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Mechanisms and Issues Relating to the Use of D1-like Dopamine Receptor Agonists for Age-related Illnesses: Parkinson's Disease a
      
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Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization...

Right heart catheterization was performed 120 times in 112 cardiac cases admitted into Chung-Shan Hospital of Shanghai First Medical College in a period of 13 months from September 1957 to September 1958. Catheterization was done in this series of cases chiefly for the purpose of studying the hemodynamic changes in the lesser circulation and as an aid to diagnosis in congenital heart diseases and rheumatic mitral valvular disease, when cardiac surgery was considered for treatment. In 8 of them catheterization was repeated 6 weeks after surgical repair of an interauricular septal defect or valvotomy of a stenotic pulmonic valve. In this paper the entire procedure of catheterization has been described in detail, particuhrly with regard to some technics of manipulation of the catheter in order to let it get through the tricuspid and pulmonic orifice, and to wedge it into the "pulmonary capillary". Indications, contraindications, complications and results of catheterization in our cases have been dicussed. Among the complications, cardiac arrhythmia was the most common but it was seldom serious. Electrocardiographic observation during the procedure showed that premature beats especially of ventricular origin occured nearly in every case. Two patients developed pulmonary edema shortly after catheterization. One of them survived, while the other unfortunately died in spite of energetic treatment. Both were cases of mitral stenosis with marked pulmonary hypertension. In the entire series of 112 cases, catheterization helped us to establish the diagnosis in 107 of them, among which 68 patients were operated upon after catheterization, and in 66 of them the preoperative diagnoses proved to be correct. According to the material presented, right heart catheterization appears to be a comparatively safe and useful procedure in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases.

一、本文分析报告112例住院心脏病病人,120次右心导管檢查的結果。二、本组病例檢查的指征主要是对先天性心脏病及二尖瓣病的診断和外科治疗的选擇。三、对檢查方法加以描述,对影响檢查成敗的因素加以討論。四、分析檢查的結果,认为右心导管檢查对上述心脏病的診断有重大的价值,而危險性不大,但檢查时仍应提高警惕,掌握禁忌証并注意安全防止严重并发症的发生。

82 adult cases of bronchopulmonary cyst underwent resectional treatment were analyzed.The diagnosis were all comfirmed by pathologic examination, but the correct diagnosis was made only in 50 cases (60.9%) before operation. In order to recognize the manifestations of bronchopulmonary cyst, we analyzed 82 cases in their clincal symptoms. roentgenologic characterestict,diagnosis and treatment in this paper. The most common symptoms were hemoptysis, fever expectoration and chest pain. X-ray examination is useful...

82 adult cases of bronchopulmonary cyst underwent resectional treatment were analyzed.The diagnosis were all comfirmed by pathologic examination, but the correct diagnosis was made only in 50 cases (60.9%) before operation. In order to recognize the manifestations of bronchopulmonary cyst, we analyzed 82 cases in their clincal symptoms. roentgenologic characterestict,diagnosis and treatment in this paper. The most common symptoms were hemoptysis, fever expectoration and chest pain. X-ray examination is useful in making the correct diagnosis. By which, the author divides the disease into seven types and concludes them in five roentgenologie signs.

本文报告的82例成年人支气管肺囊肿全部经过了外科手术治疗,并被病理学检查所证实。全组病例在手术前仅有50例(60.9%)诊断符合。为了提高对成年人支气管肺囊肿的认识,着重分析了患者的临床症状、X线特点、诊断和治疗问题。最普通的症状是咯血、发烧、咯痰和胸痛。X线检查是正确诊断支气管肺囊肿的重要方法,作者把X线的特点分成七个类型和五点参考征象。

This paper deals with the experience of endoscopic retrograde pancreatocholangiography in 50 jaundiced patients, encountered in 128 consecutive examinations (126 cases).In 30 cases (60%) ERPC confirmed the clinical diagnosis of gall stone, malignancies and etc. while in 13 cases (26%), ERPC corrected the mistaken clinical diagnosis.The ERPC diagnosis of the nature and site of the diseases was 98% by surgery or on autopy

本文报告了126例128次经十二指肠镜逆行胰胆造影中50例黄疸患者之造影结果,讨论了其诊断意义。逆行胰胆造影于30例(60%)肯定了胆结石,胰胆肿瘤等临床诊断并明确了其发生部位;纠正了13例(26%)临床诊断之错误。逆行胰胆造影诊断与手术病理,尸检结果之符合率为96.4%,病变部位符合率为98%,本文又讨论了临床诊断的经验与教训。

 
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