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climate     
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  气候
     The Recent Fifty Years High-resolution Climate of Nansha Islands Recorded in Reef Coral
     珊瑚记录之近50年南沙群岛高分辨率气候变化
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     A Study on Response of Dominant Plants to Global Climate Change in Maowusu Sandland
     毛乌素沙地优势植物对全球气候变化的响应研究
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     Studies on Effects of Ecological Factors on Growth of Maize and Establishment of Climate Ecology Model and Appraisement System
     生态因素对玉米生长发育影响及气候生态模型与评价系统建立的研究
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     Complexity of Historical Climate
     历史气候复杂性
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     Simulation of Main Food Crops Production under Future Climate Change Scenarios in China
     未来气候变化情景下中国主要粮食作物生产模拟
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  的气候
     A DISCUSSION ON THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF COTTON CULTIVATION IN WESTERN KANGSHU FROM VIEWPOINT OF CLIMATE
     从河西走廊的气候条件探讨发展棉花的前途
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     A DISCUSSION ON THE COMPUTATION METHOD FOR THE CLIMATE FROM THE TOTAL QUANTITY OF EFFECTIVE RADIATION AT ARBITRARY PERIODS ON QINGZANG PLATEAU
     青藏高原有效辐射任意时段总量的气候计算方法探讨
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     APPLICATION OF REGRESSIVE ANALYSES IN SELECTING CLIMATE FACTORS
     应用逐步回归分析挑选影响油茶产量的气候因子
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     Features Analysis of the Climate in the Hangzhou Bay
     杭州湾区的气候特征分析
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     CONDITIONS OF CLIMATE AND CULTIVATION OF SPRING—SOWN SOYBEAN IN HENGYANG,HUNAN PROVINCE
     衡阳市的气候条件和春大豆栽培
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  气候条件
     For contemporary climate at 312.5×10 -6 v CO 2,TEM estimates that China has an annual NPP of 3,653 TgC·a -1 (10 12 gC·a -1 ).
     在当前气候条件和CO2浓度(312.5×10-6)下,TEM模型预测中国陆地生态净初级生产力为3,653TgC·a-1(1012gC·a-1)。
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     Under the cold climate in Canada, annual average rate of BOD 5, TN , TP , and TSS removal is 97%, 81%, 88%, and 94% respectively.
     在加拿大寒冷气候条件下 ,年平均BOD5、总氮、总磷和TSS的去除率分别为 97%、81%、88%和 94 %。
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     The reserved maternal plant culture of asparagus was applied by N P K. Its econo-reasonable rates were N 52kg,P2O5 13 kg and K2O 47 kg. N : P2O5 : K2O is 1 : 0. 25: 0. 9 in raing and high temperate climate in wet sand soil in asparagus garden plot.
     在南方高温多雨的气候条件下,润沙土的芦笋园,留母茎栽培,较为经济合理的N、P、K亩用量为N 52kg、P_2O_5 13kg、K_2O 47kg即N:P_2O_5:K_2O比例为1:0.25:0.9。
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     The Influence of Climate on Wheat Quality
     气候条件对内蒙古地区小麦品质的影响
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     (4)The yields of ratooning rice of Lu 18S/53159, Kangliangyou 2054, Pei′ai 64S/E32 and Peiliangyou 500 were all above 5200 kg/hm~2. Considering synthetically yield of ratooning rice and the total of the two crops, under the climate conditions of 2002 in Changsha region, the optimal combination for ratooning was Pei′ai 64S/E32, followed by Kangliangyou 2054 and T98A/259.
     (4)陆18S/53159、康两优2054、培矮64S/E32和培两优500再生季产量较高,均在5200kg/hm2以上。 综合考虑再生季产量与两季总产,在2002年气候条件下,长沙地区最适于再生栽培的杂交稻是培矮64S/E32,其次是康两优2054和T98A/259。
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  风土
     Design means and the vision that the architecture environment in accordance the system is one another assisted is unified to the design rule ? On the basis of the difference structure history classifies to cause they be able to find the district on the basis of oneself ,such as Climate ,Religioake it constitutes the distinguishing feature, to mode the personality charming enn and folk custom distinguishing feature , politics, Economy ,The culture mvironment form.
     按照系统的建筑环境相佐的设计方法和视觉统一设计原理,根据不同建筑历史氛围进行分类使它们能根据自身的地域、风土、宗教和民俗特点,结合政治、经济、文化构成特色,塑造具有个性魅力的建筑环境形象。
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     Historically, the three religions,Confucianism, Buddhism, and the Japan Taoism, have exerted great influenceon the morality of Japanese people. In addition, the special geographicalenvironment, custom and climate of Japan also contribute a lot to theformation of current moral education system in this country.
     从历史上来看,儒教、佛教和日本的神道教,这三大宗教对日本人伦理道德的形成具有很大的影响,再加上日本特有的地理环境、风土、气候等影响和作用,构成了当今日本特有的道德教育体系。
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     It is necessary for us to pay attention to that we must make the technology transfer adapt with the local climate? wind?
     技术转移要注意与当地的气候风土和民族文化相适应。
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     Fengtu is composed of natural and humanity factors. Prevailing climate has a great impact on the nature,and social customs are the main factors of humanity.
     自然与人文因素的有机结合即构成了风土,也就是说风土的构成既包括自然因素,亦有人文因素,其中气候条件在自然因素中作用最大,而风俗习惯则成为人文因素中的主要因素。
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     simultaneously in accordance of local climate,integrating the alien planting technologies into the local ones,shaping a featured sugar cane planting technology form.
     同时又根椐本地风土,将外来的栽培技术揉合于本地技术之中,从而形成了颇具特色的甘蔗栽培技术形态.
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      climate
    Our study indicates that the model can be applied to study the interaction between land surface processes and atmospheric boundary layers over various underlying surfaces and their regional climate effects.
          
    This paper will establish a solid foundation to investigations on the coupling of climate models and the biosphere.
          
    This area has a harsh climate due to low temperatures and low air pressure at high elevations.
          
    With a temperate continental monsoon climate, the mountain area belongs to the warm temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest region.
          
    It is important to be able to monitor and estimate forest biomass and production, regional carbon storage, and global climate change impacts on these important vegetation types.
          
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    A.The Soils Since the goological formation of this mountainous area is quite uniform,a vertical distribution of soils is obviously observed. At the top of the mountain with an elevation of 8,500 feet,the podzolic soil is found. The process of podzolization is clearly shown by the translocation of clays,organic matter, and active aluminum from an upper to lower layer.The gray brown podzolic soil is distributed in areas ranging from 7,000 to 8,500 feet in elevation.It is developed under forest and has a...

    A.The Soils Since the goological formation of this mountainous area is quite uniform,a vertical distribution of soils is obviously observed. At the top of the mountain with an elevation of 8,500 feet,the podzolic soil is found. The process of podzolization is clearly shown by the translocation of clays,organic matter, and active aluminum from an upper to lower layer.The gray brown podzolic soil is distributed in areas ranging from 7,000 to 8,500 feet in elevation.It is developed under forest and has a surface covering of leaf litter and a surface soil with high content of organic matter.In places at an elevatin from 3,900 to 7,000 feet the yellow podzolic soil is dominant.At an elevation below 3,000 foot the red podzolic soil and the sketetal soil are fonnd. The analytical data of the soils of this area may be summarized as follows: 1.pH values of the soils:In the whole area,since the parent rock (gneiss) is poor in basic constituents,soils are all acid in reaction.The pH of the different horizons of the soils ranges from 4.0 to 5.5.The A_0 and A_1 horizons are usually less acid than B horizon,the A and B horizons are much more acid than the parent rock.This shows the leaching process of the soils under such a humid atmosphere. 2.Organic Matter of the soils:The organic matter content of the soils in this area is greatlg influenced by the kind of the vegetation cover.At an elevation of 8,500 feet, the soil developed under forest has 38.92% of organic matter in the A_1,while that under grass has only 11.08% of organic matter in the corresponding horizon.However as the vegetation cover is constant,the dopth of the A_1 and its organic matter content are evidently affected by the elevation.At an elevation of 3,000 feet,the A_1 horizon of the red podzolic soil is only 1 cm.in depth,and it has 3.37% of organic matter.At an elevation of 8,500 feet,howerver,the A_1 horizon of the podzolic soil is 7 cm.in depth, and it has 11.08% of organic matter.In addition,deposition of organic matter in the B horizon is clearly found in the podzolic soil,but it has not been seen in soils found at lower elevation. 3.Active aluminum of the soils:All the soils in this area are high in active aluminum. They contain from 20 to 16 p.p.m.of active aluminum.The content of active aluminum in the different horizons of the same profile has a very close relationship with the pH values of the corresponding horizon.The less acid the reaction the smaller is the amount of acitve aluminum.The active aluminum of the soil is usually higher in amount than that of the parent rock from which the soil is derived. 4.Available calcium magnesium,and potassium of the soils:All the soils are general- ly low in available calcium,magnesium,and potassium.The comparatively high content of these elements in the A horizon is derived from the leaves of the vegetation which are grown on that soil. 5.Available phosphorus of the soils:All the soils of this area are low in available phosphorus. 6.Available nitrate:All soils in this area are very low in nitrate. B.The Vegetation 1.The plants growing on soils of this area are most calcifuge species which are acid- loving (Vaughan and Wishe,1937).As far as the chemical analysis of the soil is concer- ned,those species may be assumed as not only acid-loving,buy also active aluminum- loving (Hutchinson,1943). 2.The distribution of the calcifuge plants In this area is apparently affected by the local climate in terms of elevation.Some of them (temperate plants) are confined to high elevation,others(tropical plants) being limited to low elevation,Two groups of the plants may be given as follows.Many of them are of the same species as those found in southwestern China (Hou,1944). (a) Plants mainly ocurring in areas at elevations from 7,000 to 8,500 foot (temperate plants): Pteridophyta: Destaedtia Scabra (Wall.) Moore Diranopteris linearis Under. Hicrioptris glauea Under. Hymenophyllum crispatum Wall. Hymenophyllum exsertum Wall. Lidsaya cultrata Sw. Lycopodium clavatum L. Plagiogyria pyphylla (Kunze) Mett. Pteridium aquilinum Wightianum Trym Pteris aspericaulis Wall. Flowering Plants: Castanopsis tribuloides A.DC. Lindera pulcherrima Bth. Osbeckia crinata Bth. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Rhododendron grande Wight Pieris formosana D.Don Vaccinium refersceda HK. Vaccinium serrasum Wight (b) Plants mainly ocurring in areas at elevation from 1,000 to 3,000 feet (tropical plants): Pteridophyta: Adiantum philippense L. Blechnum orientale L. Aglaoorpha coronaus Copel Lycopodium cernum L. Nephrolepsis cordifolia Presl Tectaria spp. Polypodium ucidum Roxb. Flowering plants: Oxyspora paniculate DC. Themeda arundinacea Ridl.

    1945年10月中旬,作者留印三月另一周,曾作三次野外调查,计包括印缅边区、恒河平原及喜马拉雅山东南麓等三区,茲先将大吉岭区调查结果,草成此文。调查区域大吉岭位于喜马拉雅山东南麓,在我国西藏边境,全区是山地,海拔自1000到9000尺不等,主为酸性的片麻岩地层,在拔海6500尺地点,年平均气温为56.3℉.,年雨量为122寸。土壤灰壤——灰棕壤组合:在拔海8500尺左右的山顶,灰壤见于草地上,而灰棕壤则发育在森林之下。灰棕壤——灰化黄壤组合:在拔海7000—8000尺地带,森林下仍是灰棕壤,而草地上则为灰化黄壤。灰化黄壤——粗骨土组合:在拔海1000—3000尺地带,片麻岩生成灰化红壤,酸性砂岩生成砾质土。全区土壤特征可归纳如下: (1)土壤 pH 值:全区因土壤母质为酸性片麻岩,各类土壤剖面亦为酸性反应;pH 值约自4.0至5.5。A_1层之 pH 值恒较 B 层为大,而土壤剖面内之 A 层及 B 层均较母岩之酸度为高。 (2)土壤有机质:从土壤有机质分析结果观之,显示植物种类对于土壤有机质之含量高低,有密切的关系,在拔海8500尺之地带,发育于森林下的灰棕壤,表土含有机质38.92%,而同处草类和蕨类植物...

    1945年10月中旬,作者留印三月另一周,曾作三次野外调查,计包括印缅边区、恒河平原及喜马拉雅山东南麓等三区,茲先将大吉岭区调查结果,草成此文。调查区域大吉岭位于喜马拉雅山东南麓,在我国西藏边境,全区是山地,海拔自1000到9000尺不等,主为酸性的片麻岩地层,在拔海6500尺地点,年平均气温为56.3℉.,年雨量为122寸。土壤灰壤——灰棕壤组合:在拔海8500尺左右的山顶,灰壤见于草地上,而灰棕壤则发育在森林之下。灰棕壤——灰化黄壤组合:在拔海7000—8000尺地带,森林下仍是灰棕壤,而草地上则为灰化黄壤。灰化黄壤——粗骨土组合:在拔海1000—3000尺地带,片麻岩生成灰化红壤,酸性砂岩生成砾质土。全区土壤特征可归纳如下: (1)土壤 pH 值:全区因土壤母质为酸性片麻岩,各类土壤剖面亦为酸性反应;pH 值约自4.0至5.5。A_1层之 pH 值恒较 B 层为大,而土壤剖面内之 A 层及 B 层均较母岩之酸度为高。 (2)土壤有机质:从土壤有机质分析结果观之,显示植物种类对于土壤有机质之含量高低,有密切的关系,在拔海8500尺之地带,发育于森林下的灰棕壤,表土含有机质38.92%,而同处草类和蕨类植物发育下的灰壤的表土,仅含有机质11.08%,但在相同的植物环境下,拔海高度或局部气候,也是支配土壤有机质含量的重要因素,例如在拔海3000尺地带,长有草类的灰化红壤,仅有极薄之有机质层,该层有机质含量为3.37%,而在拔海8500尺地带,长有草类的灰壤,则有较厚层有机质,其含量为11.08%。 (3)可溶性铝质:全区土壤含有高量可溶性铝,大约自20至160 p.p.m.,其含量与 pH 值高低相关,土壤 pH 值愈酸,可溶性铝含量就愈高。 (4)可溶性钙镁及钾质:全区土壤之可溶性钙,镁及钾等之含量均较低,但就同一土壤剖面而言,富于有机质的 A。或 A_1层的钙镁和钾质,常较 B 层为高,此点显示此等成份是来自植物遗体,亦即指示土壤中有机质与肥力之关系。 (5)全区土壤有效磷含量均甚低。 (6)全区土壤硝酸态氮之含量均极低,并有下淋现象。植物本文所论植物,仅以作者所采集而经各专家鉴定为限,其中以蕨类植物为主。本区的土壤都是酸性反应,所见的植物是以嫌钙性者为主,这些嫌钙性植物与拔海高度的关系很显著,兹将常见的植物种类,叙述如下: (一)主分布于拔海7000—8500尺地带的植物: 蕨类植物 Dennstaedtia scabra(Wall.)Moore Dicranopteris linearis Under. Hicriopteris glauca Under. Hymenophyllum crispatum Wall. Hymenophyllum exsertum Wall. Lindsaya cultrata Sw. Lycopodium clavatum L. Plagiogyria pycniphylla(Kunze)Mett. Pteridium aquilinum Wightianum Trym. Pteris aspericaulis Wall.种子植物 Castanopsis tribuloides A.DC. Lindera pulcherrima Bth. Osbeckia crinata Bth. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Rhododendron grande Wight Pieris formosana D.Don Vaccinium referesceda HK. Vaccinium Serrasm Wight(二)主分布于1000—3000尺地带的植物: 蕨类植物Adiantum philippense L.Blechnum orientale L.Aglaomorpha coron(?)us copelLycopodium cernuum L.Nephrolepsis cordifolia PresslTectaria spp.Polypodium lucidum Roxb.种子植物Oxysoira paniculata DC.Themedra arundinacea Ridl.

    The natural vegetation of Shantung Province, in the north temperate zone, is of the aestisilvae type. As the natural conditions vary in different parts of this province, the vegetation may be divided into the following four regions: 1. Alluvial plain of the Yellow River: This region is located at the northern part of this province. The saline soil is unfavorable for the growth of most plants. The following plants are characteristic: Tamarax chinensis, Apocynum venetum, Suaeda salsa, S. glauca, Artemisin capillaris,...

    The natural vegetation of Shantung Province, in the north temperate zone, is of the aestisilvae type. As the natural conditions vary in different parts of this province, the vegetation may be divided into the following four regions: 1. Alluvial plain of the Yellow River: This region is located at the northern part of this province. The saline soil is unfavorable for the growth of most plants. The following plants are characteristic: Tamarax chinensis, Apocynum venetum, Suaeda salsa, S. glauca, Artemisin capillaris, Aeluropus littoralis, Miscanthus sinensis, Phragmites karka, Carex sp. etc.. 2.Western Shantung plain: This region is located at the western part of the province. Most of the land is under cultivation and the soil is rich in calcium. There is no forest. The common trees are Populus tomentosa, P. alba P. davidiana, Ulmus spp. etc., and the herbaceous plants are Cynodon dactilon, Digitaria sanguinalis, Echinochloa colonum, Imperata cylindrica, Chenopodium album, Convolvulus chinensis,Xanthium japonicum, Crypi saculeata, Scirpus maritimus etc.. Plants which grow in the lake district largely belong to Phragmites communis, Scirpus maritimus, Zizania latifolia, Euryale ferox, Trapa bispinosa etc.. 3.Central South hilly region: This region has mostly been transformed into farms for a long time. On the hilly region there are still some remnant forests. The important trees are Pinus tabulaeformis, Biota orientalis. Quercus acutissima, Q. variabilis, Betula chinensis, Tilia mongolica etc.. On account of calcareous soil in this region, Biota orientalis is found most extensively. Gramineae leads all other herbaceous plants in abundance. The following species such as Arundinella amomala, Bothriochloa ischaemum, Setaria viridis, Pennisitum flaccidum etc. have a wide distribution. 4. Shantung Peninsula: The common native plants in this region are Pinus densiflora, Quercus dentata, Q. acutissima, Robinia pseudoacacia, Acer mono etc.. Pious densiflora is a native plant which grows all over the hilly region. Herbaceous plants are mostly Thymus serpyllum, Setaria viridis, S. lutescens etc.. Due to the oceanic climate with higher precipitation and humidity, plants enjoy a more vigorous growth than those in other regions. There develops a richer flora, some even with warm temperate elements.

    山东省之位置属于温带,植物分布为落葉闊葉林區,但在鲁中南及膠東區爲丘陵地带,落葉闊葉樹乃與針葉樹成混交林澑鶕∧谥匀粭l件,可将植物分布情况列為四區: 1.黃河冲積平原區:位於北部,為黄河三角州地帶,土壤含鹽分甚重,不宜於植物之生長。樹木只有檉柳、茶棵子等;草本以黄鬚菜、鹼蓬、茵陳蒿,獐毛、芒、蘆葦、黑三稜草等最為砇姟?2.魯西平原區:為西部之黄河冲積平原,多為農田,土壤含鈣甚多。區內無森林,常見之樹木有毛白楊、白楊、山楊、榆等?荼居泄费栏ⅠR唐、芒稷、白茅、藜、旋花、蒼耳、隱花草、荆三稜等。湖泊區域多蘆葦、荆三稜、蒲姜草、芡、菱等。3.魯中南區:為丘陵地區,平緩部分已闢為農田。山區有殘留森林,主要樹種為油松、侧柏、麻櫟、栓皮櫟、堅樺、椴等;土壤石灰質,側柏之繁盛為共特點。草本以禾本科為最多,常見的如野古草、白羊草、狗尾草、白草等,此外如細葉莎草、雞眼草、蚊子草等亦為砇姟?4.膠東區:在山東半島部份,主要樹種為赤松、洋槐、麻櫟、五角楓等,赤松自山麓至山上均有分佈,且為其鄉土,此乃本區之特徵;草本以蚊子草、狗尾草、金狗尾草為最多。在海灘地上少有高大樹木,常見樹種如洋槐、旱柳等均為栽培者,野生木本植物有酸棗...

    山东省之位置属于温带,植物分布为落葉闊葉林區,但在鲁中南及膠東區爲丘陵地带,落葉闊葉樹乃與針葉樹成混交林澑鶕∧谥匀粭l件,可将植物分布情况列為四區: 1.黃河冲積平原區:位於北部,為黄河三角州地帶,土壤含鹽分甚重,不宜於植物之生長。樹木只有檉柳、茶棵子等;草本以黄鬚菜、鹼蓬、茵陳蒿,獐毛、芒、蘆葦、黑三稜草等最為砇姟?2.魯西平原區:為西部之黄河冲積平原,多為農田,土壤含鈣甚多。區內無森林,常見之樹木有毛白楊、白楊、山楊、榆等?荼居泄费栏ⅠR唐、芒稷、白茅、藜、旋花、蒼耳、隱花草、荆三稜等。湖泊區域多蘆葦、荆三稜、蒲姜草、芡、菱等。3.魯中南區:為丘陵地區,平緩部分已闢為農田。山區有殘留森林,主要樹種為油松、侧柏、麻櫟、栓皮櫟、堅樺、椴等;土壤石灰質,側柏之繁盛為共特點。草本以禾本科為最多,常見的如野古草、白羊草、狗尾草、白草等,此外如細葉莎草、雞眼草、蚊子草等亦為砇姟?4.膠東區:在山東半島部份,主要樹種為赤松、洋槐、麻櫟、五角楓等,赤松自山麓至山上均有分佈,且為其鄉土,此乃本區之特徵;草本以蚊子草、狗尾草、金狗尾草為最多。在海灘地上少有高大樹木,常見樹種如洋槐、旱柳等均為栽培者,野生木本植物有酸棗、舖地胡枝子等;草本植物多蘆葦、狗尾草等。此區氣候由於受篞笳{節,雨量與溼度亦較高,故植物生長較其他三區繁盛,種類亦較多,亞熱带植物之分布亦多於他處,尤以海邊低地為甚。在自然地理上,秦嶺、淮河一線是中國南北氣候和土壤的重要分界線,也是植物的重要分界線。但是從山東的植物分布上,可以知道這條線並不能絕然的将植物分為南北二部分,因為山東仍是一个過渡的地帶,許多南方植物在魯南及膠東沿海都有分佈,如黄檀、山胡椒、烏桖、厚朴、王蘭、木犀、黄楊、谜葉樹等多种。在另一方面,北方植物分佈至山東為其最南界限者如糠椴、遼珍珠梅、遼磯松、榛等;而赤松、蒙古機、蒙椴等則南达苏北之雲台山。由此可加,山東之植物分佈上,仍在秦嶺、淮河一線之範圍内,如以淮河來作為植物之南北分界線,则并不能完全符合實際情况,尤以膠東沿海低地,南方植物種類繁多,可與淮河流域相此。因此,此一分界线之東端似有北移之必要。山東植物之分佈乃由環境条件综合影響之結果,但在不同地区,各種因素之作用並不一致,由於地形、土壤、温度和水分等之区别而使植物分布不同。本文所举植物種类和分布地點都是從各項资料所得到,作者将其分為四區,並初步提出了這種分区的理由和形成不同分布的原因。但限於材料的不够完全和水平的淺薄,因此本文的內容很不充實, 只能作为令後进一步研究山东植物地理的基础,希望大家提出补充和指出不正确的地方,而使这一项工作能够顺利的完成。

    Ⅰ. A brief mosquito survey was carried out in Changsha, Hunan Province from March to October, 1954. Adult pupae as well as larvae were collected from various habitats. As a result, twenty-six species of nine genera were discovered. They are 1. Anopheles hyrcanus var. sinensis, 2. Tripteroides aranoides, 3. Uranotaenia macfarlanei. 4. U. bimaculata, 5. Orthopodomyia anopheloides, 6. Ficalbia luzonensis, 7. Mansonia uniformis, 8. Armigeres obturbans, 9. Aedes vexans, 10. Ae. niveus, 11. Ae. albopictus, 12. Culex...

    Ⅰ. A brief mosquito survey was carried out in Changsha, Hunan Province from March to October, 1954. Adult pupae as well as larvae were collected from various habitats. As a result, twenty-six species of nine genera were discovered. They are 1. Anopheles hyrcanus var. sinensis, 2. Tripteroides aranoides, 3. Uranotaenia macfarlanei. 4. U. bimaculata, 5. Orthopodomyia anopheloides, 6. Ficalbia luzonensis, 7. Mansonia uniformis, 8. Armigeres obturbans, 9. Aedes vexans, 10. Ae. niveus, 11. Ae. albopictus, 12. Culex fuscanus, 13. C. vorax, 14. C. hayashii, 15. C. (Neoculex) sp. 16. C. malayi, 17. C. (Lophoceratomyia) sp. 18. C. pallidothorax, 19. C. bitaeniorhynchus, 20. C. sinensis, 21. C. whitmorei, 22. C. tritaeniorhynchus, 23. C. mimeticus. 24. C. mimutus, 25. C. vagans and 26. C. fatigans. Among these species Tripteroides aranoides, Uranotaenia bimaculata, Orthopodomyia anopheloides and Ficalbia luzonensis were recorded for the first time in the province.Ⅱ. As regards the distribution of these twenty-six species in Changsha, twelve of them were found in Tung Ch'u (or East District) and Pei Ch'u (or North District), ten in Nan Ch'u (or South District), and Si Ch'u (or West District), sixteen in Chin Pan Ch'u, thirteen in Wen I Ch'u, twenty-one in Hui Chuan Ch'u and Yue Lo Ch'u. In the city thirteen species were found and in suburb, twenty-five species.Ⅲ. The daytime resting places of mosquitoes have been classified as household, pigsties, cowstable, villages and hills. Different species of mosquitoes prefer different quarters as their daytime resting places.Ⅳ. Larvae of seventeen out of twenty-six species of mosquitoes have been found Their breeding places and their association with other species are discussed.Ⅴ. On the basis of larval collection six species are considered as important and common in Changsha, namely Culex fatigans, C. tritaeniorhynehus, C. vorax, Anopheles hyrcanus var. sinensis Aedes albopictus and Armigeres obturbans. The correlation between climate and ecology of these six species is also touched on.Ⅵ. A key to the identification of all known species of mosquitoes of Hunan is given.

    一.1954年3—10月,在长沙市初步调查蚊虫,共採得蚊种9属26种。其中有按蚊属1种、拟三翅蚊属1种、Uraunotaenia属2种、Orthopodomyia属1种、番蚊属1-种、曼蚊属1种、阿蚊属土种、蚊属3种及库蚊属15种(其中2种未定名)。所採得的9属26种蚊虫中,有树竹拟三翅蚊、Uranotaenia bimaculata、Orthopodo-myia anopheloides及罗宗番蚊4种,在湖南尚系首次报告。 二.长沙市蚊种的分佈,郊區有25种、中心區有13种。较为常见者有致乏库蚊、三 带喙库蚊、中华按蚊、白纹伊蚊貪食库蚊及骚扰阿蚊六种。 三.”长沙市各种成蚊的停歇处,主要是山陵、住宅、郊野及猪、牛栏。 四.在长沙市所发现的蚊虫中,只发现17种幼虫。各蚊种幼虫孳生地的范围是有差别的。致乏库蚊及贫食库蚊范围最广;Uranotaenia bimaculata、othopodomyiaanopheloides、黑足伊蚊的幼虫,只在树洞渍水中发现。 五.各蚊种幼虫间共生情况,已在文中讨论。 六.在调查的过程中,发现黑足伊蚊在傍晚时吸吮人血。 七.将湖南省已肢知蚊虫编为俭索表,以便有关工作人员之参考。

     
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