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   chronic bronchitis 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.01秒
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呼吸系统疾病
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chronic bronchitis     
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  慢性支气管炎
     Compared with the nSQCC patients,chronic bronchitis were significantly reduced in both SCLC and SQCC groups(26/62,4/22 and 23/92,respectively.P<0.05).
     与nSQCC患者相比,SCLC和SQCC组合并慢性支气管炎者明显减少(分别为26/62,4/22和23/92;P均<0.05);
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     Results There were 48.9%(86/176) and 30.1%(53/176) lung cancer patients intercurrent with COPD and chronic bronchitis,respectively.
     结果分别有48.9%(86/176)和30.1%(53/176)的肺癌合并有COPD和慢性支气管炎
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     Expressions of CD11c,CD14 and TGF-β1 mRNA in alveolar macrophages in chronic bronchitis
     慢性支气管炎患者肺泡巨噬细胞上CD11c、CD14及胞内TGF-β1mRNA表达的研究
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     Results The frequency of HLA DRB1*1201/1202(24.32%) was significantly increased in the chronic bronchitis group ( P<0.01) , and the frequency of HLA DRB1*1501/1502(23.44%) was significantly increased in the bronchial asthma group ( P<0.05) .
     结果 慢性支气管炎组HLA-DRB11201/1202 基因频率明显增高(P< 0.01),为24.32% ; 支气管哮喘组HLA-DRB11501/1502 基因频率明显增高(P< 0.05),为23.44% ;
短句来源
     RESULTS: Serum GLS in cancers, tuberculosis, pneumonia and chronic bronchitis groups were (908±300), (755±316), (820±294) and (570±147) mg/L;
     结果:恶性肿瘤、结核、肺炎、慢性支气管炎组血清GLS含量分别为(908±300)、(755±316)、(820±294)、(570±147)mg/L;
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  慢支
     The Clinical Significance of Measurement of TXB_2 and 6-K-PGF_(1α) of Plasma and Broncho-alveolar Lavage Fluid in Patients with Bronchial Asthma and Chronic Bronchitis
     哮喘与慢支患者血浆和肺泡灌洗液中TXB_2与6-K-PGF_(1α)测定的临床意义
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     Results ①The expression of TGF-β_1 in BEC of COPD group(0.785±0.071) increased compared to chronic bronchitis group(0.559±0.051)(P<0.05).
     结果①COPD组气道上皮细胞TGF-β1的表达(0.785±0.071)高于慢支组(0.559±0.051),差异有显著性P<0.05;
短句来源
     The ·V 75 %PEF%(%) in smokers and chronic bronchitis patiens were 87.7%~89.7% (again, percentages being within the normal range);
     ·V75%PEF% (% )在吸烟者和慢支患者为 87.7%~ 89.7% ,居正常范围 ;
短句来源
     The level of IL_8 in COPD (0.720 ng/ml) was significantly higher than those in chronic bronchitis (0.559 ng/ml,P<0.01)normal subjets (0.161 ng/ml,P<0.01).
     COPD组IL_8水平为 0 .72 0ng/ml,与慢支组 (0 .5 5 9ng/ml,P <0 .0 1)、健康组 (0 .16 1ng/ml,P <0 .0 1)比较差异有显著性。
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     The plasma ANF in patients with acute attack of asthma and chronic bronchitis were 287 87±141 03 ng/L and 289 10±162 63 ng/L,respectively,with no statistic difference between the two groups,which were significantly higher than that of control group(167 63±94 08 ng/L P <0 01).
     支气管哮喘发作期与慢支急性发作期ANF均明显高于对照组,ANF分别是287-87±141-03、289-10±162-63 ng/L及167-63±94-08 ng/L( P<0-01),但两组之间无显著性差异。
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  慢性支气管炎的
     Result: OR between Allergic Rhinitis, Chronic Bronchitis and the Northwest Dryness Syndrome is 2.0595, 5.5238, rs=0.5939, 0.5429 accordingly.
     结果:西北燥证与常年性变应性鼻炎、慢性支气管炎的比值比分别是2.0595,5.5238; 西北燥证症状积分与常年性变应性鼻炎、慢性支气管炎症状积分的等级相关系数分别是rs=0.5939,0.5429。
短句来源
     Clinical Observation on Chronic Bronchitis Treated with Tokay Yifeibao Capsule(蛤蚧益肺宝胶囊)
     蛤蚧益肺宝胶囊治疗慢性支气管炎的临床观察
短句来源
     Analysis of the influence of meteorological factors on chronic bronchitis
     影响慢性支气管炎的气象因素分析
     Conclusion IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8 were involved in pathogenesis mechanism of gerontal chronic bronchitis, and played important roles in chronic inflammatory response of airway and episode of acute phase.
     结论 :IL 2、IL 4、IL 6、IL 8均参与老年慢性支气管炎的发病机制 ,在慢性气道炎症病理过程及急性发作中起着重要作用。
短句来源
     Clinical characteritics and nursing care of 58 elderly patients with chronic bronchitis
     58例老年慢性支气管炎的临床特点及护理
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  慢性支气管
     The results show that rIL 2 promotes the activation of AMs, and probably counteract the inhibition the function of Th1 cells in respiratory tracts of the chronic bronchitis patients.
     说明rIL-2促进AM的活化,可能对慢性支气管病人呼吸道Th1细胞功能相对受抑有一定代偿作用。
短句来源
     Results The positive rates of allergic disease were higher than chronic bronchitis'(1030/1115,92.4%;40/142,28.2%). The difference is significant (x 2 =24.73P<0.001).
     结果变应性疾病组皮试阳性率高于慢性支气管组(1030/1115,92.4%;40/142,28.2%),差异有统计学意义(x2=24.73P<0.001)。
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      chronic bronchitis
    In addition, the sample included children with chronic infant lung disease (n = 151) and nonobstructive chronic bronchitis (n = 34).
          
    Bacteriological findings in the transtracheal aspirate from patients with acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
          
    Transtracheal aspirates from 87 patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis who had received no recent antibiotic treatment were examined.
          
    Serum and sputum antibiotic levels after ampicillin, amoxycillin and bacampicillin in chronic bronchitis patients
          
    Serum and sputum concentrations of ampicillin or amoxycillin were measured in patients admitted to hospital for acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis with purulent sputum.
          
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    A general survey of medicinal plants in our country and search of the traditional Chinese and folk medicine for the prevention and treatment of commonly occuring diseases has been carried out in our institute during the past 21 years. This paper presents some aspects of our work on medicinal plants.l.In our studies on drugs affecting the CNS, we have identified scopolamine as the active principle of the traditional Chinese anesthetic. Securinine, which is an alkaloid isolated from Securinega suf fruticosa Rehd,...

    A general survey of medicinal plants in our country and search of the traditional Chinese and folk medicine for the prevention and treatment of commonly occuring diseases has been carried out in our institute during the past 21 years. This paper presents some aspects of our work on medicinal plants.l.In our studies on drugs affecting the CNS, we have identified scopolamine as the active principle of the traditional Chinese anesthetic. Securinine, which is an alkaloid isolated from Securinega suf fruticosa Rehd, Ganoderma, Gastrodia elata Bl, Schizandra chinensis Baill, Acorns gramineus Soland, Batrytis bassiana Bals, have been shown to be depressaents of the CNS.In addition, we have isolated two new alkaloids, anisodamine and anisodine from Scopolia tangutica Maxim. Both alkaloids have spasmolytic activity on the smooth muscle, practically the same as atropine. Anisodine is weaker than scopolamine and close to atropine in its effect on the CNS, while anisodamine is much weaker, about 1/6 to 1/20 of that of atropine.2.For anticancer agents, we have isolated from Cephylotaxus hainanensis 14 alkaloids, of which harringtonine was shown to have anticancer activity in rodent tumors. Clinical trials of harringtonine on 74 leukemia patients showed that 64 responded favorably, of whom 24 achieved complete remission. Since the content of harringtonine is very low, partial and total synthesis of harringtonine were accomplished. Indirubin was found to be useful for the treatment of chronic myelocytic leukemia patients. The total synthesis and some investigations on the pharmacological action of this drug were carried out.3.Our work on the drugs for the cardiovascular system involves researches on hypotensive agents, cardiotonics and drugs for the treatment of coronary heart diseases. For example, total isoflavones isolated from Pueraria lobata Li. were found to be only mildly hypotensive. However, intravenous injection of this drug to anesthetized dogs increased cerebral as well as coronary blood flow. The oxygen consumption of the myocardium and the production of lactic acid decreased, while the blood oxygen supply increased. Now, Pueraria and its isoflavones are used for the relief of symptoms of hypertensive disease, migraine, sudden deafness and angina pectoris.4.In an attempt to search for medicaments for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, we have studied three of the Rhododendrons:R. dauricum L., R.micranthum and R,anthopogonoides. A total of 27 constituents were isolated.The expectorant constituents are farrerol, demethyl farrerol, astragalin, etc. The antitussive constituents are hyperin, isohyperin, germacron benzylacetone. Scopoletin was found to be asthmolytic.5.For contraceptives, we found that gossypol possessed antifertility action on male rats. On administration of this drug, spermatids were damaged first. With the increase in dosage and duration of treatment, the spermatocytes were also damaged. In clinical trial, more than ten thousand subjects have been treated with gossypol. The efficacy is 99%. Side effects are mild and of relatively low incidence.

    作者分十个方面综述了该研究所对若干中草药药理和化学的研究进展。本文是其中的前五部分。

    A rapid, reproducible and micro-quantitative method for the evaluation of the IgG contents in whole blood samples was reported. Each 20μl whole bloodsamples were collected from ear lobes by a pipette used in the Sahli hemometer and mixed with 0.73ml of saline. Thereafter, the formalinization and electroimmunoassay was performed as described eleswere. A single rocket peak of each sample was obtained after electrophoresis and staining. The IgG contents in whole blood samples of 18 healthy young adults and of 16...

    A rapid, reproducible and micro-quantitative method for the evaluation of the IgG contents in whole blood samples was reported. Each 20μl whole bloodsamples were collected from ear lobes by a pipette used in the Sahli hemometer and mixed with 0.73ml of saline. Thereafter, the formalinization and electroimmunoassay was performed as described eleswere. A single rocket peak of each sample was obtained after electrophoresis and staining. The IgG contents in whole blood samples of 18 healthy young adults and of 16 patients with chronic bronchitis were thus determined. A comparison was also made between the IgG content in 2 ml whole blood with the IgG content of 1ml of serum from each individual respectively. The results obtained showed no statistical significance.

    报告了一种快速、微量、可重复的全血IgG定量法。用血色素吸管采耳垂血20微升,用生理盐水适当稀释后,按前文所述方法进行醛化和火箭免疫电泳,结果每一样品形成单一的火箭蜂。测定了十八名健康青壮年耳垂血和十六例慢性气管炎病人静脉血,并将同一个体的2毫升全血和1毫升血清的IgG含量作了比较,结果差别无统计学意义。根据正常人全血中血浆约占55%的体积,提出公式D_s=2D_b(1—5%),借以将每2毫升全血的IgG含量换算成1毫升血清IgG含量的近似值。同一份血标本分别用不同稀释液稀释,保存于4℃,并在两周内反复作八次电泳,测它们的IgG含量。变异系数分别为7.11%和5.47%。应用此法,IgG的定量只需几滴血,且很适合于对婴儿、儿童血中Ig水平的测定,也适合于对同一个体血中Ig动态变化的研究。

    Mao-Yan-Cao(Euphorbia Lunudata Bge.),a chinese herb,has beneficial effect inthe treatment of chronic bronchitis.Six crystalline compounds have been isolatedfrom Mao-Yan-Cao by polyamide column chromatography and borax-ethyl acetateextracting method.Through spectroscopic analyses (UV,IR,NMR,MS) and thedetermination of physico-chemical constants,five of them have been identified as 3,5,7,4′-tetrahydroxyflavone (kaemperol),3,5,7,3′,4′-pentahydroxyflavone(quercetin),kaempferol-3-mono-L-rhammoside,quercetin-3-mono-L-rhammoside...

    Mao-Yan-Cao(Euphorbia Lunudata Bge.),a chinese herb,has beneficial effect inthe treatment of chronic bronchitis.Six crystalline compounds have been isolatedfrom Mao-Yan-Cao by polyamide column chromatography and borax-ethyl acetateextracting method.Through spectroscopic analyses (UV,IR,NMR,MS) and thedetermination of physico-chemical constants,five of them have been identified as 3,5,7,4′-tetrahydroxyflavone (kaemperol),3,5,7,3′,4′-pentahydroxyflavone(quercetin),kaempferol-3-mono-L-rhammoside,quercetin-3-mono-L-rhammoside and 6,7-dihy-droxycourmarin respectively.The sixth component is a new coumarin derivative,namedMaoyancaosu to which structure Ⅵ is tentatively assigned.

    猫眼草(Euphorbia Lunulata Bge.)是民间治疗慢性气管炎的一种草药.为阐明其有效成分,提高疗效,对猫眼草进行了化学成分的研究.利用硼砂-乙酸乙酯,聚酰胺柱层析等方法,分离到六种结晶(Ⅰ~Ⅵ).经红外光谱、紫外光谱、质谱与核磁共振谱等分析及物理化学常数的测定,鉴定出其中五种结晶(Ⅰ~Ⅴ)分别为3,5,7,4′-四羟基黄酮(山萘酚),3,5,7,3′,4′-五羟基黄酮(槲皮素),山萘酚-3-单-L-鼠李糖甙,槲皮素-3-单-L-鼠李糖甙,与6,7-双羟基香豆精.Ⅵ是新化合物,其结晶经测定证明亦属香豆精类,命名为猫眼草素(Maoyancaosu).

     
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