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the deaf
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  聋人
     Suggestions for improving classroom teaching of young teachers in colleges for the deaf
     关于提高聋人高等学校青年教师课堂教学质量的几点建议
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     The Mode of High Education for the Deaf Based on Network
     基于网络的聋人高等教育模式探讨
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     It is the effective way to promote the deaf overall development and exploit their potential in the maximum that constructs the passageway without a barrier for the deaf in the campus.
     创建校园里的聋人无障碍环境,不仅是促进聋人与听人建立和谐美好关系的需要,同时也是促进聋人全面发展、更大限度地开发他们潜力的有效途径。
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     Overview on the studies of the deaf culture
     论聋人文化研究
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     A Preliminary Research on Characteristics of the Deaf 's Self-consciousness
     聋人自我意识特征的初步研究
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  “the deaf”译为未确定词的双语例句
     GJB2 235delC and mitochondrial DNA A1555G mutation in the deaf children in Foshan
     佛山地区耳聋儿童GJB2 235delC突变和线粒体DNA A1555G突变的研究
短句来源
     groupof profound hearing loss:7.7±5.7、7.1±5.5、5.6±5.6and5.1±5.5dB.Conclusion Using MFSSR data topredict the deaf children’s, hearing threshold and can help us to fit hearing aids for the deaf children whofailed in behavior audiometry.
     极重度聋组:7.7±5.7、7.1±5.5、5.6±5.6和5.1±5.5dB。 结论 MFSSR反应阈值可以预测行为听力图,为低龄儿童及难以检测行为听力的患儿验配助听器提供依据。
短句来源
     The morbidity rate (MR) of the deaf murism was high in the 0~4 age group (90.09%, 100/111), and its peak was in the 0~1 age group.
     后天性聋的致聋年龄以0岁~4岁较多,占90.09%(100/111),其中0岁~1岁为高峰期。
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     3)the classification levels of thehearing and the deaf tend to be smooth atthe age of 13 or 14;
     (3)就本实验结果看,约在13、14岁间,二者的分类水平均趋于平稳。
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     (2) Significant differences of relative error rate of reproductions between 2000ms and 10000ms & 30000ms conducted by people with normal hearing were found, while nothing was found in the deaf.
     听力正常被试时距再现相对错误率在2000ms与10000ms、30000ms存在显著差异,10000ms和30000ms之间差异不显著。
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  相似匹配句对
     Language Mechanisms in the Deaf
     听觉障碍人群的言语机制
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     The development of deaf children
     聋童的教育和发展
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     Behavior Problems in Deaf Students
     聋童的行为问题及其相关因素分析
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     Deaf Students' Chinese Learning
     聋生语文学习情况调查研究
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  the deaf
Background: Prelingually deaf persons usually gain only a rudimentary command of speech and prefer sign language to communicate within the deaf community without the handicap they experience in the hearing world.
      
Method: Data were collected with the help of semi-structured interviews; with the deaf patients these were conducted in German sign language.
      
Comparison of the verbal and visual language skills of the two deaf groups revealed a substantial deficit among the deaf schizophrenics.
      
An innovative and reliable way of measuring health-related quality of life and mental distress in the deaf community
      
A portion of those with a hearing loss consider themselves part of the Deaf community, a community with a unique language and culture.
      
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The purpose of this study is to explore the problem of the develop-ment of deaf, retarded, and normal children's ability to transform activeinto passive forms or vice versa in Chinese sentence structure.Ten groupsof sentences were used as test material, each of them was composed ofone active sentence and one passive sentence. All of the active andpassive sentence forms in the Chinese language were presented. Thevocabulary was limited to the second grade level of schools for deaf-muted, and the subjects were...

The purpose of this study is to explore the problem of the develop-ment of deaf, retarded, and normal children's ability to transform activeinto passive forms or vice versa in Chinese sentence structure.Ten groupsof sentences were used as test material, each of them was composed ofone active sentence and one passive sentence. All of the active andpassive sentence forms in the Chinese language were presented. Thevocabulary was limited to the second grade level of schools for deaf-muted, and the subjects were required to transform them from one forminto another. The subjects were 9 to 13-year-old deaf, retarded, andnormal pupils, and twenty-one 14 to 18-year-old deaf-mutes. Each agegroup consisted of more than 30 children, adding up to a total of 208. The results indicate:The differences in the ability of the threetypes of subjects to transform active and passive sentence forms weresignificant. Normal children's ability to transform was better than thatof deaf children, and deaf children's ability was better than that ofthe retarded children. But in each age group it was not an absoluterule that the transformational ability of deaf children was lower thanthat of normal children. The significant period in the development ofthe transformational ability varies with the type of subject. For normalchildren, the significant period falls between the ages of 10--11;for theretarded, between 12--13;for the deaf, shortly after 12--13. The threekinds of subjects have identical trends when they transform all kindsof Chinese active and passive sentence structures and, the interrelatedcoefficients indicate no inevitable and regular relationship between thetransformational ability and studies in language or arithmetic.

本研究的目的是探讨正常、低常、耳聋儿童对汉语主动句、被动句转换理解的能力问题。实验材料是十组主动句、被动句转换类型,呈现了汉语主动句、被动句转换的全部形式,字词水平控制在聋哑小学二年级程度。要求被试正确进行思惟。被试是9至13岁的正常、低常、耳聋小学生,每个年龄组的被试在30人以上,14、18岁的21名耳聋学生也参加了实验,共计被试为208人。 实验结果表明:总体上看,三类被试对于汉语主动句、被动句的转换理解,正常儿童高于耳聋儿童,耳聋儿童高于低常儿童,差异是显著的。从各年龄阶段看,耳聋儿童转换能力低于正常儿童并不是绝对的。从转换能力发展的转折期看,正常儿童的明显转折期出现在10至11岁,低常儿童出现在12至13岁,耳聋儿童在12至13岁的发展接近转折期。从转换理解与语文、数学教育的相关关系来看,没有发现语文和数学教育对转换理解的有规律的必然影响。从理解的特点上看,三类被试在理解上呈现出一致的倾向。

A total of about 913,023 persons had been examined in the urban districts of Shenyang and Dalian and the rural areas of Tieling County and Kalaqin Left Banner (Monglian County), among them 3,048 (3.33%) deaf and dumb were discovered. The incidence in rural district is higher than that in urban. In rural areas the incidence in mountainous region is higher than that in semi-mountainous region, and in turn higher than that in plain region. If it is calculated in to the present incidence there could be estimated...

A total of about 913,023 persons had been examined in the urban districts of Shenyang and Dalian and the rural areas of Tieling County and Kalaqin Left Banner (Monglian County), among them 3,048 (3.33%) deaf and dumb were discovered. The incidence in rural district is higher than that in urban. In rural areas the incidence in mountainous region is higher than that in semi-mountainous region, and in turn higher than that in plain region. If it is calculated in to the present incidence there could be estimated over three million deaf and dumb individuals in China. About 90.55% of the deaf and dumb are under six years of age, so it is most important to prevent deafness and dumbness before childhood. In the present investigation about 12.61% is congenital deafness and dumbness which is lower than those in other parts of China and the world. This is not only due to the differences in time and places surveyed but the methods which were used for examination might have also played an important role. In acquired deafness and dumbness, infectious diseases are the most common causes in rural areas while intoxication in urban district. In functional investigation of vestibulum auris showed loss of this function in congenital and acquired cases of deafness and dumbness in about 33.3% and 78.6% respectively, which is obviously much higher in acquired cases even though about 5.7% of them retained normal function of the vestibulum auris. So that it could not serve todifferen tiate congenital or acquired deafness and dumbness by examining the function of vestibulum auris.

聋哑发病率及病因的调查,对防治聋哑有重要意义。1970~1972年我们对沈阳、大连市和喀左、铁岭等县的部分地区进行调查。在913,023人中,发现聋哑3,048人,占3.33‰,且农村聋哑发病率高于城市,农村的山区高于半山区,半山区高于平原地区。如按我们词查的发病率推算,我国聋哑病人可能超过300万;聋哑患病年龄在6岁以内者占90.55%。本文材料中先天性聋哑占12.61%,比过去各调查材料低,这与确定先天性聋哑的依据以及调查年代、地区等条件有关;后天性聋哑病在农村多为传染性疾病所致,而在城市则多以药物中毒引起。前庭功能检查中,先天性聋哑丧失前庭功能者占33.3%。后天性聋哑丧失前庭功能者占78.6%,先天性聋哑前庭功能丧失的比例明显大于后天性聋哑。但后天性聋哑中也有5.7%是前庭功能正常者。因此,不能以前庭功能是否改变做为区分先、后天性聋哑的依据。

A controversial and heated disputes on the effectiveness of acupuncture for the deaf and dumb have continued for a long time. Someone reported that the effectivness is up to 83.8%, others reportd that the acupuncture therapy is absolutely non-effective. The present study is trying to give an objective evaluation on the effectiveness of acupuncture therapy for the deaf and dumb. Twenty students with remnant hearing were selected at random from a school for the deaf-mutes. They received acupuncture...

A controversial and heated disputes on the effectiveness of acupuncture for the deaf and dumb have continued for a long time. Someone reported that the effectivness is up to 83.8%, others reportd that the acupuncture therapy is absolutely non-effective. The present study is trying to give an objective evaluation on the effectiveness of acupuncture therapy for the deaf and dumb. Twenty students with remnant hearing were selected at random from a school for the deaf-mutes. They received acupuncture therapy. The threshold of inducing electric potential (IEP) of auditory area in cerebro-cortex (AACC) was taken as an objective index for determina ting the change of hearing function. And ten decibel(db) over the average of three frequencies, 250, 500 and 1,000 cycle/sec, were considered to be the standard of effectiveness of acupuncture therapy. After two months course of acupuncture therapy, two ears of two eases were raised over 10db, which was about 5% of the 40 treated ears. IEP of AACC of 21 ears had raised over 10 decibel after treatment if it was estimated by only one frequency. The defect of past studies was short of an objective index for evaluating the improvement of hearing ability after treatment. At this study that the effectiveness of acupuncture therapy for deafness and dumbness with remnant hearing may raise hearing ability only 5%, of course it is a minor improvement. But it should not be considered adsolutely noneffective, therefore it is not adequate to exaggerate and popularization,

解放后,我国先后出现三次针治聋哑高潮,针刺对聋哑人恢复听力是否有作用?长期以来有争议。为此,我们选20名有残余听力的聋哑学生为实验对象,以皮层听区声诱发电位的阈值做为观察听力变化的客观指标,以250、500、1000周/秒三个频率的平均值提高10dB以上为有效,进行针刺治疗观察。两个月后上述三个频率的平均值提高10d B以上的有两人的两只耳,单项频率提高10d B以上的有21耳。即针刺对部分有残余听力的聋哑人可提高听力10d B以上,但比例只有5%,听力提高的幅度也有限。因此,把针刺做为治疗聋哑的有效方法加以宣扬和推广是不适宜的,但本文也不同意针刺对聋哑人听力百分之百无作用的意见。

 
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