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   porcelain 在 中国古代史 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.077秒
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porcelain    
相关语句
  
    a crude pattern of handicraft industry with textile industry,salt manufacturing and shipbuilding as the key developing tea making and porcelain making;
    以纺织、制盐、造船为主体 ,制茶、制等全方位呼应的手工业发展模式初步成型 ;
短句来源
    They also develop the handicraft industy of weaving,porcelain and mining actively.
    积极发展纺织业、制业和矿业等手工业;
短句来源
    This article discusses the history of the export of porcelain from China to Portugal during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
    本文论述了中国明清两代输往葡萄牙外销的史实。
短句来源
    In their discussion, the authors bring together information from Western archives and documents, the results of archaeological investigations, and export porcelain items in public and private collections, focusing on that related to Portugal.
    作者在论证中结合了西方有关的档案文献及目前存世的考古发掘与官私收藏的外销实物,并重点介绍了早期存在于葡萄牙的外销和纹章
短句来源
  陶瓷
    The largh-scale potter and porcelain indursty which began at Late Tang and Five Dynasties, reached its peak in Northern Song. It was not only the outcome of the increasing economical development but also the especial result of the rising of the east of plain.
    本平原大规模的陶瓷业在唐末五代萌现,北宋时达到鼎盛,这是平原社会经济入宋后日渐发展的产物,尤其是平原东部崛起的结果。
短句来源
  瓷器
    Guangdong Porcelain Exportation in Ming and Qing Dynasties (1511-1842)
    明清广东瓷器外销研究(1511-1842)
短句来源
    Ming and Qing Dynasty Chinese Porcelain in Portugal
    流散于葡萄牙的中国明清瓷器
短句来源
    Chapter two discusses the diversification between rise and fall and it's characteristic of the Guangdong porcelain exportation in different periods from a macroscopical angle by considering the compositive factors from the political and economic aspects of China and foreign countries.
    第二章从宏观的角度,论述在中外政治经济等因素的综合作用下,广东瓷器外销事业在不同时期经历的兴衰变化及其特点。
短句来源
    Although, compared with the foreign trade of silk, porcelain, tea and other commodities, the share of metallic trade was very small, metallic trade had close relationship with the politics, economy and military affairs of the state, because precious metals such as gold and silver were medium of commercial exchange, and because copper and iron were important military stuff.
    明代的金属贸易,其贸易份额虽不如丝织品、瓷器、茶叶等商品,但贵金属金银是市场流通的重要手段; 铜铁又是重要的军用物资,所以金属商品的贸易往往与国家的政治、经济、军事关系密切。
短句来源
    The main exported commodities were sugar,porcelain,iron,books,paper,sculpture and building material,while the imported things were rice,spice,pepper,seafood,areca,timber and opium,etc.
    进出口商品中,出口商品主要有蔗糖、瓷器、铁器、书籍纸张、石雕艺术品以及建筑材料等,进口商品主要有粮食、香料、胡椒、海产品、槟榔、木材以及鸦片等。
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  porcelain
The influence of rhodococci on highly porous ceramics based on celsian and cordierite porcelain was studied by X-ray diffraction and IR spectroscopy.
      
Morphology of prezoea in the porcelain crab Pachycheles stevensii (Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae) reared under laboratory con
      
The experiments were performed with different gases (H2, D2, He, and Ar) in a theta-pinch device with a porcelain vacuum chamber and an excitation coil 15 cm in diameter and 30 cm in length.
      
Mechanical activation strongly influences the sintering of pressed articles made of a powdered titanium-nickel alloy and its compositions with dental porcelain.
      
Thermoluminescence dating of the ancient Chinese porcelain using a regression method of saturation exponential in pre-dose techn
      
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A historical description of ancient Quanzhou as one of China's major trading seaports from Tang through Qing dynasty.Since the silk industry in Quanzhou was in its prime during Song and Yuan dynasties,its traditio- nal silk and porcelain products were exported to numerous places in the world,and Quanzhou proved to be the starting point of the Silk Sea Route at the time.Ancient Quanzhou as a trading port experienced its setback in Qing dynastry,but in the long have run made great contributions to the development...

A historical description of ancient Quanzhou as one of China's major trading seaports from Tang through Qing dynasty.Since the silk industry in Quanzhou was in its prime during Song and Yuan dynasties,its traditio- nal silk and porcelain products were exported to numerous places in the world,and Quanzhou proved to be the starting point of the Silk Sea Route at the time.Ancient Quanzhou as a trading port experienced its setback in Qing dynastry,but in the long have run made great contributions to the development of world economy and civilization through the exportation of large amounts of refined silk and porcelain products to the outside world.

本文就泉州港的兴衰及其丝绸外销与丝绸生产的情况,证实泉州在历史上,特别是宋元时期,繁荣了海上丝瓷之路,是“海上丝绸之路”的起点站,泉州对人类的物质文明、文化交流、友好往来和经济发展,都曾作出过巨大的贡献。

From the Reign Period of Yung-Qian to the late Qing Dynasty,the pieces of Da Yun porcelain were reduced gradually.A lot of files about the imperial porcelains of the late Qing Dynasty are preserved by the No.1 Central Historical File Museum of China.From these files the appellations and numbers of Da Yun porcelain were included.The list of the imperial porcelain in 1839 may be used as a representative.In 1737,TANG-Ying had presented a list about the second class imperial porcelains to emperor,according...

From the Reign Period of Yung-Qian to the late Qing Dynasty,the pieces of Da Yun porcelain were reduced gradually.A lot of files about the imperial porcelains of the late Qing Dynasty are preserved by the No.1 Central Historical File Museum of China.From these files the appellations and numbers of Da Yun porcelain were included.The list of the imperial porcelain in 1839 may be used as a representative.In 1737,TANG-Ying had presented a list about the second class imperial porcelains to emperor,according to this file we can compare the cost price of blue and white porcelain with that of the Ming Dynasty.In the Reign Period of Qian-long the cost price of blue and white was lower than that of the Ming Dynasty that reflected the technique of making porcelain of the Royal porcelain had progressed.In the late Qing Dynasty the technique of making procelain was low reflected by the cost price and the rate of finished productsf.The cost price of Da Yun porcelain influenced the porcelain cost of the private kilns in a long period.

雍乾至晚清景德镇大运瓷器的件数逐渐减少。中国第一历史档案馆存有晚清御器的档案 ,内列晚清大运瓷器的名数 ,道光二十九年 (1 849年 )的名数有代表性。乾隆二年 (1 737年 )唐英奏报了一份次色御器的表册 ,由此档可以与明代比较青花的制价。乾隆年间青花器的制价低于明代 ,反映了清代御厂制瓷技术的进步。晚清大运瓷器的制价和烧成率反映了制瓷技术的下降。大运瓷器的制价在较长时期内影响民窑瓷器的价格

In the Reign of Yong zheng.the pieces of Chuan Ban Porcelain in 1729 and 1733 may be used as representation. In the Reign of Qian Long .before 1745, more Chuan Ban Porcelains were produced and the main products were round vessels. The files about the Chuan Ban Porcelain in the period of 1763 - 1766 are preserved by the No. 1 Central Historical File Museum of China. According to these files the cost price and the rate of finished product can be calculated. The cost price of Chuan Ban Porcelain influenced the...

In the Reign of Yong zheng.the pieces of Chuan Ban Porcelain in 1729 and 1733 may be used as representation. In the Reign of Qian Long .before 1745, more Chuan Ban Porcelains were produced and the main products were round vessels. The files about the Chuan Ban Porcelain in the period of 1763 - 1766 are preserved by the No. 1 Central Historical File Museum of China. According to these files the cost price and the rate of finished product can be calculated. The cost price of Chuan Ban Porcelain influenced the porcelain cost of the private kilns too. There was a specific function of Chuan Ban Porcelain to introduce some new techniques while preserving the fine traditional techniques.

雍正朝七年(1729)和十一年(1733)传办瓷器的件数有代表性。乾隆朝自元年至十年(1736-1745)传办瓷器较多.又以圆器为主。中国第一历史挡案馆存有乾隆二十八年至三十一年(1763-1766)传办瓷器的档案.从中可计出瓷器的件数、烧成率和制价。传办瓷器的制价亦影响民窑瓷器的价格。传办瓷器在制瓷工艺的仿古创新中有其独特作用。

 
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