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nerve
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  神经
    Experimental Study of AECM Adding Schwann Cell Repaired Long Nerve Defect of Rat Sciatic by Preconstructed
    雪旺细胞复合脱细胞细胞外基质预构建修复长段神经缺损的实验研究
短句来源
    Expression of Vesicle-associated Genes in Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons and Regulation after Peripheral Nerve Injury
    背根节神经元中囊泡转运释放相关基因的差异表达及其在外周神经损伤后可塑性的研究
短句来源
    Ionic Basis and Nonlinear Dynamical Mechanism of the Rhythm Transitions in the Spontaneous Discharges of Injured Nerve
    损伤神经自发放电节律变化的离子基础和非线性动力学机制
短句来源
    An Experimental Study of the Functional Anatomy of the Brachial Plexus Nerve Root
    臂丛神经根机能解剖的实验研究
短句来源
    CLASSIFICATION AND VARIATION OF PHRENIC NERVE AND ACCESSORY PHRENIC NERVE
    膈神经与副膈神经的分类与变异
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  神经的
    CLASSIFICATION AND VARIATION OF PHRENIC NERVE AND ACCESSORY PHRENIC NERVE
    膈神经与副膈神经的分类与变异
短句来源
    Surface projection of Great Auricular Nerve
    耳大神经的表面投影
短句来源
    Lingual nerve:Anatomical observation and clinical relevance
    舌神经的解剖观测及其临床意义
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    Effect of biliary high pressure on splanchnic major nerve
    胆道高压对内脏大神经的影响及其意义
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    Clinical anatomy of lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh
    股外侧皮神经的临床解剖
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  “nerve”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Study of Neurokinin B Receptor in Mouse Nerve System
    小鼠神经系统神经激肽B受体的研究
短句来源
    Establishment of IGF-Ⅰ Transgenic Mice Model Expressed Specially in the Central Nerve System by Ecdysone-induction
    蜕皮激素诱导人IGF-Ⅰ在中枢神经系统特异性表达的转基因小鼠模型的建立
短句来源
    Evidence for Histamine as a New Neurotransmitter in Cardiac Sympathetic Nerve System
    组胺是一种新发现的交感神经递质
短句来源
    Pro-inflammatory Factors Regulate Expression of Nerve Growth Factor and Its Receptors on Human Dendritic Cells and the Related Signal Transduction Pathways
    炎性因子对人树突状细胞表达神经生长因子及其受体的调控作用及其信号转导机制研究
短句来源
    Origins of the Nerve Fibers in the Anterior Pituitary of the Rat
    大鼠垂体前叶神经纤维的起源
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  nerve
The compound 12 was found to be five times more potent than 11 in reducing twitch response to nerve stimulations, indicating the importance of extended interonium distances and 17-acetoxy function for potent antagonist activity.
      
Differential diagnosis of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen
      
The aim of the present research is to study the mechanism of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen and its differential diagnosis with cervical spondylosis.
      
Fifteen cases with cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen were healed by the diagnostic treatment.
      
Diagnostic treatment was propitious to differentiate cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen from cervical spondylosis.
      
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The phrenic and accessory phrenic nerves of 180 cadavers of Chinese children were studied.It was found that the highest rate of the accessory phrenic nerve may be up to 73.8%.There is no significant difference between the two sides or the two sexes.The branches of the accessory phrenic nerve vary from 1—4,among which the single branch type is the most common one (76.1%).They have their origin from C_3 to C_(4—6).A few of them may arise from the ansa hypoglossi and supra- scapular nerve.Accessory...

The phrenic and accessory phrenic nerves of 180 cadavers of Chinese children were studied.It was found that the highest rate of the accessory phrenic nerve may be up to 73.8%.There is no significant difference between the two sides or the two sexes.The branches of the accessory phrenic nerve vary from 1—4,among which the single branch type is the most common one (76.1%).They have their origin from C_3 to C_(4—6).A few of them may arise from the ansa hypoglossi and supra- scapular nerve.Accessory nerve,therefore,is more related to the brachial plexus rather than the cervical plexus.It was found that there is a close relationship between the origin of the accessory phrenic nerve and its positional and connectional relation with its main trunk.The nerve originated from the brachial plexus and its branches is located at the lateral side of the main trunk and usually forms a lower connection with it.That comes from the cervical plexus and its branches is usually located at the medial side of the main trunk and forms a higher connection (above the subclavian vein,35.9%) with it.The accessory nerve comes from the lower part of the cervical plexus and upper part of the brachial plexux is at first located at the lateral side and,finally,after crossed over anteriorly or posteriorly,joins the medial side of the main trunk (posterior to the subclavian vein, 7.8%).Based upon the number of branches,the phrenic and accessory nerves can be grouped into 5 types.The tirst type that is with the phrenic nerve proper alone,(43.1%) and the second type that is 1 phrenic nerve and 1 accessory phrenic nerve (43.3%) are the standard types in the Chinese.

(一)本文共研究了180具(360侧)童尸的膈神经与副膈神经。其中男尸100具,女尸80具。尸龄都在2—8岁左右。(二)膈神经主要起源于第4,5颈神经或第4颈神经。性差与侧差不显著。在与锁骨下静脉关系中,超大多数(95.8%)经过静脉之后,与一般解剖学教本所记述者相符合。(三)副膈神经的出现率在180具尸体中高达73.8%,比国内资料为高(如按侧数计则为56.9%)。亦无显著性差与侧差,因而非常值得外科学家们的注意。(四)各侧副膈神经的支数并不一致。少者仅有一条,多者可达四条。但以一条为最多,占76.1%;三条以上者少,仅占3.4%。副膈神经在三条以上者,在现有文献中甚为罕见。(五)副膈神经的起源从第3到第5、6颈神经都有,且有少数发自舌下神经襻及肩胛上神经。其中与锁骨下神经以一共同干发自第5、6或第5颈神经者为数最多,占42.0%,与国内外资料多相符合;但在起始范围上又比其他资料为广泛。同时说明副膈神经与臂丛的关系要比与颈丛的关系更为密切。(六)副膈神经与膈种经主干的位置关系可分三类:多数位于主干外侧(83.6%),少数位于主干内侧(8.8%)及先在主干外侧,交叉后到主干内侧(7.6%)。副膈神经与膈神经迟...

(一)本文共研究了180具(360侧)童尸的膈神经与副膈神经。其中男尸100具,女尸80具。尸龄都在2—8岁左右。(二)膈神经主要起源于第4,5颈神经或第4颈神经。性差与侧差不显著。在与锁骨下静脉关系中,超大多数(95.8%)经过静脉之后,与一般解剖学教本所记述者相符合。(三)副膈神经的出现率在180具尸体中高达73.8%,比国内资料为高(如按侧数计则为56.9%)。亦无显著性差与侧差,因而非常值得外科学家们的注意。(四)各侧副膈神经的支数并不一致。少者仅有一条,多者可达四条。但以一条为最多,占76.1%;三条以上者少,仅占3.4%。副膈神经在三条以上者,在现有文献中甚为罕见。(五)副膈神经的起源从第3到第5、6颈神经都有,且有少数发自舌下神经襻及肩胛上神经。其中与锁骨下神经以一共同干发自第5、6或第5颈神经者为数最多,占42.0%,与国内外资料多相符合;但在起始范围上又比其他资料为广泛。同时说明副膈神经与臂丛的关系要比与颈丛的关系更为密切。(六)副膈神经与膈种经主干的位置关系可分三类:多数位于主干外侧(83.6%),少数位于主干内侧(8.8%)及先在主干外侧,交叉后到主干内侧(7.6%)。副膈神经与膈神经迟早必将合并为一,但连结点之高低不一;多数属于低位连结(锁骨下静脉之下),占56.3%;其次属于高位连结(锁骨下静脉之上),占35.9%;中位连结者(锁骨下静脉之后)最少,占7.8%。(七)统计材料证明,副膈神经的起源与主干之间的连结关系及其位置联属有一定的规律性。其中起源于臂丛及其属支者,都位于主干外侧,并多成低位连结。起源于颈丛及其属支者,大都位于主干内侧,并多成高位连结。起源于颈丛下部及臂丛上部者,则似倾向于中位连结,且先在主干外侧,交叉后再到主干内侧。(八)副膈神经之与锁骨下静脉有关系者,绝大多数经过静脉之前。副膈神经与静脉的关系,也有多种不同形式。(九)根据膈神经与副膈神经的支数多少,可归纳成五个类型:第一型一支,即膈神经本身。第二型二支,即膈神经与副膈神经各一支。第三型三支,即膈神经一支,副膈神经二支。第四型四支,即膈神经一支,副膈神经三支。第五型五支,即膈神经一支,副膈神经四支。五型中以第一型(占43.1%)与第二型(占43.3%)最多,均可列为国人之标准型。各型的一般情况及若干变异特例,均用图表加以说明。

The position of the subclavian artery in the neck and the origin of its branches in 90 sides of 74 Chinese cadavers were observed and analysed. In the neck,the subclavian artery ascends about 2.19 cm above the upper border of the clavicle and about 1.05 cm medial to the middle-point of the clavicle. The origin of the vertebral artery,the thyrocervical trunk and the internal mammary artery (except 1 case) is very constant,arising from the first (or medial part) of the subclavian artery; the costo-cervical trunk...

The position of the subclavian artery in the neck and the origin of its branches in 90 sides of 74 Chinese cadavers were observed and analysed. In the neck,the subclavian artery ascends about 2.19 cm above the upper border of the clavicle and about 1.05 cm medial to the middle-point of the clavicle. The origin of the vertebral artery,the thyrocervical trunk and the internal mammary artery (except 1 case) is very constant,arising from the first (or medial part) of the subclavian artery; the costo-cervical trunk may arise from any one of the three parts,on the left side more often from the second or middle part (62.5%) and on the right side more often from the first part (73.3%);the transverse cervical artery may also arise from any one of the three parts,more often from the first part (64.66%),as a branch of the thyro-cervical trunk. 18 types Were observed in the pattern of branching of the thyro-cervical trunk.Type Ⅰ with the artery divided into the inferior thyroid artery,ascending cervical artery,superficial cer- vical artery and suprascapular artery and type Ⅱ into inferior thyroid ascending cervical,transverse cervical and suprascapular artery occurred more often than other types (type Ⅰ 18.00% and type Ⅱ 26.00% respectively). The supra-scapular artery arising from the thyro-cervical trunk or from the internal mammary artery in most cases passes above the suprascapular ligament;that arising from the third part of the subclavian artery or from the axillary artery in most cases passes below the ligament. On the left side the inferior thyroid artery more often passes in the front of the inferior laryngeol nerve,on the right side it passes in front and behind the nerve in almost equal num- bers.

根据90例(男:76例,女:14例)尸体锁骨下动脉及其部分分支之统计,有以下之初步结果:1.锁骨下动脉于颈部,高出锁骨上缘之平均距离为2.19厘米,及该点(锁骨上缘之点)至胸锁关节之距离平均长度为2.18厘米。2.锁骨下动脉移行为腋动脉时,并非在锁骨之中点通过,而在其中点之内侧平均距离为1.05厘米处通过。3.椎动脉、甲状颈干及胸廓内动脉(1例除外)均由锁骨下动脉之第一段发出;肋颈干在三段中均可发出,但左侧以第二段,右侧以第一段为多;颈横动脉同样可由三段中发出,但以第一段发出者为多见。4.甲状颈干分支类型共计18型,以第一、二型最多,应为标准型。5.肩胛上动脉起于甲状颈干或胸廓内动脉者,多在肩胛上韧带之上经过;起于锁骨下动脉第三段或腋动脉者,多在韧带之下经过。6.甲状腺下动脉行经喉下神经之前方者较后方为多,以左侧为甚,右侧前后之出现率几相等。

Serial sections of musculus rectus lateralis in the eyes of the cat, stained with Glee's silver imp-regnation for paraffin method, were used for this study. A great number of nerve endings were found in the extrinsic eye muscles, far more than thosewhich found in the musculus lumbricales. A few muscle spindles were found. Near the tendon ofthis muscle. The spiral nerve endings and the grape-like endings were also found on the muscle fibers.A few arboreal sensory endings, sensory spools and free sensory...

Serial sections of musculus rectus lateralis in the eyes of the cat, stained with Glee's silver imp-regnation for paraffin method, were used for this study. A great number of nerve endings were found in the extrinsic eye muscles, far more than thosewhich found in the musculus lumbricales. A few muscle spindles were found. Near the tendon ofthis muscle. The spiral nerve endings and the grape-like endings were also found on the muscle fibers.A few arboreal sensory endings, sensory spools and free sensory endings could be located in the in-tramuscular connective tissue. The end-plates of the musculus rectus lateralis of the cat may be divided into four-types: the dichotomous end-plate, arboreal end-plate, flowr-like end-plate and claw-like end-plate.A few ultraterminal endings were likewise found in it.

作者在用石蜡镀银法染色的猫眼外直肌的切片中,观察到下列的结果: 1.猫眼外直肌内有丰富的神经末梢。在单位面积中,神经末梢的数量比它的蚓状肌要多得多。 2.猫眼外直肌运动终板的大小和形状有很大的差异。根据形状可分为叉状运动终板、树枝状运动终板、花瓣状运动终板和爪状运动终板四种类型。少数已有运动终板的肌纤维,尚接受副末梢的供给。 3.和运动纤维伴行的细纤维,一部分是运动纤维的分支,它们参与运动终板的组成。有一些细纤维除开分支组成运动终板外,其本干穿出运动终板,末端形成梭状肿大,终止于其他的肌纤维。 4.猫眼外直肌的两端,紧靠肌腱的附近,存在着少数形态较简单没有结缔组织膜包被的肌膜。 5.猫眼外直肌内有很丰富的感觉末梢。葡萄状感觉末梢的数量最多,是眼外直肌最主要的本体感觉末梢;并且还有少量的肌梭和螺旋状感觉末梢。在结缔组织中,有游离感觉末梢、丝球状感觉末梢、树枝状感觉末梢和芽状感觉未梢。 6.Marsland,Glees和 Erikson的石蜡镀银法,是一个较简便而稳定的神经末梢的染色法。

 
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