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enteral nutrition     
相关语句
  肠内营养
     Enteral Nutrition Improves the Mucosal Immunity and Host Defense
     肠内营养支持对粘膜免疫屏障和机体免疫防御能力的影响
短句来源
     METHODS: SAP specific enteral nutrition for-mula (EN-S) was prepared based on the nutri-tional and metabolic characteristic of SAP,and the micro-ecological EN formula was prepared with EN-S plus prebiotics (PRE-EN).
     方法:根据SAP营养代谢特点配制专用EN配方(EN-S),并添加低聚半乳糖益生元制成微生态肠内营养配方(RPE-EN).
短句来源
     Methods Totally 96 Sprague-Dawley rats (weight: 200±10 g) were randomly divided into 12 groups consisted of 6 pairs (n=8), including sham-operation with early enteral nutrition support (Sham-EEN) groups, ENN groups, EEN with compound lactobacilli (EEN+Lac) groups, sham-operation with parenteral nutrition support (Sham-PN) groups, PN groups,and PN+Lac groups.
     方法96只Sprague-Dawley大鼠,体重(200±10)g,随机分为12组(n=8),包括假手术早期肠内营养治疗(Sham-EEN)4天、7天组、早期肠内营养治疗(EEN)4天、7天组、早期肠内营养加复合乳酸菌治疗(EEN+Lac)4天、7天组;
短句来源
     Conclusion: Early total enteral nutrition has less effect on cellular immune function in postoperative mouse with partial colectomy.
     结论:部分结肠切除大鼠术后早期给予全量肠内营养对其细胞免疫功能影响较小,有利于大鼠免疫功能的恢复。
短句来源
     Methods 42 cases of SAP were studied restrospectively and the patiens were divided into two groups randomly:early enteral nutrition group(EEN group,n=21),total parenteral nutrition group(TPN group,n=21).
     方法回顾性分析42例SAP病人,分为早期肠内营养(EEN组,n=21)及完全肠外营养(TPN组,n=21)。
短句来源
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  肠道营养
     14 patients received 5~7 days preoperative parenteral nutrition (12 73%). After operation, 86 patients received enteral nutrition (85 15%) and 90 parenteral nutrition (89 11%).
     术前肠外营养支持5~7天14例(12. 73%),术后行肠道营养86 例(85 15%),肠外营养90例(89 .11%)。
短句来源
     Enteral nutrition and immunity
     肠道营养与机体免疫
短句来源
     Methods A total of 66 Wistar rats were randomly divided into early enteral nutrition group (Group EN, n =30),early parenteral nutrition group (Group PN, n =30) and control group (Group C, n =6).
     方法 Wistar大鼠 6 6只分成正常对照组 (C组 ,鼠数 =6 )、早期静脉营养组 (PN组 ,鼠数=30 )、早期肠道营养组 (EN组 ,鼠数 =30 )。
短句来源
     Experimental study on the improvement of intestinal trefoil factor expression by enteral nutrition in burned rats
     肠道营养促进烧伤大鼠肠三叶因子表达的实验研究
短句来源
     Methods Wistar rats were randomly divided into an early enteral nutrition (TEN) group, an early parenteral nutrition (TPN) group and a normal control group.
     方法 Wistar大鼠分为早期肠道营养组 (TEN组 ) ,早期静脉营养组 (TPN组 ) ,正常对照组。
短句来源
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  肠营养
     Conclusions:The early enteral nutrition is safe and effective after total gastritecotmy.
     结论 :认为全胃切除术后经鼻空肠营养管实施早期经肠营养是安全、有效的营养支持途径
短句来源
     Conclusion The adventages of enteral nutrition supports are promotion the organism to recover,restoration positive nitrogen balance as soon as possible and reduction complications.
     结论鼻肠营养管进行早期肠内营养具有易于维持机体营养,促进机体康复,尽快恢复正氮平衡,减少术后并发症的优点。
短句来源
     The nutrition parameters and the complications were observed. Results:TSF,AMC,TRF,TLC,DCH,and CD4/CD8 were significantly increased after early enteral nutrition.
     结果 :术后早期经肠营养支持后与营养支持前比较 ,TSF、AMC、TRF、TL C、DCH、CD4/CD8显著增高 ,伤口均一期愈合 ,少数病人出现腹胀、腹泻、恶心 ,但经调整滴速及浓度后症状可以控制 ,病人能耐受。
短句来源
     Methods Enteral nutrition was started12hours after operation via naso-jejunum tube placed during operation.
     方法食道癌手术后早期(12小时)经术中放置的鼻空肠管进行早期肠营养,术前、术后1、7、14天测定血浆白蛋白、肝肾功能、血糖、电解质、淋巴细胞计数。
短句来源
     Conclusion TPN is an essential treatment for severe acute pancreatitis,it must start early in the course of disease and be maintained throughout the whole alimentary dysfunction period till enteral nutrition can be utilized.
     结论 TPN是重症急性胰腺炎的基本治疗措施 ,应从病程早期开始 ,覆盖整个消化道功能障碍时期 ,直到恢复经肠营养
短句来源
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  胃肠道营养
     A clinical analysis of early enteral nutrition in 302 severely burned children
     小儿重度烧伤早期胃肠道营养302例临床分析
短句来源
     Early post-burn enteral nutrition
     烧伤早期胃肠道营养
短句来源
     Objectives:To analyze retrospectively the result of early enteral nutrition in 302 severely burned children and discuss its role in the prevention of massive gastrointestinal bleeding after burn.
     目的 :回顾性分析 3 0 2例小儿严重烧伤后 ,早期胃肠道营养对防止胃肠道大出血的临床经验。
短句来源
     The results suggest and the gastrointestinal functions of pretem infants are adaptable to enteral nutrition and rational enteral feeding can alsopromote the maturation and developation of the gastrointestinal function of pretem infants.
     结果提示:小于胎龄儿消化道机能适应胃肠道营养,在严密观察下应用合理的喂养方式早日开始胃肠道营养,将能促进小于胎龄儿胃肠道的发育和成熟。
短句来源
     Methods Review and analyse 43 patients who presented with severe cerebral infarction,in which 22 patients underwent enteral nutrition (group EN) and 21 pareteral nutrition (group PN). The nutritional indexes such as HGB, TF, TP, ALB were compared and the complications such as diarrhea, windy, intestine paralysis, alimentary tract hemorrhage, hypohepatia and high blood glucose noted.
     方法回顾分析43例重症脑梗死的病例,其中22例采用胃肠道营养支持,21例采用胃肠外营养支持,比较两组患者营养支持后的血红蛋白、转铁蛋白、总蛋白、白蛋白等营养指标以及腹泻、腹胀、肠麻痹、胃肠道出血、肝功能损害、高血糖等并发症。
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      enteral nutrition
    Early postoperative gastric enteral nutrition improve gastric emptying after cardiac surgery
          
    The aim of the study was to evaluate how early postoperative gastric enteral nutrition affects the gastric emptying in coronary artery by-pass graft (CABG) surgery patients.
          
    For long-term parenteral and enteral nutrition, skin fold measurement is useful.
          
    However, the value of body composition analysis is still open with respect to repeated measurements during the course of parenteral and enteral nutrition.
          
    There was no difference in necessity of parenteral nutrition at day 5 of therapy between both groups: 46.5% patients on Clonidine and 43.8% patients on Clomethiazole had enteral nutrition.
          
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    The concentration of plasma free amino acid was measured in 23 cases of advance gastric cancer by using LKB 4400 amino acid analyser. Several obvious changes were noticed as compared with the respective values in norrnal adults: (1) There was a significant elevation of the concentration of BCAAs and alanine in patients with gastric cancer(P<0.001-0.05). (2) A decrease in the concentration of histidine was universally observed, but with wide variation (P<0.001->0.05). (3) There was a slight increase in the concentration...

    The concentration of plasma free amino acid was measured in 23 cases of advance gastric cancer by using LKB 4400 amino acid analyser. Several obvious changes were noticed as compared with the respective values in norrnal adults: (1) There was a significant elevation of the concentration of BCAAs and alanine in patients with gastric cancer(P<0.001-0.05). (2) A decrease in the concentration of histidine was universally observed, but with wide variation (P<0.001->0.05). (3) There was a slight increase in the concentration of tyrosine (P>0.05). The above results distorted metabolic states of the patients. Since the values observed in the different types of cancer differ significantly, they could be used as a reference in compounding various amino acid Composition for total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and enteral nutrition

    应用LKB 4400氨基酸自动分析仪,测定23例进展期胃癌患者的血浆游离氨基酸含量,将其与国内正常成人值相比较,发现前者有明显改变。1.支链氨基酸及丙氨酸含量均显著升高(P<0.001~0.05);2.组氨酸含量有不同程度的减少(P<0.001~<0.05);3.酪氨酸量轻度增加(P>0.05)。提示胃癌患者血浆游离氨基酸含量的变化可视为恶性肿瘤时氨基酸代谢紊乱的一种反映。

    The effect of parenteral and enteral nutrition support were compared after resection of esophagus and gastric cardia. In parenteral group (PN group) 17 crystalline amino acid solution was infused via central venous catherization. In enteral nutrition group (EN group) elemental diet was fed through naso-gastric tube.

    食管癌、贲门癌切除术后24例,施行静脉营养(PN)与经肠营养(EN)支持的效果比较。两组的红细胞、血红蛋白、血浆总蛋白、前白蛋白,运铁蛋白含量经治疗7天后均可达到术前水平,但血浆白蛋白值有下降。结论认为静脉与经肠营养支持均可达到补充术后血浆蛋白质的作用,但经肠组供给热能有限,故在较大创伤后氮平衡方面静脉组较优。

    Since 1982, the author has performed total gastrectomy on thirt y-five patients with gastric cancer. All these cases were not only in a moderately advanced phase but also in a seriously malnutritional state. Out of eight patients without special alimentototherapy, three (37%) died from leakage of esophago jejuhostomy. out of twenty-seven patients with early feeding of high-nourishing diet through a jejunostomy tube, only three (11%) complicated the leakage, furthermore, those all healed up soon by coutinuous...

    Since 1982, the author has performed total gastrectomy on thirt y-five patients with gastric cancer. All these cases were not only in a moderately advanced phase but also in a seriously malnutritional state. Out of eight patients without special alimentototherapy, three (37%) died from leakage of esophago jejuhostomy. out of twenty-seven patients with early feeding of high-nourishing diet through a jejunostomy tube, only three (11%) complicated the leakage, furthermore, those all healed up soon by coutinuous feeding, In this study, the author used a relatively thick tube for jejunostomy and irrigated various liquid and semi-liquid diets prepared by ourselves. The results indicated that it didn't cause significantly harmful reaction. The patients who had enteral nutrtion recovered much better in weight, Hb and ALB than those who did not, and could tolerate earlier chemotherapy. The study demonstrates that the early enteral nutrition has many advantages, such as effect, economy, safety and simp-licity. it is especially suitable for those malnourishod patients undergoing total gastrectomy. The manipulation, nursing, mechansim and side-effects of the jejunostomy feeding were also discussed in this article.

    1982年以来,我们对35例伴明显营养不良的中晚期胃癌病人施行了全胃切除术。8例未采用特殊的营养支持疗法,术后发生食道空肠吻合口痿3例(37%),均死亡;27例经空肠插管早期供给高营养饮食,结果亦发生吻合口瘘3例(11%),均治愈。本文采用较粗的空肠营养管,灌注自制高营养饮食,未见重大不良反应。术后病人体重、Hb及ALB比未用高营养饮食病人恢复为好,能在手术后早期接受化疗。作者对空肠营养的方法、护理、作用及副作用进行了讨论,认为早期空肠营养具有效果明显、经济、安全、简便的优点,适用于营养不良的全胃切除术病人使用。

     
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