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   chronic bronchitis 在 呼吸系统疾病 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.195秒
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chronic bronchitis     
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  chronic bronchitis
In addition, the sample included children with chronic infant lung disease (n = 151) and nonobstructive chronic bronchitis (n = 34).
      
Bacteriological findings in the transtracheal aspirate from patients with acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
      
Transtracheal aspirates from 87 patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis who had received no recent antibiotic treatment were examined.
      
Serum and sputum antibiotic levels after ampicillin, amoxycillin and bacampicillin in chronic bronchitis patients
      
Serum and sputum concentrations of ampicillin or amoxycillin were measured in patients admitted to hospital for acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis with purulent sputum.
      
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A study of the maximal expiratoryflow volume (MEFV) curves of 168cases of chronic obstructive pulmonarydiseases (COPD) was made. Severalordinary pulmonary function tests(FVC,FEV_(1.0), MMEF and FEF_(75~85%))were determined. The patientsconsisted of 59 cases (men 33, women26) of chronic bronchitis, 45 cases(men 25, women 20) of emphysemaand 64 cases (men 34, women 30) ofcor pulmonale. The method used was the same asthe one previously used "the point-measured method". The means andSD of the measured values...

A study of the maximal expiratoryflow volume (MEFV) curves of 168cases of chronic obstructive pulmonarydiseases (COPD) was made. Severalordinary pulmonary function tests(FVC,FEV_(1.0), MMEF and FEF_(75~85%))were determined. The patientsconsisted of 59 cases (men 33, women26) of chronic bronchitis, 45 cases(men 25, women 20) of emphysemaand 64 cases (men 34, women 30) ofcor pulmonale. The method used was the same asthe one previously used "the point-measured method". The means andSD of the measured values wereobtained from this determination foreach index according to disease andsex groups. Also their means ofpredicted values and the normal lowerlimits were estimated from the regres-sion equations made by the authors.Thus, their means of measured valuesin percentage in relation to predictedvalues were calculated. There were significant differencesbetween the means of FVC, FEV_(1.0),and V_(25) in chronic bronchitis, FVCin emphysema and all indices in corpulmonale; but no significant differ-ences in the means of measured valuesin percentage in relation to predictedvalues except FVC in emphysema inwhich p<0.05. Using the means of measured valuesin percentage in relation to the pre-dicted values, we grossly made therange of diagnosing COPD with expiredV_(50) and V_(75): Chronic bronchitis>65%, emphysema between 65 and30% and cor pulmonale<30%. The shapes of MEFV curves ofchronic bronchitis were essentiallynormal, while in emphysema and corpulmonale, the decending parts ofMEFV curves became flat and convextoward the volume axis. The positionof the peak flow rate (PFR) in chronicbronchitis was normally located inexpired 20~25% VC. while in emphy-sema and cor pulmonale it appearedbefore expired 10% VC. This indicatedsome pathological changes in elasticrecoil of lung and small airways.

本文报导用“点值法”测定168例慢性阻塞性肺部疾病(COPD)老年患者的MEFV曲线。发现男女之间同种病例以实测值占估计值百分数的均数表示无显著差异(P>0.05)。采用实测值占估计值的百分数,本测定初步订出用呼出V75和V50诊断COPD的范围为:慢性支气管炎大于65%,肺气肿为65~30%,肺心病小于30%。

Plain chest radiographs of 210 cases with chronic bronchitis were analysed. According to the appearance of the chest radiograph in chronic bronchitis, three types were classified as increased-lung-marking type, emphysematous type, and mixed type.The radiographic findings in chronic bronchitis with cor pulmonale were studied. Severe emphysema and cor pulmonale were observed more frequently in the asthmatic type of chronic bronchitis than in the simple type.

本文通过对210例慢性支气管炎胸部平片的X线分析,探讨了慢性支气管炎的X线表现和分型,肺心病的早期发现,以及胸部平片对诊断慢性支气管炎的评价。

Ventilation function and reversibility test in airway obstruction Were performed in 40 patients With Chronic bronchitis, 20 patients With bronchial asthma, 20 patients With Cot pulmonale amd 20 normal Subjects. The Common index of lung function in the test of bronchodilator is estimated and the diagnostic Standard of reversibility in airway obstruction is studied. It is Suggested that inhalation of isoprenaline may be given as aroutine before estimation of residual Volume.

本文对正常人、慢性支气管炎、支气管哮喘、肺心病四组进行肺通气功能、残气检查和气道可逆性的测定,藉以评价支气管舒张剂试验中常用的肺功能指标,探讨气道可逆性因素的判断核准。指出在临床肺通气功能检查中,尤其在以残气检查结果来判断肺功能时,必须考虑气道可逆性因素。并建议把吸入异丙基肾上腺素作为残气测定前的常规准备程序。

 
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