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regional
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     The Study of Regional Cell Immune Response and Clinical Effect on Ultrasonically Guided Superantigen Injection with Microwave Coagulation Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma
     超声引导瘤区注射高聚生协同微波治疗肝癌局部细胞免疫变化与临床疗效的研究
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     Study on the Reform of Regional Administrative System in China
     中国地方行政体制改革研究
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     The Construction and Development Countermeasures Study on Southwest Regional Commercial and Trade Center
     西南地区商贸中心构建与发展对策研究
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     The Expression of Mucin MUC1 and MUC2 in Colorectal Cancer and Its Relationship with Micrometastasis in Regional Lymph Nodes
     黏蛋白MUC1和MUC2在结直肠癌中的表达及其与淋巴结微转移关系的研究
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     Technological Idea and Practice of the Regional Architectural Design
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     Regional architecture
     地区建筑
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     Culture is regional.
     文化是有地域性的,地域赋予了文化基本的底色,形成文化最初的积淀。
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Our study indicates that the model can be applied to study the interaction between land surface processes and atmospheric boundary layers over various underlying surfaces and their regional climate effects.
      
For the complexity and scale dependence of the influence of forest vegetation on runoff, forest hydrological functions based on regional scale or watershed scale were worthy of further studies.
      
In conclusion, the regional and forest development in Yanbian was sustainable, and the implementation of NFPP was favorable to improving sustainable development of forest region.
      
Spatial fluctuation of forest fires and their regional behaviors
      
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Ⅰ. General SKETCH The Cenozoic basalt lavas are widely distributed along the coastal regionand its adjacent districts in eastern China. They form either widespread plateausor scattered mesa-like hills; and, in some places, the volcanic craters are stilladmirably preserved to-day. These basalt sheets were erupted extensively in lateTertiary and early Quaternary times. They belong to the multiple-vent basalts,but not the plateau basalt in the type of eruption. In this paper are given the results of a petrochemical...

Ⅰ. General SKETCH The Cenozoic basalt lavas are widely distributed along the coastal regionand its adjacent districts in eastern China. They form either widespread plateausor scattered mesa-like hills; and, in some places, the volcanic craters are stilladmirably preserved to-day. These basalt sheets were erupted extensively in lateTertiary and early Quaternary times. They belong to the multiple-vent basalts,but not the plateau basalt in the type of eruption. In this paper are given the results of a petrochemical study of the Ceno-zoic basalt in eastern China. Geological and petrographical studies of the basaltsare not described in detail. Judging from the chemical compositions, the mostoutstanding characteristic feature of the most basaltic rocks is the richness inalkalis, especially in K_2O, also the undersaturation in silica, and, therfore,the most of the basalts distinctly belong to the alkaline rock suite. Such chemicalcharacters are closely related to modal compositions. The general petrogra-phical characters of the basalt may be now as well described. In North Chinaand South Manchuria most basalts are trachy basalt and its allied types, andoccasional nepheline basalt. The constituent minerals of these basalt are cha-racterized by the presence of anorthoclase, potash-adesine, plagioclase, titanaugite,as well as by the abundance of olivine. In South China the main basalt is olivinebasalt, consisting of olivine, augite, and plagioclase as usual. At some placesthe basalt may be slightly silica saturated that the occasional presence of hyper-thene and quartz (xenocryst) is noteworthy. In North Manchuria the dominant basalt is leucite basalt, containing leucite and olivine as phenocryst and groundmass constituent. Xenocryst of quartz and feldspar grains are sometimes present.In Taiwan Province, basalt of Kuanyinshan volcano is of the tholeiite type,but, in some other districts, the alkaline basalt with feldspathoidal constituentalso occurs. In view of the above-mentioned facts, the petrographical difference seemsto be matched by the differences of the major tectonic forms of China. Thesefacts may be tabulated below: Geographical region Tectonic forms Basalt type 1. North Manchuria Granitized region in Varisclde Leucite basalt 2. North China & South Precambrian Sino-Korean Trachybasalt Manchuria massive 3. South China Huanan platform in Yenshanide Olivine basalt 4. Taiwan Himalayide Tholeiite basalt Ⅱ. Regional INVESTIGATION In Table 1 the chemical analyses of the Cenozoic volcanic rocks in easternChina published up to 1951 were collected, of which 74 analyses are basalticrocks. The available analyses of every basalt sheet are taken an average to re-present the regional composition of the basaltic rocks. The localities of the basaltsheets where the analyzed chemical data are referable are shown in Figure 1.In all, 21 localities of basalt are investigated. The average chemical compositionsof each basalt locality, together with the normative minerals, Niggli's valuesand Zavarickij's numbers are given in Tables 2 A and 2 B respectively (localnos. in Table 2 correspond to the numerous in circle in Figure 1). For theconvenience of comparison, the average chemical composition of some standardbasalts (after S. R. Nockolds, 1954), some alkaline basalt in New Zealand (afterW. N. Benson, 1944) and Uganda (after A. Holmes, 1937), and the world's ba-salts, together with the normative minerals, Niggli's values and Zavarickij'snumbers of our calculation, are selected and given in Tables 3A, 3B, 7A, 7Brespectively. As mentioned above, the chemical composition of eastern China basalt ischaracterized by the high content of alkalies, and especially the K_2O. This cha-racter is definitely revealed by the normative feldspar, which is given in Table2 A and graphically shown in Figure 2. From this graphical representation,it is recognized that the normative feldspar becomes increasingly enriched ormolecular from South China to North Manchuria. Although the projected points appear to be scattered, a trend of clustering of the normative feldspars in accor-dance with its geographical distribution is apparent upon close inspection. Inthe normative pyroxene diagram, Figure 3, it is shown that most basalts of easternChina are rich in Wo molecular, falling near the Di-Hd line; On the otherhand, those of Kuanyinshan basalts of Taiwan Province are poor in Wo andcluster in the central part of the Di-Hd-Fs-En field. Therefore, that the easternChina basalt, excluding that of Kuanyinshan, belong to the alkaline rock suiteis justified. The comparison diagrams of qz, al-alk, C-(al-alk) and K-mg ofNiggli's values, based on the data given in Tables 2 B, 3 B, and 7 B, are gra-phically shown in Figs. 4, 5, 6 and 7 respectively. As will be seen from thesefigures, in general, the qz and al-alk of Niggli's value are lower, but C-(al-alk) and K-mg are higher than those of some common basalts. Fig. 8 isZavorickij's petrochemical vector diagram, from which the petrochemical cha-racters of high alkaline property in eastern China basalts are clearly justified. Ⅲ. Serial COMPARISON For ascertaining and understanding the general chemical characters, theCenozoic eastern China basalt and its differentiated associations are divided,based on the SiO_2 content, into 5 chemical types, the average composition ofwhich is given in Table 5A. As the chemical composition of Kuanyinshanvolcanic rocks in Taiwan Province shows a distinct calc-alkaline affinity, it is,therefore, dealt with the same procedure as well. The average chemical compo-sition of the volcanic rocks is given in Table 5 B. Since the Cenozoic basalt ineastern China covers the region adjacent to the Circum-Japan Sea and the Ja-panese Archipelagoes which are well known by the occurrence of alkaline andcalc-alkaline rock suite respectively. The serial variation in the chemical com-position of eastern China volcanic rocks is examinated in comparing them withthose of the Circum-Japan Sea and the Japanese volcanic rocks. The data usedfor the Circum-Japan Sea and Japanese rocks, which are given in Tables 6 A and6 B, are based on Tomita's and Yamada's calculated results respectively. Zavaric-kij's number of the same rocks, based on Zavarickij's data, is given in Table6 C. Following various petrochemical methods, some graphic diagrams are cons-tructed in order to express the chemical characters of the rock series of easternChina more definitely. The difference in chemical composition as comparedwith the Circum-Japan Sea alkaline rock suite is shown in the normal varia-tion diagram Figure 9. Other petrochemical indices (proposed by Peacock, Hol- mes and Tomita respectively) obtained are summarized below: Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ alkali-lime index (Fig. 10) 65.5 59.0 63.0 52.0 alkali-alumina index (Fig. 11) -- -- 67.8 63.3 Ol-Q index (Fig. 12) 20.0 43.0 72.5 76.5 Ne-Hy index (Fig. 13) -- -- 55.0 59.9 Di-C index (Fig. 14) 46.5 46.5 -- -- Ⅰ. Japanese volcanic rocks; Ⅱ. Taiwan volcanic rocks; Ⅲ. Circum-Japan Sea alkaline suite; Ⅳ. eastern China volcanic rocks.From these graphical solutions in Figs. 10-14, it may be justified that thevolcanic rocks in eastern Asia have increasingly enriched the alkali contentfrom the Japanese Archipelagoes to the mainland of China. Figure 15 is avariation diagram of the normative feldspar of the eastern China series, incomparison with that of the Circum-Japan Sea region, the Japanese Archipela-goes and New Zealand. As will be seen from the diagram, the variation of thenormative feldspar of eastern China rock series is quite discriminative. Notonly is it richer in or molecular, but the positions of point N and O (corres-pond to the respective Ol-Q and Ne-Hy indices as shown in Figs. 12 and 13)of the eastern China series are also in a later course than the others. Figure 16is a paragenetic diagram of the normative plagioclase and pyroxlene of theeastern China series. In the variation diagram of the normative pyroxene, Fig.17, the distinct difference in the course of variation between the alkaline andcalc-alkaline series is clearly revealed. In this connection, the directon of varia-tion in the normative pyroxene of the alkaline series differs from that of thecalc-alkaline series. It is also notable that the range of variation in the easternChina series is smaller, due to the presence of higher Wo molecular in bothbasic and acidic types, as compared with that of the Circum-Japan Sea series.Figure 18 is Zavarickij's petrochemical vector diagram of the eastern Chinaseries compared with that of Circum-Japan Sea and Japanese series. It may be acomplemental diagram of the serial comparison diagram of eastern Asia volcanicrock series, prepared by Zavarickij (cf. A. N. Zavarickij's Introduction to Petro-chemistry of Igneous Rocks, 1950, Fig. 61, p. 205, in Russian). The distinctdifference of these rock series may be clearly observed in the graphical solution.In Table 7 A is given the average chemical composition of eastern China basalt,together with the composition of basaltic rocks of the world (including olvinebasalt and Toleiite, Ocean basalt and Continent basalt) for comparison. Theeastern China average is very similar to the average composition of the olivine- basalt of the Circum-Japan Sea region (based on Tomita, 1935, and recalculatedby the writer), while it differed more or less from that of any of the world'sbasalts by the high content of alkali and especially K_20. This character isdefinitely revealed by the normative feldspar and pyroxene, which are graphi-cally shown in Figs. 19 and 21 respectively. Figure 20 is Zavarickij's petroche-mical diagram of the world's basalt. As shown in these diagrams, it suggests atransitional relation rather than a sharp cleft in the petrochemical charactersof the world's basalts. There are no distinct types of basalt magma but rathera continuous series from silica saturated (tholeiitic) to silica-undersaturated(olivine-basalt) rock, although the chemical distinction may be too subtle to beread directly from chemical analyses. Ⅳ. ORIGINAL Basalt Magma The original magma of eastern China basalt belongs to the olivine basaltmagma type. In this discussion it is assumed that the primary olivine basaltmagma is melted from a crust of peridotitic crystalline rock in the upper partof the sima layer. Olivine basalt magma may be modified by the gain of alimited amount of silica and some alkalies to produce a derived melt, whichappears to coincide with the tholeiitic

~~

This paper deals with ecology and part of the Life history of the Chinese alligator. In making the investigation, the auther has paid visits to the Lower Yangtze basin and its adjacent territory during February-October in 1951, 1954, and 1956 in south Anhwei.The Chinese alligator inhabits the alluvial plain. During the growth and development of river, there are two seasonal periods in a year. The rainy season covering from April to October, and the dry season from October to March of the next year. During the...

This paper deals with ecology and part of the Life history of the Chinese alligator. In making the investigation, the auther has paid visits to the Lower Yangtze basin and its adjacent territory during February-October in 1951, 1954, and 1956 in south Anhwei.The Chinese alligator inhabits the alluvial plain. During the growth and development of river, there are two seasonal periods in a year. The rainy season covering from April to October, and the dry season from October to March of the next year. During the dry season, one side of a broad sand swamp is an artifial dam, while the opposite is the natural bank, which may be gradually destroyed by the current in the rainy season year after year.During the rainy season, the water level is higher which serve as a shelter to the hidden alligator.The Chinese alligator is not only found along the basin of the lower Yangtze River, but also in south Anhwei districts along Chin-I-Kiang and Cheun-Ho River system. The plain is always sunk down by the tide, its surface being usually covered by a harder mud. A lot of burrows are distributed here and there. Each burrow has seveal holes. It is seaier to find out such burrows in the fall and winter, because the reeds are then cropped.Investigations showed that there were two types of burrows with respect to the sex of the alligator found inside. The male burrow is a simple tunnel with two openings, while the female's is more complicated.A longitudinal section of the female's burrow shows that the burrow is somewhat like a three-storied building. The differences in the level of diggings are considered as adaptations to different water levels.The following table presents burrow types in sexual diamorphism.The changes of water levels of the alluvial plain of definite regional river system may be related, according to our field examination, to the period of the animal's hibernation. The burrowed creature is coiled underground in 2m. deep during the winter season. The types of the burrows may be shown in the following table:In the wet season, the water level is about 8m. deep, just reaching.the surface of plain. This fact indicates that water is essential to the animal in the regulation of its physiological processes.The alligator mates in May and June, nesting at the end of June, laying The words "Doors'' and "Windows" adopted here are taken to indicate the various openings of the nests of the alligators.eggs in the July and August. The eggs measure 59 mm. in diameter. The shell is very hard, being ashy white in colour.The head and body length of the breeding adults as well as the number of eggs found in females may be given in following table:Other observations on the night movement during the breeding period may be shown as follows:

1.我国古代早在商周时期,即对此项动物加以记载,下至晋唐,都曾有记述,包括分布、形态和生态诸方面。综合辨考前人记载鼍及其近种的分布,是在今日的湖北、山西、广西、广东、安徽、福建、江苏、江西和当时邻国柬埔寨等地。 2.动物的栖息地为河流、湖泊、丘陵山涧的河漫滩的芦苇及竹林丛中。调查地包括了安徽省、江西省沿江的河漫滩及属於黄山天目山的青弋江、渲河、青山河的下游和芜湖、南陵、宣城、泾县、当涂、高淳、宁国、郎溪诸县。时间是1951年,1954年,1956年2—10月间。 3.据据39尾鼍的标本测定,其雌雄的外形性徵差异不显著,但其所营穴窟却有显著的两性相异形式。二者均包括有洞身和各种不同的洞口,适於进出、呼吸等用。 4.雌性个体异穴分居。 5.动物每年4月初开始出洞活动,6月间配偶,7月初至8月中旬筑巢产卵,在在6—8月间最为活动,10月下旬开始入蛰休眠。 6.动物在竹林芦苇田中筑巢,取材枯叶、杂草、乾枯稻草和菱白叶。体长92.1厘米者,巢中的卵数20。卵长59毫米,径34毫米,围110毫米,卵重43克,壳重3.75克。 7.动物昼伏夜出,风雨之夜概不出洞。最热季节,日中当大气气温31—35℃、湿度40—48°时,曝...

1.我国古代早在商周时期,即对此项动物加以记载,下至晋唐,都曾有记述,包括分布、形态和生态诸方面。综合辨考前人记载鼍及其近种的分布,是在今日的湖北、山西、广西、广东、安徽、福建、江苏、江西和当时邻国柬埔寨等地。 2.动物的栖息地为河流、湖泊、丘陵山涧的河漫滩的芦苇及竹林丛中。调查地包括了安徽省、江西省沿江的河漫滩及属於黄山天目山的青弋江、渲河、青山河的下游和芜湖、南陵、宣城、泾县、当涂、高淳、宁国、郎溪诸县。时间是1951年,1954年,1956年2—10月间。 3.据据39尾鼍的标本测定,其雌雄的外形性徵差异不显著,但其所营穴窟却有显著的两性相异形式。二者均包括有洞身和各种不同的洞口,适於进出、呼吸等用。 4.雌性个体异穴分居。 5.动物每年4月初开始出洞活动,6月间配偶,7月初至8月中旬筑巢产卵,在在6—8月间最为活动,10月下旬开始入蛰休眠。 6.动物在竹林芦苇田中筑巢,取材枯叶、杂草、乾枯稻草和菱白叶。体长92.1厘米者,巢中的卵数20。卵长59毫米,径34毫米,围110毫米,卵重43克,壳重3.75克。 7.动物昼伏夜出,风雨之夜概不出洞。最热季节,日中当大气气温31—35℃、湿度40—48°时,曝晒於水面。

On the basis of a series of soil survey made in the Hwaiho Valley(淮河流域),a plan on land classification for this area has been proposed asreferences for making arrangement in establishing irrigation systems,inland utilization,as well as in soil improvement.Three fundamental principles are considered to be important on landclassification,i.e.(1)the practices in soil improvement must be consideredin connection with those in land utilization,(2)the land classificationshould be considered on land utilization both...

On the basis of a series of soil survey made in the Hwaiho Valley(淮河流域),a plan on land classification for this area has been proposed asreferences for making arrangement in establishing irrigation systems,inland utilization,as well as in soil improvement.Three fundamental principles are considered to be important on landclassification,i.e.(1)the practices in soil improvement must be consideredin connection with those in land utilization,(2)the land classificationshould be considered on land utilization both of the present day and of thefuture time,and(3)the main factors and criteria adopted for landclassification must be appropriate to the particular regional conditions.The main factors used in land classification of the Hwaiho Valley aresuggested as follows:(1)soil types together with their physical andchemical properties,(2)geomorphological characteristics,(3)depth andchemical composition of ground water,(4)present status and furtherimprovement in drainage and irrigation,(5)present status in land utiliza-tion and estimate on soil productivity,and(6)fundamental problems inthe promotion of soil fertility.According to the factors just mentioned,a system of land classificationhas been proposed for the Hwaiho Valley where the land may be classifiedinto seven main types.

淮河流域土壤改良利用分区的目的是供水利方面选择灌区和初步计划灌溉设施及农业方面确定农业区划和改进农业技术措施的参考。分区的基本原则有三:第一,土壤改良必须与利用规划结合,其次分区应注意综合性、长远性和现实性,第三划区的主要因素和标准必须符合地区的特点。淮河流域土壤改良利用分区的主要参考因素为(1)土壤发生分类和主要理化性质,(2)地貌,(3)地下水的深度、矿化度及化学组成,(4)灌溉排水现状及需要改进的情况,(5)土地利用现状及对生产的评价,(6)提高土壤生产力的关键性问题。

 
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