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  马克思主义
     A Study of the History of Marxist Theories of Economic Crisis
     马克思主义经济危机理论史研究
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     Reflection on Marxist Theory and Post-colonial Theory
     马克思主义与后殖民理论视域
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     An Analysis of Economic Globalization from the Perspective of Marxist Economics
     经济全球化的马克思主义经济学分析
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     Marxist Philosophy and Natural Scientists
     马克思主义哲学与自然科学家
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     Some Problems about the Education of Outlook on Life in the Teaching of Marxist Philosophy
     关于马克思主义哲学教学进行人生观教育的几个问题
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  马克思
     Studies on Marxist Value Theory
     马克思价值理论研究
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     A Study of Marxist Productive Labor Theory
     马克思生产劳动理论研究
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     A Study on the Formation of Marxist Price Theory and Its Related Problems
     对马克思生产价格理论的形成及有关问题的探讨
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     A Study of Marxist Theory of Property Right
     关于马克思产权理论若干问题的研究
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     Productivity is the essence strength of many individuals; the development of human beings depends on the development of the productive forces. These two developments are unified in the evaluation standards of Marxist historical progress.
     马克思认为生产力不过是“人的本质力量的公开展示”,说明了生产力与人之间的关系:生产力是许多个人本质力量的体现,人的发展取决于生产力的发展,生产力发展与人的发展统一在马克思历史进步的评价标准中。
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  马克思主义的
     The Marxist perspective of the interest subject has three dimensions: the attributes, the levels and the values.
     马克思主义的利益主体观可以从利益主体属性、利益主体层次和利益主体价值 3个层面来认识。
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     On the justice of sovereignty ──Marxist idea of sovereignty in globalization
     主权正义论──全球化时代马克思主义的主权观探析
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     On Marxist Mode of Thinking on Practice
     略论马克思主义的实践思维方式
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     Marxist View on Cultural Hentage and the Construction of Advanced Socialist Culture
     马克思主义的文化遗产观和社会主义先进文化建设
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     This article considers that the Manifesto should be the mark of the formation of Marxist doctrine,and on capitial should be the mark of the formation of scientific Marxism.
     本文认为 ,马克思主义的诞生标志应分为马克思主义学说的诞生标志和马克思主义科学真理的诞生标志 ,《共产党宣言》应当是马克思主义学说的诞生标志 ,《资本论》应当是马克思主义科学真理的诞生标志。
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  马克思的
     The Marxist theory of capital transfers and realize.
     马克思的商品资本流通与实现理论、地租理论是商业银行营销理论形成的重要理论依据。
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     And "historical materialism "and "practical materialism" are also one thing, namely, Marxist materialism.
     "历史唯物主义"与"实践唯物主义"也不是两个主义,而是同一个主义,即马克思的唯物主义,辩证唯物主义与实践唯物主义不过是历史唯物主义的代名词。
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     The World of Life and Marxist View on Practice
     生活世界与马克思的实践观
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     A Research on Marxist Theory on Scale of Enterprises
     马克思的企业规模理论研究
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     Marxist Competition Theory and China' s Participation in International Competition
     马克思的竞争理论与中国参与国际竞争战略
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  marxist
His earliest significant publication, "Tsargolod" ("The Tsar of Hunger"), introduced Marxist thought to Russian workers.
      
The whole Marxist theory centers on the emancipation and freedom of human beings, the naming of his highest ideal as 'association of free individuals' being the clear proof.
      
It finds that Marxist, dependency, borrowed-technology, and ersatz capitalist theories have proved to be wrong, or at least inadequate.
      
However, its "Marxist" adherents have never understood that this philosophy was always political - in short, they have never understood politics, and therefore will never understand philosophy.
      
It wants to place Camus alongside Castoriadis as a 'post-Marxist' thinker, who belongs meaningfully to what Dick Howard has called 'the Marxian legacy'.
      
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According to the theoretic basic knowlodge of the quantum mechanics and the quantum chemistry, we have not only illustrated their scientific content, but also described them in such a way as how the fundamental principles of dialectical materialism are embodied and riched, thus developing them in respect of the Marxist philosophy. This paper consists of two important parts, i.e. quantum mechanics and quantum chemistry. In the first part, we have drawn our attention to the following discussion: first,...

According to the theoretic basic knowlodge of the quantum mechanics and the quantum chemistry, we have not only illustrated their scientific content, but also described them in such a way as how the fundamental principles of dialectical materialism are embodied and riched, thus developing them in respect of the Marxist philosophy. This paper consists of two important parts, i.e. quantum mechanics and quantum chemistry. In the first part, we have drawn our attention to the following discussion: first, the dependence of quantum mechanics on classical-mechanics; second, the dialectical material philosophical meaning of the uncertainty principle; and third, the criticism of the indeter-minism. In the second part, we have centred our discussion on the following problems; first, the essential dependence of quantum chemistry on the theory of chemical structure of A. M. Boutlerov; second, the scientific significance of the variation method; and third, the primary criticism of the theory of electronic resonance.

依据量子力学与量子化学理论的基础知识,我们不仅论证理论本身的科学内容,而且说明如何体现及丰富了辩证唯物生义普遍原理的具体内容,因而揭露理论发展的哲学基础。本文包含着二重要组成部分在量子力学方面:着重阐述了量子力学与经典力学的关系和测不准关系的辩证唯物的哲学内容,对非决定论提出初步批判。在量子化学方面:着重阐述了量子化学与A.M.布特列洛夫的化学结构理论的本质关系和论证了近似计算方法中的变分法的科学意义,对电子共振论提出初步批判。

By means of crossing two forms of wild rice (Oryza sativa L. f. spontanea) : "red-awned" and "Tengqiao local" from the Island of Hainan as the female parent with cultivars as the male and repeated back-crossing we have obtained several male-sterile lines of rice. We also succeeded in selecting some sterility-maintainers and fertility-restorers for them respectively to facilitate the utilization of heterosis in rice.It is noteworthy that the two forms of wild rice have different kinds of cytoplasm and they respond...

By means of crossing two forms of wild rice (Oryza sativa L. f. spontanea) : "red-awned" and "Tengqiao local" from the Island of Hainan as the female parent with cultivars as the male and repeated back-crossing we have obtained several male-sterile lines of rice. We also succeeded in selecting some sterility-maintainers and fertility-restorers for them respectively to facilitate the utilization of heterosis in rice.It is noteworthy that the two forms of wild rice have different kinds of cytoplasm and they respond differentially to test crosses. Therefore the male-sterile lines derived from the two wild rices have quite different restorer lines.From genetical and cytological studies it is evident that male sterility is not controlled by one or a few genes of sterility. But rather male sterility is determined by the nucleo-cytoplasmic contradictions (incompatibility) between the two parental forms: the wild rice as the female parent and the cultivar as the male. Hence substitution of cell nucleus by means of repeated back-crossing is an effective method of breeding male-sterile lines in rice. Inheritance of male sterility in hybrid progenies of crossing wild rice with cultivars and F2 of male-sterile lines × fertility-restorers is shown as if in the mode of inheritance of "quantitative characters". The segregation of fertility versus sterility behaves as continuous variation with numerous gradations from normally fertile to wholly sterile. This fact accentuates the invalidity of such a theory, proposing one or a few "ms" genes as the explanation of the origin of male sterility.Our investigation suggests, that the metabolic disorders as the result of nucleo-cytoplasmic contradictions are the cause of pollen sterility. Therefore, genetic affinity determines whether a variety being tested will be "maintainer" or "restorer" for a given male-sterile line. If the variety has close affinity and a similar cytoplasm with the wild parent, it may restore the right nucleo-cytoplasmic interrelation, normalize the metabolic processes in the hybrid and re-establish normal development of pollen grains. On the contrary, if the variety has distant affinity and a dissimilar cytoplasm with the wild parent, it will fail to normalize microsporogenesis in the hybrid and will serve as a maintainer of sterility.Thus the Marxist materialistic dialectics aids us in finding a new approach to the solution of problems of breeding hybrid rice.

以属于我国南方分布的普通野生稻(Oryza sativa L.f.spontanea)的红芒野生稻和藤桥野生稻作母本,与栽培稻不同品种作父本杂交和连续回交,进行核代换,培育出了相应的雄性不育系。并已获得相应的恢复系。在选育三系的过程中证明我国南方的普通野生稻在细胞质的生理和遗传特性上存在着不同类型,对三系选育有不同的利用价值。 从有关的遗传学及细胞学研究说明这种雄性不育性不是一种简单的遗传特性,而是牵涉到一系列遗传、生理特性的异常,有着复杂的遗传基础。不育性和恢复性表现出类似于数量性状的遗传行为。作者认为雄性不育性是参加核代换亲本的遗传基础相互作用的结果,是远缘核质不亲和性的表现。当远缘的核质结合时产生雄性不育,而近缘的核质结合时造成花粉育性的恢复,因此三系配套与亲本亲缘的远近密切相关,从而批判了旧的三系理论及其所设想的育种方法。

According to the scientific meaning of the Marxist concept of practice and the relation between practice and the basic philosophical problems, the author analyses in the article how practice tests truth. The author considers that to test truth by practice is to examine the object, means and results as a whole, and that the results of practice should be examined in accodance with the sum' total of practice. In the examination, one should not only see that social practice during the different periods of...

According to the scientific meaning of the Marxist concept of practice and the relation between practice and the basic philosophical problems, the author analyses in the article how practice tests truth. The author considers that to test truth by practice is to examine the object, means and results as a whole, and that the results of practice should be examined in accodance with the sum' total of practice. In the examination, one should not only see that social practice during the different periods of history is the sum total of mutual connection and conditioning of human activities, but also see the sum total of practice of the historical development. The truth of knowledge should be tested precisely and fully in this sum total. Only in this way can the test by practice be reliable, and can one understand scientifically that practice is the sole criterion of testing truth.

本文根据马克思主义实践概念的科学涵义、实践与哲学基本问题的关系,分析了实践是怎样检验真理的问题。认为实践检验真理就是对目的、手段和结果联系起来进行考察。考察时,既要看到不同历史时期的社会实践是人们的不同活动互相制约的总和,又要看到历史发展的实践的总和。应从这个总和中来全面严密地检验认识的真理性。只有这样,实践的检验才是可靠的,才能科学地理解实践是检验真理的唯一标准。

 
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