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   chronic bronchitis 在 预防医学与卫生学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.137秒
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chronic bronchitis
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  chronic bronchitis
In addition, the sample included children with chronic infant lung disease (n = 151) and nonobstructive chronic bronchitis (n = 34).
      
Bacteriological findings in the transtracheal aspirate from patients with acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
      
Transtracheal aspirates from 87 patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis who had received no recent antibiotic treatment were examined.
      
Serum and sputum antibiotic levels after ampicillin, amoxycillin and bacampicillin in chronic bronchitis patients
      
Serum and sputum concentrations of ampicillin or amoxycillin were measured in patients admitted to hospital for acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis with purulent sputum.
      
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One hundred and ninty-three patients who died from lung cancer were matched in sex, age and living place to other 193 controls who died from non-lung cancer. The Relative Risk(RR) in smoking was 5.8 in males and 1.5 in females, and RR in exposure to coal fumes was 0.77 in males and 1.75 in females. In addition, lung cancer had close relations with some respiratory diseases such as tuberculosis, emphysema and chronic bronchitis in particular. The RR in chronic bronchitis is four times that in non-chronic...

One hundred and ninty-three patients who died from lung cancer were matched in sex, age and living place to other 193 controls who died from non-lung cancer. The Relative Risk(RR) in smoking was 5.8 in males and 1.5 in females, and RR in exposure to coal fumes was 0.77 in males and 1.75 in females. In addition, lung cancer had close relations with some respiratory diseases such as tuberculosis, emphysema and chronic bronchitis in particular. The RR in chronic bronchitis is four times that in non-chronic bronchitis.

本文报导了广州市1983年193例肺癌死者的配对调查分析。结果表明,肺癌与吸烟有明显的关系,相对危险度男性为5.8,女性为1.5,男女均可见吸烟量与相对危险度之间有密切正相关。结果还表明,接触煤烟患肺癌的相对危险度女性明显高对男性,提示室内空气污染可能与肺癌有关。肺癌还与肺结核、慢性支气管炎、肺气肿等呼吸道疾病史有关,尤其是慢性支气管炎,其患肺癌的相对危险度为非慢性支气管炎的4倍。

Studies on hazardous effects of wood dust and the relationship between effects and airborne dust concentration were made through a survey in a wood processing factory. Evidence suggested that exposure to wood dust could result in chronic bronchitis, rhinitis, the fall in FEV1/FVC and the abnormalities of chest radiograph. Exposure to higher dust concentration tended to show higher prevalences of above disorders. Allergic reactions of airway and skin were brought about in a few cases dominantly due to pine...

Studies on hazardous effects of wood dust and the relationship between effects and airborne dust concentration were made through a survey in a wood processing factory. Evidence suggested that exposure to wood dust could result in chronic bronchitis, rhinitis, the fall in FEV1/FVC and the abnormalities of chest radiograph. Exposure to higher dust concentration tended to show higher prevalences of above disorders. Allergic reactions of airway and skin were brought about in a few cases dominantly due to pine and oak dust. A conclusion was made that current maximum allowable concentration of 10mg/m3 for some kinds of wood dust involved in this study could not protect workers from their harmfulness.

本文通过对某木材加工厂的调查,探讨了木生对工人健康的危害及其浓度与危害之间的关系。结果表明,木生接触可引起慢性支气管炎,鼻炎,第一秒用力呼气量比值(FEV_(1.0)/FVC)降低和X线胸片异常。并看到上述危害与浓度之间存在一定接触水平-反应关系的趋势。调查中还发现个别工人对松木和柞木等木尘出现了气道和皮肤的过敏性反应。结论认为,对于本研究中所涉及的几个木种的木生,采用10mg/m~3的最高容许值似不能充分保护工人的健康不受危害。

Seventy-nine male welders with average 10.8 yr welding experience and forty male controls, whose age, hights, weights and smoking habits were basically identical, were investigated. Each person, after clinical examination, had to perform a series of pulmonary function tests. There were significant differences in overall prevalences of respiratory symptoms between welders and controls. The relative risk of chronic bronchitis of the welders was 6 No significant differences of pulmonary ventilative functions...

Seventy-nine male welders with average 10.8 yr welding experience and forty male controls, whose age, hights, weights and smoking habits were basically identical, were investigated. Each person, after clinical examination, had to perform a series of pulmonary function tests. There were significant differences in overall prevalences of respiratory symptoms between welders and controls. The relative risk of chronic bronchitis of the welders was 6 No significant differences of pulmonary ventilative functions was found, however, it was shown that the indices reflecting the small airway function seemed to be worse than that of routine ventilative functions in welders group. The results suggested that there might be a light damage in small airway of the welders.

作者调查了79名电焊工和40名条件均衡的对照者的呼吸道症状,和肺通气功能以及电焊现场的卫生状况。焊工组呼吸道症状的检出率明显高于对照组,慢支的相对危险性为6.0两组肺功能指标无显著性差异,但反映小气道功能的指标有变差的趋势,提示有轻度损害的危险。

 
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