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nerve
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  神经
    Hepair of Nerve Gaps with Acellular Nerve Scaffolds Extracted by Detergents
    去细胞神经支架修复周围神经缺损的研究
短句来源
    Effects of Adenovirus-mediated BDNF Gene Transfer into Spinal Cord to Treat Nerve Root Injury and Its Mechanism
    腺病毒介导的BDNF基因脊髓内转移治疗神经根损伤及其机理
短句来源
    Biomemberane Wrap, Peripheral Nerve Graft and Nerve Conduit Repair of the Oculomotor Nerve in Cats
    生物膜包裹、神经桥接及神经导管小间隙套接法修复猫动眼神经的研究
短句来源
    Experimental Study of Effects of PDLLA-T_3 in Peripheral Nerve Injury
    甲状腺激素人工神经修复周围神经缺损的实验研究
短句来源
    Mechanisms and Effects of GDNF-modified Artificial Nerve on Sciatic Nerve Defects in Rats
    GDNF基因修饰的人工神经对大鼠坐骨神经缺损的修复作用及机理
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  神经的
    Observations of the Dorsal Scapular Nerve and Its Clinical Application
    肩胛背神经的观测与临床应用
短句来源
    REPAIRING WOUND OF HAND BY DIGITAL ARTERIAL FLAP WITHOUT DIGITAL NERVE: A RPORT OF 30 CASES
    保留指神经的指动脉皮瓣修复手部创面(附30例报告)
短句来源
    Investigation of the Subscapular Nerve and Thoracodorsal Nerve
    肩胛下神经和胸背神经的调查
短句来源
    Free toenail transplantation with, vessel and nerve anastomosis
    吻合血管神经的游离趾甲瓣移植
短句来源
    APPLIED ANATOMY OF THE SUPERFICIAL PERONEAL NERVE
    腓浅神经的应用解剖
短句来源
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  周围神经
    Hepair of Nerve Gaps with Acellular Nerve Scaffolds Extracted by Detergents
    去细胞神经支架修复周围神经缺损的研究
短句来源
    Experimental Study of Effects of PDLLA-T_3 in Peripheral Nerve Injury
    甲状腺激素人工神经修复周围神经缺损的实验研究
短句来源
    Experimental Study of the Treatment of Peripheral Nerve Injury or Defect by End-to-side Neurorrhaphy
    神经架桥端侧吻合治疗周围神经损伤及缺损的实验研究
短句来源
    The Experimental Study on the Role of Ca~(2+) on Motoneurons after Peripheral Nerve Injury
    Ca~(2+)对周围神经损伤后运动神经元作用的实验研究
短句来源
    Biotinylated Dextran Amine (BDA) for Observing the Local Axonal Transport in Rabbit Sciatic Nerve: An Experimental Study
    生物素葡聚糖胺观测周围神经局部轴突运输的实验研究
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  “nerve”译为未确定词的双语例句
    In Vivo Gene Therapy for Sciatic Nerve Injury of Adult Rats by Adenovirus-mediated Gene Transfer of BDNF
    腺病毒介导的BDNF基因转移治疗大鼠坐骨神经损伤
短句来源
    Experimental Research of the Role of CGRP during Facial Nerve Injury and Regeneration
    CGRP在面神经损伤再生中作用机制的实验研究
短句来源
    The Experimental Study on Using mGTR Technique and Schwann Cells Self-Planting Engineering to Repair the Facial Nerve
    膜引导组织再生和细胞种植工程技术修复兔面神经缺损的实验研究
短句来源
    The Role of Silk Fibroin in Facial Nerve Reconstructioin, an Experimental Study
    丝素在面神经缺损修复中作用的实验研究
短句来源
    Study of the Distribution and Property of the Nerve Fibers in Bone
    神经纤维在骨组织中的分布与性质研究
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  nerve
The compound 12 was found to be five times more potent than 11 in reducing twitch response to nerve stimulations, indicating the importance of extended interonium distances and 17-acetoxy function for potent antagonist activity.
      
Differential diagnosis of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen
      
The aim of the present research is to study the mechanism of cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen and its differential diagnosis with cervical spondylosis.
      
Fifteen cases with cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen were healed by the diagnostic treatment.
      
Diagnostic treatment was propitious to differentiate cervical nerve compression syndrome of the external intervertebral foramen from cervical spondylosis.
      
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The aim of replantation is not only to obtain survival of the replantedlimb, but also to achieve a satisfactory function. Since 1972, a total of88 limb or digital replantations have been performed, with 67 survivors(76%), their age ranging from 4 to 56 years. Every case has been follow-ed up regularly, and 3/4 of them have satisfactory function. The factors which determine the functional results of the replantedlimbs are:1. Age. No patient over 50 years of age had obtained excellent functional result.2. The...

The aim of replantation is not only to obtain survival of the replantedlimb, but also to achieve a satisfactory function. Since 1972, a total of88 limb or digital replantations have been performed, with 67 survivors(76%), their age ranging from 4 to 56 years. Every case has been follow-ed up regularly, and 3/4 of them have satisfactory function. The factors which determine the functional results of the replantedlimbs are:1. Age. No patient over 50 years of age had obtained excellent functional result.2. The duration of limb ischemia. When the durtion of ischemia was less then 8 hours, there were 33 survivors out of 40 replantations, and 15 of them obtained excellent results (Grade I); whereas it exceeded 8 hours, there were 34 survivors among 48 replantations, and only 4 of them obtained excellent results.3. The temperature of amputated ischemic limb. High ambient temperature had definite deleterious effect on amputated limbs. However, the way of storage of the detached limb affected the deleterious effect to certain extent. We had a case of amputation through the upper arm being stored with good cooling for 20 hours. Replantation was performed and movement of the fingers regained 2 years afterward.4. The nature of injury. Amputation with extensive local tissue damage usually does not result in good function.5. As to the chance of obtaining good functional result after replantation, complete major amputation is definitely inferior to the incomplete major amputation. In case of amputation with severe local crush of all the four fingers, which could not be replanted in situ, a better way to deal with this condition is to transplant the relatively suitable fingers available to the positions of the index and middle fingers.6. After major replantation, functional results vary mainly with the recovering condition of the injuried nerves and the flexibility of the small joints of fingers. In palm and digital replantations, the functi- onal results were mainly affected by the severity of the damage of the local bones and joints, particularly the metacarpo-phalangeal joints, and the gliding mechanism of the tendons.7. To obtain a good functional result after replantation, appropriate opera- tive procedures and meticulous postoperative management are manda- tory.

本文报告再植存活断肢67例的随访结果,提出功能考核的分级标准,对影响功能效果的因素,进行了讨论。年轻伤员,整齐的断离伤,缺血时间在8小时以内的断肢,再植后常能获得良好功能。

The blood vessels and nerves of musculus gracilis were studied in 50Chinese adult male cadavers. It was found that, as a rule, the musclewas supplied by 2-3 small arteries. The largest artery, the main arteryto gracilis, most frequently sprung from arteria profunda femoris. Ar-teriograph of the main artery to gracilis revealed its wide distributionwithin the muscle. The nerve to gracilis was found derived constantlyfrom ramus anterior of nervus obturatorious and accompanied closely bythe main vessels...

The blood vessels and nerves of musculus gracilis were studied in 50Chinese adult male cadavers. It was found that, as a rule, the musclewas supplied by 2-3 small arteries. The largest artery, the main arteryto gracilis, most frequently sprung from arteria profunda femoris. Ar-teriograph of the main artery to gracilis revealed its wide distributionwithin the muscle. The nerve to gracilis was found derived constantlyfrom ramus anterior of nervus obturatorious and accompanied closely bythe main vessels to gracilis. The calibers of the main arteries and veinsto gracilis and nerves were larger than 1.0 mm,being big enough formicro-neuro-vascular anastomoses.

本文观测了50具(100例)成年男性尸体股薄肌的血管和神经。供应该肌的动脉一般为2~3支,其中最粗大的一支是从股深动脉发出的主要股薄肌动脉。与其伴行的静脉多数为2支。供应该肌的神经来自闭孔神经前支,与主要股薄肌血管伴行入肌。主要股薄肌动脉、静脉及与之伴行神经的外径均值都大于1毫米,因而是能够满足当前显微外科吻合技术的需要的。

It has been shown clinically that the analgesic effect of electricalacupuncture anaesthesia (EAA) for cranial operatjons was more effec-tive than that for other parts of the body. Among all cranial opera-tions the analgesic effect of prefrontal craniotomy was the best. Since1975, 43 patients with pituitary adenoma were operated on under EAAand the result was "good to excellent" in 95.3%. In this series thepatients' general condition and mental status were quite similar. Theoperation was carried out as a small...

It has been shown clinically that the analgesic effect of electricalacupuncture anaesthesia (EAA) for cranial operatjons was more effec-tive than that for other parts of the body. Among all cranial opera-tions the analgesic effect of prefrontal craniotomy was the best. Since1975, 43 patients with pituitary adenoma were operated on under EAAand the result was "good to excellent" in 95.3%. In this series thepatients' general condition and mental status were quite similar. Theoperation was carried out as a small osteoplastic flap craniotomy in theright frontal region. All acupuncture points used in these cases wereclose to the branches of sensory nerves around the operative field.According to puncture locations the cases were divided into two groups.In Group A the points were very close to the nerves distributed in thefronta1 operative field, such as, Zanzhu (攒竹),Yuyao (鱼腰), Ermen (耳门)and Shangguan(上关). In Group B the point Chuanliao(颧髎) was locatednear the infraorbibital nerve with another point at the ipsilateral lobeof ear as a coupling point, and both of them were a little fartheraway from the oprative field. The rate of "good to excellent" in GroupA was 96.5%, in Group B 92.8% (statistically insignificant) .Althougha few patients had some complaints or goraned a little, they could stillcooperate till the end of the operation. EAA for such operation usuallyavoided the complications of both general anaesthesia and local anaesthe- sia, such as vomiting and instability of vital signs. Clinically itappeared that the nearer the points to the sensory nerves round theoperative field the better was the analgesia. A test using a G-6805electric pulse stimulator on cat's superficial radia1 nerve proved thatthe conductivity of the nerve was depressed under EAA. It seemed toshow that the EAA effect of the points of Group A was related to themodification of the conductivity of the sensory nerves of the soalp.On the other hand, Chuanliao point of Group B was close to thebranches of infraorbital nerve which was farther away from the opera-tion field. However the analgesic effect was almost as good as that ofGroup A. Here the assumption of depression of conductivity of sensoryuerves in the operative field could not be the adequate explanation.The authors believe that neuroanatomical segmentation is probably connec-ted with the relief of pain, because all points of Group A and B wereclose to the sensory branches of trigeminal nerve, and/or with changesof some neurochemical materials within the central nervous system (e.g.endorphine, 5HT). Whatever mechanism might it be the authors'experience is that points close to the sensory branches nearer to thecentral nervous system have better analgesic effect of EAA.

本文总结在电针麻醉下摘除垂体腺瘤43例的临床经验,临床麻醉效果良好。通过动物实验观察,证明电针对感觉神经有局部阻滞作用,其效果与所用的电流强度、刺激频率及电针与近感觉神经干的距离有关。作者认为采用这种方法经前额剖颅施行垂体腺瘤摘除术,是一较为适宜的麻醉方法。

 
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