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poverty
相关语句
  贫困
     Studies on Poverty Economics
     贫困经济学研究
短句来源
     Research on the Urban Poverty Problems in the Economic Transforming Period of China
     中国经济转型期城镇贫困问题研究
短句来源
     Impact Analysis of Rural Road on Poverty Reduction
     农村道路对减缓贫困的影响分析
短句来源
     An Analysis of Urban Poverty from the Perspective of Social Exclusion
     城市贫困:从社会排斥角度分析
短句来源
     Education and Human Resource Development in Southwest Minority Poverty Area
     西南民族贫困地区的教育与人力资源开发
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  贫穷
     Based on the element characteristics of County economy which are shaped by the type of the Karst poverty and the environmental resources in mountain areas for the nationality areas in Guizhou,it is the fact that there formed a framework that combined with the universality and particularity of Guizhou's industry positioning theory.
     基于贵州民族地区县域经济由喀斯特式贫穷和山区资源环境等基本元素形成的经济特征,其产业定位理论客观存在一般性与特殊性结合的框架体系。
短句来源
     (3) Continuous improvement of living standard: Eliminate the poverty step by step,improve living standard; (4) Continuous social progress: Deal with the overall balance well,insist on the development in an all-round way;
     (3)生活持续提高:逐步消灭贫穷,提高生活水平(;4)社会持续进步:搞好综合平衡,坚持全面发展;
短句来源
     Poverty vs. Environment: From Red-Green Conflict to Red-Green Vision
     贫穷VS.环境:从红绿冲突到红绿愿景
短句来源
     The third Asia agricultural information technology conference of Beijing of October of 2002( AFTTA2002) is had, the experts emphasize the status of the agricultural information in the 21st century, And point out that agriculture does not realize the informationization all-sidedly, its modernization is unimaginable, The sign of the poverty is that the information is poor at first.
     2002年10月北京第三届亚洲农业信息技术大会(AFITA2002)上,专家们强调了21世纪农业信息的地位,并指出农业不全面实现信息化,其现代化是不可想象的,贫穷的标志首先是信息贫乏。
短句来源
     The Deformed Being Created by Poverty and Feudal Culture United by Marriage
     贫穷与封建文化联姻的畸形儿——谈王西彦笔下的童养媳形象
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  “poverty”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Study on Development-oriented Poverty Reduction Model in Rural China
     中国农村开发式扶贫模式研究
短句来源
     War on Rural Poverty in China and India:Policies and Practice
     中印两国农村扶贫计划:政策和实践
短句来源
     TWO EXTREME DIVISIONS, DISPARITY BETWEEN POVERTY AND WEALTH AND MARKET ECONOMY
     两极分化、贫富悬殊与市场经济
短句来源
     Integration of Poverty Alleviation with Family Planning: An Interview with SFPC Vice Minister Yang Kuifu
     Integration of Poverty Alleviation with Family Planning: An Interview with SFPC Vice Minister YangKuifu
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     Foreign Ducks Help Peasants to Shake Off Poverty
     Foreign Ducks Help Peasants to Shake Off Poverty
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  poverty
Income differences and poverty: Problems facing Russia and the international experience of dealing with them
      
The topicality of income difference and poverty issues has greatly increased in post-Soviet Russia.
      
Factors behind the current situation are identified to develop specific measures for reducing the existing income differences and poverty level.
      
Regional income inequality and poverty level in Russia: An analysis adjusted for the purchasing power of the ruble
      
This paper presents the findings of a study of income inequality and poverty level in Russian regions with regard to the purchasing power of the rouble in regions.
      
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The Loess Plateau is mainly situated in the middle part of the Huanghe River and in the North along side with the Great Wall, starting from the Riyue Mountains in Qinghai Province in the west to the Taihang Mountains in the east, and stretching to the Qingling Mountains in the south, covering 7 provinces or autonomous regions such as Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Shanxi,. Nei Mongol, Shaanxi and Henan. Its total area is 530,000 km~2, of which the typical loess area is 275,600km~2 with a total population of about...

The Loess Plateau is mainly situated in the middle part of the Huanghe River and in the North along side with the Great Wall, starting from the Riyue Mountains in Qinghai Province in the west to the Taihang Mountains in the east, and stretching to the Qingling Mountains in the south, covering 7 provinces or autonomous regions such as Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Shanxi,. Nei Mongol, Shaanxi and Henan. Its total area is 530,000 km~2, of which the typical loess area is 275,600km~2 with a total population of about 60 million. Grievous water losses and soil erosion are the sources of not only the infertile land and the poverty of the people over the loess plateau but also the harmfulness caused by the Huanghe River. At the same time, the permanent control of the Huanghe River must proceed to control water losses and soil erosion. And yet, the control of the loess plateau must be the comprehensive, all-round and regional control. As a matter of the fact, the control of the loess plateau is a problem of land realignment with the rational land use as its core. The rational land use over the loess plateau must proceed to protect and adjust land resources closely related to its control so as to ensure the rational land use and on going exploitation of land lesources. Based on the rapid and all-round recovery of vegetation and the prevention of water losses and soil erosion, the reproductive ability of land resources should be continuously raised, the ecological environment can be further improved and the production potential of natural resources of agriculture may be brought into full play. Thus, steadily increasing agricultural production, raising economical returns and improving the living standard of the people can be surely achieved. For this reason, good conditions must be created for building the loess plateau into a prosperous and socialist paradise so as to develop the vast northwest China rapidly and to bring the Huanghe River Under permenant control. The urgency of controlling the loess plateau is shown in grievous destruction of land resources and continuous worsening of ecological environment. There are the" 5 indiscriminations"(that is, indiscriminate cultivation, indiscriminate grazing, indiscriminate fuel collecting, indiscriminate felling and indiscriminate medicinal herbs gathering) so that droughts, winds, frosts and freezesoccur very often. Agricultural production is low and unstable. Therefore, all the resources come nearly to their ends, and the life for the people is intolerable. The occurence of very big flood may, sometimes, cause severe disasters to the people in the. lower reaches of the Huanghe River. The comprehensivity and complexity of controlling the loess plateau is shown in the following aspects: the broken landform/intercutting gullies/ complex and changabre land types/great difference in land fertility/grvious water losses and soil erosion/highly differentiated conditions for plants to establish/long-term monocultivation of agriculture/high cultivation indexes with very extensive farming and grain production as the only basis. In this way indiscriminate opening the mountains to grow crops, letting the land lay wasted and fallowing the land have been formed with the results that a vicious cycle of cultivating big acreage with lowyield and vice versa is becoming even worse and worse so as to bring about a series of contradictions among agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and sideline occupations. Accordingly, "three lesses" (i.e.per capita has less basic farm land, less forestry land and less grass land) have become so serious that it is difficult to carry out the adjustment. The approaches of social economic development, and conservation and exploitation of natural resources should be different because of the facts that the loess plateau stretches steppe and fores-steppe areas within the South temperate zone, and is also far away from the seas so that rainfall from the east to the west and difference of light and heat from the south to the north are very distinct, and there are also many other differences such as the ununiformity of cover of soil layers/complexity and diversity of the underlian paleo-geomorphological foundation/great difference between the reliefs/various flatness and steepness of the land surface/different length of the growing periods/apparaht difference of agricultural zones/different population densities of various regions over the loess plateau. And therefore, controlling the loess plateau must be under the guidance with the unified strategical objective and the principle of the comprehensive control in close connection with the working out of implementatiqn of the reliable plans according to local conditions. Based on the characteristics of soil erosion, deep layers of loess soil with strong penetration ability and big volume to store much water and extreme loose in texture to be easily washed away, the paper held that all the rainfall can be made to penetrate into soils to be stored, which can not only relax the uneven rainfall and bring producctive potential but may also prevent soils from erosion and eliminate disasters caused by the rapid rise and fall of floods of the Huanghe River. Accordingly,''making all the rainfall penetrate into soil for storage" put forward will be considered as a strategical requirement to bring the Huanghe River under the permanent control. This strategical requirement is based on the positive theoretical basis, and at the same time, it has also been proved by the geo-historical and current realities viewed in the Ziwuling Mountains. We advocated to do things according to two objective laws. To begin with, based on the characteristics of the bioclimate and the agricultural productive resources, the loess plateau wlil be divided into 5 regions, of which the meadow and forestry areas in Tibetan-Qinghai plateau belong to the rock plateau and the high mountains. Although this region is beyong the range of the loess plateau, it is located in the middle part of the Huanghe River where there are part of valley lands(e.g. the Huanghe River Valley and Gueide Basin), covered with the loess soils. Thus, starting from the regional control, this region is also listed into the loess plateau. Within each region,25 subregions have been divided in terms of different geomorphology, difference of human effects and the degrees of destruction of land resources. And in accordance with the above requirements for the comprehensive control, a suggestion of th,e individual control plan has also be worked out.

本文在介绍了黄土高原的基本概况与建设成就之后,详细剖析了黄土高原地区存在的问题及其产生的原因,总结了其中的经验教训.文中还着重分析了该地区的自然资源及农林牧副各业生产潜力,提出了资源合理利用与综合经营的具体意见。在此基础上,制定了5个地带25个区域的分区综合治理方案.为了保证这个方案的实施,本文在最后一部分提出了10条必需的保证措施.

In the Yangtze River Valley, the water energy resources is plentiful in its upper reaches and branch streams, but specifically rare in the lower reach regions. So, Sichuan Province, located in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, is rich in water energy resources too, but the power shortage is still severe at present. To solve the intense contradiction, we must make the following things well: first, to combine the economy develcpment in the east with the exploitation of energy resources in the west closely...

In the Yangtze River Valley, the water energy resources is plentiful in its upper reaches and branch streams, but specifically rare in the lower reach regions. So, Sichuan Province, located in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, is rich in water energy resources too, but the power shortage is still severe at present. To solve the intense contradiction, we must make the following things well: first, to combine the economy develcpment in the east with the exploitation of energy resources in the west closely in order to make them interdependent, intersupport, interpromotion and advance with same path: second, to act according to the principle of system engineering such as upper reaches is prior to lower reaches and branch streams to trunk streams, and not vice versa; third, to exploite the water energy resources on the upper reaches and branch streams in the first place to enable the old liberated, the minority nationality, the border and the poverty-stricken areas in the vast west China to take off the poor and get the rich and to become a strategic rear; fourth, to pay close attention to build the water storage projects on the upper reaches and branch streams of the Yangtze River to impel tapping all available potentialities and renovating the present water power stations for the urgent problems of power shortage in winter in whole valley and its neighbour areas to be solved.

整个长江流域,是上游和支流水能资源丰沛,而下游和干流地区的电力奇缺。地处长江上游的四川境内,水能资源虽得天独厚,但供电不足。解决这个尖锐矛盾:第一、必须把东部经济发展和西部能源开发紧密结合,同步进行,做到互相依存、互相支持、互相促进;第二、必须按系统工程的原理办事,先上游,后下游,先支流,后干流,切不可与此相反;第三、必须首先开发长江上游和支流的水能资源,使我国西部广大“老少边穷”地区脱贫致富,成为全国的战略后方;第四、必须抓紧建设长江上游和支流的蓄水工程,促使现有电站挖潜改造,彻底解决全流域和毗邻地区冬季缺电的迫切问题。保证这些决策顺利实现:1、要坚决实行大中小水电并举的方针;2、要坚决搞流域规划,实行梯级开发;3、要在开发长江上游水能资源的同时,尽快把四川省建成长江水源涵养林基地;4、要千方百计搞活经济,广开财路,为四川水电建设筹集资金。

Out of the screen-washed material from Shuanggou (Sihong, Jiangsu), one of the localities of the Aragonian vertebrate fauna of Xiacaowan (Li et al., 1983), seven isolated cheek teeth of dormice have been sorted. They ace considered to represent a newspecies Microdyromys orientalis. It is the second species of fossil darmice so faf discovered in China. It is also for the first time that this genus is found in Asia. Catalogue number V 8000. 1-7 in IVPP, Academia Sinica. Rodentia Bodwich, 1821 Gliridae Thomas,...

Out of the screen-washed material from Shuanggou (Sihong, Jiangsu), one of the localities of the Aragonian vertebrate fauna of Xiacaowan (Li et al., 1983), seven isolated cheek teeth of dormice have been sorted. They ace considered to represent a newspecies Microdyromys orientalis. It is the second species of fossil darmice so faf discovered in China. It is also for the first time that this genus is found in Asia. Catalogue number V 8000. 1-7 in IVPP, Academia Sinica. Rodentia Bodwich, 1821 Gliridae Thomas, 1897 Dryomyinae De Bruijn, 1967 Microdyromys De Bruijn, 1966 Microdyromys orientalis sp. nov. (text-fig. 3a-e, Pl. I, fig. 1-7) 1983 Dryomyinae gen. et sp. indet., Li et al., P. 317,321 Derivation nominis orientalis (Latin), the species is discovered in a locality which is far east to Europe and Africa where the genus is predaminantly knewn. Type locality North bank of diverting canal of Huai River, one km southeast of Shuanggou Town, Sihong Courtty. Diagnosis P~4 is Very large. On the uppex cheek teeth the protoloph and the metaloph are convex forwards and backwards respectively, the lingual wall is ornamented. The lower cheek teeth are two. or three-rooted with relatively straight ridges and long centrolophid. M_2 is wider than long. Holotype M~1 sin. (V 8000.2) Paratypes P~4 sin. (V8000.1), M~2 dex. (V 8000.3) M_1 sin. (V8000.4), M_1 dex. (V8000.5) Li, C. K., Lin Yipu, Gu Yumin, Hou Lianhai, Wu Wenyu and Qiu Zhuding, 1983: The Aragonian vertebrate fauna of Xiacaowan, Jiangsu. -1. A brief introduction to the fossil localities and preliminary report on the new material. Vert. PalAs., 21(4), 313-327. Qiu, Z. X. and Gu Yumin, 1986: The Aragonian vertebrate fauna of Xiacaowan, Jiangsu. -3. Two carnivore species: Semigenetta huaiheensis sp. n. and Pseudaelurus (Schizailurus) cf. lorteti. Vert. PalAs., 24(1), M_1 dex. (V 8000.6), M_2 dex. (V8000.7) Age and horizon Middle Mioocene, Xlacaowan Formation Measurements cf. Chinese texlt. Description P~4 is large, only slightly smaller than M~1. The ocelusal surface concave. The paracone and metacone prcminent. There are six main ridges and no extra ridge. The anteroloph is long, extending to lingual side of the tooth but not connected to the endoloph, on the labial side it is separated frcm the paracone by a small notch. The anterior centroloph lower and shorter than the pgsterior centroloph, both centrolophs are slender and lower than the other main ridges. The protolph and metaloph are convex forward and backward respectivety. The metaloph is interrupted near its lingual side, then continues extending to the endoloph. The protoloph and posteroloph join the endoloph. The lineal wall is high, with developed ornament. Threerooted, the roots are thick and with round section (text-fig. 3a). M~1 wider than long. The occlusal surface concave. The paraeone and metacone prominent. With six main ridges and one extra ridge as well. The anteroloph is labially not connected to the paracone and lingually jores the endoloph, but with a notch between the anteroloph and endoloph. The protoloph is convex forward. The anterior centroloph is long, longer than half width of the molar, and labially ill-connected to the protolph at the parucone. The posterior centroloph is ill-developed, thin and short, not reaching latbial border, not connected to the metacone either. The metaloph convex backward and ill-connected to. the posteroloph at the metacone. The anteror e xtra ridge between the protoloph and the anterior centroloph is thin and long. Between the metaloph and the pesteroloph there is a small tubercle of enamel near labial bordier. The protoloph, metaloph and posteroloph also join the endoloph. The lingual wall is weIl-ornamented. Three-rooted: one lingually and two labially (text-fig. 3b). M~2 wider than long. The oeclusal surface coneave. The paracone and metacone prominent. With six main ridges and one anterior extra ridge. Both the anteroloph and posteroloph extend to laibial border but separated respectively from the paracone and metacane by a very shallow furrow. The anterior centrolph and posterior centroloph join at the center of the tooth, forming a "Y" shape; the ridge at the junction is rather weak. The anterior extra ridge between the protoloph and anterior centroloph is slender and longer than half width of the tooth. The protoloph and metaloph is convex fteward and backward respectively. All the anteroloph, protoloph, metaloph and posteroloph join the endoloph. The ornament on the lingual wall is evident. Three-rooted. M_1 The occlusal surface concave. With five main lophids. The lophids are straight The centralophid on V 8000.4 is lonlg, extending near the labial border. It joins the metaconid lingually; on V 8000.5 there is a shallow furrow between the centrolophid and the metaeonid on the lingual border. The centrolophid joins posteriorly the endolophid on the lingual border and its labial end branches, the posterior branch meets the mesoophd. On V 8000.6 it is slightly shorter. The endolophid lacks on V 8000.4 and V 8000.6; it is incomplete on V 8000.5 The mesolophid on V 8000.4 is lingually disconnected to the posterolophid but connected to it on V8000.5 and V 8000.6 at the entocohid. All the three teeth have an anterior extra ridge and a posterior extra ridge respectively in the anteriov and posterior valley, in addition there exists an extra ridge at each side of the centrolophid on V 8000.5. The main ridges are labially not connected to each other. All extra ridges are slender and sinuous. The tooth crown is longer than wide (V 8000.4), or as Long as wide (V 8000.5 and V 8000.6). Three-rooted (V 8000.5) or two-rooted (V8000.4) (text-fig. 3c-d). M_2 wider than long. The occlusal surface concave. With five main ridges and one extra ridge in the posterior valley. The metalophid does nat reaech the metaconid. The mesolophid is lingually connected to the posterolophid weakly. Without endolophid. All main ridges and extra ridge are a bit thicker than those in M_1. Three-rooted. Comparisons and discussion Based on the presence of an endoloph, a high lingual wall with ornament, the welldeveloped paracone and metacone as well as the protoloph and metaloph convex respeetively farward and backward, the p~4 is referred to the species in common with the other molars in spite of the fact that its antcrior centroloph is shorter than the posterior one, what is different from the p~4 usually observed in other species in which anterior centroloph is always longer than the posterior one. One of the generic characters of Microdyromys is the relatively large P~4, compared to other genera (De Bruijn, 1966). The Shuanggeu form is however characterized by the even larger p~4. Besides the character of P~4 there are further differences from the other known species: (1) The molars of Shuanggou form are obviously bigger than those of Microdyrormys monspeliensis and M. praemurinus, clse to the biggest specimen of M. legidensis in size. The dental pattern is more complicated than in M. monspeliensis; the M_2 is wkter than long, while in M. legidensis and M. praemurinus they are longer than wide. (2) In size it falls within the variation range of M. koenigswaldi and M. miocaenicus. Its dental pattern is however simpler than that of M. miocaenicus; It differs from M. koenigswaldi by the following points: its M_2 is wider than long; sometimes its posterior centroloph joins the anterior centroloph at the center of the tooth, forming "Y" shape, what has never been observed in M. kocnigswaldi; finally the protoloph and metaloph apparently convex respectively forwards and backwards. (3) With the African species M. ambiguus (Beni-Mellal, Pataniak 6) and M. chaabi (Oued Zra) it is comparable in dental pattern and in being wider than long of M_2. But it is obviously smaller than them and the ornament on the lingual wall of upper cheek teeth of these African species is ill-developed. Besides it is similar in dental pattern to Microdyromys sp. from Early Middle Miocene of Aliveri (Van der Meulen et De Bruijn, 1982) and M. aff. koenigswaldi from Early Middle Miocene of Oschiri (De Braijn et Rmke, 1974) but obviously bigger than M. sp. and smaller than M. aff. koenigswaldi. In additon in all three M_1 of M. aff. koenigswaldi the hypoconid and the mesoconid are connected by a ridge along the labial border. The further comparison can not be carried out due to the poverty of these two European forms and Shuanggou sample as well. It is therefore undoubted that the Shuaggou form is a new species. Because of the shortage of reference materials as well as the poverty of Shuanggou sample the relationship between M. orientalis and the Euroqpean and African species can net be approached for the present. The vertebrate fauna of Xiacaowan is of Early Middle Miocene age (Li et al., 1983) equivalent to Middie Aragonian of the European land mammal ages. But M. orientalis itself affords no further information with regard to the age o

江苏泗洪下草湾中中新世脊椎动物群的分子——东方小林睡鼠(新种) Microdyromys orientalis sp. nov.是迄今睡鼠科化石在我国的第二次发现,也是该属在亚洲的首次报道.

 
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