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encourage
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  激励
     (3) MBO helps to perfect the property right structure of enterprises further and encourage the managers.
     (3)MBO有利于进一步完善企业产权结构,激励经营者。
短句来源
     Then, by analyzing the new modes of tacit knowledge management in the Web2.0 environment, this paper explores the strategies of tacit knowledge management for virtual enterprises in the Web2.0 environment: setting up a new platform for tacit knowledge management, devising methods to encourage employees to share tacit knowledge, constructing tacit knowledge databases, and providing individual tacit knowledge service.
     通过分析Web2.0环境下隐性知识管理的新方式,探讨了Web2.0环境下虚拟企业的隐性知识管理策略建立Web2.0环境下新的隐性知识管理平台、制定激励隐性知识共享的方法、构建隐性知识库和提供个性化的隐性知识共享服务。
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     In this article the author lists some disadvantages in traditional English teaching and emphasiz the importance of students' active learning and discusses how to encourage students to study actively in English class.
     本文主要针对在大学英语教学过程当中传统教学的一些弊端 ,通过“主动性学习”与传统教学及趣味教学作比较 ,揭示学生学习兴趣的根本来源 ,探讨了“主动性学习”重要性和如何在英语教学当中激励学生进行“主动性学习”
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     The Modal Experiment Analyse of the Large-Span Structurers Based on Environment Encourage
     基于环境激励大跨结构的模态试验分析
短句来源
     Improving the Evaluation System to Encourage the Growth of Innovative Teachers in Universities
     改进评价体系 激励高校创新型教师成长
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  鼓励
     Specific measures are to build and perfect the market of human resources and the mechanism of employment,encourage investment in human resources,pay more attention to the environment of human resources and management accounting,reform financial accounting confirmation and measurement and accounting report.
     应采取的措施主要包括:健全人力资源市场、完善用人机制、鼓励人力投资、重视人力资源环境和管理会计研究、改革财务会计的确认、计量及报告。
短句来源
     If the "flush reaction" happened to a boy,41.9% of the boys and 49.2% of the girls thought other boys would encourage further drinking;
     针对饮酒场合中男生的脸红反应,41.9%的男生和49.2%的女生认为饮酒群体中的男生仍会鼓励男生脸红者继续饮更多的酒;
短句来源
     Before the agreement of service trade in the free trade zone is reached,the formulation and implementation of the standardization of the relevant fields of service trade can be taken as the catalyst to take the initiative in holding the bilateral or multilateral negotiations and encourage the active participation of the small and medium-sized enterprises that engage in family management so as to lift the overall level of the service trade in China-ASEAN free trade zone.
     在自贸区服务贸易协议达成之前,将服务贸易相关领域标准化的制定和执行作为催化剂,优先进行双边或复边谈判,尊重和鼓励家族经营的中小企业积极参与,以此提升中国—东盟自由贸易区服务贸易的整体水平。
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     Policies to Encourage Investment in the West Region
     外商投资西部矿业有鼓励政策(英文)
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     Encourage Industrial and Commercial Capital Enters Agriculture Field
     鼓励工商资本进入农业领域
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  “encourage”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Conclusion The quantified training program can improve the nursing quality during the PICC,and encourage the standardization of the management.
     结论量化培训可有效提高PICC的护理质量,促进管理规范化。
短句来源
     A suggestion is put forward that including unified planning and layout the SO2 reducing emission word by nation, to provide a policy support and to encourage the development and application of various technologies for reducing SO2 emission.
     建议国家统一规划和布局SO_2减排工作,并在政策上予以支持,刺激各种减排SO_2技术的使用和发展.
     TO HELP PEOPLE PROSPER AND ENCOURAGE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT NEW BUILDING MATERIALS ARE REQUIRED IN THE 21TH
     试论21世纪国民经济发展对新型建筑材料的需求
短句来源
     How to Encourage Knowledge Production in New Economy Age
     新经济时代知识生产激励的经济学探讨
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     Teachers Should Encourage Students to Take an Active Part in Teaching Activities
     教师应启发大学生积极参与教学活动
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  encourage
A combination of the vasodilatory effect of DNIC with the reduction of the damaging effect of cardiac ischemia and reperfusion encourage the development of hypotensive and antiischemic drugs on this class of NO donors.
      
The metastability and structural defects in the BaTi5O11 intermediate phase encourage a decrease in the temperature of the final heat treatment by 100-150°C in the course of the preparation of Ba2Ti9O20 single-phase ceramics.
      
The data of studies on the search for the factors that encourage or inhibit this correlation are analyzed.
      
The numerical calculations encourage one that the proposed variational (extrapolation) procedure could be applied to estimate the full first (especially important) quark moments.
      
Preliminary results demonstrate that HKNN can successfully compete with other methods (in both speed and accuracy) and thus encourage its further exploration in bioinformatics.
      
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The object of this paper is offer an analytical method for solving the very important stereo-bridging problem in photogrammetry. In solving this problem we suppose that at the beginning and at the end of an arbitrary photo-strip there are three ground control points having their immages on the corresponding two pairs of photographs respectively. Based upon this condition we can utilize the stereo-resection method to carry out the aerial triangulation throughout the entire strip in order to get enough space intersection...

The object of this paper is offer an analytical method for solving the very important stereo-bridging problem in photogrammetry. In solving this problem we suppose that at the beginning and at the end of an arbitrary photo-strip there are three ground control points having their immages on the corresponding two pairs of photographs respectively. Based upon this condition we can utilize the stereo-resection method to carry out the aerial triangulation throughout the entire strip in order to get enough space intersection points for each intermediate photograph possibly to be mapped by virtue of some simple instruments.This paper is the extension of a previous article entitled "Photogrammetric Space Resection", published in the Chinese Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 4, Dec., 1954. At present, as the writer has not get gone so far into numerical computation, how would this method be workable is subject to test in the near future. The prospect of not only furthering the theoretical foundation of photogrammetry but also opening a new approach to the photomapping problem is highly encouraging.

本文的目的,在於提供一种算学解析的方法,从理論上去解决在一条相当長的航帶上只在兩端各有三个地面控制点的情况下,展开空中三角測量,以达到每張像片都有足够的控制点,以便独立或分区制圖的問題,解决本問題的重点是:(1)根据一条航带兩端的三控制点确定該航线首尾兩端各兩張像片的外方位元素。(2)由于在一条航带上的各像片彼此都有60—80%的左右重叠,在第一、第二及第三像片的重叠区域可选出七个点来利用已經定位了的第一、第二兩像片,以空間交会的办法計算出該七点的地面坐标。(3)在該七点中适当选擇6个点的地面坐标及其在第三像片上的像点坐标(根据第三像片的几何軸量得的),确定第三像片的外方位元素。(4)利用第二、第三及第四像片,在其重叠的区域内选擇七个点,按照确定第三像片外方位元素的办法,确定第四像片的外方位元素,如是类推至最后一張像片为止。(5)由于航帶兩端各有三控制点,上面的推算各像片的外方元素的过程实际上是从兩端开始向中央推进,其最中間的一張像片的外方位元素及其中央的交会控制点的坐标,因有各种誤差参入的关系,由兩端推来,当会得到兩組不同的数值,取其中数作为第一次近似值,將其坐标誤差一边一半向兩端按距离分配,作为控制点的概...

本文的目的,在於提供一种算学解析的方法,从理論上去解决在一条相当長的航帶上只在兩端各有三个地面控制点的情况下,展开空中三角測量,以达到每張像片都有足够的控制点,以便独立或分区制圖的問題,解决本問題的重点是:(1)根据一条航带兩端的三控制点确定該航线首尾兩端各兩張像片的外方位元素。(2)由于在一条航带上的各像片彼此都有60—80%的左右重叠,在第一、第二及第三像片的重叠区域可选出七个点来利用已經定位了的第一、第二兩像片,以空間交会的办法計算出該七点的地面坐标。(3)在該七点中适当选擇6个点的地面坐标及其在第三像片上的像点坐标(根据第三像片的几何軸量得的),确定第三像片的外方位元素。(4)利用第二、第三及第四像片,在其重叠的区域内选擇七个点,按照确定第三像片外方位元素的办法,确定第四像片的外方位元素,如是类推至最后一張像片为止。(5)由于航帶兩端各有三控制点,上面的推算各像片的外方元素的过程实际上是从兩端开始向中央推进,其最中間的一張像片的外方位元素及其中央的交会控制点的坐标,因有各种誤差参入的关系,由兩端推来,当会得到兩組不同的数值,取其中数作为第一次近似值,將其坐标誤差一边一半向兩端按距离分配,作为控制点的概略平差。(6)利用概略的像片外方位元素,將各像?

Recently, attention has been directed to the effect of chelation upon thephysiological action of certain chemical compounds. A number of investiga-tors, especially Albert and his coworkers have demonstrated the importantrole played by the chelation structure of 8-hydroxyquinoline in producingfungicidal action. Our preliminary tests on p-nitrobenzaldehyde (ⅩⅩⅪ) ascompared with o-hydroxy-p-nitrobenzaldehyde (ⅩⅩⅩ) and on o-methoxy-p-nitroacetophenone (ⅩⅢ) as compared with o-hydroxy-p-nitroacetophenone(Ⅻ) confirmed...

Recently, attention has been directed to the effect of chelation upon thephysiological action of certain chemical compounds. A number of investiga-tors, especially Albert and his coworkers have demonstrated the importantrole played by the chelation structure of 8-hydroxyquinoline in producingfungicidal action. Our preliminary tests on p-nitrobenzaldehyde (ⅩⅩⅪ) ascompared with o-hydroxy-p-nitrobenzaldehyde (ⅩⅩⅩ) and on o-methoxy-p-nitroacetophenone (ⅩⅢ) as compared with o-hydroxy-p-nitroacetophenone(Ⅻ) confirmed this view. The two compounds with chelation structures areinvariably more active than the corresponding compounds where this kindof structure is no more possible (see Table 1). This result encourages us toextend the examination on the so-called dehydrochloramphenicol (Ⅱ), ananalogue of chloramphenicol (Ⅰ) but devoid of the antibiotic activities of thelatter, except those against M. tuberculosis and fungi. Our project is to introduce a hydroxyl group to the position ortho to thecarbon side-chain in (Ⅱ), producing α-dichloroacetamido-β-hydroxy-o-hydroxy-p-nitropropiophenone (Ⅲ), a compound in which chelation will be possible, andto compare its antibiotic activities with those of (Ⅱ) in which there is nochelation. To make sure that any enhancement of activity is not due to substitutionat the ortho position, the hydroxyl group of Ⅲ was methylated so as to makechelation impossible in the resulting compound, α-dichloroacetamido-β-hydroxy-o-methoxy-p-nitropropiophenone (Ⅳ). Furthermore, compounds with simplerstructure, (ⅩⅩ), (ⅩⅪ), (ⅩⅤⅢ), and (ⅩⅩⅨ), in which the hydroxymethylgroup is lacking and consequently does not contain any asymmetric carbonatom, are also examined. In all these cases, compounds able to form chelationring invariably showed higher antibiotic activities than the correspondingcompounds unable to do so (see Table 1). The function of the nitro group in these molecules has also been considered.When this group in (Ⅲ) or (Ⅳ) is changed to an amino group, there is suchmarked decrease of activity in the resulting compounds (Ⅴ) or (Ⅳ) thatneither of them showed any activity below a concentration of 400 γ/ml. As compared with chloramphenicol, compound Ⅲ is almost as effectiveagainst Gram-positive bacteria, especially St. Aureus, but is much less effectiveagainst Gram-positive bacteria. The present authors are of the opinion thatthe mechanisms of antibiotic action of the two compounds must be different. Compound ⅩⅢ was obtained from o-methoxy-p-nitroethylbenzene (Ⅹ) byoxidation with potassium permanganate buffered with manganese nitrate.Compound Ⅹ was in turn prepared from o-amino-p-nitroethylbenzene (Ⅶ)through diazotization, hydrolysis, and methylation with dimethylsulfate.Methylation of Ⅻ also gave ⅩⅢ. As to compound Ⅻ, it was obtained in two ways: (1) Demethylation ofcompound ⅩⅢ with hydrobromic acid or anhydrous aluminum bromide incarbon disulfide, the latter procedure giving better results, (2) oxidation of themethoxymethyl ether (Ⅸ) of compound Ⅷ with potassium permanganate toyield compound Ⅺ followed by hydrolysis with dilute hydrochloric acid. Ourproduct did not depress the melting point of a sample prepared fromm-nitrophenol through Fries rearrangement according to Gerecs et al.Derivatives of Ⅻ have been prepared, they are: the acetate (Ⅻa) and itsα-bromo-derivative (ⅩⅠⅤa), the benzoate (Ⅻb)and its α-bromo-derivative(ⅩⅠⅤb). Compounds Ⅻ and ⅩⅢ were then separately subjected to the five-stepsynthesis recorded in the literature [8, 11--13] for the preparation of dehydrochlo-ramphenicol, namely: (1) bromination to give ⅩⅠⅤ and ⅩⅤ, (2)treatmentwith urotropine to give ⅩⅠⅤ and ⅩⅠⅡ, (3) hydrolysis to give ⅩⅤⅢ and ⅩⅠⅩ,(4) dichloroacetylation to give ⅩⅩ and ⅩⅪ or acetylation to give ⅩⅩⅡ andⅩⅩⅢ, and (5)condensation with formaldehyde in the presence of sodiumhydroxide (for Ⅲ and ⅩⅩⅣ) or sodium bicarbonate (for Ⅳ and ⅩⅩⅤ)(see scheme). When compound ⅩⅩⅤ was subjected to hydrolysis by hydrochloric acid, acompound was obtained, which is believed to be a diketene (ⅩⅩⅥ). When compound ⅩⅩⅢ was treated with acetyl chloride, a compoundC_(11)H_(10)O_4N_2 was obtained. This formula corresponds to 2-methyl-5-(o-methoxy-p-nitrophenyl)-oxazoline (ⅩⅩⅦ). The amino-compounds Ⅴ, Ⅵ, ⅩⅩⅤⅢ and ⅩⅩⅨ were obtained from thecorresponding nitro-compounds by reduction with sodium hydrosulphite.

1.本文叙述自邻氨基-对硝基乙苯开始分别经过九步或八步反应,合成α-二氯乙酰胺基-β-羟基-邻羟基对硝基苯丙酮(Ⅲ)和α-二氯乙酰胺基-β-羟基-邻甲氧基对硝基苯丙酮(Ⅳ),以及一些有关的化合物。 2.硝基化合物Ⅲ及Ⅳ均可以低亚硫酸钠还原成相应的氨基化合物,α-二氯乙酰胺基-β-羟基-邻羟基-对氨基苯丙酮(Ⅴ)和α-二氯乙酰胺基-β-羟基-邻甲氧基-对氨基苯丙酮(Ⅵ)。 3.曾试验邻羟基-对硝基苯甲醛与对硝基苯甲醛,及邻羟基-对硝基苯乙酮与邻甲氧基对硝基苯乙酮等两对化合物的抗菌效力。结果凡有氢键钳合结构的化合物均有较强的抗菌作用。 4.曾试验化合物Ⅲ,Ⅳ,Ⅴ,Ⅵ及其相应的去羟甲基化合物ⅩⅩ,ⅩⅪ,ⅩⅩⅧ和ⅩⅩⅨ对金色葡萄球菌,枯草杆菌,大肠杆菌和副伤寒菌B型的抑制作用。在此等化合物中(除去Ⅴ),凡有酚基与羰基形成钳合结构的化合物均有比较强的抗菌作用。化合物Ⅲ对金色葡萄球菌的抑制效力接近于氯霉素,但对革兰氏阴性菌的效力低于氯霉素;这种不一致的现象可能是Ⅲ的抗菌作用机理与氯霉素不同。

The investigation deals,with the nitrogen fixation of some blue-green algae isolated from the soils of rice fields.Samples of algae-bearing soils were collected from rice fields in the provinces of Hupeh,Hunan and Kiangsi.Uni-algal cultures were made first on media enriched with nitrogenous compounds to encourage vigorous growth.The uni-algal cultures were then subcul- tured onto nitrogen-free media,which effected a preliminary separation of those algae which could thrive in the absence of pre-formed nitrogenous...

The investigation deals,with the nitrogen fixation of some blue-green algae isolated from the soils of rice fields.Samples of algae-bearing soils were collected from rice fields in the provinces of Hupeh,Hunan and Kiangsi.Uni-algal cultures were made first on media enriched with nitrogenous compounds to encourage vigorous growth.The uni-algal cultures were then subcul- tured onto nitrogen-free media,which effected a preliminary separation of those algae which could thrive in the absence of pre-formed nitrogenous compounds,from those which could not.The algae which showed a prolific growth on the nitrogen-free medium may be considered either to be capable of“fixing”(assimilating)atmospheric nitrogen,or that their nitrogen supply is coming from Azotobacter present in the culture.Our next step was to obtain bacteria-flee unialgal cultures. Two bacteriostatic methods were used:ultra-violet radiation from 300-watt quartz lamps,and treatment with streptomycin. Bacteriostatically treated uni-algal cultures were tested by inoculating sterile nitrogen-free media suitable for Azotobacter and allied organisms.Examination of these subcultures from the irradiated material showed that an intermittent radiation from our lamps of 5 minutes,repeated two or three times,was an effective bacteriostatic.Also,that Azotobacter and other micro-organisms were killed after treatment with 20 ppm.of streptomycin. The capacity for assimilating free nitrogen from the air was assessed by determining the quantity of nitrogenous compounds produced in the algal cells and in the medium,by means of the micro- Kjeldhal method.The nitrogen-fixing capacity has now been assessed on 4 isolated types of Blue- green Algae:HB 686(dnabaena azotica);HB 678(dnabaena azotica f.alpha);HB 670 (Anabaena variabilis forma);and HB 508 (Nostoc Linckia forma).The highest rate of fixation, amounting to 1.0146 rag.N/100 cc.of nitrogen-flee medium in 4 days,was attained by HB 686; the next,of 0.9382 mg.N,by HB 678,0.8614 nag.N,by HB 670;and 0.7592 mg.N,was produced under the same conditions,by HB 508.

湖北、湖南和江西等地采集的稻田蓝藻经过分离、培养、缺氮培养初步找到可能固氮的蓝藻后,进一步得出了无菌的纯培养的蓝藻藻种,经过试验和用微量凯氏法测定其产生的氮量,确定了四种蓝藻系固氮蓝藻。在100毫升无菌无氮培养基中生长四天的结果测定,水生686固氮蓝藻(Anabaena azotica)、水生678固氮蓝藻(A.azotica forma a)、水生670固氮蓝藻(Anabaena variabilis forma)和水生508固氮蓝藻(Nastoc Linckia forma)的固氮量分别为1.0146、0.938、0.8614和0.759毫克。

 
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