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distraction
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  牵引
    Nursing experience in the treatment of micrognathism by distraction osteogenesis
    牵引成骨技术治疗小颌畸形患者的护理
短句来源
    Nursing of Patient with Severe Scoliosis during the Halo-pelvic Distraction
    重度脊柱侧弯病人头盆环牵引中的护理
短句来源
    Nursing of Mid-facial Osteotomy and Distraction Used for Mid-facial Hypoplasia
    面中份骨骼中位牵引治疗中部后缩畸形的护理
短句来源
  “distraction”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Nursing care of 31 patients with the impacted and uneruped teeth distraction
    正畸患者埋伏阻生牙牵引术31例的护理
短句来源
    Method Animal model of limb lengthening was established in New Zealand white rabbits. Distraction was initiated at a rate of 1mm/day and 2 mm/day in two steps,and proceeded until increases of 10% and 20% in the initial length of tibia had been achieved.
    方法建立新西兰大白兔胫骨延长模型,延长速度为1mm/d和2mm/d,每12h一个增量,延长率为胫骨长度的10%和20%。
短句来源
    Conclusions The distribution and composition changes take place in deep fascia subjected to distraction during limb lengthening. And different lengthening schemes result different changes. Under the scheme of a distraction rate of 1 mm/day and 20% increase of the initial length,the collagen composition is closer to the normal composition.
    结论深筋膜在张应力的作用下其Ⅰ、Ⅲ型胶原的分布及构成发生了变化,1mm/d的延长速度,20%的延长率的方案下深筋膜胶原构成与正常最为接近。
短句来源
    Distraction lengthening was applied 7 to 10 days after the initial corticotomy at the average rate of 0.25 ?
    术后 7~ 10d开始行骨延长 ,每次延长 0 .2 5mm ,每天 4次。
短句来源
    As to the urine whether it is from the normal group or the patient group, there was always significant difference between two methods(P<0.01),and vitamin C and uric acid both added positive distraction to the results.
    尿液标本无论是正常对照组或病人组 ,两法的测定结果均有显著性差异 (P <0 .0 1)。 其中维生素C、尿酸对尿蛋白测定有正干扰 ;
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  distraction
The PT was shown to correlate with the children's motor activity (0.52), approaching a new subject (0.39), distraction (-0.34), and the age of entering a nursery (-0.35).
      
We present three case reports demonstrating the use of distraction lengthening for symptomatic congenital short metatarsals.
      
In all three cases the distraction lengthening of the fourth metatarsal was performed with an external fixateur system aided by an intramedullary K-wire without any supplemental bone graft.
      
The arthrolysis can be performed using arthroscopy, the open technique or distraction arthroplasty.
      
Potential and Limitations of Cephalometric Analysis of Maxillofacial Bone Movement in the Case of LeFort III-Distraction
      
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Objective: To establish a new technique for three dimensional surface reconstruction of teeth (dental surface reconstruction), and apply it to investigate impacted teeth in bone before operation. Methods: On the basis of three dimensional surface reconstruction of teeth and jaws, the dental surface reconstruction is obtained with the technique of shaded surface display (SSD), making transparent bone around. This technique is applied to investigate 9 cases of supernumerary and impacted teeth. Results: Dental...

Objective: To establish a new technique for three dimensional surface reconstruction of teeth (dental surface reconstruction), and apply it to investigate impacted teeth in bone before operation. Methods: On the basis of three dimensional surface reconstruction of teeth and jaws, the dental surface reconstruction is obtained with the technique of shaded surface display (SSD), making transparent bone around. This technique is applied to investigate 9 cases of supernumerary and impacted teeth. Results: Dental surface reconstruction image can present the dental surface image including crown, root, neck and root bifurcation in three dimensional way, without presenting the image of other tissue around. In 4 cases, the abnormal configuration, labial or palatal location, and relation with dentition in anterior maxilla of 5 supernumerary were shown. In 1 case, the shape, location, eruption orientation and the angle of orthodontic distraction of 1 impacted permanent canine were displayed. In 3 cases, the shape, location, and extraction resistance of 6 impacted wisdom teeth were revealed. In 1 case, the configuration, distance to adjacent molar of 1 impacted wisdom tooth, which is a transposition tooth in maxillary sinus, were also demonstrated. Conclusion: The dental surface reconstruction is a new technique to display three dimensional surface configuration of teeth. This technique can be applied to examine impacted and supernumerary teeth before surgical and orthodontic treatment.\;

目的 :建立牙齿立体表面形态图像并探讨用于术前检查骨内埋伏牙的效果。方法 :应用三维螺旋CT的图像处理功能 ,在牙颌骨表面重建图像的基础上 ,采用图像处理表面遮盖法 ,消除周围骨组织的影像 ,获得单纯牙体表面图像。应用该方法检查 9例患者的骨内埋伏多生牙和阻生牙。结果 :能清楚显示上颌骨埋伏多生牙的畸形形态、在牙列唇侧或腭侧的位置及与牙列牙根的关系 ;上颌埋伏恒尖牙萌出方向及与正畸牵引方向的角度 ;阻生智齿与第二磨牙的距离并据此预测拔除阻生齿时可能形成的阻力方位。结论 :牙体表面成像是一种能展示牙齿立体表面形态影像的新技术 ,可作为骨内埋伏牙外科处理和正畸治疗前的检查手段。

Objective To decrease and prevent vagus reflex during decannulation after coronary stenting.Methods 40 patiets were divided into study group including 20 patiets and control group including other 20 patiets,all underwent decannulation 6 hours later after stenting.Blood volume was supplied in study group,but not in control group.BP and HR were measared in both groups.Results Differences of BP and HR between predecannualtion and postdecannulation in study group were not significant,but differences in control...

Objective To decrease and prevent vagus reflex during decannulation after coronary stenting.Methods 40 patiets were divided into study group including 20 patiets and control group including other 20 patiets,all underwent decannulation 6 hours later after stenting.Blood volume was supplied in study group,but not in control group.BP and HR were measared in both groups.Results Differences of BP and HR between predecannualtion and postdecannulation in study group were not significant,but differences in control group were significant.Conclusion Complement of blood volume and distraction of patient's attention before decannulation can prevent vagus reflex in patients with coronary stenting.

目的 减少或避免冠状动脉支架植入术后拔管过程中的迷走神经反射。方法 将 40例患者随机分为观察组和对照组各 2 0例 ,均于术后 6h拔管。观察组采取拔管前补充血容量 ,对照组不给予特殊处理 ,测量两组拔管前、后的血压、心率。结果 观察组拔管前后血压、心率比较 ,差异无显著意义 ;对照组拔管前后血压、心率比较 ,差异有显著意义。结论 拔管前补充血容量分散患者注意力 ,可以避免迷走神经反射的发生。

Objective To investigate the distribution and composition of collagen of deep fascia in response to the tension stress during limb lengthening. Method Animal model of limb lengthening was established in New Zealand white rabbits.Distraction was initiated at a rate of 1mm/day and 2 mm/day in two steps,and proceeded until increases of 10% and 20% in the initial length of tibia had been achieved.Picrosirius-polarization method was used for the study of the deep fascia samples.Image analysis system was used...

Objective To investigate the distribution and composition of collagen of deep fascia in response to the tension stress during limb lengthening. Method Animal model of limb lengthening was established in New Zealand white rabbits.Distraction was initiated at a rate of 1mm/day and 2 mm/day in two steps,and proceeded until increases of 10% and 20% in the initial length of tibia had been achieved.Picrosirius-polarization method was used for the study of the deep fascia samples.Image analysis system was used to investigate the quantitated changes of collagen type I and III.Result Under the polarization microscopy,the fascia consisted mainly of collagen type I.After limb lengthening,the percentage of collagen type III increased.While the collagen composition of the fascia distracted at a rate of 1mm/d under the lengthening rate of 20% was the closest to that of the normal fascia. Conclusions The distribution and composition changes take place in deep fascia subjected to distraction during limb lengthening. And different lengthening schemes result different changes.Under the scheme of a distraction rate of 1 mm/day and 20% increase of the initial length,the collagen composition is closer to the normal composition.

目的研究张应力对深筋膜Ⅰ、Ⅲ型胶原分布及构成的影响。方法建立新西兰大白兔胫骨延长模型,延长速度为1mm/d和2mm/d,每12h一个增量,延长率为胫骨长度的10%和20%。以苦味酸天狼猩红染色,观察深筋膜Ⅰ、Ⅲ型胶原的变化,以图象分析系统分析I、III型胶原相对含量的变化,并进行统计学分析(ANOVA)。结果正常深筋膜主要由I型胶原构成。肢体延长后,III型胶原相对含量增加,而1mm/d,延长率20%的筋膜胶原构成最接近正常。结论深筋膜在张应力的作用下其Ⅰ、Ⅲ型胶原的分布及构成发生了变化,1mm/d的延长速度,20%的延长率的方案下深筋膜胶原构成与正常最为接近。

 
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