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osmotic    
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  渗透
    Pharmacodynamics of Domifen Osmotic Pump Tablet in Dogs with Maxillofacial Soft Tissue Injury by Firearm
    度米芬渗透泵片在额面部火器伤软组织损伤的药效学研究
短句来源
    OBJECTIVE To evaluate the antibacterial effect of domifen osmotic pump tablet on firearm in wounds of maxillofacial soft tissue. METHODS Ten dogs were used.
    目的探讨度米芬渗透泵片在额面部火器伤软组织损伤的抗菌作用。
短句来源
    The parameters of hemodynamics, arterial blood gas analysis,plasma osmotic pressure and serum electrolytes in dogs were determined at 0 and 6 hours after injury and at 2 and 4 hours after treatment.
    分别于致伤前、致伤6 h及救治2 h和4 h监测各组动物的动脉血气分析、血流动力学、血浆渗透浓度和血钠、血氯的变化;
短句来源
  渗透压
    Levels of pH,PaO\-2 and BE were decreased,but levels of plasma osmotic pressure and TNF activity were increased significantly in the seawater immersion group 60 min after abdominal seawater immersion ( P <0.05 or 0.01,compared with control group or isotonic saline immersion group).
    海水浸泡组致伤后 6 0 min始血 p H、Pa O2 及 BE水平均较对照组和等渗盐水浸泡组显著降低 (P<0 .0 5 ) ,而血浆渗透压与 TNF水平则显著升高 (P<0 .0 1) ;
短句来源
    Methods Fifteen dogs were randomly divided into control group(group A),saline aid group(group B)and composite aid group(group C). Survival time was observed and serum levels of osmotic pressure and lactic acid were measured after celiac seawater immersion in each group.
    方法 杂种犬 15只 ,随机均分为对照组 (A组 )、生理盐水救治组 (B组 )及综合救治组 (C组 ) ,观察每一组腹腔海水浸泡后的存活时间及血浆渗透压、乳酸水平变化。
短句来源
    Methods Twenty four dogs with celiac seawater immersion wound were randomly divided into group A (control), saline group B(treated with saline) , group C(treated with dextran 40) and group D(treated with dextran 70) . Survival time was observed and plasma levels of osmotic pressure and lactic acid were measured after celiac seawater immersion in every group.
    方法杂种犬24只,随机均分为对照组(A组)、生理盐水救治组(B组)及低张胶体(右旋糖酐70)救治组(C组)及低张胶体(右旋糖酐40)救治组(D组),观察每一组腹腔海水浸泡后的存活时间及血渗透压、乳酸水平变化。
短句来源
    Methods Thirty-two dogs were randomly divided into primary infusion with saline group (group A) , infusion with sufficient saline group (group B) , primary infusion with 321 liquid containing colloid group (group C) and infusion with sufficient 321 liquid containing colloid group ( group D). Survival rate, mean artery pressure ( MAP) , plasma osmotic pressure, malondioldehyde(MDA) and lactic acid (LA) were measured after celiac seawater immersion in each group.
    方法杂种犬32只,随机均分为生理盐水初步补液救治组(A组)、生理盐水充分补液救治组(B组)、321胶体液初步补液救治组(C组)及321胶体液充分补液救治组(D组),观察每一组腹腔海水浸泡后的存活情况、平均动脉压(MAP)、血浆渗透压、血浆乳酸水平、血浆丙二醛(MDA)及组织病理学变化。
短句来源
    (2)6 h after celiac immersion, MAP in group B and D became higher than that in group A and C, however,plasma levels of osmotic pressure,MDA and LA in group B and D became lower than those in group A and C (P < 0.05). At the same time, the plasma osmotic pressure in group D was significantly lower than that in group B(P<0.05).
    (2)腹腔海水浸泡后6h B、D两组MAP水平显著高于A、C两组,而血浆渗透压、血乳酸及MDA水平则显著低于A、C两组,D组血浆渗透压水平显著低于B组(P<0.05);
短句来源
  
    The parameters of hemodynamics,plasma osmotic pressure and serum electrolytes were all normalized in group B,C and D at 2 and 4 hours after treatment compared with those in group A.
    B、C和D组血流动力学指标以及高、高钠、高氯血症在救治2 h和4 h后较A组显著改善。
短句来源
    Levels of pH,PaO\-2 and BE were decreased,but levels of plasma osmotic pressure and TNF activity were increased significantly in the seawater immersion group 60 min after abdominal seawater immersion ( P <0.05 or 0.01,compared with control group or isotonic saline immersion group).
    海水浸泡组致伤后 6 0 min始血 p H、Pa O2 及 BE水平均较对照组和等盐水浸泡组显著降低 (P<0 .0 5 ) ,而血浆透压与 TNF水平则显著升高 (P<0 .0 1) ;
短句来源
    Results No significant changes of blood-gas,plasma osmotic pressure and TNF activity were found between the control group and the isotonic saline immersion group.
    结果 对照组和等盐水浸泡组致伤前后动脉血气、血浆透压及 TNF变化不明显 ;
短句来源
    Conclusion Seawater immersion can aggravate the derangement of the serum electrolyte and osmotic pressure. Hypernatremia,hyperchloremia and hypertonic dehydration were found.
    结论 海水浸泡能明显加重机体血浆电解质及透压的紊乱 ,出现严重的高钠、高氯、高血症 ,从而明显加重动物伤情。
短句来源
    These injuries are quite different on characteristics from simple war injuries because of the low temperature, high osmotic pressure and bring a large number of bacterial of seawater.
    由于海水低温、高并含有大量细菌 ,战伤合并海水浸泡与一般陆战伤有不同的伤情特点。
短句来源
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  osmotic
It was due to stomatal limitation and osmotic organic molecules accumulation that would affect the photosynthetic shoots to resist severe drought stress.
      
The mechanism of AM fungi in enhancing drought resistance of host plants ascribed to greater osmotic adjustment and greater absorption area of root system by AM colonization.
      
Under mild stress, endophyte could enhance soluble sugars in host plants to improve their osmotic ability.
      
This leads us to conclude that cortical reaction is induced by type I cortical alveoli, and the solicitation speckle is a volcanic chain reaction under water or the other lower osmotic pressure of fluids.
      
During daytime, when temperature is high, the soluble sugar does not participate in the osmotic adjustment but eliminate the active oxygen free radicals.
      
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Objective: To establish an experimental model of open chest injury and sea water immersion and to evaluate the risk factors of early death. Methods: Twenty health dogs were divided into two groups. A model of right open pneumothorax was established. Control group (n=10) was open pneumothorax only and experimental group (n=10) had seawater immersion after chest trauma. Blood samples were taken at eight different time intervals for assessing blood gas, serum osmotic pressure and serum electrolytes. The hemodynamic...

Objective: To establish an experimental model of open chest injury and sea water immersion and to evaluate the risk factors of early death. Methods: Twenty health dogs were divided into two groups. A model of right open pneumothorax was established. Control group (n=10) was open pneumothorax only and experimental group (n=10) had seawater immersion after chest trauma. Blood samples were taken at eight different time intervals for assessing blood gas, serum osmotic pressure and serum electrolytes. The hemodynamic and respiratory changes were recorded. At the end of study lung was harvested for pathologic examination. Results.- Post-trauma mortality was much higher in experimental group than that in control group. Progressive dysfunction of respiratory and circulatory system, acute lung injury, severe hypernatrem-ia and higher osmotic pressure were found only in experimental group. The mean survival time in experimental group was 45 minutes. Conclusion: The model established in this study is applicable for physiopathologic study of open chest injury and seawater immersion. Seawater immersion after open pneumothorax could result in severe physiopathologic changes. These risk factors appear to be associated with early death in experimental models.

目的:建立犬海水浸泡性胸部开放伤实验模型,探讨致伤机理及早期死亡原因.方法:20只成年杂犬随机分为2组.实验动物致伤后随机分为单纯胸外伤组(n=10)和海水浸泡组(n=10).海水浸泡组动物于伤后置入人工配制的海水中,实验中监测血液动力学、呼吸系统和动脉血气变化.结果:海水浸泡组死亡率明显高于单纯胸外伤组,并且生存时间明显短于单纯胸外伤组,平均生存时间为45min.结论;本实验模型致伤精度高,重复性好,创伤后造成的呼吸循环功能改变与胸部火器伤所见相符,适用于海水浸泡性胸外伤的早期病理生理研究.急性呼吸和循环功能衰竭以及严重酸中毒(代谢性+呼吸性)是早期死亡原因.

Objective:To establish a model of explosive chest injury and seawater immersion and study on results of early treatment.Methods:Twenty health dogs were divided into two groups: explosive chest injury group and simple open pneumothorax group. A explosive model of open chest injury was established with lower dose of TNT. The animals in both groups were immersed into seawater after chest injury. Blood samples were taken at eight different time intervals for assessing blood gas, serum osmotic pressure and...

Objective:To establish a model of explosive chest injury and seawater immersion and study on results of early treatment.Methods:Twenty health dogs were divided into two groups: explosive chest injury group and simple open pneumothorax group. A explosive model of open chest injury was established with lower dose of TNT. The animals in both groups were immersed into seawater after chest injury. Blood samples were taken at eight different time intervals for assessing blood gas, serum osmotic pressure and serum electrolytes. The hemodynamic and respiratory changes were recorded. At the end of study lung was harvested for pathologic examination.Results:Post trauma condition in explosive chest injury group was more serious than that in simple open pneumothorax group. After acute treatment survival time in both groups were significantly longer, especically in simple open pneumothorax group.Conclusion:The results of this study indicates that the explosive model of chest injury is practicable and can be repeated well. The physiopathologic changes of hemodynamic and respiratory system are similar to that of humen chest injury. These risky factors appear to be associated with severe serum normal saline metablism imbalance and higher osmotic pressure which resulting from seawater immersion in both groups. But the higher risky in explosive group may related to severe acute lung injury.

目的 :建立犬海水浸泡胸部爆炸伤实验模型 ,探讨早期救治结果。方法 :2 0只成年杂犬随机分为爆炸伤组 (n =10 )和锐器伤组 (n =10 )。两组动物均于致伤后浸泡在人工配制的海水中 2 5min ,而后打捞出海水环境后予以紧急救治。实验中全程监测血液动力学、呼吸系统和动脉血气变化。结果 :海水浸泡后爆炸伤组的伤情明显重于锐器伤组 ,经救治后两组生存时间均明显延长 ,但锐器伤组更为明显。结论 :本胸部爆炸伤模型是可行的并且重复性好 ,创伤后造成的呼吸循环功能改变与临床所见相符 ,适用于海水浸泡胸部开放伤的早期病理生理研究。爆炸伤的伤情更为严重 ,除严重电解质紊乱和高渗血症外 ,严重的肺损伤可能是影响生存时间的重要原因之一

Objective. To determine the effect of seawater immersion on plasma levels of free radicals in dogs with open celiac wound. Methods Twenty ?eight dogs were randomly divided into four groups; control group (group A),simple abdominal seawater immersion group (group B),celiac iso-tonic saline immersion group (group Oand celiac seawater immersion group (group D). Group A was with only open celiac wound. The abdomens of group B was immersed with seawater directly. The abdomens of group C and D were immersed with isotonic....

Objective. To determine the effect of seawater immersion on plasma levels of free radicals in dogs with open celiac wound. Methods Twenty ?eight dogs were randomly divided into four groups; control group (group A),simple abdominal seawater immersion group (group B),celiac iso-tonic saline immersion group (group Oand celiac seawater immersion group (group D). Group A was with only open celiac wound. The abdomens of group B was immersed with seawater directly. The abdomens of group C and D were immersed with isotonic. saline or seawater respectively after open celiac wound. Indexes as malondialdehyde (MDA) ,superoxide dismutase(SOD) and plasma osmotic pressure were observed. Results The plasma levels of MDA and osmotic pressure in group D were increased significantly 60 min after seawater immersion (compared with preoperation and group A,B or C,.P0. 05). Conclusions Seawater immersion could increase the levels of oxygen free radicals in dogs with open celiac wound.

目的 了解腹腔开放伤后海水浸泡对机体血浆中自由基水平的影响。方法 28只犬随机均分为对照组(A组)、单纯腹部浸泡组(B组)、腹腔等渗盐水浸泡组(C组)和腹腔海水浸泡组(D组)4个组。A组为单纯腹外伤,B组为直接将犬无伤腹部浸入海水中浸泡处理,C、C两组犬致伤后分别置入等渗盐水或海水中浸泡处理,观察血浆中丙二醛(malondialdehyde,MDA)、超氧化物歧化酶(superoxidedismutase,SOD)及血浆渗透压的变化。结果 犬腹腔开放伤并海水浸泡后 60 min时,血浆中 MDA与血浆渗透压水平显著升高(与浸泡前及 A、B、C组比较,P<0.01),并随浸泡时间延长呈升高趋势;而同时 SOD水平则显著降低(与浸泡前及 A、B、C组比较,P<0.01),并随浸泡时间延长呈降低趋势。浸泡处理前后A、B、C组间差别未见有显著性(P>0.05)。结论 腹腔开放伤区海水浸泡可引起机体自由基水平升高。

 
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