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nerve
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  神经
    THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN A--FIBER AFFERENT IMPULSE OF SPLANCHNIC NERVE AND EVOKED DISCHARGES OF POSTERIOR NUCLEUS (PO) IN THALAMUS OF THE CAT
    内脏大神经A类纤维传入冲动与猫丘脑后核诱发放电的关系
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    CHANGE OF MONOAMINE NEUROTRANSMITTERS IN CSF DURING INHIBITION OF DEFENSIVE HYPERTENSIVE REACTIONS BY INPUTS OF DEEP PERONEAL NERVE
    腓深神经传入冲动抑制防御性升压反应时脑脊液内单胺类物质的变化
短句来源
    The Effect of Dolantin and Acupuncture on the Pain Components P200-N300 of Somatosensory Evoked Potentials of Median Nerve
    针刺及药物镇痛对正中神经体感诱发电位痛成份P200-N300的影响
短句来源
    THE METHOD OF ELIMINATION OF STIMULUS ARTIFACT DISTORTING ACTION POTENTIAL RECORDED ON PERIPHERAL NERVE
    外周神经动作电位记录中刺激伪迹的消除方法
短句来源
    Clinical Observation on Hyperlipemia Treated by Nerve No. 1 medicine with 52-case Report
    神经Ⅰ号治疗高脂血症临床疗效观察 附:52例病例报告
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  “nerve”译为未确定词的双语例句
    CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES ON CHILDREN'S NERVE DEAFNESS WITH ACUPUNCTURE
    针刺治疗儿童神经性耳聋的临床和实验研究
短句来源
    A Study on Regulating Bax and Bcl-2 Protein Expression in Nerve Cell of Rat Model of Vascular Dementia with KangNaoLing Capsule
    康脑灵胶囊调控血管性痴呆模型大鼠神经细胞Bax和Bcl-2蛋白表达的研究
短句来源
    The Experimental Study on Transcranial Repeated Acupuncture Promoting Regeneration and Repair of Sciatic Nerve Injury in Rats
    经颅重复针刺促进大鼠坐骨神经损伤再生修复的实验研究
短句来源
    FROMEFFECT OF ACUPUNCTURE ON 5--HT, NE SYSTEM TO OBSERV ED THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CENTRAL NERVE AND PERIPHERAL NERVE
    从针刺对5-HT,NE系统的影响看中枢和外周神经递质的关系
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    ACUPUNCTURE PROMOTE REGENERATION OF RAT'S HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE
    针刺促进大鼠舌下神经的再生
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  nerve
The compound 12 was found to be five times more potent than 11 in reducing twitch response to nerve stimulations, indicating the importance of extended interonium distances and 17-acetoxy function for potent antagonist activity.
      
Differential diagnosis of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen
      
The aim of the present research is to study the mechanism of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen and its differential diagnosis with cervical spondylosis.
      
Fifteen cases with cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen were healed by the diagnostic treatment.
      
Diagnostic treatment was propitious to differentiate cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen from cervical spondylosis.
      
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Based on experimental and clinical studies made by the authors in the last 20 years,it has beenfound that acupnncture possesses diversified effects on the regulation of bodily functions.As to themechanism of acupuncture anesthesia,an acupuncture regulation hypothesis has been suggested.The main arguments its favor are:1. By needling,the analgesic factors are increased and the pain-producing factors are decreased.2. Acupunture renders the sympathetic nerve more stable in its rea-ctivity.3. Acupuncture enhances...

Based on experimental and clinical studies made by the authors in the last 20 years,it has beenfound that acupnncture possesses diversified effects on the regulation of bodily functions.As to themechanism of acupuncture anesthesia,an acupuncture regulation hypothesis has been suggested.The main arguments its favor are:1. By needling,the analgesic factors are increased and the pain-producing factors are decreased.2. Acupunture renders the sympathetic nerve more stable in its rea-ctivity.3. Acupuncture enhances the circulatory function.4. Acupuncture promotes the repair of theoperative trauma.The development of the regulatory function is influenced by the following factors:1. Selection ofthe needling points.2. Parameters of the acupuncture stimulus.3. Individual varieties.

作者根据他们近20年来的临床及实验研究资料中所看到的针刺对机体的多种调节功能,提出了针刺麻醉原理的“针刺调整学说”,其主要根据是:1. 针刺可使镇痛因素加强,致痛因素减弱;2. 针刺可使交感神经处于比较稳定的状态;3. 针刺可改善循环功能增加抗休克能力;4. 针刺可促进创伤的修复。针刺调整功能的发挥受以下因素的影响:1. 穴位的选择;2. 刺激的参数;3. 个体的差异性。

The spinal trigeminal nucleus of mammals has similar morphological characteristics. Its caudal partis continuous with the tip of the posterior horn of the cervical spinal cord. On the basis of the cytoar-chitecture, the spinal trigeminal nucleus may be divided into three parts: the spinal caudal, the spinalinterpolar and the spinal oral nuclei. The spinal trigeminal nucleus of the rabbit consists of the caudaland the oral parts only. The spinal caudal trigeminal nucleus is subdivided into three parts, namely,the...

The spinal trigeminal nucleus of mammals has similar morphological characteristics. Its caudal partis continuous with the tip of the posterior horn of the cervical spinal cord. On the basis of the cytoar-chitecture, the spinal trigeminal nucleus may be divided into three parts: the spinal caudal, the spinalinterpolar and the spinal oral nuclei. The spinal trigeminal nucleus of the rabbit consists of the caudaland the oral parts only. The spinal caudal trigeminal nucleus is subdivided into three parts, namely,the subnucleus zonalis, the subnucleus gelatinosus and the subnucleus magnocellularis, corresponding re-spectively to the Rexed Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ, Ⅱ layers of the posterior horn. The spinal trigeminal nucleusassociates mainly with pain and the temperature sensation of the cephalo-facial origin, and lakes part inthe processing of facial acupuncture analgesia. The spinal caudal trigeminal nucleus receives afferent fibers from the trigeminal nerve, the facialnerve, the glossopharyngeal nerve, the vague nerve, the reticular formation of the brain stem, the raphemagnus nucleus, the locus coeruleus, the cerebral cortex and the spinal cord: the efferent fibers fromthis nucleus project into the ventroposterior medial nucleus and the intralaminar nucleus of the thalmus,the medial geniculate body, the reticular formation of the brain stem, and some cranial nerve nuclei(the solitary tract nucleus, the principal sensory nucleus of the trigeminal nerve, the vestibular nucleus,the hypoglossal nucleus, the dorsal vagal nucleus, the ambiguous nucleus, the motor trigeminal nucleus,the facial nucleus and the oculomotor nucleus), and also project into non-cranial nerve nuclei (theraphe magnus nucleus, the tectum of the midbrain, periaqueductal gray matter, the cuneatus nucleus,the cuneatus lateral and the medial accessary olivary nuclei, etc) and the upper cervical spinal cord. The primary afferent fibers and the spinal caudal nucleus of the trigeminal nerve are associated with many nuclei in the central nervous system, to which the somatic or visceral afferent fibers from differentportions converge. This direct convergence may be considered as the anatomical basis for the facialacupuncture impulses acting on the somatic or the visceral pain impulses in the same portion. The fiberconnections of the spinal caudal trigeminal nucleus with the spinal cord, the gigantocellular reticularnucleus, the raphe magnus nucleus and the intralaminar nucleus of thalamus probably provide the neuralbasis for facial acupuncture analgesia and for the operations on other parts of body performed under thefacial acupuncture analgesia. The fiber connections of this nucleus with the gigantocellular nucleus, thesolitary tract nucleus and the dorso-lateral reticular formation of the medulla oblongata perhaps providethe anatomical explanation for the facial acupuncture inhibiting the visceral pain and the visceral trac-tive response, which may be very important in supporting Integument-Visera correlation theory.

哺乳类动物的三叉神经脊束核有相似的形态结构。其尾侧与颈段脊髓后角尖端灰质相连续。根据细胞构筑的特点,该核可分为尾侧脊束核、极间脊束核和咀侧脊束核。家兔的三叉神经脊束核只包括咀侧与尾侧两部分。三叉神经尾侧脊束核又分为带状亚核、胶状质亚核和巨细胞亚核,它们分别与脊髓后角灰质的RexedⅠ、Ⅱ和ⅢⅣ层相当。三叉神经尾侧脊束核主要与头面部的痛、温觉有关,并参与了头面部的针刺镇痛过程。三叉神经尾侧脊束核接受三叉神经、面神经、舌咽神经、迷走神经、脑干网状结构、中缝大核、兰斑、大脑皮质和脊髓的传入纤维。该核的传出纤维投射至丘脑的腹后内侧核及板内核、内侧膝状体、脑干网状结构、某些脑神经核(孤束核、三叉神经感觉主核、前庭核、舌下神经核、迷走神经背核、疑核、三叉神经运动核、面神经核和动眼神经核)、非脑神经核(中缝大核、中脑顶盖与中央灰质、楔核、楔外核和内侧橄榄副核等)和上颈段脊髓。三叉神经传入纤维及其尾侧脊束核与中枢内的许多核团发生联系,并在那里与来源于不同部位的躯体或内脏的传入纤维发生会聚,这种直接的会聚可能为颜面部针刺冲动与来自躯体或内脏的痛冲动在同一部位相互作用提供了解剖学基础。三叉神经尾侧脊束核与脊髓、巨细胞网状核、中缝...

哺乳类动物的三叉神经脊束核有相似的形态结构。其尾侧与颈段脊髓后角尖端灰质相连续。根据细胞构筑的特点,该核可分为尾侧脊束核、极间脊束核和咀侧脊束核。家兔的三叉神经脊束核只包括咀侧与尾侧两部分。三叉神经尾侧脊束核又分为带状亚核、胶状质亚核和巨细胞亚核,它们分别与脊髓后角灰质的RexedⅠ、Ⅱ和ⅢⅣ层相当。三叉神经尾侧脊束核主要与头面部的痛、温觉有关,并参与了头面部的针刺镇痛过程。三叉神经尾侧脊束核接受三叉神经、面神经、舌咽神经、迷走神经、脑干网状结构、中缝大核、兰斑、大脑皮质和脊髓的传入纤维。该核的传出纤维投射至丘脑的腹后内侧核及板内核、内侧膝状体、脑干网状结构、某些脑神经核(孤束核、三叉神经感觉主核、前庭核、舌下神经核、迷走神经背核、疑核、三叉神经运动核、面神经核和动眼神经核)、非脑神经核(中缝大核、中脑顶盖与中央灰质、楔核、楔外核和内侧橄榄副核等)和上颈段脊髓。三叉神经传入纤维及其尾侧脊束核与中枢内的许多核团发生联系,并在那里与来源于不同部位的躯体或内脏的传入纤维发生会聚,这种直接的会聚可能为颜面部针刺冲动与来自躯体或内脏的痛冲动在同一部位相互作用提供了解剖学基础。三叉神经尾侧脊束核与脊髓、巨细胞网状核、中缝大核和丘脑板内核的纤维联系可能为颜面部针刺镇痛以及颜面部针刺麻醉能进行身体其他部位手术提供了神经学基础。三叉神经尾侧脊束核与巨细胞网状核、孤束核和延髓背外侧网状结构的纤维联系可能为颜面部针刺抑制内脏痛和内脏牵拉反应提供了解剖学基础,这对支持体表内脏相关学说也是很重要的。

The present paper is divided into two parts.The nucleus caudatus has been described briefly in the first part.(1) The nervous circuity ofnucleus eaudatus:The pars compacta of substantia nigra contains the cell body of one of the maindopamine(DA) fiber systems,the nigro-striatal pathway,which comes from substantia nigra and goesto the nucleus caudatus.There is a neo-striato-nigra pathway,too,making it possible for caudatumand substantia nigra to influence each other's activity.(2) The link of neurons in caudatum:It...

The present paper is divided into two parts.The nucleus caudatus has been described briefly in the first part.(1) The nervous circuity ofnucleus eaudatus:The pars compacta of substantia nigra contains the cell body of one of the maindopamine(DA) fiber systems,the nigro-striatal pathway,which comes from substantia nigra and goesto the nucleus caudatus.There is a neo-striato-nigra pathway,too,making it possible for caudatumand substantia nigra to influence each other's activity.(2) The link of neurons in caudatum:It has been proposed that in the pathway there is a cholinergic link through which caudate DAterminals influence GABA neruronal activity both in interneurons in caudatus and in descendingGABAergic pathways to the substantia nigra.The inhibitory nervous feedback control of the nigro-striatal DA pathway thus seems to involve the inactivation of cholinergic interneurons in thecaudatus,allowing an increased activity to occur in descending inhibitory GABAergic pathwaysinnervating the DA nerve cells of the substantia nigra.(3) The characteristics of dopamine receptors:The theory of excitation-mediating and inhibition-mediating dopamine receptors has beenintroduced.The histochemical,biological,electrophysiological,pharmacological and functionalcharacteristics of dopaminergic receptors have also been described.It is proposed that the excitation-mediating receptors might be situated before,and the inhibition-mediating receptors,after thesynapses.The second part deals with the relationship between the nucleus caudatus and acupuncture anal-gesia.The experiments suggest that the nucleus caudatus has a powerful action to elevate the painthreshold and strengthen the analgesia effect of acupuncture.But the mechanism of oaudate analgesiais not clear yet.Some studies suggest that the dopaminergic system in the nucleus caudatus has anopposite effect on acupuncture analgesia.

本文共分两部分。第一部分简要地叙述了尾核的问题。(1)尾核的神经联系:最重要的多巴胺纤维系统之一——黑质纹体束的细胞体位于黑质致密部。该束由黑质通向尾核。同时,也存在纹体黑质束,致使尾核和黑质之间得以互相影响机能活动。(2)尾核各神经元间的联系:在尾核各神经元联系的通路上存在一个胆硷能的中间环节,尾核的多巴胺能神经末梢通过它影响尾核本身的及下行至黑质的 GABA 神经元的活动。控制黑质纹体束多巴胺通路的抑制性神经反馈作用,似乎包括使尾核的胆硷能中间神经元失活,从而使支配黑质多巴胺神经细胞的抑制性下行 GABA 能通路的活性增高。(3)多巴胺受体的性质:介绍了兴奋性多巴胺受体和抑制性多巴胺受体的学说。描述了多巴胺受体的组织化学、生物学、电生理学、药理学以及机能上的特点。设想兴奋性多巴胺受体可能位于突触前部位,而抑制性多巴胺受体则位于突触后部位。第二部分尾核和针刺麻醉。实验表明,尾核具有提高痛阈,加强针麻镇痛的作用。但是,尾核镇痛作用的机理尚未阐明。有些实验提示,尾核的多巴胺递质系统有对抗针刺镇痛的效应。

 
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