for newborns and infants is proposed. 2. Normal values of electrocardiography in children: The normalvalues of ECG in children should reflect not only the proper age of thechild examined but also should be simple, clear and easy for clinicalapplication. By using the data of our studies and those of others inChina, a set of normal values has been worked out. 3. The ECG criteria of ventricular hypertrophy for Chinese children:These criteria are proposed with a discussion of their sensitivity andaccuracy in diagnosis. In case of right ventricular hypertrophy, the sensi-tivity is high but accuracy low, and a false positive diagnosis is easilymade. The younger the age, the more difficult the differentiation of thepathologic right ventricular hypertrophy from physiologic right ventricularpredominance. 4. Overloading of ventricles: Based upon the physiology of ventri-cular overloading and the data of clinical and ECG studies, Cabrara pro-posed the ECG criteria of various ventricular overloadings. It is general-ly accepted that the ECG of a child with overloading of the ventriclesis helpful in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease, although some wri-ters do not quite agree with him.

本文作者复习文献并合结自己的研究资料,提出简明实用的小儿心电图正常值及小儿心室肥厚的诊断标准,以供参考。

 
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