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bile duct     
相关语句
  胆管
     The experimental study on the mode of invasion and metastasis of hilar bile duct carcinoma
     肝门部胆管癌浸润与转移方式的实验研究
短句来源
     Establishment of the Human Bile Duct Carcinoma Model in Nude Mice and Its Application
     人胆管癌裸小鼠移植瘤模型的建立及其应用
短句来源
     Study of Effect and Mechanism of CD147 on the Invasion and Metastasis of the Bile Duct Carcinoma
     CD147分子在胆管癌浸润及转移中作用及机制的研究
短句来源
     Association of Duodenal-Biliary Reflux and Pigment Calculus in Bile Duct and Significance of Cholecyst GUSB mRNA Expression in Cholecystolithiasis
     肠胆反流与胆管色素结石关系及胆囊GUSB mRNA表达在胆囊结石中意义研究
短句来源
     A Study on Expression of Human Gene fxyd6 and Membranous Ion Channel Proteins FXYD2 and FXYD4 in Bile Duct and Cholangiocarcinoma
     人fxyd6基因与膜离子通道蛋白FXYD2、4在胆管胆管癌中的表达研究
短句来源
更多       
  胆道
     OBSERVATIONS OF THE EXTRAHEPATIC BILE DUCT SYSTEM IN NEWBORN
     新生儿肝外胆道系统的观察
短句来源
     Study on Bacteria in the Bile Duct of Gallstone Patients Ⅱ. Study on Bacteria in the Bile Duct and Bacterial β-Glucuronidase in Gallstone Patients
     胆石症患者胆道细菌的研究(Ⅱ、胆石症胆道细菌及其β-葡萄糖醛酸酶的研究)
短句来源
     AN ANALYSIS OF 138 CASES OF BILE DUCT DISEASE IN AGED PATIENTS
     老年胆道疾病138例分析
短句来源
     Studies on CT images in low position obstruction of bileduct
     低位胆道梗阻CT影像探讨
短句来源
     Clinical analysis of 35 bile duct operation cases associated with cirrhosis
     肝硬化病人施行胆道手术35例分析
短句来源
更多       
  胆总管
     AN OBSERVATION OF THE MORPHOLOGICAL AND ENZYMETIC DYNAMICALLY CHANGES IN LIVER OF RAT AFTER LIGATION OF COMMON BILE DUCT
     大鼠胆总管结扎后肝脏形态及酶学变化的动态观察
短句来源
     Report of 8 Cases of Primary Suture of Common Bile Duct After incision for Exploration
     胆总管切开探查术后Ⅰ期缝合8例报告
短句来源
     The application of flexible ureteroscope and choledochoscope during laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (a report of 11 cases)
     纤维内镜在腹腔镜胆总管探查术中的应用(附11例报告)
短句来源
     Results: The abnormal imaging features of ERCP were reviewed in 78 cases(78/82),of which 65 cases were cholelithiasis,7 carcinoma of bile duct,3 cholangitic stenosis,1 choledochocgst,1 ascariasis of biliary tract,1 biliary fistula,and 4 cases were normal.
     结果:本组82例,78例ERCP显示异常,其中胆管结石65例,胆管癌7例,胆管炎症狭窄3例,胆总管囊肿、胆道蛔虫、外科手术后胆总管瘘各1例。
短句来源
     Results 3 cases of bile duct injury,1 case of intraabdominal hemorrhage,2 cases of bile leakage,1 case of duodenum injury,1 case of diaphragma,2 cases of thrombosis in veins of inferior member,subcutaneous emphysema,1 case of hematomas of rectus abdominis in unbilical tracer site,1 case of retaihned stone in common bile duct,there was severe sequela in all the patients after further treatment.
     结果胆管损伤3例,腹腔内出血1例,胆漏2例,十二指肠损伤1例,膈肌损伤1例,下肢深静脉血栓2例,皮下气肿1例,脐部戳孔腹直肌血肿1例,胆总管残留结石1例,所有患者经治疗后无严重后遗症。
短句来源
更多       
  胆道
     OBSERVATIONS OF THE EXTRAHEPATIC BILE DUCT SYSTEM IN NEWBORN
     新生儿肝外胆道系统的观察
短句来源
     Study on Bacteria in the Bile Duct of Gallstone Patients Ⅱ. Study on Bacteria in the Bile Duct and Bacterial β-Glucuronidase in Gallstone Patients
     胆石症患者胆道细菌的研究(Ⅱ、胆石症胆道细菌及其β-葡萄糖醛酸酶的研究)
短句来源
     AN ANALYSIS OF 138 CASES OF BILE DUCT DISEASE IN AGED PATIENTS
     老年胆道疾病138例分析
短句来源
     Studies on CT images in low position obstruction of bileduct
     低位胆道梗阻CT影像探讨
短句来源
     Clinical analysis of 35 bile duct operation cases associated with cirrhosis
     肝硬化病人施行胆道手术35例分析
短句来源
更多       

 

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      bile duct
    In the 70th-80th days, hepatocirrhosis and bile duct proliferation were observed in the liver.
          
    The presence of prolactin receptor and peculiarities of its isoform expression in bile duct cells (cholangiocytes) differentially isolated from rat liver under different conditions were investigated in the present study.
          
    In group A (27 patients), common bile duct stones were extracted by intraoperative EST during LC.
          
    In group B(25 patients), common bile duct (CBD) stones were extracted by conversion to open CBD exploration and cholecyctectomy.
          
    Most of the filling defects were situated within the common, right or left hepatic duct associated with proximal bile duct dilatations (17 cases);2.
          
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    Observations made on the cystic arteries of 120 cadavers (62 adults,48children and 10 newborns) showed 85 (70.83±4.1%)to be simple cystic arteryand 35 double (29.07±4.1%).The percentages of the double cystic artery arehigher in children and newborns(20 cases,57.14%,in children and newbornsas compared with 15 cases,42.86%,in adults).In 64 cases,or 53.33±4.5 percent,the simple cystic aretry arises in theCalot's triangle from the typical coeliac right hepatic artery,and in 24 casesor 20.0±3.6 per cent,the superficial...

    Observations made on the cystic arteries of 120 cadavers (62 adults,48children and 10 newborns) showed 85 (70.83±4.1%)to be simple cystic arteryand 35 double (29.07±4.1%).The percentages of the double cystic artery arehigher in children and newborns(20 cases,57.14%,in children and newbornsas compared with 15 cases,42.86%,in adults).In 64 cases,or 53.33±4.5 percent,the simple cystic aretry arises in theCalot's triangle from the typical coeliac right hepatic artery,and in 24 casesor 20.0±3.6 per cent,the superficial or deep branches or both have the sameorigin.The single and double cystic arteries,or one branch of the double cysticartery from the replaced right hepatic artery occurs in 12 cases or 10.0±2.7per cent,and from an artery other than the right hepatic,23 cases or 19.7±3.5per cent.In 74 cases,or 61.67±4.2 per cent,the origin of the single and one or twobranches of the double cystic artery is in Calot's triangle;in 49 cases,or 40.83±4.4 per cent,it is from the right hepatic artery or other sources to the leftof the hepatic duct and crossing the hepatic duct or common bile duct posteriorlyor anteriorly.17 cases or 14.17±3.2 per cent are in other locations.The single and dual cystic arteries or one branch of the dual cystic arteryare attached to the gall bladder from the neck in 100 cases,or 83.33±3.3 percent;and from the body in 51 cases,or 42.5±4.5 per cent.The series was classified into 8 types,their relation to the clinical opera-tion was discussed.

    1.本文检查了120例尸体的胆囊动脉,其中62例成年尸体,48例童尸和10例胎儿。2.在此120例中有85例单胆囊动脉,占70.83±4.1%;35例双胆囊动脉,占29.17±4.1%,百分率较高,其原因也曾讨论。3.胆囊动脉的起始。(见表1)(1)起始于典型肝右动脉的:单胆囊动脉64例;双胆囊动脉的两支起于此者22例,1支起于此者7例;共93例,占77.50±3.8%。(2)起于变异肝右动脉的:(包括肠系膜肝右动脉、肠系膜肝总肝右动脉、腹腔肝右动脉及腹主肝右动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者4例,1支起于此者1例。共12例,占10.00±2.7%。(3)起于肝左或肝中动脉的:单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者1例,1支起于此者7例。共15例,占12.50±3.0%。 (4)起于其它动脉的:(包括肝总、肝固有及胃十二指肠动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉1支起於此者1例,2支起於此者无。共8例,占6.67±2.3%。4.胆囊动脉起始的位置(见表2)(1)位在Calot氏三角内者:单胆囊勤脉48例,双胆囊动脉两支位于此者9例,1支位于此者17例,共74例。占61.67±4.4%。(2)位于肝总管...

    1.本文检查了120例尸体的胆囊动脉,其中62例成年尸体,48例童尸和10例胎儿。2.在此120例中有85例单胆囊动脉,占70.83±4.1%;35例双胆囊动脉,占29.17±4.1%,百分率较高,其原因也曾讨论。3.胆囊动脉的起始。(见表1)(1)起始于典型肝右动脉的:单胆囊动脉64例;双胆囊动脉的两支起于此者22例,1支起于此者7例;共93例,占77.50±3.8%。(2)起于变异肝右动脉的:(包括肠系膜肝右动脉、肠系膜肝总肝右动脉、腹腔肝右动脉及腹主肝右动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者4例,1支起于此者1例。共12例,占10.00±2.7%。(3)起于肝左或肝中动脉的:单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者1例,1支起于此者7例。共15例,占12.50±3.0%。 (4)起于其它动脉的:(包括肝总、肝固有及胃十二指肠动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉1支起於此者1例,2支起於此者无。共8例,占6.67±2.3%。4.胆囊动脉起始的位置(见表2)(1)位在Calot氏三角内者:单胆囊勤脉48例,双胆囊动脉两支位于此者9例,1支位于此者17例,共74例。占61.67±4.4%。(2)位于肝总管左侧,且越其前面或后面者:单胆囊动脉25例;双胆囊动脉1支位于此者13例,两支位于此者无。共38例,占31.67±4.2%。(3)位输胆总管左侧,且越其前面或后面者:单胆囊动脉6例,双胆囊动脉的1支位于此者5例,共11例。占9.17±2.6%。(4)位于其它位置的:单胆囊动脉5例;双胆囊动脉两支位于其它位置的6例,1支位于其它位置的5例,共16例,占13.33±2.9%。5.胆囊动脉进入胆囊的部位(见表3)(1)从胆囊颈入胆囊的:单胆囊动脉62例,双胆囊动脉两支从颈进入者4例,1支从颈进入者34例。共100例,占83.33±3.30%。(2)从胆囊体进入者:单胆囊动脉23例,双胆囊动脉的1支从体进入胆囊的28例;共51例,占42.50±4.5%。6.胆囊动脉的类型(见表4)正常的第Ⅰ型占57.60±4.5%;第Ⅱ型估25.00±3.9%;第Ⅲ型占8.33±2.5%;第Ⅳ型占12.50±3.0%;第Ⅴ型占3.33±1.6%;第Ⅵ型占3.33±1.6%;第Ⅷ型占1.67±1.2%;第Ⅶ、Ⅸ、Ⅹ、Ⅺ、Ⅻ型作者未曾见到。双胆囊动脉深支的配布类型:浅深支同一起始动脉的为第Ⅰ型有27例;不同起始的为第Ⅱ型有8例。7.进行胆囊手术时应注意下列几点:(1)双胆囊动脉占29.17±4.1%,分离胆囊管和动脉时应充分注意。(2)正常典型的胆囊动脉仅占57.50±4.5%,馀均异常。在胆囊颈分离时,应注意常有肝右动脉的分枝位其下面;胆囊动脉有时很短,几与其所起始的肝动脉在一处。在胆囊管和动脉未分离清楚以前,勿结紮切断,以免误损肝动脉。(3)胆囊动脉位于肝总管左侧,越肝总管和输胆总管前面的占36.66±4.4%,位其后面者占4.17±1.8%,在分离胆囊管和动脉时应注意之。(4)胆囊动脉从胆囊颈左缘进入是正常的,占65.83±4.2%,另有异常的为从颈右缘或后方进入胆囊的有21例,从体进入胆囊的有51例,共占60.00±4.2%。在分离胆囊时也应注意胆囊颈的右下缘及胆囊体。

    The manner of branching of the proper hepatic artery,its relationship with sur- rounding structures and the source of origin of the left,right and middle hepatic ar- teries were examined in 50 Chinese child cadavers. The proper hepatic artery was found in 45 cases with 5 cases devoid of this artery. In the 45 cases the proper hepatic artery divided itself into a left and a right hepatic artery in 37 cases (74%);a right and a middle hepatic artery in 2 cases (4%) and in 1 case each (2% each) into a left and a...

    The manner of branching of the proper hepatic artery,its relationship with sur- rounding structures and the source of origin of the left,right and middle hepatic ar- teries were examined in 50 Chinese child cadavers. The proper hepatic artery was found in 45 cases with 5 cases devoid of this artery. In the 45 cases the proper hepatic artery divided itself into a left and a right hepatic artery in 37 cases (74%);a right and a middle hepatic artery in 2 cases (4%) and in 1 case each (2% each) into a left and a middle or a left,a right and in addition a middle hepatic artery.In the remaining 4 cases the proper hepatic artery was either continued into the middle (1 case,2%) or the right (1 case,2%) or the left (2 cases, 4%) hepatic artery. The proper hepatic artery was situated on the left side of the portal vein in 17 cases (34%);left and anterior to this vein 16 cases (32%) and in front of it in 8 cases (16%).The point of division of the proper hepatic artery was on the left side of the common bile duct in 32 cases (64%). In the 50 cadavers there were 52 right hepatic arteries,2 of which being the acces- sory right hepatic arteries derived from the left hepatic or the gastroduodenal artery.In the remaining 50 cases,those derived from the proper hepatic artery comprised the most of the cases (39 cases,78%),others were from the common hepatic artery (4 cases,8%) or the superior mesenteric artery (3 cases,6%).There were 7 cases in which the artery was derived from the superior mesenteric artery (3 cases,6%). The number of the left hepatic artery was 57,of which 7 being the accessory type, derived from the left gastric (4 cases,8%) or the right hepatic (3 cases,6%).The origin of 50 left hepatic arteries was mainly from the proper hepatic artery (38 cases, 76%) or the common hepatic artery (5 cases,10%).The remaining 7 cases were derived from the left gastric artery (5 cases,10%). The middle hepatic artery was found in 341 cases (82%) derived either from the left hepatic (24 cases,48%) or the right hepatic artery (13 cases,26%).Only few arose from other sources. The branching of the proper hepatic artery was classified into 9 types;the first type comprised the majority of the cases (30 cases,60%),in which the left and right hepatic arteries were derived from the proper hepatic or common hepatic artery with the middle hepatic artery derived from the left,right or the proper hepatic artery.

    本文收集了50例童尸的材料,主要就肝固有动脉的位置、分支与其部位以及各分支的起始、位置(部分分支)、异常等作了比较详细的观察。所得结果并与其他作者作了相互比较。一、肝固有动脉位于门静脉左侧者,占34%,其分支于肝总管左侧分者最为多见,占64%。肝固有动脉分为肝右、左动脉两支者,占74%。肝固有动脉缺如者,占18%。二、肝右动脉起于正常肝固有动脉者39例,占78%,起于腹腔肝总动脉者4例,占8%。起于肠系膜上动脉者3例,占6%,起于其他动脉者4例,占8%。迷走代替动脉的出现率占14%有副肝右动脉的有2例占4%。肝右动脉经肝总管后方入Calot氏三角者32例,占64%,经肝总管及右肝管后方者7例,占14%,另外经和胆道系无关之处入肝右叶者12例,占24%。不论正常或异常肝右动脉,经Calot氏三角入肝右叶者,占74%。三、肝左动脉起于正常肝固有动脉者,占76%,起于腹腔肝总及胃左动脉者,各占10%,起于肝右及胃左动脉者各占6%和8%。另外4%起自其他动脉。迷走代替及副肝左动脉的出现率,均占14%。其次,尚发现副胃左动脉有9例,占18%;有吻合弓者13例,占26%。四、肝中动脉有一条者41例,占82%;其中起自肝左...

    本文收集了50例童尸的材料,主要就肝固有动脉的位置、分支与其部位以及各分支的起始、位置(部分分支)、异常等作了比较详细的观察。所得结果并与其他作者作了相互比较。一、肝固有动脉位于门静脉左侧者,占34%,其分支于肝总管左侧分者最为多见,占64%。肝固有动脉分为肝右、左动脉两支者,占74%。肝固有动脉缺如者,占18%。二、肝右动脉起于正常肝固有动脉者39例,占78%,起于腹腔肝总动脉者4例,占8%。起于肠系膜上动脉者3例,占6%,起于其他动脉者4例,占8%。迷走代替动脉的出现率占14%有副肝右动脉的有2例占4%。肝右动脉经肝总管后方入Calot氏三角者32例,占64%,经肝总管及右肝管后方者7例,占14%,另外经和胆道系无关之处入肝右叶者12例,占24%。不论正常或异常肝右动脉,经Calot氏三角入肝右叶者,占74%。三、肝左动脉起于正常肝固有动脉者,占76%,起于腹腔肝总及胃左动脉者,各占10%,起于肝右及胃左动脉者各占6%和8%。另外4%起自其他动脉。迷走代替及副肝左动脉的出现率,均占14%。其次,尚发现副胃左动脉有9例,占18%;有吻合弓者13例,占26%。四、肝中动脉有一条者41例,占82%;其中起自肝左动脉者24例,占48%,起自肝右动脉者13例,占26%,起自其他动脉者,占8%。双肝中动脉仅遇见一例。肝中动脉缺如者,占16%。五、肝固有动脉分支类型:第Ⅰ型,占68%,第Ⅱ型,占12%,第Ⅲ型,占4%,第Ⅳ型,占6%,第Ⅴ—Ⅸ型,各占2%。

    1. After oral administration to rabbits and man, Funacillin was absorbed mainly in the small intestine and very slightly in the stomach and colon, reaching its peak concentration in the plasma in 4 hours, and then declining rapidly; a single dose (200 mg/kg body weight) given to a rabbit orally yielded in 4 hours a level of about 14 μg/ml and then a trace only at the end of 12 hours. 2.After absorption, Funacillin was distributed throughout different organs, as liver, brain (cortex, midbrain and brainstem),...

    1. After oral administration to rabbits and man, Funacillin was absorbed mainly in the small intestine and very slightly in the stomach and colon, reaching its peak concentration in the plasma in 4 hours, and then declining rapidly; a single dose (200 mg/kg body weight) given to a rabbit orally yielded in 4 hours a level of about 14 μg/ml and then a trace only at the end of 12 hours. 2.After absorption, Funacillin was distributed throughout different organs, as liver, brain (cortex, midbrain and brainstem), spleen, lung and kidney with varying degree of concentration which was highest in brain and spleen, the time of reaching its peak concentration in organs coincides with that in plasma. In the rabbits, whose liver function was damaged by carbon tetrachloride, the peak concentration in plasma was no higher than that in the normal rabbit. Ligation of the common bile duct caused a decrease in its concentration in plasma. 3. When incubated with slices of liver, brain, intestine and kidney, for 1 hour, Funacillin was not quantitatively recovered, because a certain amount had been decomposed by the tissue slices, particularly the liver. 4.Funacillin was excreted through the urine only in small amount (1—5% of the original dose). 5. Artificial pyrexia produced by subcutaneous injection of E. Coli vaccine to cats, was not abolished by Funacillin. 6. No demonstrable effect was observed on the blood pressure and respiration, when Funacillin was given intravenously to rabbits. 7. Funacillin did not prolong the anesthetic time of Evipan.

    人和兔口服呋喃西林后,易从胃腸道內吸收,吸收的主要部位是小腸。給药后4小时血浆浓度到达最高峯,以后迅速下降。总胆管結扎后呋喃西林由胃腸道吸收显著減少。呋喃西林被吸收后,能分布至主要脏器內,其中以脑及脾脏中含量最高,极少量以原形由尿排出。体外試驗,呋喃西林与多种組織一起培养,即被分解。以四氯化碳損伤兔的肝脏功能后,不能提高呋喃西林在血浆中的浓度。呋喃西林对血压、呼吸、环己巴比妥鈉麻醉吋间无甚影响。且无退热作用。

     
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