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    These not only assess China's academic position in the world but also provide references for formulating scientific and technological policies.
    通过调查统计分析,一方面评估了我国在世界所处的学术地位,另一方面也为我国科技决策提供了参考依据。
短句来源
    Owing to the incomplete collection of Chinese literature published in scientific and technological periodicals by the index systems, the assessment and references are only of relative significance.
    但由于检索体系在选录我国科技期刊文献存在不全面性,所以其评估和参考只有相对意义。
短句来源
    To discuss the priority of the evaluation method of science and research(s&r) projects in China, the author presents the main internal and external evaluation methods of s&r projects, and explicates the definition, use, advantage and disadvantage of these main methods in order to provide references for accurate evaluation of the various evaluation methods of s&r projects.
    为探讨我国的科研项目评估方法的先进性 ,本文介绍了国内外科研项目评估的主要方法 ,阐述了科研项目评估的主要方法的定义、用途及其优缺点 ,为正确评价各种科研项目评估方法提供参考
短句来源
    The number and the fields of related patents in nano science and t echnology,and the circumstance of enterprise applying for the patents in Japan are analyzed,it can make us realize the development of nano science and nano i ndustry in Japan,also can provide references for the research in nano science i n our country.
    通过分析1993~2000年日本纳米科技相关专利的数目、专利的领域以及企业申请专利的情况,了解日本纳米科技及其纳米产业,可供我国从事纳米科技研究时参考
短句来源
    Conclusion: To provide references for selecting high-leveled and controversial projects, On the basis of distributing characters of controversial projects, discussing the coming reasons of controversial projects.
    结论 :根据非共识项目的分布特征 ,对非共识项目形成的原因进行了初步的讨论 ,为遴选高质量项目和非共识项目提供了参考依据。
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  文献
    Owing to the incomplete collection of Chinese literature published in scientific and technological periodicals by the index systems, the assessment and references are only of relative significance.
    但由于检索体系在选录我国科技期刊文献存在不全面性,所以其评估和参考只有相对意义。
短句来源
    Landscape ecology in China, supported by the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) , has gained 63 projects from 1986 to 2000, 37 projects from geography science and 21 projects from ecology science, 5 projects from architecture, including 2 key projects. 619 references were published in the past decade, especially during recent 5 years.
    中国景观生态学发展迅速,国家自然科学基金从1986-2000年共资助63个项目,其中地理学科资助38项,生态学科资助21项,10年来共发表景观生态学文献619篇,本文对发表文献的年代、内容和对象进行了分类统计。
短句来源
    The popular methods to evaluate the projects in existing references were mainly based on the qualitative approach.
    现有文献对科研项目评价主要还是采用定性的方法。
短句来源
  借鉴
    From the angle of modernization, the author analyzed why not success for China in the past tough it also has implemented catching-up stratagem such as "learning from outlander" of Wei-Yuan, Yang-Wu movement, "learning from Occident" of Sun Zhong-shan, the big jump, the foreign jump and the references produced from them for our technological leapfrogging.
    论文从现代化角度,详细分析了近代以降中国曾经选择的赶超战略——魏源的“师夷长技”、洋务运动、孙中山的“揖美追欧”、大跃进、洋跃进——失败的原因,以及这些赶超战略对中国目前正在倡导实施的技术跨越战略的借鉴意义。
短句来源
    The strategic turning points of science management such as priority setting, collaborate research, interdisciplinary research and performance evaluation were explained by the references of science policy in USA and the reform of S&T policy in UK.
    借鉴美国科学政策发展的三个纪元和英国科技体制改革的经验,阐述了当今科学管理的战略转折点,诸如优先领域选择,组织合作研究,驱动交叉学科研究以及开展绩效评估的重要性和可行性。 结合我国国家自然科学基金优先资助领域战略研究的实践,提出开展战略研究尚需深入认识几个关系:国家目标和自由探索,基础研究和应用研究,科学和社会发展。
短句来源
    The different organizational models and operational experiences of NIS in developed countries provide useful and beneficial references for China's national strategy of building up innovational country.
    一些典型国家在创新体系的形成、运作和组织中的模式创建和实践经验为我国建设创新型国家提供了有益的借鉴与参考。
短句来源
  参考文献
    The Function of References in Scientific Papers and the Problems in Citation
    科技论文参考文献的作用及引用中存在的问题
短句来源
    The Descriptive Rules for References in Scientific Paper
    学术论文中参考文献的著录要求
短句来源
    Analysis of intended citation missing in references of sci-tech papers
    科技论文中参考文献的故意漏引现象探析
短句来源
    Analyses of references in introduction part of academic papers
    学术论文引言中的参考文献简析
短句来源
    The purpose of this text lies in making use of list of references of the periodical thesis of library science to analyze related disciplines of library science, and the theory analyses to related relations between disciplines.
    本文的目的在于利用图书馆学期刊论文的参考文献来研究图书馆学的相关学科,并对学科相关性进行理论分析。
短句来源
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  references
The conclusions of this paper would offer theoretical references for designers and analyzers of clock-controlled generators.
      
The excellent recognition performance is much better than those of the other cited references, which indicates that our approach is well-suited for appearance-based object recognition.
      
This research can provide references for city planning and urban green space establishment and facilitate the popularization of quantitative assessment of ecological benefits of green spaces in Chinese cities.
      
The results may bring up theoretical references for fault diagnosis of rotor-bearing systems.
      
The corresponding references were retrieved by means of electric retrieval and manual retrieval from different databases or materials.
      
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Adopting the method of enumerating literature in informatics, the article is bases on a survey and statistics and analysis of the publication of international scientific and technological papers in 1985—86 which appeared in three index systems, including Index of Scientific Papers. The three index systems list the papers published in most of the world's important scientific and technological periodicals, journals and conference symposium. The results reveal the following facts: China ranked in the first 30 countries...

Adopting the method of enumerating literature in informatics, the article is bases on a survey and statistics and analysis of the publication of international scientific and technological papers in 1985—86 which appeared in three index systems, including Index of Scientific Papers. The three index systems list the papers published in most of the world's important scientific and technological periodicals, journals and conference symposium. The results reveal the following facts: China ranked in the first 30 countries in terms of the number of published papers, this number made up a small proportion of the total published papers in the world but the proportion increased at a fast rate, and the institutions of higher learning published more papers than the research institutes. These not only assess China's academic position in the world but also provide references for formulating scientific and technological policies. Owing to the incomplete collection of Chinese literature published in scientific and technological periodicals by the index systems, the assessment and references are only of relative significance. The survey, statistics and analysis will further promote our development of literature enumerating.

本文采用情报学文献计量方法,选择能收集报道全世界绝大部分重要科技期刊、杂志和会议文献的《科学引文索引》等三种检索体系,对1985—1986年国际科技论文发表情况作了调查统计分析。调查统计表明:我国发表的论文数处于世界前30名之内,占世界发表论文总数的比例较小,但增长率高,其中高等院校发表的论文较科研机构的多。通过调查统计分析,一方面评估了我国在世界所处的学术地位,另一方面也为我国科技决策提供了参考依据。但由于检索体系在选录我国科技期刊文献存在不全面性,所以其评估和参考只有相对意义。就调查统计分析工作的本身而言,它将进一步推动我国文献计量学的发展。

To understand the development trends and major development direction of current biophysics and its important topics, the author analyses the contents of major international conferences in recent years which include mainly the reports and discussions of the 8th IUPAB (held in Bristol, Britain, in 1984), the 9th IUPAB (held in Jerusalem, Israel, in 1987), and the U.S. 27th—31st annual conferences (1983—1987).The author also makes reference to the japanese annual conferences in recent years and articles in...

To understand the development trends and major development direction of current biophysics and its important topics, the author analyses the contents of major international conferences in recent years which include mainly the reports and discussions of the 8th IUPAB (held in Bristol, Britain, in 1984), the 9th IUPAB (held in Jerusalem, Israel, in 1987), and the U.S. 27th—31st annual conferences (1983—1987).The author also makes reference to the japanese annual conferences in recent years and articles in the 1984—1987 Biophysics Monograph of TIBS.

为了解当前生物物理学发展的趋势、主要方向和重点课题,作者分析了近年来国际上一些重要会议的内容,其中主要的是国际生物物理学会(IUPAB)第8届(在英国的布里斯托尔1984)和第9届(在以色列的耶路撒冷1987)会议,美国从1983年第27届到1987年第31届年会的大会报告和讨论会的内容,同时也参考了日本近年来的年会以及TIBS 1984年到1987年《生物物理专刊》上的文章,做为参考。

This article is the sketch of surveys made by Comrades Zhang Jiashun and Zu Guang' an of NSFC's Policy Bureau at some colleges, universities and research institutes of Guangdong Province, which is of general significance. It presents the current conditions, questions, experiences, difficulties, comments and requests concerning basic research and NSFC's work in Guangdong Province. The article may be taken by research institutes and management departments for reference and use.

本文系国家自然科学基金委员会政策局张家顺、祖广安同志在广东科研院、所和高校的调查报告剪影。它反映了当前广东科研单位关于基础研究和科学基金工作的现状和问题,经验和困难,心声和要求,带有普遍性。本文对有关科研单位和管理部门具有参考和借鉴作用。

 
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