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   chronic bronchitis 在 临床医学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.203秒
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呼吸系统疾病
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chronic bronchitis
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  chronic bronchitis
In addition, the sample included children with chronic infant lung disease (n = 151) and nonobstructive chronic bronchitis (n = 34).
      
Bacteriological findings in the transtracheal aspirate from patients with acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
      
Transtracheal aspirates from 87 patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis who had received no recent antibiotic treatment were examined.
      
Serum and sputum antibiotic levels after ampicillin, amoxycillin and bacampicillin in chronic bronchitis patients
      
Serum and sputum concentrations of ampicillin or amoxycillin were measured in patients admitted to hospital for acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis with purulent sputum.
      
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Assessments of blood rheology were undertaken in 32 cases ( over 60 years of age ) with gero-hypertension and 35 with chronic gero-bronchitis and infection, The results of these assessments were compared with those obtained from 30 healthy old people ever age of 60 years, It was found that the whole blood viscosity (of two types of shear rate ) in aged males was higher than that in aged females (p<0.05).The hematocrit and erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR) was also obviously higher than those in aged females...

Assessments of blood rheology were undertaken in 32 cases ( over 60 years of age ) with gero-hypertension and 35 with chronic gero-bronchitis and infection, The results of these assessments were compared with those obtained from 30 healthy old people ever age of 60 years, It was found that the whole blood viscosity (of two types of shear rate ) in aged males was higher than that in aged females (p<0.05).The hematocrit and erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR) was also obviously higher than those in aged females ( p<0.05 ) . The whole blood viscosity,plasma viscosity and eryththrocytes electrophoresis time significantly differed from those in the healthy aged ( p<0.01 ) . The blood rheology assessments of six clauses in the aged with chronic bronchitis and infection also elevalted evidently, except for erythrocyte sedimentation rate . This may be related to the hypertension , the chronic bronchitis and infection, the senility , poor deformability and increased agglutination of the red blood cells. The increase of fibrinogen contents may be a relevant factor leading to the increase of plasma viscosity. The increase of blood rheology measurement , the promotion of producing microcircular disturbance and the reduction of tissues perfusion, we think , are one of the most important mechanisms of the occurence and development of these diseases.

本文采用XN—5型自动计时直显比粘度和切变速率可调的玻璃毛细管式粘度计和自动计时细胞电泳仪,对30例健康老年人,32例老年高血压病,35例老年慢支并感染病人进行了全套血液流变学指标的观察。检查结果表明,健康老年人全血粘度(两种切变速率测定全血粘度)男性高于女性(P<0.05)。血球压积和血沉男性与女性比较也有显著增高(P<0.05)。老年高血压病人显示两种切变速率的全血粘度、血浆粘度、红细胞电泳时间,与健康老人比较有非常显著的差别(P<0.01)。老年慢支并感染病人,除血沉外,6项血液流变学检查非常明显高于健康老年人(P<0.01)。增高的原因可能与高血压、慢支并感染、红细胞老化、变形能力差及聚集性增高有关。纤维蛋白原增加可能是血浆粘度增高的有关因素。认为血液流变学测定的增高,促使产生微循环障碍,组织灌注减少是这些疾病发生、发展的重要机制之一。

We formed an estimation of the erythocytes electrophoresis time in 50 cases of healthy old people over 60 years of age, 54 of the aged with chronic bronchitis and 52 of the young and robust adults, and made contrast observations on 42 cases of the aged with chronic bronchitis in erythrocytes electrophoresis time around the period of treatment with combined Chinese and western medicine. It is shown that the erythrocytes electrophoresis time is longer than in the young and robust adults ( P<0.01 ),...

We formed an estimation of the erythocytes electrophoresis time in 50 cases of healthy old people over 60 years of age, 54 of the aged with chronic bronchitis and 52 of the young and robust adults, and made contrast observations on 42 cases of the aged with chronic bronchitis in erythrocytes electrophoresis time around the period of treatment with combined Chinese and western medicine. It is shown that the erythrocytes electrophoresis time is longer than in the young and robust adults ( P<0.01 ), but after the treatment, this value revealed an evidently decrease in the aged with chronic bronchitis ( P<0.01 ). We are of the opinion that an assessment of the erythrocytes electrophoresis time may be used as one of observation indicia of the hemorheology and curativeeffect on chronic bronchitis, it is also helpful in making a diagnosis of the disease. The mechanism change of erythrocytes electrophoresis time in above mentioned cases has been disc-ssed in detail.

本文采用XN—5型自动电子计时细胞电泳仪对50例60岁以上健康老年人,54例老年慢性支气管炎患者,52例青壮年进行了红细胞电泳时间的测定,并对42例老年慢性支气管炎患者进行了中西医治疗前后红细胞电泳时间的对比观察。结果表明,健康老年人红细胞电泳时间比青壮年明显延长(P<0.01);老慢支患者的红细胞电泳时间与青壮年和健康老年人比较,非常明显的延长(P>0.01) ;而治疗后红细胞电泳时间则明显缩短(P<0.01)。认为红细胞电泳时间的测定可以作为血液流变学和慢性支气管炎疗效的观察指标之一;对慢支的诊断有一定的帮助。此外,对老年人、老慢支患者治疗前后红细胞电泳时间改变的机理进行了探讨。

Nine cases of cough-syncope syndrome are reported. Since 1964, 75 cases of this syndrome have been described in China. Most of them have been in males; 91% were above 40 years of age. The primary disease is chronic bronchitis. The attacks usually occur following a severe dry cough after which the patient suddenly falls down, losing consciousness for from 10 to 30 seconds. The neurological examination is normal. The pathogenesis of the syndrome is discussed. There is no specific treatment except for the...

Nine cases of cough-syncope syndrome are reported. Since 1964, 75 cases of this syndrome have been described in China. Most of them have been in males; 91% were above 40 years of age. The primary disease is chronic bronchitis. The attacks usually occur following a severe dry cough after which the patient suddenly falls down, losing consciousness for from 10 to 30 seconds. The neurological examination is normal. The pathogenesis of the syndrome is discussed. There is no specific treatment except for the primary disease and avoidance of harm from the fall. Prognosis for the syndrome is good.

本文报告9例咳嗽晕厥综合征,并分析了国内报告的75例临床表现,发现患者中绝大多数为男性,40岁以上的占91%,原发病以慢性支气管炎为主,常在剧烈咳嗽后突然摔倒、意识丧失。多数患者于lo~30秒内自然清醒,神经系统检查正常。本文对其发病机理进行了讨论。除需治疗原发病及预防摔伤外无其它特殊治疗,预后良好。

 
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