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consonant
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  辅音
     Articulation disorder characteristics of /n/ and /l/ consonant and the therapy for correction
     辅音/n/和/l/异常语音的特点及其治疗
短句来源
     A Study on the Consonant /r/ in the Mongol Language on the basis of EPG
     基于EPG的蒙古语/r/辅音研究
短句来源
     Conclusions:The therapy is effective in the improvement of speech intelligibility,especially in articulation of consonant /n/ and /l/.
     结论:系统语音治疗可有效矫正辅音/n/、/l/发音异常的不良习惯,建立正确的发音模式,提高语音清晰度。
短句来源
     There was significant differences (P<0.05) in the area of energy concentration (F1,F2)and the first area of energy concentration band width (B1) in consonant /s/ of the groups before restoration ,at the beginning and one week.
     辅音/s/第一、第二强频区(F1、F2)及第一强频区带宽(B1)在义齿初戴时与初戴前、初戴一周时相比,有统计学差异(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     An Optimality-Theoretic Analysis of the Acquisition of English Consonant Clusters by Chinese Learners of English
     中国英语学习者习得英语辅音群的优选论分析
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  声母
     We thinks that ″zhi zhuang zhang″ should be divided into two consonant that repair with each other,namely/t■、t■'、■/and/t、t'/.
     我们认为“知庄章”应该分为两组互补的声母,即/t■、t■’、■/和/t、t’、/。
短句来源
     On the Initial Consonant System of The Re-settled Classical Phonological Diagram by Sima Guang(重订司马温公等韵图经)
     《重订司马温公等韵图经》的声母系统
短句来源
     Results The recognition rates of the child are separately: consonant,68.9%,vowel,84.48%,and tones,100%,suggesting the need for the training of the smallest phoneme contrasts.
     结果该幼儿声母识别率为68.9%,韵母识别率为84.48%,声调识别率为100%,需要有针对性地进行最小音位对比的训练。
短句来源
     Result:The discrimination rate in the four cases by cochlear implanted was 76.0 % in the consonant, 94.1 % in the vowel.
     结果 :4例人工耳蜗植入者平均声母识别率为 76% ,韵母为 94.1 %。
短句来源
     CONSONANT RECOGNITION BASED ON FUZZY NEURAL NETWORK
     基于模糊神经网络的声母识别
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  “consonant”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Under optimal condition,the product quality of the diatomite is SiO_2 83.50%,Al_2O_3 7.18%,Fe_2O_3 0.87%,it is consonant with the standard requirement of SiO_2>80%,Al_2O_3<10%,Fe_2O_3<2% for the diatomite filtrating assistant.
     在此条件下获得的硅藻土产品指标为SiO283.50%,Al2O37.18%,Fe2O30.87%,达到了硅藻土助滤剂质量标准SiO2>80%,Al2O3<10%,Fe2O3<2%。
短句来源
     While the disappearance of consonant mainly occurred in z(81.16%,56/69), zh(81.16%,56/69), j(80%,56/70),and g (84.21%,48/57).
     辅音的脱落则以不送气音z81%(56/69)、zh81%(56/69)、j80%(56/70)、g84%(48/57)所占比例较多。
短句来源
     The adsorption behavior of APAR for Cd(Ⅱ) is consonant with the Freundlich isotherm. The apparent adsorption rate constant and activation energy are k298 = 1.35×10-5s-1 and Ea = 15.7kJ·mol-1, respectively. The enthalpy change AH of adsorption is 19.9kJ·mol-1. The molar ratio of functional group to Cd (Ⅱ) is about 1:1.
     等温吸附服从Freundlich经验式,表观吸附速率常数k_(298)=1.35×10~(-5)s~(-1),表观吸附活化能E_a=15.7kJ·mol~(-1),吸附反应的ΔH=19.9kJ·mol~(-1),吸附物中树脂功能基与Cd(Ⅱ)的配位比约为1:1。
短句来源
     The adsorption process is consonant with the Freundlich isotherm equation with b between 2~10.The thermodynamic parameters of adsorption reaction are ΔH=16.5kJ·mol~(-1),ΔS=58.7J·mol~(-1)·K~(-1),ΔG=-1.00 kJ·mol~(-1).
     mol-1,ΔS=58.7J. mol-1.K-1,ΔG=-1.00kJ.
短句来源
     Precision estimation of duplicates indicated that relative potency ranged from 0.95 to 0.99 for third IS PRL84/500 and from 1.01 to 1.04 for rhPRL97/714.The determination result of the thermal degradation samples at +45℃ was consonant with the trend of immunocompetence change descried in the WHO draft report.
     双份样品精密性测定:泌乳素第3次国际标准品双份样品之间的相对效价为0.95~0.99,rhPRL 97/714双份样品之间的相对效价为1.01~1.04。 +45℃热加速降解样品测定结果符合WHO报告中所述的免疫活性变化趋势。
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  consonant
On this level our physical approach is consonant with the nonmodal mathematical analysis of linear processes in shear flows, which has been actively cultivated in the last few years.
      
These results were consonant with an elevated CSF/serum antibody ratio to total HIV antigen.
      
Effects on language processing were investigated with the dichotic listening test with consonant-vowel syllables.
      
The main finding of this research is that respondents in the sample hold beliefs that are consonant with a social doctrine of the Trinity.
      
B1 and A1 correspond thematically to sections B and A, yet the tone becomes increasingly personal at the end of the poem, consonant with private subject matter and an appeal for a reply.
      
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According to the relations between frequencies and amplitudes in a group of three harmonics in a spectrogram, the frequency, amplitude, and bandwidth of the formants can be determined. This paper suggests simple equations by which the formant data can be easily calculated from measured materials. Discrimination of different patterns of Single- and Double-Formant Structures are also discussed. With this treatment, formant data of the vowels and voiced consonants of Standard Colloquial Chinese (Putonghua)...

According to the relations between frequencies and amplitudes in a group of three harmonics in a spectrogram, the frequency, amplitude, and bandwidth of the formants can be determined. This paper suggests simple equations by which the formant data can be easily calculated from measured materials. Discrimination of different patterns of Single- and Double-Formant Structures are also discussed. With this treatment, formant data of the vowels and voiced consonants of Standard Colloquial Chinese (Putonghua) are given.

本文介绍利用声学实验室常备仪器来作语音频谱的分析方法.根据包络峯内所包含的三个谐波的频率和振幅的关系来计算共振峯的频率、振幅和带宽值,给出便于计算的简单公式.文中讨论了难于分辨的共振峯,归纳为单、双两种共振峯结构,各分为不同类型,分别处理.最后提供普通话元音、浊辅音的共振峯数据和清辅音的能量集中区数据.

For the analysis of perceptional features of Chinese consonants, a method has been used for multidimensional scaling by means of optimizing the fitting to the confusion probabilities of consonants as observed in articulation tests- The dependence of minimum Stress as criterion for fitting on dimensions has been obtained. The Stress has been found to decrease with increase of the number of dimensions. On the basis of the values of Stress, we found that the dimensions of perceptional space featuring...

For the analysis of perceptional features of Chinese consonants, a method has been used for multidimensional scaling by means of optimizing the fitting to the confusion probabilities of consonants as observed in articulation tests- The dependence of minimum Stress as criterion for fitting on dimensions has been obtained. The Stress has been found to decrease with increase of the number of dimensions. On the basis of the values of Stress, we found that the dimensions of perceptional space featuring Chinese consonants should not be less than three. The typical three dimension configuration obtained can separate the voiced consonants from the unvoiced in the first dimension; the aspirated from the unaspirated in the second dimension ; while the third dimension serves to reflect the place of articulation. It follows that the voiced/unvoiced, aspirated/unaspirated and place of articulation are exceedingly important distinctive features of Chinese consonants.

为获得汉语辅音的知觉特征,我们采用了拟合的最佳品质因素的多维标度,对汉语辅音的知觉混淆矩阵进行分析。其结果是求得了作为拟合优度标准的归一化残差值(Stress)随维数增加而减少的函数关系,由此得到的结论是表征汉语辅音的知觉空间不得少于三维。从所求得的有代表性的三维结构中可以看出:第一维代表清音-浊音;第二维代表送气-不送气;第三维代表发音部位,因此可以认为清-浊、送气-不送气和发音部位是汉语最基本的区别特征。我们将21个汉语辅音的知觉特征形象化地表示于一个多维的心理空间,有助于对知觉特征的进一步研究,并且为汉语辅音的科学分类提供心理、物理实验的支持。本文简单介绍多维标度方法,讨论利用台式电子计算机进行多维标度的程序设计、空白记录的处理和初始结构的设定问题,并列举典型的分析结果。这些结果将在另一篇关于汉语辅音知觉特征的文章中作详细讨论。

The duration of consonants is one of the fundmental parameters of speech sounds. It is important both for speech synthesis and automatic speech recognition. In this paper, the duration of consonants of Putongha (standard colloquial Chinese) are found.

汉语普通话辅音音长是语音的基本参数之一,在语言合成、语言识别等研究中,这一参数有很大实用价值。 本测量是对七个男声、六个女声进行分析,得到普通话22个辅音的平均音长及其标准偏差。 按照测量的需要,设计了试验词表。词表是由22个词组成,每个词有两个音节,每个音节有相同的辅音,不同的元音和声调。当然,每个音节长度各不相同。这样便于考察在连读中辅音音长与所在位置、相拼元音、声调的关系;比较音长绝对值与相对值的关系。 发音人在消声室进行录音。他们绝大部分是青年,能讲纯正的普通话。通过录音,由语图仪进行分析。由于有些辅音频带宽、能量弱、作用时间短,在语图分析时使用高速档并提高放声电压和烧灼电压,使辅音部分在语图中能得到清晰的反映。 经过统计处理,得到以下几点初步结论: 1.辅音音长与送气状态有直接关系,不送气塞音最短,送气塞擦音最长。各种发音方式之间有一定的音长比值。而音长与发音部位关系不大。 2.辅音音长与声调、全音节长度关系不大,但送气塞擦音受后接元音影响,元音开口度大音长短。 3.在连读中,前后两音节中的辅音长度与所在前后位置无关。

 
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