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acute exacerbation     
相关语句
  急性加重期
     (2) The ET-1 level in the patients with CPHD at acute exacerbation stage or stable stage was negatively correlated with PO 2 ( r =-0.72, P <0.05, r =-0.53, P <0.05), while positively correlated with PCO 2 ( r =-0.72, P <0.05, r =-0.53, P <0.05).
     肺心病急性加重期及缓解期血浆ET - 1与PO2 呈负相关(r =- 0 .72 ,r=- 0 .5 3,均P <0 .0 5 ) ,与PCO2 呈正相关 (r=0 .5 5 ,r =0 .5 3,均P <0 .0 5 ) ;
短句来源
     Methods Thirtysix patients with acute exacerbation of COPD 〔7.25≤arterial blood pH (pHa)<7.35, partial pressure of carbon dioxide in artery (PaCO_2)>45 mm Hg, 1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa〕 were enrolled in the study.
     方法36例收住重症监护治疗病房(ICU)的COPD急性加重期患者〔7.25≤动脉血pH(pHa)<7.35,动脉血二氧化碳分压(PaCO2)>45mmHg(1mmHg=0.133kPa)〕纳入观察。
短句来源
     The C-reactive protein (CRP) and haptoglobin(Hp) measurements in 26 patients (age 75±8) with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in elderly patients were evaluated.
     文章对26例老年COPD急性加重期的C-反应蛋白(C-reactive protein,CRP)和触珠蛋白(haptoglobin,Hp)测定作出评价(年龄75±8岁)。
短句来源
     Results :The level of serum GM CSF,IL 1β,IL 6,IL 8 ncreased and IL 2 lowered obviously in the COPD patients with acute exacerbation comparwed with that in HAP group.
     结果 :COPD急性加重期患者血清GM -CSF、IL - 1β、IL - 6、IL - 8均明显高于健康老年人 (P <0 0 1) ,IL- 2明显低于老年人 (P <0 0 1) ;
短句来源
     Methods Fifty-four cases with COPD in acute exacerbation were divided into two groups,twenty-eight cases as oxygen-therapy group with oxygen flow of 1~2 L/min for average(12.3±4.6) hours every day for more than six months.
     方法54例COPD急性加重期患者,其中28例为氧疗组,至少经过6个月以上的家庭氧疗,氧流量1~2 L/m in,吸氧时间(12.3±4.6)h/d,26例为对照组。
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  急性加重
     Objective To monitor drug resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD).
     目的监测慢性阻塞性肺疾病急性加重(acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,AECOPD)患者铜绿假单胞菌感染的耐药现状。
短句来源
     (2) The ET-1 level in the patients with CPHD at acute exacerbation stage or stable stage was negatively correlated with PO 2 ( r =-0.72, P <0.05, r =-0.53, P <0.05), while positively correlated with PCO 2 ( r =-0.72, P <0.05, r =-0.53, P <0.05).
     肺心病急性加重期及缓解期血浆ET - 1与PO2 呈负相关(r =- 0 .72 ,r=- 0 .5 3,均P <0 .0 5 ) ,与PCO2 呈正相关 (r=0 .5 5 ,r =0 .5 3,均P <0 .0 5 ) ;
短句来源
     Methods Thirtysix patients with acute exacerbation of COPD 〔7.25≤arterial blood pH (pHa)<7.35, partial pressure of carbon dioxide in artery (PaCO_2)>45 mm Hg, 1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa〕 were enrolled in the study.
     方法36例收住重症监护治疗病房(ICU)的COPD急性加重期患者〔7.25≤动脉血pH(pHa)<7.35,动脉血二氧化碳分压(PaCO2)>45mmHg(1mmHg=0.133kPa)〕纳入观察。
短句来源
     The C-reactive protein (CRP) and haptoglobin(Hp) measurements in 26 patients (age 75±8) with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in elderly patients were evaluated.
     文章对26例老年COPD急性加重期的C-反应蛋白(C-reactive protein,CRP)和触珠蛋白(haptoglobin,Hp)测定作出评价(年龄75±8岁)。
短句来源
     Results :The level of serum GM CSF,IL 1β,IL 6,IL 8 ncreased and IL 2 lowered obviously in the COPD patients with acute exacerbation comparwed with that in HAP group.
     结果 :COPD急性加重期患者血清GM -CSF、IL - 1β、IL - 6、IL - 8均明显高于健康老年人 (P <0 0 1) ,IL- 2明显低于老年人 (P <0 0 1) ;
短句来源
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  急性发作期
     Results Sera from patients with acute exacerbation asthma had much higher levels of sCD86 (585.4 + 20.5 IU/ml) than sera from stable asthmatics (479.6 + 15.7 IU/ml, p < 0.001) and healthy individuals (435.1 + 13.8 IU/ml, p < 0.001), and there was no difference between the two latters (p = 0.079).
     结果 急性发作期哮喘患者血清sCD86(585.4±20.5kU/L)水平显著高于缓解期患者(479.6±15.7kU/L,P<0.001)和正常水平(435.1±13.8kU/L,P<0.001),而缓解期患者与正常对照组之间没有差别(P=0.079)。
短句来源
     During the course without acute exacerbation,there wasn't significant difference in FEV_1 and PAQLQ score before and after the ICS therapy between the two groups(p>0.05).
     非急性发作期,两组治疗前后的FEV1、PAQLQ评分均值无显著性差异(p>0.05)。
短句来源
     \ Results\ The results indicated that the level of serum TNF α of patients with simple chronic bronchitis in acute exacerbation was higher significantly than that of the control group ( F=126.49, q=118.55, P < 0.01 ).
     3结果 慢性支气管炎急性发作期病人 TNF- α水平明显高于对照组 (F=12 6 .49,q=118.5 5 ,P<0 .0 1) ;
短句来源
     1,6-Fructose-diphosphate supplement in treating 76 patients with acute exacerbation of chronic pulmonary heart disease
     加用1,6-二磷酸果糖治疗慢性肺心病急性发作期76例
短句来源
     METHODS: Serum samples from 86 patients with acute exacerbation of COPD (Group A) and 32 patients with stable COPD (Group B) were tested for the specific IgG and IgM of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenovirus (Adv), Coxsackievirus (Cox) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV) by Biochip technique-indirect immunofluorescence test.
     方法 :收集了COPD急性发作期患者 86例 (A组 )和COPD稳定期患者 32例 (B组 ) ,采用生物薄片技术对患者血清进行了呼吸道合胞病毒 (RSV)、腺病毒(Adv)、柯萨奇病毒 (Cox)和巨细胞病毒 (CMV)特异抗体IgG及IgM检测 .
短句来源
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  急性发作
     (3) ALT activity during acute exacerbation (467.52±103.46U/L) were significant higher than that these patients after treatment (137.66±53.29 U/L) (P<0.05).
     (3)急性发作时ALT为467.52±103.46U/L,治疗后为137.66±53.29 U/L,两者相比较有显著性差异(P<0.05);
短句来源
     Results: (1) The percentage of Th1 cells(14.52±4.86%) in chronic HBV infectants during acute exacerbation was higher than that these patients after treatment(9.33±2.72%)(P<0.05) and that of normal controls(9.92±4.54%)(P<0.05).
     结果:(1)在慢性乙型肝炎急性发作时Th1细胞百分比(14.52±4.86%)明显高于治疗后(9.33±2.72%)(P<0.05),也比正常对照组高(9.92±4.54%)(P<0.05);
短句来源
     The Study of Immune Response of Th1/Th2 Cells in Chronic Hepatitis B Patients during Acute Exacerbation
     Th1/Th2细胞在慢性乙型肝炎急性发作的免疫应答研究
短句来源
     (2) HBV DNA load of chronic HBV infectants during acute exacerbation (7.87± 1.96copies/ml,log transformed) was higher than that these patients after treatment(5.45±1.95)(P<0.05).
     (2)慢性乙型肝炎急性发作时HBV DNA含量(经log转换后)为7.87±1.96copies/ml,治疗后为5.45±1.95 copies/ml,两者相比较有显著性差异(P<0.05);
短句来源
     Results Sera from patients with acute exacerbation asthma had much higher levels of sCD86 (585.4 + 20.5 IU/ml) than sera from stable asthmatics (479.6 + 15.7 IU/ml, p < 0.001) and healthy individuals (435.1 + 13.8 IU/ml, p < 0.001), and there was no difference between the two latters (p = 0.079).
     结果 急性发作期哮喘患者血清sCD86(585.4±20.5kU/L)水平显著高于缓解期患者(479.6±15.7kU/L,P<0.001)和正常水平(435.1±13.8kU/L,P<0.001),而缓解期患者与正常对照组之间没有差别(P=0.079)。
短句来源
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  acute exacerbation
Acute exacerbation of COPD is most often caused by pulmonary infections.
      
The term acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) reflects an acute worsening of the stable state with an increase in dyspnea, cough, and count or purulence of sputum.
      
The management of an acute exacerbation is guided mainly clinical severity which has implications on the decision of outpatient management, hospital management or intensive care treatment.
      
If invasive mechanical ventilation is necessary, the potential of dynamic hyperinflation in acute exacerbation has to be considered.
      
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has been proposed as an efficient alternative to conventional mechanical ventilation during acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
      
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The results of the arterial blood study in 30 patients of cor pulmonale in acute exacerbation were reported.The study included gas analysis, and dominations of serum lactate,pyruvate, potassium,sodium and chlorine.All the items were determined simultaneously.The data demonstrated that when the arterial oxygen tension of the patients with cor pulmonale in acute exacerbation dropped below 60mmHg, the blood lactate concentration was most likely to show a rise, which was related not only to hypoxemia...

The results of the arterial blood study in 30 patients of cor pulmonale in acute exacerbation were reported.The study included gas analysis, and dominations of serum lactate,pyruvate, potassium,sodium and chlorine.All the items were determined simultaneously.The data demonstrated that when the arterial oxygen tension of the patients with cor pulmonale in acute exacerbation dropped below 60mmHg, the blood lactate concentration was most likely to show a rise, which was related not only to hypoxemia but also to alkalosis.Observations of the changes in concentration of blood lactate and pyruvate in some patients led us to believe that these changes were associated with the seriousness of the disease. Regular measurement of blood lactate and pyruvate concentrations might be helpful to judge the condition of the patient. Persistent rise in blood lactate concentraion suggested poor prognosis.

本文报导了对3例肺心病急性期患者于一次同时测定动脉血气分析、乳酸、丙酮酸及钾、钠、氯的结果。资料分析揭示,肺心病急性期患者在氧分压低于60mmHg时即可引起血乳酸浓度增高,其增高除与低氧血症有关外,碱中毒亦为原因之一。 通过对部分肺心病患者血乳酸、丙酮酸浓度变化的动态观察,认为血乳酸、丙酮酸浓度变化与病情严重程度有关。在急性期定期复查血乳酸、丙酮酸,有助于判断病情,如血乳酸持续增高提示预后恶劣。

Seven cases with triple infection of HAV, HBV and CMV were reported. Acute hepatitis was diagnosed in 1 case, CPH and CAH each in 3. Serum specimens were tested by indirect immunofluores-cence technique for specific IgM antibodies against HAV and CMV, HBV markers were identified by RPHA, SPRIA and ELISA respectively. The clinical course and prognosis of these patients depended mainly on the type of HBV infection. In some cases of chronic hepatitis B superinfection with other viruses seemed to be one of the factors...

Seven cases with triple infection of HAV, HBV and CMV were reported. Acute hepatitis was diagnosed in 1 case, CPH and CAH each in 3. Serum specimens were tested by indirect immunofluores-cence technique for specific IgM antibodies against HAV and CMV, HBV markers were identified by RPHA, SPRIA and ELISA respectively. The clinical course and prognosis of these patients depended mainly on the type of HBV infection. In some cases of chronic hepatitis B superinfection with other viruses seemed to be one of the factors causing deterioration or acute exacerbation.

本文报告7例受甲型肝炎病毒(HAV)、乙型肝炎病毒(HBV)及巨细胞病毒(CMV)三重感染的病毒性肝炎,其中诊断为急性病毒性肝炎1例、慢迁肝和慢活肝各3例。采用间接免疫荧光法检测抗一CMV IgM和抗-HAV IgM,乙肝标志分别用反向被动血凝(RPHA)、固相放免测定(SPRIA)及酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)检测。本组病例的临床经过与转归,似乎主要取决于乙肝病毒感染的性质,在部分乙肝病人中重叠感染是导致病情恶化或急性发作的原因。

Chronic cor pulmonale of 16 different hospitals in Guiyang and Zunyi citi- es from May 1978 to April 1985 are surveyed in 3945 cases.The incidence of the cot pulmonale in-patients was increased year by year,accounting the fir- st of cardiac morbidity of the total organic heart disease.Majority of patients were in the age group of above 61 years,about 58.6% of total patients.The most common causative disease of cot pulmonale are chronic bronchitis and emp- hysema.Respiratory tract infection is the principal cause...

Chronic cor pulmonale of 16 different hospitals in Guiyang and Zunyi citi- es from May 1978 to April 1985 are surveyed in 3945 cases.The incidence of the cot pulmonale in-patients was increased year by year,accounting the fir- st of cardiac morbidity of the total organic heart disease.Majority of patients were in the age group of above 61 years,about 58.6% of total patients.The most common causative disease of cot pulmonale are chronic bronchitis and emp- hysema.Respiratory tract infection is the principal cause of acute exacerbation of cot pulmonale.Apart from the lesion of heart and pulmonary encephalopat- hy,there were elevation of SGPT,blood NPN(53.3%),BUN (27.1%) and hypoprotcinemia,during the period of acute exacerbation. Since 1978 the mortality of cot pulmonale in-patients has decreased from 16.2% in 1978 to 9.03% in 1985.The principal causes of death was acute respiratory failure.Among them the mortality of the pulmonary encephalopa- thy was 37.6%.

调查了1978年5月至1985年4月贵阳、遵义地区3945例肺心病。发现该病住院患病率逐年提高,住院率占同期各类器质性心脏病的首位。年龄以61岁以上多见;原发病多为慢支炎并肺气肿;肺心病急发诱因以呼吸道感染最多见。住院病死率逐年降低,平均为9.98%,死因以呼吸衰竭占首位。本文就本病的一些实验室检查进行了统计分析。

 
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