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serum
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  血清
    The Des-γ-carboxy-prothrombin Levels in Serum and Liver Tissue of Hepatocarcinoma and Their Clinical Significance
    肝癌血清、组织中脱-γ-羧基凝血酶原水平测定及其临床意义
短句来源
    Association of the Polymorphism of Pepsinogen C Gene to the Genetic Predisposition of Gastric Cancer and the Effect of It on the Value of Serum Pepsinogen C
    胃蛋白酶原C基因多态与胃癌的遗传易感及其对血清胃蛋白酶原水平的影响
短句来源
    The Prognosis Factors on Local Resection of Uveal Melanoma and the Serum Markers of the Tumor
    葡萄膜黑色素瘤局部切除预后影响因素及血清肿瘤标记物探讨
短句来源
    The Study of Three Kinds of Image and Serum AFP Test on Detecting the Residual, Recurrence and Metastasis Lesions After TACE for Primary Carcinoma of Liver
    三种影像学方法及血清AFP对原发性肝癌TACE后残留、复发、转移病灶检出的研究
短句来源
    Effect of NSCLC Expressing FasL on TILs and Detection of sFas and sFasL in Serum
    NSCLC表达FasL对TIL的影响及患者血清中可溶性Fas、FasL的检测
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  血浆
    Value of plasma ACTH and serum cortisol in diagnosis of adrenal failure
    血浆ACTH、血清皮质醇测定对肾上腺皮质功能减退的诊断价值
短句来源
    Relationship between Effect of Sodium Selenite on Blocking Mesothelioma Induced by Crocidolite and Level of Serum Lipid Peroxidation in Rats
    亚硒酸钠对青石棉诱发大鼠间皮瘤的阻断作用与血浆过氧化脂质关系的研究
短句来源
    Alterations of luasma lipoproteins and serum proteins in 615 mice with T lymphocytic leukemia
    615系可移植性白血病小鼠血浆脂蛋白和血清蛋白质的变化
短句来源
    RELATION BETWEEN POSTOPERATIVE PROGNOSIS AND HALF LIFE PERIOD OF SERUM CA125
    卵巢癌术后血浆CA125的半衰期与预后的关系
短句来源
    The contents of serum cholesterol and LDL in 40 patients with gastric cancer after operation were obviously higher than those before operation(P<0.05).
    40例胃癌患者术后血浆TC、LDL含量明显高于术前,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。
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  “serum”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Study on the Expression of Antibody Microarray and It's Relationship to the Changes of Immune State, Female Hormones and Serum CA125 Level in Patients with Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
    卵巢癌抗体芯片表达及其与患者免疫状态、女性生殖激素和CA125变化的相关性研究
短句来源
    DETECTION OF SERUM HBsAG HBsAB AND HBcAB IN 100 CASES OF PRIMARY LIVER CANCER
    100例原发性肝癌乙型肝炎抗原和抗体的检测
短句来源
    KINETIC ANALYSIS OF SERUM ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN IN 44 CASES OF EARLY PRIMARY HEPATOCARCINOMA
    早期原发性肝癌44例甲胎蛋白动态分析
短句来源
    Sandwich Enzyme Immunoassay of Serum CEA and AFP in Patients with Primary Lung Cancer
    用酶免疫测定法检测原发性肺癌的癌胚抗原(CEA)和甲胎蛋白(AFP)
短句来源
    CLINICAL AND ANIMAL EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THREE SERUM ENZYMES IN LIVER CIRRHOSIS
    肝硬化病变过程中三种血清酶的临床与动物实验研究
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  serum
A slightly elevated fasting blood glucose profile, 1.5 fold higher serum insulin levels and impaired glucose tolerance was prevalent in ethanol treated rats.
      
Serum vascular endothelial growth factor and diabetic nephropathy progression
      
To determine the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) at different stages of diabetic nephropathy.
      
VEGF, microalbuminuria, HbA1c, creatinine, triglycerides, total cholesterol, fasting serum glucose, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) were measured.
      
Serum VEGF concentrations were significantly higher in the diabetic groups than in the control group even at the normoalbuminuric stage.
      
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Observations on the localization of AFP in rat liver tissue in correlation to serum AFP dynamics during 3'-MeDAB carcinogenesis were carried out by the immunoenzyme technique and the radio-rocket-electrophoresis autography.The following results were obtained:(1) During the precancerous stage, AFP was found in a few liver cells in the pseudolobules, in the cells of the basophilio anaplastic regenerative nodules and in some of the "survival" liver cells and "transitional" cells. Most of these cells showed...

Observations on the localization of AFP in rat liver tissue in correlation to serum AFP dynamics during 3'-MeDAB carcinogenesis were carried out by the immunoenzyme technique and the radio-rocket-electrophoresis autography.The following results were obtained:(1) During the precancerous stage, AFP was found in a few liver cells in the pseudolobules, in the cells of the basophilio anaplastic regenerative nodules and in some of the "survival" liver cells and "transitional" cells. Most of these cells showed basophilio cytoplasm and appeared dedifferentiated.(2) AFP was not detected in the bile duct carcinomas nor in most of the liver cell carcinomas of low grade malignancy, but was demonstrated in the poorly differentiated liver cell carcinomas. The intensity of AFP synthesis in liver cell carcinomas increased in coincidence with their activity in cell growth and cell proliferation but decreased with cell differentiation. AFP synthesis was not directly related to whether or not the cell was in the mitotic stage.(3) In the liver cell carcinomas, the extent of AFP positive reaction as visualized by the immunoenzyme technique basically paralleled the serum AFP level.The possible mechanism and the histologic basis of the serum AFP "saddle shaped" curve during 3'-MeDAB carcinogenesis are discussed, and a preliminary postulation on the histogenesis of liver cancer so induced is suggested.

本工作采用放射火箭电泳自显术和免疫酶标记定位技术,对大鼠3'-MeDAB诱癌过程血清和肝组织甲胎蛋白(AFP)的动态变化和定位情况进行了观察。发现(1)肝硬化假小叶内的少数肝细胞、嗜碱性间变再生结节细胞、少数“幸存肝细胞”及少数“过渡性细胞”,具有合成AFP的能力。未见肝内其他类型细胞合成AFP。合成AFP的细胞大多具有胞浆嗜碱性、生长活跃和形态上去分化的特点。(2)未见胆管癌细胞合成AFP。肝细胞癌分化好的癌细胞绝大多数也未见合成AFP,分化差的癌细胞合成AFP的能力,基本上与其生长活跃程度呈正相关,与分化程度呈负相关,而与癌细胞是否处于核分裂阶段关系不大。(3)肝癌组织AFP酶标的强度和范围与血清AFP水平之间基本上有平行关系。此外,本文还就什么细胞合成AFP、血清AFP“马鞍型”变化的成因及病理组织学基础等进行了讨论,并根据实验结果,对大鼠3'-MeDAB肝癌的组织发生提出了初步的设想。

Six principles were extracted from the Chinese traditional drug Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd et Wils., and their chemical structures were characterized. Schisantherin A, B, C and D have been shown to be effective in lowering the serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) of hepatitis in experimental animals and in patients, while deoxyschisandrin and schisantherin E were not.Ultrastructural modifications of hepatic cells were observed by electron microscopy after carbon tetrachloride intoxication in mice....

Six principles were extracted from the Chinese traditional drug Schisandra sphenanthera Rehd et Wils., and their chemical structures were characterized. Schisantherin A, B, C and D have been shown to be effective in lowering the serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) of hepatitis in experimental animals and in patients, while deoxyschisandrin and schisantherin E were not.Ultrastructural modifications of hepatic cells were observed by electron microscopy after carbon tetrachloride intoxication in mice. The hepatic cellular injuries were protected by schisantherin A. This drug has no direct toxic action on the liver cells.Tritium labeled schisantherinol A is absorbed quickly after oral administration in mice. It is transformed from lipid-soluble to water-soluble metabolites in the liver, and excreted mainly by the kidney.The transaminase of rat liver was purified and immunized to rabbits. By means of antigen-antibody reactions, lowering of the activity of serum GPT was found to be due to inhibition of the activity of the liver enzyme by the drug.

从华中五味子中分离得6种结晶成分,并确定了它们的化学结构。其中酯甲、乙、丙及丁经药理和临床试验证明有降低血清GPT作用,去氧五味子素及酯戊无效。用电子显微镜观察酯甲对小鼠四氯化碳中毒后肝细胞亚微结构的影响,认为肝细胞的损伤受到保护,酯甲对肝细胞无直接损害作用。氚标记醇甲口服后很快吸收,在肝内从脂溶性迅速转化为水溶性代谢物,主要经肾排泄。提纯大鼠肝GPT酶蛋白,免疫家兔后,用抗原抗体反应证明酯甲的降酶机理可能与抑制肝内GPT活力有关。

The mRNA-enriched cytoplasmic RNA's were prepared from normal animal liver.As revealed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis,the preparation contains thecomponents corresponding to tRNA,rRNA,and 7~18S heterogeneous RNA's.Human hepatocarcinoma cells(7402 line)were incubated with ~(14)C-leucine andcytoplasmic RNA's from mouse liver.The synthesis of human serum albumin of RNA-treated 7402 cells were increased 3.6 times as compared with the untreated cells,anda remarkable synthesis of mouse serum albumin...

The mRNA-enriched cytoplasmic RNA's were prepared from normal animal liver.As revealed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis,the preparation contains thecomponents corresponding to tRNA,rRNA,and 7~18S heterogeneous RNA's.Human hepatocarcinoma cells(7402 line)were incubated with ~(14)C-leucine andcytoplasmic RNA's from mouse liver.The synthesis of human serum albumin of RNA-treated 7402 cells were increased 3.6 times as compared with the untreated cells,anda remarkable synthesis of mouse serum albumin was also induced in these RNA-treatedhuman cancer cells.The results indicate that the RNA preparation may possiblyinclude both the template activity of the donor cells and the regulatory activity forgene expression of the host cells.~(125)Ⅰ(or ~(131)Ⅰ)labeled RNA's were injected into normal and tumor-bearing mice.The distribution of labeled RNA's was examined by whole body scintillation scanning,specific radioactivity of various organs,and autoradiography.The labeled RNA's werepreferentially distributed in liver and tumor,while the labeled nucleotides injected atthe same dosage,were relatively evenly distributed in various organs.The potential uses of exogenous RNA's of animal liver in the treatment andprophylaxis of human liver cancer was discussed.

从正常动物肝脏提取了以胞质RNA 为主的RNA,以聚丙烯酰胺电泳及对人体肝癌(7402)细胞的生物学作用证明,制品含有相当于7~18S 的不均一RNA,和具有mRNA 的模板活性以及对基因活动的调节控制活性。应用~(125)Ⅰ(及~(131)Ⅰ)标记的肝RNA 注入正常小鼠及肝内接种移植性肝癌的小鼠,从整体动物扫描及脏器比放射性分布,证明~(125)Ⅰ-RNA 优先进入肝及肝癌组织,~(125)Ⅰ-核苷酸(NT)则呈均匀分布。注射10~50微居里~(125)Ⅰ-RNA,15分钟后,细胞放射自显影显示,在肝及肝癌细胞中出现银颗粒的积聚。~(125)Ⅰ-NT 在同样条件下,肝及肝癌细胞中未见明显的银粒积聚,由此提示~(125)Ⅰ-RNA 可能有相当部分以一定的大分子形式进入肝及肝癌细胞。人肝癌(7402)细胞经正常鼠肝RNA 温育24小时后,以~(14)C-亮氨酸对血清白蛋白的参入证明,人体肝癌细胞不仅合成鼠血清白蛋白,并可显著促进人血清白蛋白的合成,高达未处理的肝癌细胞的3.6倍,由此说明我们所制备的肝RNA 不仅具有供体(鼠)肝的模板活性作用,同时具有调节宿主(人)肝癌细胞基因活动的作用。放线菌素D 可部分或...

从正常动物肝脏提取了以胞质RNA 为主的RNA,以聚丙烯酰胺电泳及对人体肝癌(7402)细胞的生物学作用证明,制品含有相当于7~18S 的不均一RNA,和具有mRNA 的模板活性以及对基因活动的调节控制活性。应用~(125)Ⅰ(及~(131)Ⅰ)标记的肝RNA 注入正常小鼠及肝内接种移植性肝癌的小鼠,从整体动物扫描及脏器比放射性分布,证明~(125)Ⅰ-RNA 优先进入肝及肝癌组织,~(125)Ⅰ-核苷酸(NT)则呈均匀分布。注射10~50微居里~(125)Ⅰ-RNA,15分钟后,细胞放射自显影显示,在肝及肝癌细胞中出现银颗粒的积聚。~(125)Ⅰ-NT 在同样条件下,肝及肝癌细胞中未见明显的银粒积聚,由此提示~(125)Ⅰ-RNA 可能有相当部分以一定的大分子形式进入肝及肝癌细胞。人肝癌(7402)细胞经正常鼠肝RNA 温育24小时后,以~(14)C-亮氨酸对血清白蛋白的参入证明,人体肝癌细胞不仅合成鼠血清白蛋白,并可显著促进人血清白蛋白的合成,高达未处理的肝癌细胞的3.6倍,由此说明我们所制备的肝RNA 不仅具有供体(鼠)肝的模板活性作用,同时具有调节宿主(人)肝癌细胞基因活动的作用。放线菌素D 可部分或全部阻断这种调控作用,但对模板作用影响较少,甚至可见有增强作用。肝RNA 制品中显示的模板和调控活性可能来自两类不同功能的RNA,对此作了讨论。无论是模板或调控作用,都可能促使肝癌细胞发生功能上的分化,反映出癌细胞表现型的改变。通过外源性正常肝RNA 的调控作用,纠正癌细胞基因活动的异常,从而导致向正常细胞表现型逆转,可能将为肝癌的防治提供新的途径。

 
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