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qualities
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  素质
     An Analysis of the Morphological and Functional Growth and Development of Physical Qualities in Students of the Han Nationality in 16 Provincial Capitals From 1979 to 1985
     十六省(市)省会汉族学生1979—1985年身体形态、机能发育和素质发展的动态分析
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     The Basic Qualities and Intellectual Structure of Museum Personnel
     试论博物馆人员的基本素质和知识结构
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     ON CLASSIFICATION AND ANALYSIS OFMAIN QUALITIES THAT GRADUATESTUDENTS SHOULD POSSESS FORTHEIR COMMUNICATIVE PROFICIENCY
     关于研究生获得熟练交际能力所应具备的主要素质的分类及分析
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     PRACTICE AND CONSIDERATION ON TALENT TRAINING AND ENHANCING COMPREHENSIVE QUALITIES OF STUDENT FOR MOVING TOWARDS THE 21ST CENTURE
     面向21世纪人才培养和提高学生综合素质的实践与思考
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     Entrepreneurs are Faced with New Situation and New Tasks ──A Preliminary Study of the Entrepreneurs' Qualities
     在新的形势和任务面前企业家任重而道远──企业家素质初探
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  品质
     Study on Cultivar and Environmental Variation in Qualities of Malting Barley
     啤酒大麦主要品质性状的品种和环境变异研究
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     The Molecular Biology of the New HMW-GS 5'+12 in Wheat Line from Sichuan and Strategies for Improvement of Grain Qualities
     四川小麦高分子量麦谷蛋白新亚基5’+12的分子生物学与品质改良策略研究
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     Genetic Analysis of Low Amylose Content and Mapping of Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) for Thermotolerance of Qualities in Rice
     水稻低直链淀粉含量的遗传及品质形成对高温耐性的QTL分析
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     Effect of γ-ray Irradiation on Drying Characteristics and Qualities of Rice and Wheat
     γ射线辐照对稻谷小麦干燥特性及品质的影响
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     Preliminary Investigations on the Requirements of Lateral-Directional Dynamic Qualities of MIL-F-8785B(ASG)
     对MIL-F-8785B(ASG)横航向动态飞行品质要求的初步研究
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  质量
     STUDY ON THE ROOT QUALITIES OF THE CULTIVATED CHINESE LIQUORICE (GLYCYRRHIZA URALENSIS FISCH.)
     中国栽培甘草(Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.)实生根质量研究
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     Test of Qualities of Thermal SiO_2 on V-Groove Wall
     V形槽壁热氧化膜质量的检测
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     The Application of Vibrational Diagnosis Technique in Monitoring the Qualities of Electric Motors
     振动诊断技术在电机产品质量检测中的应用
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     INFLUENCES OF SEVERAL TECHNICAL FACTORS ON THE QUALITIES OF AS-HIPED FGH95 ALLOY COMPACT
     若干工艺因素对FGH95合金热等静压坯质量的影响
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     The Influence of Factors on Ulcerlmin Qualities
     影响胃溃宁质量因素的研究
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  “qualities”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Evaluation of Pulp Qualities
     纸浆性质的评价(续)
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     Discussion On Introducing Combinatorial Qualities into Nonlinear Programming Problems
     将组合特性引入非线性规划中的一些探讨
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     Analysis for Somer Genetic Qualities of Grain Protein Content in Barley
     大麦籽粒蛋白质含量的若干遗传特性分析
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     EVALUATING STANDARDS OF THE STUDENTS PHYSICAL QUALITIES OF QINGHAI MEDICAL COLLEGE
     青海医学院学生身体素质评价标准
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     STEAM-WATER TWO-PHASE CRITICAL FLOW AT LOW PRESSURES AND LOW QUALITIES
     低压、低含汽量蒸汽-水两相临界流
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  qualities
Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) is suitable for structures in corrosive environment and long-span lightweight structures due to its high-strength, light-weight, and anti-corrosive qualities.
      
Formulas for procedure characteristics calculation are developed, asymptotic qualities of the procedure are studied.
      
Qualities of total and messenger RNA isolated from weighted portions of muscle are considerably higher after acclimation to 18°C as compared to 5°C.
      
Personality qualities such as activity, aptitude for cooperation, aspiration for advances, audacity, independence, and flexibility were found to be the most important for the population potential of society as a whole.
      
The main bioenergetic qualities-the alactic anaerobic, glycolytic anaerobic, and aerobic potentials-are the main factors of endurance in athletes.
      
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(The Kiangsu Affiliated Academy of the Chinese,Academy of Agricultural Sciences)Hybrid vigour in cotton has been reported by a number of workers.Most of them dealtwith interspecific hybrids.They were mostly marked with an increase in plant growth,especially in the F_1 crosses of American Upland × Sea-island and American Upland × Egyptiancotton.In order to study the possibility of producing an extra long fibre cotton in the Yang-tze basin and the Hwangho Plain by making use of hybrid vigour,the following problemswere...

(The Kiangsu Affiliated Academy of the Chinese,Academy of Agricultural Sciences)Hybrid vigour in cotton has been reported by a number of workers.Most of them dealtwith interspecific hybrids.They were mostly marked with an increase in plant growth,especially in the F_1 crosses of American Upland × Sea-island and American Upland × Egyptiancotton.In order to study the possibility of producing an extra long fibre cotton in the Yang-tze basin and the Hwangho Plain by making use of hybrid vigour,the following problemswere investigated at Nanking,Kiangsu during 1959-1962.(1)Combining ability between different interspecific crosses with special reference toyield,earliness and fibre qualities.(2)Morphological and physiological characters of economic importance in F_1 hybrids.(3)Performance of promising hybrids in field production.(4)Method of producing hybrid seeds with cheaper cost and less labour.Fifty-nine combinations were studied from 1960 to 1962,among which Pong-zai No.1(Upland cotton)×L.S.4923(Sea-island)was the best in yield and earliness.The averageyield of this F_1 hybrid in three years with 178 kg.of seed cotton or 53.7 kg.of lint cotton permow.As compared with the parents it was 94.35% of seed cotton or 82.2% of lint cotton ofthe yield of Delta-upland cotton and 187.17% of seed cotton or 172.74% of lint cotton of theyield of Sea-island L.S.4923.The fibre quality of F_1 hybrids approached Sea-island parent with a mean fibre length of40 m.m.,mean fibre fineness of 7000 meters per gram wt.,and single fibre strength of 4.5g.The methods and procedures for producing commercial hybrid cotton seed were as follows:(1)Hybrid F_0's seed was produced by hand emasculation and pollination which was ofvalue in areas abundant with hand-labor or adapted to transplanting for saving seeds up to4/5.(2)The female parent with recessive markers,was pollinated by hand without emascula-tion.In the thinning of the hybrid progeny all recessive plants were removed,leaving onlythe true F_1's.The recessive characters used for markers were virescent yellow foliage,redstem and hairy petiole of the seedling.The percentage of hybrid seed setting for differentupland cotton varieties ranged from 13% to 78%.Observations on heterosis in the characters of F_1 hybrids of G.hirsutum×G.barbadensewere summarized as follows:Plant Characters Comparison of bybrid with Upland and Seaisland parentsDays from planting to seedling Earlier than either parentDays from budding to flowering Intermediate nearer to earlier UplandDays from seedling to boll maturity Intermediate nearer to late Sea-island Days of bud development Intermediate nearer to earlier UplandDays of boll development Longer than Sea-islandDays from seedling to first boll maturity IntermediatePlant height Taller than either parentNumber of monopodia Less than either parent,but approaching Up landNumber of sympodia More than either parentNumber of fruiting points per plant More than either parentPosition of main stem nodes where first fruiting branch appears Lower than either parentInternode length of axis Longer than either parentInternode length of fruiting branch Longer than either parentPetiole length Longer than either parentLeaf area Larger than either parentLeaf lobe index Intermediate,approaching Sea-islandShedding percentage IntermediateDistribution of bolls in different parts of the plant Approaching Sea-island,most bolls setting at middle and upper parts of the plantWeight of seed cotton per boll IntermediateNumber of ovules per boll Approaching Sea-island in a lower numberMotes percentage More than either parentPistil length IntermediateCorolla area and index Larger than either parentSeed index Larger than either parentLint index IntermediateMaturity Intermediate,approaching late Sea-islandFibre length Longer than either parentFibre fineness Approaching Sea-islandYield in seed cotton Approaching Upland,higher than Sea-islandYield in lint cotton Lower than Upland,higher than Sea-islandProduction of dry matter More than either parentProduction of dry matter per square meter of leaf area More

1959—1962年试验证明,海陆杂种一代具有早熟、丰产、优质的特性。海陆杂种一代的籽棉产量接近陆地棉,而显著高于海岛棉。成熟期较海岛棉早,比陆地棉偏迟。生育特性一般介于两亲之间,不同程度的偏向于海岛棉,有的特性超过两亲范围以外。纤维细长,强度高,可以制成高挡纺织品。在江苏各地示范试种结果良好。在制种技术方面研究证明,采用具有某一隐性指示性状,进行不去雄杂交(人工辅助授粉),杂交率达70%,每工作日可制种6—8斤。

On the basis of industrial production of soybean—casein, we try to change the proportions of chemical reagents and the temprature of extraction.It has been found that the suitable increment of NaOH and CaO gives marked yields of soybean —casein and the suitable increase of the amount of Na_2SO_3 and Na_2S_2O_4 gives whiter products.When the temprature of extraction is suitably raised an improved product has been obtained. We find three kinds of different proportions of chemical reagents and under suitable temprature,...

On the basis of industrial production of soybean—casein, we try to change the proportions of chemical reagents and the temprature of extraction.It has been found that the suitable increment of NaOH and CaO gives marked yields of soybean —casein and the suitable increase of the amount of Na_2SO_3 and Na_2S_2O_4 gives whiter products.When the temprature of extraction is suitably raised an improved product has been obtained. We find three kinds of different proportions of chemical reagents and under suitable temprature, they will give higher yields and better qualities of soybean — casein. The physical and chemical properties of different degree of denatured products have also been studied.It has been found that the qualities of soybean —casein are greatly related to their degree of denaturation.

本文报导了在豆酪素工业生产的基础上,改变生产中所用化学试剂的用量和抽提温度等,发现适当地提高NaOH和CaO用量能明显地增加产量;适当地增加Na_2SO_3和Na_2S_2O_4用量能明显地提高白度.而抽提温度的适当升高能够改进产品质量,并且找到三种试剂配比,结合加温抽提,能得到产量较高、质量较好的产品. 比较不同变性程度的豆酪素的物理化学性质和质量的关系,发现豆酪素的质量与变性有密切联系,控制变性因素能得到质量较好的产品.

This account is given to state the results of studies on an entomogenous fungus—Spicaria fumoso-rosea—which is commonly found underground, infecting the pupae of the parasitic flies, Crossocosmia tibialis Chao, that have devastated the Chinese oak silk-worms, Antheraea pernyi Guén-Méneville of the Northeastern China, especially in the Liaoning Province, during the recent years. This fungus is hitherto unrecorded in China and the percentage of parasitism in nature is from 3.4 to 20.3% and sometimes even higher....

This account is given to state the results of studies on an entomogenous fungus—Spicaria fumoso-rosea—which is commonly found underground, infecting the pupae of the parasitic flies, Crossocosmia tibialis Chao, that have devastated the Chinese oak silk-worms, Antheraea pernyi Guén-Méneville of the Northeastern China, especially in the Liaoning Province, during the recent years. This fungus is hitherto unrecorded in China and the percentage of parasitism in nature is from 3.4 to 20.3% and sometimes even higher. This paper implies such data as: (1) the description of this fungus with some distinguishable and indespensable morphological characters for identification, that, as for the convenience of reference and comparison, are illustrated in figures and tables attached to the text; (2) certain environmental factors requisite for the development of the fungus, such as the culture temperature (20-24 C), the soil moisture (15-55%) and the relative humidity (98-100%) which is necessary to the germination of the spores; and (3) some experiments conducted for the selecting culture media and the methods of isolation and inoculation. From the viewpoint of utilization, the present fungus appears to possess some good qualities suitable for application, namely, (1) being easily cultured on potato, sweet potato, horse or sheep manure and even humus media; (2) with high infectivity, from 10-100 % after artificial inoculation; and (3) with a rather wide scope of hosts, such as both larvae and pupae of Lucania separata (Walker), pupae of Pyrausta nubilalis Hübner (in one case, accidentally inoculated by nature in the laboratory), pupae of Carposina niponensis Walsingham, and various flies. Some rather small-scaled plot-tests of inoculating the larvae of the parasitic flies (dropping down from the silk-worm cocoons attached on the oak branches) were made, indicating that the percentage of infection being 72.98%, as spore-powder dusted on that ground surface and contaminating the larvae by their crawl; whereas only 40.24-43.98%, when powder dusted at 3 or 5 cm. deep in soil.

在辽宁省发現一种寄生于柞蚕寄生蝇蛹体上的食虫菌,鑑定为赤色穗状菌[Spicaria fumoso-rosea (Wize) Vassilijevsky],是我国首次詳細观察記载。此菌容易培养,在馬鈴薯、甘薯块上,以及馬、羊粪混和腐植土上都可以生长发育良好。致病力強,自然寄生率为3.4—20.3%;接种感染寄生率为10—100%。此菌除寄生于柞蚕寄生蝇蛹外,还可寄生于粘虫、苹果食心虫及家蝇等。本菌孢子发芽所需相对湿度为98—100%,在98%以下不能发芽;土壤绝对含水量15—55%时发生良好,尤以35%为最适宜。最适温度为20—24℃。小区接种試驗結果:在地面撒菌粉让寄蝇蛆爬行钻入,寄生率为72.98%;在土深3与5厘米处撒菌粉,寄生率为40.24%和43.98%。

 
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