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suffering     
相关语句
  苦难
     The Peripateticism and Saunter in Suffering and Anxiety
     苦难与忧生中的逍遥与旷达
短句来源
     The Jews are wondering the problem of their beliefs when they suffering from the realityof the world.
     犹太人在遭受了种种苦难的同时也在思考着他们的信仰问题,究竟他们信仰的上帝是否能够拯救他们走出苦难?
短句来源
     Suffering and Theodicy
     苦难与神义论
短句来源
     The result reduces the Jiangsu people's suffering to a certain extent.
     其结果在一定程度上纾缓了江苏人民的苦难
短句来源
     Suffering poses a big problem to the human being s.
     苦难问题是人的大问题。
短句来源
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  痛苦
     This item was ″evaluate your happiness/ suffering experience in the whole life″, and the score was accounted on 9-point scale: 1=extreme suffering, 2=very suffering, 3=suffering, 4=some suffering, 5=medium, 6=some happiness, 7=happiness, 8=very happiness, 9=extreme happiness.
     项目为:“评价你在整个生活中的幸福/痛苦体验”,按9个等级评定,1=非常痛苦,2=很痛苦,3=痛苦,4=有些痛苦,5=中等,6=有些幸福,7=幸福,8=很幸福,9=非常幸福。
短句来源
     Result:During isolated period,both the total scores of SCL-90 assessment,positive symptom and degrees of mental suffering and factors in SCL-90 survey was negatively related to active reply,no related to negative reply.
     结果 :发现在隔离期 ,样本的SCL— 90量表总分、阳性症状分及心理痛苦水平与积极应对呈显著负相关 ,而与消极应对无相关性。 SCL - 90量表各因子分亦与积极应对呈显著负相关 ,而与消极应对无相关性。
短句来源
     It can alleviate the patients' suffering and improve their quality of life, so as to ensure uneventful radiotherapy .
     结论 比亚芬能有效地预防放射性皮炎的发生 ,对患者能减轻痛苦、提高生活质量、保证放射治疗的顺利进行
短句来源
     Results After interference, there were significant difference between two groups in the average scores of RSS, psychology suffering, living disturbance, anxiety, and depression(P<0.05,P<0.01).
     结果干预后研究组患者家属RSS总分及心理痛苦和生活被扰乱2个维度评分显著低于对照组(均P<0.01),SAS、SDS评分显著低于对照组(P<0.05,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     26.2% of migrant workers were sub-healthy and suffering with some psychological problems. 14.3% of them were obsessive-compulsive; 12.5% were interpersonal sensitivity;
     26.2%的农民工有轻度痛苦水平的心理问题,处于亚健康状态,主要表现为:强迫症(14.3%)、人际敏感(12.5%)、偏执(12.3%)和睡眠障碍(9.5%)。
短句来源
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  忧患
     On the suffering consciousness and national renaissance
     论忧患意识与民族复兴
短句来源
     As a famous patriotism of china in modern times,Wei Yuan developed these noble moral spirits such as patriotism spirit,innovating spirit,being indifferent to fame and wealth spirit,national suffering spirit,seriously demand oneself spirit.
     作为中国近代著名的爱国主义思想家魏源大力弘扬了爱国主义精神、改革变通精神、淡泊名利精神、民族忧患精神、严于律己精神等高尚的道德精神。
短句来源
     Education of China has ever told about the personality education that the ignoring of the personality education is the most serious suffering of China.
     《中国教育报》曾在人格教育的讨论中指出:“人格教育的漠视,乃是中华民族的最大忧患。”
短句来源
     In a speaking, the paper is full of a grey suffering consciousness and positive introspecting spirit.
     因此,在论文中对技术的溢美之辞较为鲜见,当然也不乏客观公正:总体而言,本论文的基调充满了恰到好处的灰色式的忧患意识与积极的反思精神。
短句来源
     Suffering is the theme of literature.
     忧患是东西方共有的文学主题。
短句来源
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  受难
     The Suffering of Love and a Relief of Death──An Interpretation on Werther's love and Death
     爱的受难与自杀的救赎──关于维特爱与死的一种解读
短句来源
     Lu Xun's suffering soul is the result of character, religion and philosophy's together effection.
     鲁迅的受难意识是其超越型特质和意志力特质为内涵的性格、以佛教和基督教为主的宗教以及“中间物”哲学共同作用的结果。
短句来源
     The most suffering soul in 20th century is Lu Xun, and of all the factors, “suffer”is basic.
     鲁迅被称为“二十世纪最忧患的灵魂”,受难意识是最主要的因素。
短句来源
     Saving and Avenging——Variation of the Story of Jesus Suffering in Revenge(the Second Part) by Lu Xun
     拯救与复仇——“耶稣受难”故事在鲁迅《复仇(其二)》中的变异
短句来源
     According to Frye's archetypal theories, the narrative structure of the whole Bible is a rough U-Shaped structure, which follows the typical pattern: paradise, committing the original sin, suffering, repentance, salvation.
     根据弗莱的原型理论,整部圣经的叙事结构是遵循乐园、犯罪、受难、忏悔、得救这一情节模式展开的,是一个大致的U型的结构。
短句来源
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      suffering
    This paper is aims to show that modern planning techniques can help build plan recognition systems without suffering such problems.
          
    In all patients suffering from various forms of myeloid and lymphoid leukemia, hypermethylation of CpG sequences was observed in this region of the calcitonin gene.
          
    Dynamic clinical and EEG examinations (78 observations) were carried out in 17 patients suffering from severe craniocerebral injury during the course of their rehabilitation.
          
    The analytical devices were tested in determining pyogenic streptococcus and aurous staphylococcus antigens in the blood serum of patients suffering from infectious diseases.
          
    This property is ascribed to the formation of mesopores in the structure of our zeolites suffering from a calcination step.
          
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    In recent years,a new disease of the foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.)has been reported to occur in epiphytotic scale in most of the millet growning areasof North China.On account of the brilliant red pigmentation of the infected plant,the disease is generally referred to by the farmers as the red-leaf disease.However,the symptoms on the millet plants varied with different varieties.In general,thecharacteristic symptom exhibited on the "purple-stem" varieties was the the redden-ing of the leaf blade,leaf...

    In recent years,a new disease of the foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.)has been reported to occur in epiphytotic scale in most of the millet growning areasof North China.On account of the brilliant red pigmentation of the infected plant,the disease is generally referred to by the farmers as the red-leaf disease.However,the symptoms on the millet plants varied with different varieties.In general,thecharacteristic symptom exhibited on the "purple-stem" varieties was the the redden-ing of the leaf blade,leaf sheath and spike,particularly the bristle,while that onthe "green-stem" varieties was the yellowing of the leaf blade.In all instances,thediscoloration was usually accompanied by shortening of internode,stunting of thewhole plant.wrinkling of leaf surface,slight waviness of leaf margin,deformationof spike and underdevelopment of root systems.Plants infected at an early stagewere severely stunted and on heads were produced. It has been demonstrated that the red-leaf disease of the foxtail millet was causedby a virus readily transmitted by at least three different species of grain-infestingaphids:corn aphid,Rhopalostiphum maidis Fitch;grain aphid,Macrosiphum granari-um Kirby;and green-bug,Toxoptera graminum Rond.Tests with non-viruliferouscorn aphid eliminated the possibility of direct aphid injury as the cause of the disease. ??The virus was not transmissible by mechanical inoculation,by seeds nor through thesoil. Studies on the mode of transmission of red-leaf virus by corn aphid indicatedthat the virus was persistent in its insect vector and could infect in succession aseries of at least 27 tested millet seedlings.The aphid was unable to acquire thevirus in a 5-minute feedling period on the virus source but was able to pick up thevirus in 10-minute period.The 8-hour acquisition feeding period was optimum forthis aphid.The testing feeding period was found to be not more than 5 minutesand a 4-hour period of confinement on the diseased plant was ample for the aphidto cause maximum infection.Attempts to transmit the virus with cotton aphid.Aphisgossypii Gloner peach aphid,Aphis persicae Sehult and soybean aphid,Aphis glycinesMats,have given negative results.The incubation period for symptoms of the red-leaf virus in foxtail millet ranged from 10 to 32 days with the model period beingbetween 14 to 20 days. Under natural conditions,certain cultivated cereals and grass weeds showed thesymptoms resembling the red-leaf disease of foxtail millet.Among them,were ZeaMays L.,Panicum miliaceum L.,Setaria lutescens (Weigel) Hubb.,S.viridis (L.)Beauv.,Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Roem.,Eragrostiscilianensis (All.) Link,E.pilosa (L.) Beauv.,Arundinella anomala Steud,Spodiopogonsibiricus (Steud.) Trin.,Bothruochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng.,Capillipedium parviflor-um (R.Br.) Stapf and Poa practensis L..Artificial inoculation with the corn aphidproved that the first six named plant species,including the two cereals,were susce-ptible to the red-leaf virus and they produced,in all cases,the typical symptoms.Tests with the rest sexen grass weeds are in progress. The results of disease control experiments by timely spraying with an insecticide,E605,under field conditions were inconsistent.Among the 349 foxtail millet varie-ties of foxtail millet examined in the experimental field,nine of them were foundto be highly torelant to and suffered only very slightly from the attack of the red-leaf virus.These varieties were,however,succeptible in aphid transmission experiments. Available evidences point to the conclusion that the red-leaf virus of the foxtail millet herin reported is quite different from all the previously described cereal viruses.Among the cereal virus that closely resembles the red-leaf virus is the yellow-dwarfvirus reported by Oswald tnd Hauston.These two viruses are similar in the follow-ing respects:both are transmissible by the same species of aphids (Rhopalosiphummaidis,Microsiphum graminium andToxoptera granarium) and neither virus can betransferred mechanically.But they differ strikingly from each other in their hostranges.According to Oswald and Hauston,there were 19 of 55 grasses tested thatappeared to be immune from the yellow-dwarf virus.Digitaria sanguinalis,Echino-chloa crus-galli Setaria viridis and Zea Mays were among the immune hosts.On thecontary,all these four gramineous plants were found to be extremely susceptible tothe red-leaf virus both under natural condition and in artificial inoculation experi-ments.Accordingly,the red-leaf,a persistent aphid borne virus affecting the foxtailmillet,is herein reported as a new virus of the cereals.

    小米红叶病是在我国华北分布普遍和为害严重的一种小米病害。病害的症状,在紫杆的小米品种上面,主要的是叶片、叶鞘和穗变紅;在青杆品种上面是叶片黄化。無論如何,紫杆和青杆品种病株除变色外,都可随伴各种畸形,包括植株矮化、叶面绉折、叶綠波状、穗变形和根系發育不良。紅叶病是一个借蚜虫傳播的病毒病害衩籽痢⒙蟪す苎梁吐蠖硌辆軅鞑ゲ『?其中以玉米蚜为最重要。曾經测定玉米蚜在病株上面吸食获得病毒和在健株上面吸食所需最短的时間;带毒玉米蚜的数目和傳病效能的关系谐嵫梁腿舫婢軅鞑 S锰已痢⒋蠖寡梁兔扪羵鞑∥椿竦谜慕Y果。紫杆品种感病后,仅表皮細胞、叶毛細胞和泡状細胞变成紅化,其下层的組織不紅化。叶綠素逐漸消失,但消失过程相当的慢。在病害最末期,維管束內的靱皮細胞少数的坏死,导水管內可能充塞有棕色胶質物,其它細胞無显著的变化。檢查病叶未發現有細胞內含体。用带毒蚜虫作人工接种,証知小米紅叶病病毒能侵染玉米和黍。这两种作物在自然环境下均發生紅叶病。在自然环境下,有以下的禾谷类杂草紅化:金狗尾、青狗尾、馬唐、大画眉草、画眉草、稗、野牯草、大油芒、白羊草、細柄草和六月禾。用玉米蚜作人工接种証明稗、青狗尾、金狗尾、馬唐、六月禾和大油...

    小米红叶病是在我国华北分布普遍和为害严重的一种小米病害。病害的症状,在紫杆的小米品种上面,主要的是叶片、叶鞘和穗变紅;在青杆品种上面是叶片黄化。無論如何,紫杆和青杆品种病株除变色外,都可随伴各种畸形,包括植株矮化、叶面绉折、叶綠波状、穗变形和根系發育不良。紅叶病是一个借蚜虫傳播的病毒病害衩籽痢⒙蟪す苎梁吐蠖硌辆軅鞑ゲ『?其中以玉米蚜为最重要。曾經测定玉米蚜在病株上面吸食获得病毒和在健株上面吸食所需最短的时間;带毒玉米蚜的数目和傳病效能的关系谐嵫梁腿舫婢軅鞑 S锰已痢⒋蠖寡梁兔扪羵鞑∥椿竦谜慕Y果。紫杆品种感病后,仅表皮細胞、叶毛細胞和泡状細胞变成紅化,其下层的組織不紅化。叶綠素逐漸消失,但消失过程相当的慢。在病害最末期,維管束內的靱皮細胞少数的坏死,导水管內可能充塞有棕色胶質物,其它細胞無显著的变化。檢查病叶未發現有細胞內含体。用带毒蚜虫作人工接种,証知小米紅叶病病毒能侵染玉米和黍。这两种作物在自然环境下均發生紅叶病。在自然环境下,有以下的禾谷类杂草紅化:金狗尾、青狗尾、馬唐、大画眉草、画眉草、稗、野牯草、大油芒、白羊草、細柄草和六月禾。用玉米蚜作人工接种証明稗、青狗尾、金狗尾、馬唐、六月禾和大油芒均感染小米紅叶病病毒。其它紅化杂草和接种試驗,正在进行中。紅叶病病毒对小米植株所产生的影响,因植株發育的阶段不同而輕重有所差异,植株感病愈早病害愈剧烈。用杀虫剂E605在田間噴射小米防治紅叶病,未能表現药剂有防病的效能,在田間观察349个品种,选得9个高度耐病和农艺性状优良的品种。抗病选种可能是当前防治小米紅叶病最有效的防治措施。根据病原的傳染方法,寄主范围和所表現的症状,小米紅叶病病毒和以往所报道的禾本科植物的病毒病害的病毒均不相同,因此它是禾谷类作物的一个新的病毒。

    Department of parasitology, First Shanghai Medical College The damages that chickens and other poultry suffer from the infestation of Neoschongastia gallinarum larvae are quite serious. It has been found, according to our surveys made since 1954, that N. gallinarum is widely distributed in this country and the infestation rate among the fowls and other land birds is very high. The present paper is a preliminary report on the study of the effects of temperature and moisture on the viability of N. gallinarum...

    Department of parasitology, First Shanghai Medical College The damages that chickens and other poultry suffer from the infestation of Neoschongastia gallinarum larvae are quite serious. It has been found, according to our surveys made since 1954, that N. gallinarum is widely distributed in this country and the infestation rate among the fowls and other land birds is very high. The present paper is a preliminary report on the study of the effects of temperature and moisture on the viability of N. gallinarum larvae under the conditions established in the laboratory. N. gallinarum larvae persist to live: (1) 18±1℃ & RH 73% for 26 hours and 20 minutes; (2) 26—29℃ & RH 50—52% for 12 hrs.;(3) 34±1℃ RH 50% for 9 hours; (4) 40±1℃ & RH 45% for 5 1/2 hrs.; (5) 45±1℃ & RH 37% for 2 hrs. and 40 mins.; (6) 50±1℃ & RH 34% for 100 mins.; (7) 56±1℃ & RH 30% for 40 mins.; (8) 61±1℃ & RH 28.5% for 10 mins. Besides, when kept in water, unengorged A. gallinarum larvae were found to survive in the temperature of 28±1℃, 34±1℃, 40±1℃, 50±1℃, 56±1℃, 61±1℃, 65±1℃; for 77 days, 29 days, 26 days, 10 hrs., 40 mins., 40 mins, and 20 mins, respectively. Furthermore the development of the larva to nymphal stage was observed in the above stated temperature especially in the temperature below 40±1℃. N. gallinarum larvae is comparatively resistant to freezing temperature. It is viable in temperatures of 0℃, -5℃, -10±1℃ for 32, 23 and 3 days respectively. With reference to the adaptation of the N. gallinarum larvae toward sudden changes of temperature, the distribution, the epidemiology, as well as the prevention of the "chicken chigger pox" are concisely discussed in this paper.

    1.本文就鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在不同温湿度,不同温度的水,及低温等不同环境中的生活力作一初步研究。 2.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在18±1℃,相对湿度73%;26—29℃,相对湿度50—52%;34±1℃,相对湿度50%;40±1℃,相对湿度45%;45±1℃,相对湿度37%;50±1℃,相对湿度34%;56±1℃;相对湿度30%;61±1℃,相对湿度28.5%时分别可活26小时20分;12小时;9小时;5 1/2小时;2小时40分;100分;40分;10分。说明幼虫有相对的抗旱性能。 3.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在28±1℃;34±1℃;40±1℃;50±1℃,56±1℃;61±1℃;65±1℃的水中,未饱食的幼虫分别可活77天;29天;26天;10小时;40分;40分;20分钟。幼虫虽然在上列的温度中或经过該温度处理后尚能具有发育为稚虫的能力,尤以40±1℃以下为显见,由此可知幼虫对高湿度适应的性能。 4.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在0℃;-5℃;-10±1℃时分别可活32天;23天;3天。也说明了它的御寒能力。 5.基于上述的秸果,鸡新勋恙螨幼虫都是在室温中迅速转变为高温或低温的情况下就产生这样快的适应力,故就它在鸡螨痘病的流行、发生及防治...

    1.本文就鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在不同温湿度,不同温度的水,及低温等不同环境中的生活力作一初步研究。 2.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在18±1℃,相对湿度73%;26—29℃,相对湿度50—52%;34±1℃,相对湿度50%;40±1℃,相对湿度45%;45±1℃,相对湿度37%;50±1℃,相对湿度34%;56±1℃;相对湿度30%;61±1℃,相对湿度28.5%时分别可活26小时20分;12小时;9小时;5 1/2小时;2小时40分;100分;40分;10分。说明幼虫有相对的抗旱性能。 3.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在28±1℃;34±1℃;40±1℃;50±1℃,56±1℃;61±1℃;65±1℃的水中,未饱食的幼虫分别可活77天;29天;26天;10小时;40分;40分;20分钟。幼虫虽然在上列的温度中或经过該温度处理后尚能具有发育为稚虫的能力,尤以40±1℃以下为显见,由此可知幼虫对高湿度适应的性能。 4.鸡新勋恙螨幼虫在0℃;-5℃;-10±1℃时分别可活32天;23天;3天。也说明了它的御寒能力。 5.基于上述的秸果,鸡新勋恙螨幼虫都是在室温中迅速转变为高温或低温的情况下就产生这样快的适应力,故就它在鸡螨痘病的流行、发生及防治等方面加以分析和探讨。

    A strong stimulus applied directly to the cerebral cortex of unanesthetized animal (cat and rabbit) may elicit a train of repetitive responses composed mainly of surface negative waves at a frequency of 10-20 per second. Such repetitive responses are relatively more conspicuous in sensorymotor cortex, where it may last for more than 2 seconds. The duration of each negative wave varies between 20-50 msec, and the amplitude may reach as high as 1 mV. When one of the negative waves was made to overlap in time with...

    A strong stimulus applied directly to the cerebral cortex of unanesthetized animal (cat and rabbit) may elicit a train of repetitive responses composed mainly of surface negative waves at a frequency of 10-20 per second. Such repetitive responses are relatively more conspicuous in sensorymotor cortex, where it may last for more than 2 seconds. The duration of each negative wave varies between 20-50 msec, and the amplitude may reach as high as 1 mV. When one of the negative waves was made to overlap in time with the initial surface negative wave elicited by another stimulus, the latter suffered a decrease. When atropine or procaine was applied to the cortical surface, it was found that both of the surface negative waves were affected parallelly. As the initial surface negative wave is generally regarded as representing the activity of the apical dendrites of the pyramidal neurons, the negative waves of the repetitive responses are inferred as also representing the activity of the apical dendrites. Application of procaine to the cortical surface depressed the negative waves of the repetitive responses rapidly, though the total duration of the repetitive activity was not shortened. The repetitive responses were more easily set up when the tips of the stimulating electrodes were inserted 1 mm deep into the cortex than when they were just touching the cortical surface. Neither transection of the brain stem between inferior and superior colliculi nor removal of the thalamic sensory nuclei affected the production of the repetitive responses. Such responses, however, could be completely abolished by the removal. of the central portion of thalamus. Stimulation applied to this portion of thalamus could elicit responses in the cortex of a pattern similar to that elicited by cortical stimulation. Repetitive responses of same frequency as that recorded from the cortical surface could also be led from this portion of the thalamus after cortical stimulation. From the above experimental evidences, it appears that the generation of the repetitive responses under consideration involves the action of some closed circuit existing between the cerebral cortex and the central portion of the thalamus, and that the repetitive surface negative waves are due to periodic bombardment on the apical dendrites by nervous impulses coming from that circuit.

    用较强的电刺激直接刺激不麻醉动物的大脑皮层,所引起的反应包含以一串频率为10—20次/秒的表面负电位为主的重复反应。这种重复反应在大脑皮层广大区域都可以得到,而以在体感觉运动区得到的最为显著。它可以持续2秒以上,每一个负电位的时程为20—50毫秒,振幅可以达到1毫伏特左右。当这些表面负电位的任一个和另一刺激引起的第一个表面负电位同时出现时,後者减小;在大脑皮层表面局部施加阿讬品或普鲁卡因溶液後,这两种负电位有平行的变化。由於第一个负电位主要是代表锥体神经原顶端树状突的活动,重复反应的表面负电位主要也是代表顶端树状突的活动。在大脑皮层表面局部施加普鲁卡因後,虽然重复反应表面负电位的振幅迅速减小,但是重复反应持续的时间并不缩短。为了引起重复反应,在皮层表面刺激所需的刺激强度比将刺激电极尖端插在座层深1毫米处刺激所需的大几倍。由此看来,重复反应不是发源於顶端树状突。将脑干在上、下叠体之间切断,或将丘脑的感觉核吸去,重复反应的出现不受影响,但是如果将丘脑中央部分吸去,重复反应就不再出现。刺激丘脑这一部分也会在大脑皮层引起图形相同的重复反应。从这些结果看来,重复反应的表面负电位是大脑皮层和丘脑中央部分之间的闭合线路被激...

    用较强的电刺激直接刺激不麻醉动物的大脑皮层,所引起的反应包含以一串频率为10—20次/秒的表面负电位为主的重复反应。这种重复反应在大脑皮层广大区域都可以得到,而以在体感觉运动区得到的最为显著。它可以持续2秒以上,每一个负电位的时程为20—50毫秒,振幅可以达到1毫伏特左右。当这些表面负电位的任一个和另一刺激引起的第一个表面负电位同时出现时,後者减小;在大脑皮层表面局部施加阿讬品或普鲁卡因溶液後,这两种负电位有平行的变化。由於第一个负电位主要是代表锥体神经原顶端树状突的活动,重复反应的表面负电位主要也是代表顶端树状突的活动。在大脑皮层表面局部施加普鲁卡因後,虽然重复反应表面负电位的振幅迅速减小,但是重复反应持续的时间并不缩短。为了引起重复反应,在皮层表面刺激所需的刺激强度比将刺激电极尖端插在座层深1毫米处刺激所需的大几倍。由此看来,重复反应不是发源於顶端树状突。将脑干在上、下叠体之间切断,或将丘脑的感觉核吸去,重复反应的出现不受影响,但是如果将丘脑中央部分吸去,重复反应就不再出现。刺激丘脑这一部分也会在大脑皮层引起图形相同的重复反应。从这些结果看来,重复反应的表面负电位是大脑皮层和丘脑中央部分之间的闭合线路被激发以後,神经衝动周期性冲击顶端树状突的结果。

     
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