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nerve     
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  神经
     Hepair of Nerve Gaps with Acellular Nerve Scaffolds Extracted by Detergents
     去细胞神经支架修复周围神经缺损的研究
短句来源
     The experimental study of nerve blast injury in the maxillofacial and neck region
     颌面部神经爆炸性创伤的实验研究
短句来源
     Effects of Adenovirus-mediated BDNF Gene Transfer into Spinal Cord to Treat Nerve Root Injury and Its Mechanism
     腺病毒介导的BDNF基因脊髓内转移治疗神经根损伤及其机理
短句来源
     Biomemberane Wrap, Peripheral Nerve Graft and Nerve Conduit Repair of the Oculomotor Nerve in Cats
     生物膜包裹、神经桥接及神经导管小间隙套接法修复猫动眼神经的研究
短句来源
     Experimental Study of Effects of PDLLA-T_3 in Peripheral Nerve Injury
     甲状腺激素人工神经修复周围神经缺损的实验研究
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  神经的
     Biological Effect of Ultrasound on Blood Vessel and Nerve of Vulva Skin
     超声波对外阴皮肤血管神经的生物学效应
短句来源
     CLASSIFICATION AND VARIATION OF PHRENIC NERVE AND ACCESSORY PHRENIC NERVE
     膈神经与副膈神经的分类与变异
短句来源
     THE ANATOMY OF THE CENTRAL NERVE SYSTEM OF PEJNAEUS ORIENTALIS AND PORTUNUS TRITUBERCULATUS, AND CMPARATIVE MORPHOLOGY OF THE NERVOUS-CHAIN OF DECAPODA
     东方对虾PENAEUS ORIENTALIS和三疣梭子蟹PORTUNUS TRITUBERCULATUS中枢神经系统解剖及十足目动物腹神经的形态比较
短句来源
     Study on the Nutrient Vessels and Nerve of the Gracilis Muscle
     股薄肌营养血管和神经的研究
短句来源
     The Analgesic Effects of Electrical Stimulation on Peroneal Nerve and the Types of Afferent Nerve Fibers Involved in Rabbits
     电针兔腓神经的镇痛效应及其传入纤维类别
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  周围神经
     Hepair of Nerve Gaps with Acellular Nerve Scaffolds Extracted by Detergents
     去细胞神经支架修复周围神经缺损的研究
短句来源
     Experimental Study on Tissue Engineering for Peripheral Nerve Repair
     周围神经缺损组织工程修复方法的实验研究
短句来源
     The Experimental Study on Mechanism of Peripheral Nerve Injury Treated by Acupuncture
     针刺治疗周围神经损伤机理的实验研究
短句来源
     The Effect of Adenovirus-mediated Gene Transfer of Bcl-2 on Peripheral Nerve Regeneration and Repair
     腺病毒载体中介Bcl-2基因转染对周围神经再生修复的影响
短句来源
     Experimental Study of Effects of PDLLA-T_3 in Peripheral Nerve Injury
     甲状腺激素人工神经修复周围神经缺损的实验研究
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  听神经
     The acoustic nerve was preserved anatomically in 10 cases (10 6%) and functionally in 2 cases (2 2%).
     听神经解剖保留 10例 ( 10 6%) ,功能保留 2例 ( 2 2 %) ;
短句来源
     The auditory brainstem response (ABR) evoked by click at low (10 Hz) and high (50 Hz) stimulating rates, the -SP/AP value in electrocochleogram(EcochG), and the threshold of the cochlear nerve action potential(AP) in EcochG induced by low(1000 Hz) and high(6000 Hz) frequency tone were recorded respectively from the left side of ears.
     测定低刺激率(10Hz)、高刺激率(50Hz)左侧短声听性脑干反应(ABR),左侧短声耳蜗电图(EcochG)—SP/AP值和低频(1000Hz)、高频(6000Hz)左侧短纯音耳蜗电图听神经动作电位(AP)阈值。
短句来源
     (4) Based on the sequence of giving rise to the cochlear nerve and the vestibular nerve, the vestibulocochlear nerve may be grouped into four types (A, B, C, D).
     4.位听神经根据分出蜗神经和前庭神经顺序,可分为A、B、C、D 4型。
短句来源
     The acoustic nerve was preserved anatomically in 4 cases(16.7%)and functionally in 2 cases(8.3%).
     听神经解剖保留4例(16.7%),功能保留2例(8.3%)。
短句来源
     tumors of VⅢ nerves were nerve thickening and located at CPA;
     听神经肿瘤为第VⅡ、VⅢ神经束增粗,并与桥小脑角区肿瘤相连;
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  nerve
The compound 12 was found to be five times more potent than 11 in reducing twitch response to nerve stimulations, indicating the importance of extended interonium distances and 17-acetoxy function for potent antagonist activity.
      
Differential diagnosis of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen
      
The aim of the present research is to study the mechanism of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen and its differential diagnosis with cervical spondylosis.
      
Fifteen cases with cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen were healed by the diagnostic treatment.
      
Diagnostic treatment was propitious to differentiate cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen from cervical spondylosis.
      
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Nine Marchi series of albino rats in which various points of the retina were destroyed by the method of thermocautery have been carefully studied. The courses and the terminations of the degenerated optic fibers have been determined. The results are summarized by a composite diagram (fig. 9). It shows:(1) that the fibers issuing from the upper quadrant of the retina are lying in the lateral of the optic nerve, crossed in the lower level of the chiasma passed along the medial part of the crossed optic tract...

Nine Marchi series of albino rats in which various points of the retina were destroyed by the method of thermocautery have been carefully studied. The courses and the terminations of the degenerated optic fibers have been determined. The results are summarized by a composite diagram (fig. 9). It shows:(1) that the fibers issuing from the upper quadrant of the retina are lying in the lateral of the optic nerve, crossed in the lower level of the chiasma passed along the medial part of the crossed optic tract and terminated partly in the ventral of the posterior half of the lateral geniculate body and partly in the caudolateral part of the superior colliculus;(2) that those from the lower retina are lying in the lower part of the nerve, crossed in the higher level of the chiasma, passed along the lateral border of the crossed tract, and terminated partly in the dorsal part of the anterior half of the lateral geniculate body and partly in the medio-oral part of the superior colliculus;(3) that those from the temporal retina are lying in the lateral part of the nerve, crossed in the lower level of the chiasma, passing through the inner part of the tract and terminated partly in the medial part of the lateral geniculate body and partly in the lateral part of the superior colliculus;(4) that those from the nasal retina are lying in the medial of the nerve, crossed in the higher level of the chiasma, passing through the outer border of the tract and terminated partly in the lateral part HSIANG-TUNG CHANGof the anterior half of the geniculate body and partly in the medial part of the superior colliculus;(5) that those from the peripheral margin of the temporal retina are lying in the lateral half of the nerve, uncrossed in the chiasma, passing through the upper half of the tract, terminated in the central part of the geniculate body and never reached the superior colliculus; and(6) that the anterior and posterior accessory optic tracts composed probably of the collaterals of the crossed optic neurons are traced to the corpus Luysii and the nucleus opticus tegmenti respectively.(7) that the optic fibers also terminate in the pretectal nucleus of the thaIamus.

本實驗曾將九隻白鼠之視網膜的各處用電燒法加以毁壞,然後用马基氏染色法(Marchi's method)製成連續切片,详加研究,以斷定其枯萎的神经纖维所经之路徑及终止之點。 實驗结果如下: (一) 自網膜上部發出之神经纖維,位於視神经之外侧,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,又经對邊視神经通路之内側部,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后腹部,一部终止於上叠體之外侧部。 (二) 自網膜下部發出之纖維,位於視神经之下侧,由視神经叉之近首段跨越於對邊,再沿對邊視神经通路之外侧進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前背部,一部终止於上叠體之前内側部。 (三) 自網膜外侧部發出之纖维,位於視神经之外侧部,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,再沿對邊視神经通路之内側部進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后内側部,一部终止於上叠體之外側部。 (四) 自網膜内側部發出之纖维,位於视神经之内側,由视神经叉之近首叚跨越於對面,再经對邊視神经通路之外邊,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前外側部,一部终止於上叠體之内側部。 (五) 自網膜之外側邊緣部發出之纖维,位於视神经之外側,不到對邊,经本邊視神经通路之下半部而终止於背外侧膝體之中央。無及於上叠體者。 (六) 前副視神经...

本實驗曾將九隻白鼠之視網膜的各處用電燒法加以毁壞,然後用马基氏染色法(Marchi's method)製成連續切片,详加研究,以斷定其枯萎的神经纖维所经之路徑及终止之點。 實驗结果如下: (一) 自網膜上部發出之神经纖維,位於視神经之外侧,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,又经對邊視神经通路之内側部,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后腹部,一部终止於上叠體之外侧部。 (二) 自網膜下部發出之纖維,位於視神经之下侧,由視神经叉之近首段跨越於對邊,再沿對邊視神经通路之外侧進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前背部,一部终止於上叠體之前内側部。 (三) 自網膜外侧部發出之纖维,位於視神经之外侧部,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,再沿對邊視神经通路之内側部進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后内側部,一部终止於上叠體之外側部。 (四) 自網膜内側部發出之纖维,位於视神经之内側,由视神经叉之近首叚跨越於對面,再经對邊視神经通路之外邊,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前外側部,一部终止於上叠體之内側部。 (五) 自網膜之外側邊緣部發出之纖维,位於视神经之外側,不到對邊,经本邊視神经通路之下半部而终止於背外侧膝體之中央。無及於上叠體者。 (六) 前副視神经通路,终止於路易斯氏體(Corpus Luysii),而后副视神经通路則终止於视底巢(

The present work extends the obserwtion of an earlier report and Shows that the conduction block in nerve produced by cocaine, procaine, urethane, isotonic choline chloride, TEPP and DFP, though not accompanied by any lowering of membrane potential, can be relieved by anodal current. It follows that the mechanism of anodal relief of block can not be supposed to be simply a restoration of previously lowered membrane potential. With eserine, although depolarization occurs, the block develops. long before,...

The present work extends the obserwtion of an earlier report and Shows that the conduction block in nerve produced by cocaine, procaine, urethane, isotonic choline chloride, TEPP and DFP, though not accompanied by any lowering of membrane potential, can be relieved by anodal current. It follows that the mechanism of anodal relief of block can not be supposed to be simply a restoration of previously lowered membrane potential. With eserine, although depolarization occurs, the block develops. long before, the start of the depolarization; thus the anodal relief of the block produced by eserine likewise cannot be simply due to a restoration of polarization. Successful anodal relief of block somehow depends upon the initial state of the nerve. For instance, it is better in a freshly dissected nerve than in a nerve after several hours soaking in Ringer; better in a nerve having had prolonged soaking in Ringer with somewhat raised potassium concentration than in a potassium-free Ringer. It seems that any prior treatment causing a decrease of the potassium content of the nerve, tends to make anodal current less effective in relieving conduction block.

本文研究可卡因、普魯卡因、氨甲酸乙酯、氯化膽鹼、依色林、TEPP及DFP在兩棲類神經所產生的傳導阻遏。上述各種傳導阻遏的特點,是或者根本沒有膜電位的降低与之相伴,或者膜電位的降低發生在傳導阻遏之後。但是在一定條件下,陽極電流對於這些傳導阻遏都有解除作用。陽極電流對上述由於可卡因、普魯卡因、氨甲酸乙酯及氯化膽鹼所產生傅導阻遏的解除效應,與神經原來的狀態有关。一般地說,凡試驗前的預先處理,有減低神經鉀含量的影響者,亦有使陽極電流的解除效應減弱的傾向。

In chronical experiments on dogs provided with gastric pouches, we showed that the gastric secretion stimulated by histamine can be reflexly inhibited by electrical stimulation on the skin. This inhibition can be shown with Heidenhain pouches as well as with Pavlov pouches, indicating that the phenomenon does not depend on an intact vagus innervation. Furthermore it can still appear in Heidenhain pouches after bilateral subdiaphragmatic section of the splanchnic nerves and bilateral extirpation of the...

In chronical experiments on dogs provided with gastric pouches, we showed that the gastric secretion stimulated by histamine can be reflexly inhibited by electrical stimulation on the skin. This inhibition can be shown with Heidenhain pouches as well as with Pavlov pouches, indicating that the phenomenon does not depend on an intact vagus innervation. Furthermore it can still appear in Heidenhain pouches after bilateral subdiaphragmatic section of the splanchnic nerves and bilateral extirpation of the solar plexuses. In such dogs the adrenal glands are of course also severed from their external nerve supplies. It thus follows that the sympathetic innervation to the stomach and the adrenal glands are not indispensable either. Apparently there is some humoral factor as yet unknown, which inhibits gastric secretion and which can be reflexly mobilized by such means as electrical stimulation of the skin. On the other hand, we were able to show that both direct electrical stimulation of the splanchnic nerve and intravenous injection of adrenaline can inhibit the gastric secretion stimulated by histamine. This suggests that when the sympathetico-adrenal system is intact it is likely to be also involved in the inhibitory phenomenon under consideration. The phenomenon is evidently a complex one involving both nervous and humoral factors, and we had also shown that it requires the participation of higher nervous centres, being not elicitable in anesthetized animals. We wish to express our deep gratitude to Prof. T. P. Feng for suggesting this problem and for constant guidance throughout this work.

(一)在慢性實驗中用備有小胃的狗,我們证明組織胺引起的胃分泌能反射地为皮膚電刺激及一些其他外界刺激所抑制。 (二)這抑制現象在除去胃的迷走神經支配相交或神經支配,並隔離腎上腺的神經聯系時,仍能出現。它似有某種可以反射地形成的抑制性體液變化為基礎。 (三)但在急性實驗中我們又證明大內臟神經和注射腎上腺素均能抑制組織胺引起的胃分泌,這指示在正常動物胃分泌的反射抑制仍可能通過交感神經-腎上腺系統而得實現。 (四)本文所述的胃分泌的反射抑制現象顯然包含複雜的神經-體液機制,並且是在高級神經中樞參加下產生的。

 
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