助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   chronic bronchitis 在 药学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.183秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
药学
呼吸系统疾病
中医学
中药学
临床医学
内分泌腺及全身性疾病
预防医学与卫生学
肿瘤学
心血管系统疾病
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

chronic bronchitis
相关语句
没有找到相关双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  chronic bronchitis
In addition, the sample included children with chronic infant lung disease (n = 151) and nonobstructive chronic bronchitis (n = 34).
      
Bacteriological findings in the transtracheal aspirate from patients with acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
      
Transtracheal aspirates from 87 patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis who had received no recent antibiotic treatment were examined.
      
Serum and sputum antibiotic levels after ampicillin, amoxycillin and bacampicillin in chronic bronchitis patients
      
Serum and sputum concentrations of ampicillin or amoxycillin were measured in patients admitted to hospital for acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis with purulent sputum.
      
更多          


A general survey of medicinal plants in our country and search of the traditional Chinese and folk medicine for the prevention and treatment of commonly occuring diseases has been carried out in our institute during the past 21 years. This paper presents some aspects of our work on medicinal plants.l.In our studies on drugs affecting the CNS, we have identified scopolamine as the active principle of the traditional Chinese anesthetic. Securinine, which is an alkaloid isolated from Securinega suf fruticosa Rehd,...

A general survey of medicinal plants in our country and search of the traditional Chinese and folk medicine for the prevention and treatment of commonly occuring diseases has been carried out in our institute during the past 21 years. This paper presents some aspects of our work on medicinal plants.l.In our studies on drugs affecting the CNS, we have identified scopolamine as the active principle of the traditional Chinese anesthetic. Securinine, which is an alkaloid isolated from Securinega suf fruticosa Rehd, Ganoderma, Gastrodia elata Bl, Schizandra chinensis Baill, Acorns gramineus Soland, Batrytis bassiana Bals, have been shown to be depressaents of the CNS.In addition, we have isolated two new alkaloids, anisodamine and anisodine from Scopolia tangutica Maxim. Both alkaloids have spasmolytic activity on the smooth muscle, practically the same as atropine. Anisodine is weaker than scopolamine and close to atropine in its effect on the CNS, while anisodamine is much weaker, about 1/6 to 1/20 of that of atropine.2.For anticancer agents, we have isolated from Cephylotaxus hainanensis 14 alkaloids, of which harringtonine was shown to have anticancer activity in rodent tumors. Clinical trials of harringtonine on 74 leukemia patients showed that 64 responded favorably, of whom 24 achieved complete remission. Since the content of harringtonine is very low, partial and total synthesis of harringtonine were accomplished. Indirubin was found to be useful for the treatment of chronic myelocytic leukemia patients. The total synthesis and some investigations on the pharmacological action of this drug were carried out.3.Our work on the drugs for the cardiovascular system involves researches on hypotensive agents, cardiotonics and drugs for the treatment of coronary heart diseases. For example, total isoflavones isolated from Pueraria lobata Li. were found to be only mildly hypotensive. However, intravenous injection of this drug to anesthetized dogs increased cerebral as well as coronary blood flow. The oxygen consumption of the myocardium and the production of lactic acid decreased, while the blood oxygen supply increased. Now, Pueraria and its isoflavones are used for the relief of symptoms of hypertensive disease, migraine, sudden deafness and angina pectoris.4.In an attempt to search for medicaments for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, we have studied three of the Rhododendrons:R. dauricum L., R.micranthum and R,anthopogonoides. A total of 27 constituents were isolated.The expectorant constituents are farrerol, demethyl farrerol, astragalin, etc. The antitussive constituents are hyperin, isohyperin, germacron benzylacetone. Scopoletin was found to be asthmolytic.5.For contraceptives, we found that gossypol possessed antifertility action on male rats. On administration of this drug, spermatids were damaged first. With the increase in dosage and duration of treatment, the spermatocytes were also damaged. In clinical trial, more than ten thousand subjects have been treated with gossypol. The efficacy is 99%. Side effects are mild and of relatively low incidence.

作者分十个方面综述了该研究所对若干中草药药理和化学的研究进展。本文是其中的前五部分。

27 cases of chronic bronchitis were treated with Yiqi-Huoxue Injection. They were divided at random into two groups, namely the treated ( 13) and the control (14) group. One ampule of injection Yiqi-Huoxue was diluted in 20ml of 5% glucose solution and injected slowly by intraveous route. Treatment was given to each patient of the treated group once every other day for 3 months. Certain improvements in gas exchange and serum IgM were obtained and there was an apparent change in values of Qs/Ot, PaO2(FIO2,...

27 cases of chronic bronchitis were treated with Yiqi-Huoxue Injection. They were divided at random into two groups, namely the treated ( 13) and the control (14) group. One ampule of injection Yiqi-Huoxue was diluted in 20ml of 5% glucose solution and injected slowly by intraveous route. Treatment was given to each patient of the treated group once every other day for 3 months. Certain improvements in gas exchange and serum IgM were obtained and there was an apparent change in values of Qs/Ot, PaO2(FIO2, =1.0) and PA-aO2 ( FIO22 = 1.0 ) of the treated group.

益气活血针剂对慢性支气管炎患者,通过减轻肺内分流及减少生理死腔,从而改善肺循环,产生疗效。26名慢性支气管炎病人注射益气活血针剂后,甲皱微循环迅速改善,表现为袢数、袢长及血流速度增加。用6只金黄地鼠观察益气活血针剂对其颊囊微循环的局部作用,发现局部滴注,能使去甲肾上腺素所致微血管痉挛缓解,血流速度加快,微动脉内径增宽。用9只地鼠观察该针剂的肌注作用,结果相若。

Luteolin (Lut) is an effective chemical component of Prunella vulgaris L. In this paper, the anti-inflammatory and immunostimu-latory effects of Lut was described. Lut possesses significant antiinflam-matory activity in well established models of acute and chronic inflammation, such as xylene-induced ear oedema in mice (ED50= 107 mg/ kg), carrageenin-induced swellingof the ankle, acetic acid-induced pleurisy and croton oil-induced gaseous pouch granuloma in rats. Lut had a marked inhibitory effect on the inflammatory...

Luteolin (Lut) is an effective chemical component of Prunella vulgaris L. In this paper, the anti-inflammatory and immunostimu-latory effects of Lut was described. Lut possesses significant antiinflam-matory activity in well established models of acute and chronic inflammation, such as xylene-induced ear oedema in mice (ED50= 107 mg/ kg), carrageenin-induced swellingof the ankle, acetic acid-induced pleurisy and croton oil-induced gaseous pouch granuloma in rats. Lut had a marked inhibitory effect on the inflammatory exudation, but did not affect the number of leucocyte. The Schultz-Dale response of the isolated guinea pig's ileum was inhibited by Lut. The action of such allergic mediators as SRS-A and hista-mine was also directly antagonized, Lut possesses significant immunosti-mulatory activity in some of immu-nological models,such as the production of hemolysin in mice, experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in guinea pigs and the proliferative response of mouse splenic lymphocytes in vitro.Its combined immunostimulatory and antiinflammatory activity, and inhibitory effect upon immediatehypersensitive response provide the pharmacologic bases for the beneficial effects of Lut in the treatment of chronic bronchitis.

木犀草素(Lut)是白毛夏枯草的有效成分。对多种动物的急慢性炎症模型均有明显抑制作用。对Schultz-Dale反应有抑制作用。对SRS-A和组织胺引起的回肠收缩,分别呈现竞争和非竞争性拮抗。Lut还可提高豚鼠过敏性脑脊髓炎的发病率,促进免疫低下小鼠的抗体形成,和增强静止或由亚适浓度PHA激活的淋巴细胞增殖。Lut的抗炎、抗速发型超敏反应和免疫增强作用,可能是其治疗慢性气管炎具有良效的药理基础,

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关chronic bronchitis的内容
在知识搜索中查有关chronic bronchitis的内容
在数字搜索中查有关chronic bronchitis的内容
在概念知识元中查有关chronic bronchitis的内容
在学术趋势中查有关chronic bronchitis的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社