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world climate
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  世界气候
     World Climate in 1995
     1995年世界气候概况
短句来源
     The World Climate in 1994
     1994年世界气候概况
短句来源
     A DIAGNOSTIC ANALYSIS OF THE CAUSE FOR ANOMALOUS WORLD CLIMATE IN 1993 AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ATMOSPHERE CORRESPONDING TO EASTWARDTRANSMITTING ENSO EVENT
     1993年世界气候异常原因及大气对东传型ENSO事件响应的诊断分析
短句来源
     he world climate in 1994 is reviewed.
     1994年,世界气候普遍偏暖。
短句来源
     A Review of A.N. Strahler's "World Climate Classification" (Revised in 1978)
     斯查拉勒氏1978年修正世界气候分类的评介
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  全球气候
     The World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Climate and Cryosphere Project (CliC): Priority Studies of the Cryosphere and Climate
     全球气候研究计划 (WCRP)中的气候与冰冻圈项目 (CliC) :冰冻圈与气候的优先研究领域 (英)
短句来源
     The δ18O content curve of the benthonical Calcarina hispida has 4 peaks and 4 nadirs, reflecting that there are 4 cool periods and 4 hot periods in the Yongshu Atoll area during the past 1682 years. This is accordant with the change cycle of the world climate in the past 2000 years.
     底栖有孔虫茸刺距轮虫δ18O含量的变化曲线呈4峰4谷交替,反映了永暑礁海区近1 682 a以来的气候有4个凉期和4个暖期,同2 000a以来的全球气候变化周期一致?
短句来源
     Greenhouse gases will give rise to the profound and lasting influence on the whole world climate change.
     温室气体对全球气候变化将产生深远的影响。
短句来源
     These poor sporopollen events can be well correlated with the curves of weathering,susceptibility,and SPECMAP oxygen isotope of the Weinan loess,Shaanxi province,indicating the same ten dency of temperature change which is identical with the whole world climate changes.
     上述孢粉贫乏事件与渭南黄土古风化强度、磁化率以及SPECMAP氧同位素曲线具有较好的可比性,反映气候的冷暖波动基本一致,从而表明该区气候变化与全球气候变化基本同步
短句来源
     Whether El Nino and La Nina events, which of big events to world climate system can affect climate of Guangdong?
     厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜这两个对全球气候系统有巨大影响的事件的发生,是否会影响到广东省的气候状况?
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  “world climate”译为未确定词的双语例句
     An Introduction to the CLIVAR---A New World Climate Research Programme
     气候变化及可预报性(CLIVAR)──气候研究的国际新计划
短句来源
     A DIAGNOSTIC ANALYSIS OF THE CAUSE FOR ANOMALOUS WORLD CLIMATE IN 1993 AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ATMOSPHERE CORRESPONDING TO EASTWARDTRANSMITTING ENSO EVENT
     吉林省雹云雷达回波特征及其识别
短句来源
     A DIAGNOSTIC ANALYSIS OF THE CAUSE FOR ANOMALOUS WORLD CLIMATE IN 1993 AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ATMOSPHERE CORRESPONDING TO EASTWARDTRANSMITTING ENSO EVENT
     对中尺度对流云团环流特征的初步分析
短句来源
     A DIAGNOSTIC ANALYSIS OF THE CAUSE FOR ANOMALOUS WORLD CLIMATE IN 1993 AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF ATMOSPHERE CORRESPONDING TO EASTWARDTRANSMITTING ENSO EVENT
     吉林省果树气候生态及霜、冻害防御措施
短句来源
     The World Climate Changes to Affect to Agriculture
     气候变化对我国农业影响的研究进展
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  world climate
Island Southeast Asia extends across both the equatorial and the intermediate tropical zones of world climate, and it also spans a region of complex and geologically unstable land and sea relationships.
      
This is especially important in the face of changing world climate and its antecedant effects which are especially felt in developing societies.
      
The report prepared by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for the Second World Climate Conference contains well-weighted assessments of the present-day state of climate studies and of the possible consequences of climate change.
      
With the recent publication of the second report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change the evidence has become more convincing that not only is world climate changing but that these changes are likely to be caused by human activities.
      
The paper is based on recent climate simulations provided by the leading world climate centres and available through the Data Distribution Centre of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
      
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On the Tibetan Plateau, remnants of the quaternary glaciation are of general oc-curence. Cirques, U-shape valleys, glacial-scoured lakers, till plains, terminal moraines, and drift boulders are wide spread features down to 4200 m in altitude. The authors believe that there was once a fairly continuous ice cover on the Tibetan plateau in late pleistocene. Here after the snow-line was raised, and the glaciers retreated gradually to their present positions. The reasons are two-fold: (a) a general warming of the...

On the Tibetan Plateau, remnants of the quaternary glaciation are of general oc-curence. Cirques, U-shape valleys, glacial-scoured lakers, till plains, terminal moraines, and drift boulders are wide spread features down to 4200 m in altitude. The authors believe that there was once a fairly continuous ice cover on the Tibetan plateau in late pleistocene. Here after the snow-line was raised, and the glaciers retreated gradually to their present positions. The reasons are two-fold: (a) a general warming of the world climate, (b) dessication of Tibet due to further uplift. The latter is evidenced by the obvious shrinkage of many lakes on the plateau. By correlating the moraines of this glaciation with the terrace of Zi-Ling Tsangpo and Yamdrok, we reach at the conclusion that this great Ice Cover was of late pleistocene in age. Since that time the glacier retreated in three recessional stages:

王明业等同志这篇论文提供了不少西藏高原上古冰川沉积以及其他遗迹的资料。从这些遗迹的分布来看,肯定有一个时期冰川的范围远比现代为大,那时冰川会从一些山谷通过一些低的山口漫溢到另一些山谷中,会覆盖广大的山麓地区,甚至达到盆地的中心。也可以想见某些宽平的山顶上可能有平顶冰川或所谓冰帽覆盖。在这种情况下,冰川的厚度一定也比现代为大,冰川的类型也更复杂的多。但是对于西藏高原这样一个广大的地区来说,作者等的观察范围以及获得的资料究竟还是非常有限,在达到的地区内也未见到有巨厚的,延续很广的冰碛物存在,所以据此即说除雅鲁藏布江谷地和金沙江、澜沧江、怒江的峡谷外西藏高原断续出现的冰盖是相当普遍的(虽然作者等也声明说和格林兰、南极洲的冰盖不一样),结论似乎下得太早。所引waxler的关于晚更新世雪线下降随的资料仅适用于一般海洋性气候的冰川作用区,是否能用到象西藏这样大陆性很强的地区是值得怀疑的。但是无论如何,作者等的资料是很宝贵的,关于西藏高原古冰川覆盖类型的问题,目前也确实还难说孰是孰非,所以我们还是把本文发表出来,以供对西藏古冰川研究的参考。

The reviewer highly evaluates the contribution Dr. A. M. Strahler has made in world climate classification, and points out the shortcomings and problems that are open to further discussion.

本文介绍并高度评价了美国斯查拉勒(A·N·Strahler)教授1978年修正的世界气候分类的理论体系,同时,也提出了它的某些缺点和一些值得商榷的问题.

This paper first introduces four broad approaches to the Classification of world climates as follows: 1.classifications based on the elements of physical geography,such as natural vegetation,hydrologic conditions and natural landscape; 2.classifications basedon the elements of climates such as temperature, precipitation, etc.; 3.classifications based on the causes of climates such as net radia- tion,air mass source regions and frontal zones,etc.; 4.classifications based on the application of...

This paper first introduces four broad approaches to the Classification of world climates as follows: 1.classifications based on the elements of physical geography,such as natural vegetation,hydrologic conditions and natural landscape; 2.classifications basedon the elements of climates such as temperature, precipitation, etc.; 3.classifications based on the causes of climates such as net radia- tion,air mass source regions and frontal zones,etc.; 4.classifications based on the application of agriculture,transporta- tion,industry and human comfort. The second part of this paper are the comments on the K(?)ppen Cla- ssification,Alissov Classification and Strahler Classification. In third pard,the author sets forth the following views of world cli- mate classification: 1.the criteria employed in the differentiation of climatic types shou- ld reflect their origins. 2.The climate classification we seek must be useful in guiding land- use planning and increasing production. According to tee above views the author adopted Strahler Classifica- tion in our text book《Meteorology And Climatology》,with the following amendments: 1.In southern and southeastern Asia monsoon climates are very preva- lent.It is necessary to add three climate types,namely,tropical monsoon climate,subtropical monsoon climate and temperate monsoon climate.They are different from the tropical wet-dry climate,the humid subtropical climata and the humid continental climate in other areas. 2.It is preferable to add a tropical marine climate type which is characteristic of the climate on tropical islands and along tropical wind- ward coasts. 3.The“trade wind litteral climate type”is left out because the re- gions is classified in Strahler Classification Figure seem to belong to tro- pical monsoon climate and tropical marine climate respectively. The classifications of world climate in our text-book are shown in table 3 and figure 2.

一、引言:世界气候分类法简介,将世界气候分类法归纳为四大类:(一)以自然地理要素为基础的气候分类法,(二)以气候要素为基础的气候分类法,(三)以气候形成因素为基础的气候分类法,(四)以应用目的为基础的气候分类法。二、几种主要气候分类法评议:(一)柯本气候分类法评议,(二)阿里索夫气候分类法评议,(三)斯查勒气候分类法评议。指出上述三种分类法各自的优点和缺点。三、作者提出的气候分类观点和采用的气候分类法:世界气候分类应突出以下两个观点:(一)发生学观点:世界气候分类所采用的标准要能反映气候形成因素的综合作用,应从发生学观点进行气候的动力分类。(二)生产实践观点:气候分类应充分揭示与人类生活和生产实践密切有关的气候特征,便于制定土地利用规划和国民经济增产计划,充分利用气候资源,改造不利气候条件。根据上述观点,作者在所主编的《气象学与气候学》教材中,基本上采用斯查勒分类法,但做了以下三点修改:1.南亚和东南亚季风气候显著,无论从发生学观点,生产实践观点和联系我国气候实际来讲,都应按纬度带增加热带季风气候,付热带季风气候和温带季风气候三个类型。2.某些热带岛屿和热带迎风海岸具有海洋性气候特征,应加列一“热带海洋性气候...

一、引言:世界气候分类法简介,将世界气候分类法归纳为四大类:(一)以自然地理要素为基础的气候分类法,(二)以气候要素为基础的气候分类法,(三)以气候形成因素为基础的气候分类法,(四)以应用目的为基础的气候分类法。二、几种主要气候分类法评议:(一)柯本气候分类法评议,(二)阿里索夫气候分类法评议,(三)斯查勒气候分类法评议。指出上述三种分类法各自的优点和缺点。三、作者提出的气候分类观点和采用的气候分类法:世界气候分类应突出以下两个观点:(一)发生学观点:世界气候分类所采用的标准要能反映气候形成因素的综合作用,应从发生学观点进行气候的动力分类。(二)生产实践观点:气候分类应充分揭示与人类生活和生产实践密切有关的气候特征,便于制定土地利用规划和国民经济增产计划,充分利用气候资源,改造不利气候条件。根据上述观点,作者在所主编的《气象学与气候学》教材中,基本上采用斯查勒分类法,但做了以下三点修改:1.南亚和东南亚季风气候显著,无论从发生学观点,生产实践观点和联系我国气候实际来讲,都应按纬度带增加热带季风气候,付热带季风气候和温带季风气候三个类型。2.某些热带岛屿和热带迎风海岸具有海洋性气候特征,应加列一“热带海洋性气候类型”。3.斯查勒分类法中的“信风海岸气候”,根据其分布区域,应分别属于热带季风气候和热带海洋性气候,因此在《气象学与气候学》教材中将此类型取消。作者在《气象学与气候学》教材中所采用的世界气候分类法见图2和表3。

 
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