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肿瘤学
呼吸系统疾病
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acute exacerbation
相关语句
  急性变
    Observation on HA schemes for treatment of chronic granulocytic leukemia with acute exacerbation
    HA方案治疗慢性粒细胞白血病急性变的临床探讨
短句来源
    Objective To explore the curative effect of HA schemes on chronic granulocytic leukemia during the period of acute exacerbation.
    目的 探讨 HA方案治疗慢性粒细胞白血病急性变的疗效。
短句来源
    Methods Ten cases of chronic granulocytic leukemia with acute exacerbation were treated with HA schemes (Harringtonine 4mg/d,Arabinosylcytosine 150mg/d); the treatment lasted 5~7 days,and the treatable time was decided according to blood and bone marrow picture.
    方法 对 10例临床诊断慢性粒细胞白血病急性变患者用 HA方案治疗 (三尖杉脂碱 4mg/ d,阿糖胞苷 15 0 mg/ d) ,疗程 5~ 7天 ,根据血象及骨髓象决定用药时间。
短句来源
  “acute exacerbation”译为未确定词的双语例句
    ALTERATION OF PLASMA ENDOTHELIN AND ANP IN CPHD AT ACUTE EXACERBATION STAGE
    肺心病加重期及肺癌患者血浆内皮素和心钠素的初步研究
短句来源
    Objective:To investigate the presence of chlamydia pneumoniae(Cpn)infection in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)and lung cancer.
    目的探讨肺癌和慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者中肺炎衣原体(Cpn)的感染状况。
短句来源
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  acute exacerbation
Acute exacerbation of COPD is most often caused by pulmonary infections.
      
The term acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) reflects an acute worsening of the stable state with an increase in dyspnea, cough, and count or purulence of sputum.
      
The management of an acute exacerbation is guided mainly clinical severity which has implications on the decision of outpatient management, hospital management or intensive care treatment.
      
If invasive mechanical ventilation is necessary, the potential of dynamic hyperinflation in acute exacerbation has to be considered.
      
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has been proposed as an efficient alternative to conventional mechanical ventilation during acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
      
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Objective To explore the curative effect of HA schemes on chronic granulocytic leukemia during the period of acute exacerbation.Methods Ten cases of chronic granulocytic leukemia with acute exacerbation were treated with HA schemes (Harringtonine 4mg/d,Arabinosylcytosine 150mg/d);the treatment lasted 5~7 days,and the treatable time was decided according to blood and bone marrow picture.Results The recent result showed a total efficacy rate of 60%,but bone marrow was depressed seriously,and two...

Objective To explore the curative effect of HA schemes on chronic granulocytic leukemia during the period of acute exacerbation.Methods Ten cases of chronic granulocytic leukemia with acute exacerbation were treated with HA schemes (Harringtonine 4mg/d,Arabinosylcytosine 150mg/d);the treatment lasted 5~7 days,and the treatable time was decided according to blood and bone marrow picture.Results The recent result showed a total efficacy rate of 60%,but bone marrow was depressed seriously,and two patients died from the subsequent complications.Conclusion The short term efficacy of HA schemes is evident in treating the patients suffering from chronic granulocytic leukemia with acute exacerbation,but the dosage level should be lower than that for treating acute leukemia.

目的 探讨 HA方案治疗慢性粒细胞白血病急性变的疗效。方法 对 10例临床诊断慢性粒细胞白血病急性变患者用 HA方案治疗 (三尖杉脂碱 4mg/ d,阿糖胞苷 15 0 mg/ d) ,疗程 5~ 7天 ,根据血象及骨髓象决定用药时间。结果 近期总有效率达 6 0 % ,但骨髓抑制严重 ,有 2例死于骨髓严重抑制后并发症。结论  HA方案治疗慢性粒细胞白血病急性变时 ,近期疗效肯定 ,但药物剂量应偏小。

Objective:To investigate the presence of chlamydia pneumoniae(Cpn)infection in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)and lung cancer.Methods:Serum IgM and IgG antibodies for Chlamydia pneumoniae in patients,in which126and128cases were COPD and lung cancer group respectively,were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assays.The70samples of the healthy control group were selected from the healthy outpatients during physical examinations.Results:The positive ratio...

Objective:To investigate the presence of chlamydia pneumoniae(Cpn)infection in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)and lung cancer.Methods:Serum IgM and IgG antibodies for Chlamydia pneumoniae in patients,in which126and128cases were COPD and lung cancer group respectively,were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbant assays.The70samples of the healthy control group were selected from the healthy outpatients during physical examinations.Results:The positive ratio of serologic IgM antibodies for Cpn in group COPD was up to36.5%(46/126)which was much higher than that in group lung cancer(21.8%,28/128)and that in the control(1.4%,1/70).The differ-ence was statistically significant(P<0.005),respectively.And the ratio of group lung cancer was the same statistically significant difference(P<0.005).While the positive ratio of serologic IgG antibodies in either group COPD or group lung cancer was no statistical significance,compared with the control.But the positive ratio of IgM and/or IgG antibodies of group COPD and group lung cancer were32.8%(42/126)and23.1%(30/128),respectively.which had the significant differences,compared with the control.And the total-positive ratio of all the samples reached22.8%(74/324).Conclusion:It shows that patients with lung cancer accom-panied by pulmonary infection and acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are all liable to the infection of chlamydia pneumoniae,of which the clinical presentation is acute infection.And Cpn may be the main pathogenic microbes of those patients and so Cpn infection should be considered for patientswith lung cancer companied with pulmonary infection and acute exacerbation of COPD.

目的探讨肺癌和慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者中肺炎衣原体(Cpn)的感染状况。方法应用固相酶联免疫吸附法,对确诊的128例肺癌和126例COPD急性加重期患者进行血清肺炎衣原体抗体IgM,IgG检测,以70例健康人为正常对照组(简称对照组)。结果COPD组肺炎衣原体IgM抗体阳性率(36.5%,46/126)及IgM和/或IgG阳性率(32.8%,42/126),均较肺癌组(分别为21.8%,28/128和23.1%,30/128)及对照组(分别为1.4%,1/70和2.8%,2/70)明显升高(P<0.005),肺癌组IgM阳性率较对照组明显升高(P< 0.005)IgM和/或IgG阳性人数为74例,总感染率为22.8%(74/324)。结论肺癌和COPD患者都是Cpn易感染人群,其Cpn感染主要表现为急性感染。Cpn可能是COPD急性加重和肺癌合并肺部感染的主要病原。

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of stereotactic radiotherapy for liver malignant tumor.Methods 57 patients with liver malignant tumor were treated with Daheng star-1000 X-knife stereotactic therapentic system. 80%~90% isodosage curve enclose the clinical target volume, the total dose was 28.8Gy~40Gy, with median dose being 36Gy. The fractional doses was 4.8Gy~8Gy, 2~3 times per week, 4~6 fractions in total.Results No patient died during treatment. Only one patient stopped treatment for hepatitis...

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of stereotactic radiotherapy for liver malignant tumor.Methods 57 patients with liver malignant tumor were treated with Daheng star-1000 X-knife stereotactic therapentic system. 80%~90% isodosage curve enclose the clinical target volume, the total dose was 28.8Gy~40Gy, with median dose being 36Gy. The fractional doses was 4.8Gy~8Gy, 2~3 times per week, 4~6 fractions in total.Results No patient died during treatment. Only one patient stopped treatment for hepatitis B acute exacerbation. The response rate CR+PR)was 75.4%, complete remission(CR) 15cases,partial remission (PR) 28cases,SD 11cases,PD 3cases; 1-year, 2-year and 3-year survival rates were 68.4%,40.3%and 10.5%, respectively.Conclusion Stereotactic radiotherapy is a safe and effective treatment method for liver malignant tumor, with survival benefit.

目的探讨立体定向放射治疗肝脏恶性肿瘤的临床疗效。方法利用大恒公司star-1000X线立体定向放射治疗计划系统制定放疗方案,共治疗57例肝脏恶性肿瘤患者。等剂量曲线80%~90%包绕临床靶体积,总剂量28.8~40.0Gy,中位剂量36Gy。分割处方剂量4.8~8Gy,每周2~3次,共4~6次。结果无1例患者在治疗过程中死亡,只有1例患者因乙型肝炎急性发作中断治疗。有效率(RR)完全缓解(CR)+部分缓解(PR)75.4%,CR15例,PR28例,稳定(SD)11例,进展(PD)3例。1年生存率为68.4%,2年生存率为40.3%,3年生存率为10.5%。结论立体定向放射治疗肝脏恶性肿瘤安全且有较好疗效,能延长肝脏恶性肿瘤患者的生命。

 
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