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   chronic bronchitis 在 肿瘤学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.011秒
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chronic bronchitis
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  chronic bronchitis
In addition, the sample included children with chronic infant lung disease (n = 151) and nonobstructive chronic bronchitis (n = 34).
      
Bacteriological findings in the transtracheal aspirate from patients with acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
      
Transtracheal aspirates from 87 patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis who had received no recent antibiotic treatment were examined.
      
Serum and sputum antibiotic levels after ampicillin, amoxycillin and bacampicillin in chronic bronchitis patients
      
Serum and sputum concentrations of ampicillin or amoxycillin were measured in patients admitted to hospital for acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis with purulent sputum.
      
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Fifty-two surgical and 10 autopsy cases of bronchiole-alveolar carcinoma (BAC) were analysed in an attempt to make a pathologic grading and find out the histogenesis of this tumor.Histopathologically, alveolar, slit and mixed types of BAC were seen and accounted for 29%, 13% and 58% respectively. All these tumors can be subdivided into grade Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ, according to the degree of differentiation. In grade I BAC the tumors were smaller, most of them were under 5cm. in diameter, less frequent to metastasize,...

Fifty-two surgical and 10 autopsy cases of bronchiole-alveolar carcinoma (BAC) were analysed in an attempt to make a pathologic grading and find out the histogenesis of this tumor.Histopathologically, alveolar, slit and mixed types of BAC were seen and accounted for 29%, 13% and 58% respectively. All these tumors can be subdivided into grade Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ, according to the degree of differentiation. In grade I BAC the tumors were smaller, most of them were under 5cm. in diameter, less frequent to metastasize, and with a higher survival rate, while in grade III BAC the tumors were larger, most exceeded 3 cm, more frequent to metastasize and with a lower survival rate, grade II BAC stood in between.Scar formation was found in 35 cases in which 24 were intrapulmonary and the rest were in the pleura. 19 cases of BAC were associated with chronic interstitial pneumonitis, 21 chronic bronchitis, and 6 tuberculosis. They were mostly found in mixed type. The frequent association of chronic interstitial lung diseases with this tumor implicated its role in pathogenesis of the disease.The existence of multicentric growth of BAG was proved by multiple sites of malignant transformation, either outside the main tumor (15 cases), or alternatively leaving 2-3 separate lesions of transformation within the same specimen (5 cases), The multiple tumor masses of the same size indicated the possibility of raulticentrio origin.

本文分析52例手术切除和10例尸体解剖的细支气管肺泡癌(BAC),并对它们进行分级和组织来源之探讨。根据组织学,此病可分为肺泡、裂隙和混合三型,各占29%、13%和58%。按其分化程度可划分成Ⅰ、Ⅱ和Ⅲ级。Ⅰ级瘤体较小;较少转移;Ⅲ级则反之。Ⅱ级介于Ⅰ与Ⅲ级之间。各级的生物学行为和预后不同。多处良性上皮过渡到恶性的病灶见于同一肺内以及大小一致的癌结节,皆提示部分病例的肿瘤起源为多中心性。35例有疤痕形成,其24例在肺内,余在胸膜下。19例有慢性间质性肺炎,21例慢性支气管炎,6例结核,说明本病之发生可能与慢性肺组织炎症及疤痕有关。

The results of 871 chest X-ray plain films showed that 254 cases were normal with the rate of 29.2% only and red uced as the age advanced. Chronic bronchitis, aortic extension and distortion were the chief diseases and 3 lung carcinoma cases were diagnosed. It is illustrated that chest X-ray plain film is still important in the Physical examination.

871例干部体检的X线胸片分析结果表明:正常者254例,正常率仅29.2%,且随年龄的增长而降低。主要病变有慢性支气管炎、主动脉增宽与迂曲,而且还发现了3例肺癌,说明胸部平片检查在体检中仍具有重要的意义。

Seven patients with chest x-ray negative carcinoma were reported.They were six males and one female with an average of 51.6 years old (range:37 to 74 years).All of them were diag- nosed by pathologic examination.Five were detected by exfoliative cytologic examination of sputum,one by bronchoscopic biopsy,the other by lobectomy specimen.Clinically,the commonest symptom is cough,but it may be neglected especially in elder cases who have a long-term smoking history or have chronic bronchitis.Unknown etiologic...

Seven patients with chest x-ray negative carcinoma were reported.They were six males and one female with an average of 51.6 years old (range:37 to 74 years).All of them were diag- nosed by pathologic examination.Five were detected by exfoliative cytologic examination of sputum,one by bronchoscopic biopsy,the other by lobectomy specimen.Clinically,the commonest symptom is cough,but it may be neglected especially in elder cases who have a long-term smoking history or have chronic bronchitis.Unknown etiologic hemoptysis may be a important clue.Therefore,examination of the cellular content of sputum and combine with chest plain roentgenogram was recommended method to discover the early-stage pulmonary carcinoma.

本文报告了7例胸片阴性肺癌,男性6例、女性1例。平均年龄56.1岁(37~74岁)。全部病例均经病理检查确定:5例由痰脱落细胞检查,1例经支气管镜活检,另1例经肺叶切除标本检查确诊。临床上,咳嗽是最常见的症状,但易被忽略,特别是有慢性支气管炎或长期吸烟史者;原因不明的咳血为重要的线索。痰的细胞学检查结合胸片是发现早期肺癌的方法。

 
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