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Jinqianhui was a secret social organization operating in the south of Zhejiang Province during the period of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.For a long time past,the historical science circles have had prejudices against its nature.In view of its key members of the leadership,the class status of its members and the aim of the organization,Jinqianhui was not a branch of Tiandihui,religion,or a peasants' heresy. It was a secret social organization of a dual status,established to respond to the peasant uprising...

Jinqianhui was a secret social organization operating in the south of Zhejiang Province during the period of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.For a long time past,the historical science circles have had prejudices against its nature.In view of its key members of the leadership,the class status of its members and the aim of the organization,Jinqianhui was not a branch of Tiandihui,religion,or a peasants' heresy. It was a secret social organization of a dual status,established to respond to the peasant uprising of the Taiping Revolution.

金钱会是太平天国时期活跃于浙江南部的一个秘密社会组织。长期以来 ,史学界对金钱会的性质颇存歧见。从金钱会的领导骨干、会员成份、入会凭证、结社宗旨等方面来看 ,金钱会既不是“天地会的流派” ,也不完全属于“教门” ,更不是“农民的魔教团体” ,而是一个为响应太平天国农民起义建立起来的亦教亦会的社会组织。

The failure of Guangfu Society's plan in the agitation for the Zhejiang Railway due to three factors. The first is the conflict between the Qing Court and the People had been weakened by businesmen's duality and Qing officials' self-help tactics. The second is Guangfu Society's "heresy" and it's revolution at low point, it's lacking of thorough and subtle propagandas and organizations in the lower class. and it's insufficent struggles with the Constitutionists. The third factor is the middle and lower...

The failure of Guangfu Society's plan in the agitation for the Zhejiang Railway due to three factors. The first is the conflict between the Qing Court and the People had been weakened by businesmen's duality and Qing officials' self-help tactics. The second is Guangfu Society's "heresy" and it's revolution at low point, it's lacking of thorough and subtle propagandas and organizations in the lower class. and it's insufficent struggles with the Constitutionists. The third factor is the middle and lower class focus on the way of "buying road-share", the relative ignorance of the peasantry, the uniqueness of Ningbo labors, and limited capital source. All these factors led to the scheme of the Guangfu Society lack wide and deep mass base.

光复会计划在浙路风潮中之所以失败,一是由于外商的两重性及清政府各级官员的自救之策弱化了朝野冲突;二是光复会本身的“异端性”及革命处于低潮、对下层民众缺乏深入细致的宣传组织工作、与立宪派较量的力度不够;三是中下层民众斗争的焦点集中在“认购路股”的方式上,及农民的相对漠然态度、宁波帮工人的特殊性、股金来源涉及面不广等因素使其计划缺乏广泛而彻底的群众基础。

The Shangdi Jiao (Religion of Worshipping God) professed by the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom is not a heresy. This viewpoint of the author is justified as follows: 1. What the heretics worship is but a living human, and yet Shangdi Jiao was an imported Christianity, they worshipped God; 2. The heretics cares only personal and factional welfare, but Shangdi Jiao took care of the broad masses of the people; 3. Heresy is characterized by anti humanity, while Shangdi Jiao never encouraged its followers...

The Shangdi Jiao (Religion of Worshipping God) professed by the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom is not a heresy. This viewpoint of the author is justified as follows: 1. What the heretics worship is but a living human, and yet Shangdi Jiao was an imported Christianity, they worshipped God; 2. The heretics cares only personal and factional welfare, but Shangdi Jiao took care of the broad masses of the people; 3. Heresy is characterized by anti humanity, while Shangdi Jiao never encouraged its followers to endanger their own lives, and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom sought to establish paradise on earth, wherein everyone could enjoy peace and happiness; 4. Heresy emphasizes to the extremely personal and factional interests and for this purpose tends to abandon human relations, even family affections, but Shangdi Jiao followed the principles of human relationships; 5. Heresy instigates its followers to sacrifice their present life in exchange for the so called afterlife happiness, and yet Shangdi Jiao dealt in a proper manner the relationship between this life and afterlife. Hence historians should pay attention to and retrospect the tendency to negate the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and the view that its religion is heresy.

太平天国的上帝教不是邪教。这是因为 :1.邪教崇拜的多为现世的活人 ,而上帝教是引进的基督教 ,崇拜的中心是上帝 ;2 .邪教一般只关心本人、本教的利益 ,而上帝教则是一个关心大众命运的宗教 ;3 .邪教具有反人类的特征 ,而上帝教从来没有让信徒危害自己的生命 ,太平天国努力追求的是建立一个平等祥和幸福的人间天堂 ;4.邪教极端强调本教利益及个人利益 ,为此不惜抛弃人伦亲情 ,而上帝教则遵从人类既定的人伦常理 ;5 .邪教鼓动信徒不惜牺牲今生的生命去换得所谓来世的幸福 ,而上帝教则正确地处理了现世与来世的关系。否定太平天国、认为太平天国宗教是邪教的观点值得史学界关注和反思

 
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