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mouth cavity
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  口腔
     The Application of Nd:YAG Laser to Mouth Cavity Disease Therapy
     Nd:YAG激光器在口腔治疗中的应用
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     Mouth Cavity Health
     口腔紧系全身健康
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     Methods 196 selective operation patients (ASA Ⅰ~Ⅱ) used SSS introducing intubation via mouth cavity after tachyinduced intravenous anesthesia. HR,SBP,DBP MAP and SpO_2 were measured before (T_1) anesthesia induction,at the beginning (T_2) and after (T_3) and 5 min after (T_4) tracheal intubation.
     方法196例ASAⅠ~Ⅱ级择期手术患者,在快速静脉全麻诱导后采用SSS引导经口腔气管内插管,测量麻醉诱导前(T1)、气管插管开始时(T2)、导管插入时(T3)及气管插管后5min(T4)的HR、SBP、DBP、MAP、SpO2,并记录插管操作时间(T2~T3)、次数和并发症。
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     Conclusion:Gargling with Dahuanghuanglianxiexin Decoction(大黄黄连泻心汤)is obviously effective in preventing and curing radition-induced mouth cavity mucitis.
     结论大黄黄连泻心汤含漱对防治放射性口腔粘膜炎有明显效果。
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     Experiment research of white beads in mouth cavity in enzyme inhibition mold infection
     抑制口腔白色念珠菌感染的实验研究
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  “mouth cavity”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results:The incidence rates of mild, moderate and severe mouth cavity mucitis induced by radiation were 100%,36.67%,and 16.67%separately and in the treatment group they were 100%,83.33%and 53.33%separately.
     结果对照组轻、中、重度放射性口粘膜炎的发生率分别为100%、83.33%、53.33%,治疗组则分别为100%、36.67%、16.67%。
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     Results The pterygopalatine fossa showed a long and narrow cleft composed of the body and pterygoid process of sphenoid bone, the lamina perpendicularis of palatine bone, and the posterior wall of maxillary sinus. The pterygopalatine fossa is(21.4±0.8)mm ×(5.2±0.3)mm ×(3.2±0.3)mm,with seven paths communicating with nasal cavity, mouth cavity, pharynx, orbit, infratemporal fossa and middle cranial fossa.
     结果翼腭窝是一狭窄裂隙,由蝶骨体、蝶骨翼突和腭骨垂直板、上颌窦后壁共同围成,大小为(21.4±0.8)mm×(5.2±0.3)mm×(3.2±0.3)mm,从上面观察似三棱锥体型,上宽下窄。
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     Nursing of 32 patients receiving sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of the mouth cavity and pharynx
     32例胸锁乳突肌肌皮瓣修复口底组织缺损的护理
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     Methods: The acute toxicity in mice, skin allergic reaction of guinea-pig, mouth cavity mucosal irritative test and eye irritative test of the rabbits, the irritative test of normal and damage skin of guinea-pig were studied.
     方法 :分别进行急性毒性试验、豚鼠皮肤过敏试验、家兔粘膜刺激试验、家兔眼粘膜刺激试验及豚鼠完整皮肤与破损皮肤刺激试验。
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     Objective To find the best method of cleaning mouth cavity before and after palatoplasty, prevent infection and promote wound healing.
     目的 探讨腭裂修复术病人手术前后清洁口腔的最佳方法 ,预防感染 ,促进伤口愈合。
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     Mouth Cavity Health
     口腔紧系全身健康
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     Application of gingiral procelain in repairing of mouth cavity
     牙龈瓷在口腔修复中的应用
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     Laser and mouth
     激光在口腔科的应用
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     AIDS and the Mouth
     艾滋病和口腔
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     Detection of Cavity
     空洞探测
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  mouth cavity
In parallel with these changes, an increase in common microflora was observed; some microorganisms, which normally are not present in duodenum, liver and mouth cavity, were detected in these organs.
      
Adults emerged through the hosts' mouth cavity about a month after oviposition.
      
The young, for their part, collect about the head of the mother fish and, contacting it, try to enter the mouth cavity.
      
The young ofTilapia mossambica (mouth-brooder) show a characteristic 'contact-behaviour', which is related to the behaviour of the mother fish, who takes them back into the mouth cavity in cases of disturbance.
      
An anterior pair of receptor complexes dorsal to the mouth cavity of larvalMulticotyle purvisi (Trematoda, Aspidogastrea) is described by transmission electronmicroscopy.
      
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Rankin (1944) in his review of the genus Halipegus recorded 11 species, of which he recognised only 7 as valid. Up to the present there are about 15 species of Halipegus described by parasitologists (Skrjabin 1955). Some of them need revision-Since adult trematodes of this group are very much alike in structure, the differentiation of species depends much on the morphology of the developmental stages. So far as is known, there are only three species of Halipegus, life histories of which have been elucidated....

Rankin (1944) in his review of the genus Halipegus recorded 11 species, of which he recognised only 7 as valid. Up to the present there are about 15 species of Halipegus described by parasitologists (Skrjabin 1955). Some of them need revision-Since adult trematodes of this group are very much alike in structure, the differentiation of species depends much on the morphology of the developmental stages. So far as is known, there are only three species of Halipegus, life histories of which have been elucidated. During 1947, a species of Halipegus was found in Foochow, in the mouth cavity of Rana nigrotnaculata reinhardtii and Rana limnocharis. Natural infection of a Planorbid snail, Hipeutes contort Benson was also found harbouring the larval stages. In 1956, experiments were conducted to infect Hipeutes cantori with eggs of Halipegus. The subsequent development resulted with various stages found in the liver of the infected snails. Morphological studies and measurements were made and briefly given as follows:

1.1947年作者在福州金綫蛙(Rana nigromaculata)的口腔內发現有尾胞吸虫的寄生,这一种尾胞吸虫属(Halipegus)吸虫在前此国內尚无报告过。不久后在本地的平卷貝(Hipeutes cantori Benson)体內发現天然感染的尾胞吸虫的尾蚴。1956年夏天檢查本地的澤蛙(Rana limnocharis)在它的口腔舌下找到了本种吸虫,感染率10%,感染强度平均每只阳性蛙含有1—2只虫,最多达到6条虫。 2.在1936年8月至10月间作者将从澤蛙口腔舌下所檢得的尾胞吸虫在培养皿中产出的卵以及从虫体子宫末端解剖出来的成熟的卵,用作人工感染平卷貝(Hipeutes cantori)幼螺的試驗, 并詳細观察其各期的发育,确定本吸虫只有一代胞蚴和一代裂蚴。从感染的平卷貝体內排出的尾胞幼虫用来喂飼劍水蚤(Mesocyclops leuckarti),21日后解剖劍水蚤,在它体腔內找到有成熟的后期尾蚴。 3.Halipegus属吸虫具有世界性的分布。关于东亚尾胞吸虫种类的问题尚未解决,山口左仲(Yamaguti,1936)认为日本的尾胞吸虫和H.occidualis Stafford有区别,系为一...

1.1947年作者在福州金綫蛙(Rana nigromaculata)的口腔內发現有尾胞吸虫的寄生,这一种尾胞吸虫属(Halipegus)吸虫在前此国內尚无报告过。不久后在本地的平卷貝(Hipeutes cantori Benson)体內发現天然感染的尾胞吸虫的尾蚴。1956年夏天檢查本地的澤蛙(Rana limnocharis)在它的口腔舌下找到了本种吸虫,感染率10%,感染强度平均每只阳性蛙含有1—2只虫,最多达到6条虫。 2.在1936年8月至10月间作者将从澤蛙口腔舌下所檢得的尾胞吸虫在培养皿中产出的卵以及从虫体子宫末端解剖出来的成熟的卵,用作人工感染平卷貝(Hipeutes cantori)幼螺的試驗, 并詳細观察其各期的发育,确定本吸虫只有一代胞蚴和一代裂蚴。从感染的平卷貝体內排出的尾胞幼虫用来喂飼劍水蚤(Mesocyclops leuckarti),21日后解剖劍水蚤,在它体腔內找到有成熟的后期尾蚴。 3.Halipegus属吸虫具有世界性的分布。关于东亚尾胞吸虫种类的问题尚未解决,山口左仲(Yamaguti,1936)认为日本的尾胞吸虫和H.occidualis Stafford有区别,系为一新种定名为日本尾胞吸虫(H.japonicus Yamaguti,1936)东亚尾胞吸虫和H.occidualis在成虫的形态构造上尤其是卵的大小上有些微差异。如H.occidualis卵的大小是0.050—0.001mm×0.021-0.026mm,卵絲长0.160—0.200mm;而日本尾胞吸虫的卵是0.045—0.048mm×0.016—0.018—mm.卵絲长0.3mm。福建标本的卵也比较小0.037—0.047mm×0.014—0.022mm,卵絲长0.136—0.22mm。因此如果单从成虫的形态构造以及卵的大小来鉴定福建标本无疑是属于日本尾胞吸虫。通过本项生活史研究看出福建标本的生活史中各期幼虫的形态构造和H.occidualis发育各期的形态构造极为相似。因此作者认为H.Japonicus Yamaguti,1936是H.occidualis的同物异名。

The present paper deals with the subject in three parts:1. The erection of a new superfamily-Cassidoidea.2. The classification of Cassidoidea.3. The classification of Chrysomeloidea.I. The Cassidoidea, a new superfamilyThe new superfamily here erected is exactly identical to the old group Cryptostoma of Chapuis, comprising the Hispinae and the Cassidinae. It is chiefly characterized by the tarsi which are truly 4-segmented, the fourth one being fused with the fifth to form a single segment (Fig. 1). The fusion...

The present paper deals with the subject in three parts:1. The erection of a new superfamily-Cassidoidea.2. The classification of Cassidoidea.3. The classification of Chrysomeloidea.I. The Cassidoidea, a new superfamilyThe new superfamily here erected is exactly identical to the old group Cryptostoma of Chapuis, comprising the Hispinae and the Cassidinae. It is chiefly characterized by the tarsi which are truly 4-segmented, the fourth one being fused with the fifth to form a single segment (Fig. 1). The fusion is sometimes incomplete, and in this case, the fused segment is distinctly thickened at base, or even with some traces of segmentation indicating its composite origin (Fig. 2). In the Chrysomeloidea, the tarsi are often described as "apparently 4-segmented," but they are actually 5-segmented (Fig. 3), the fourth segment is distinctly present, well-defined, though usually small and concealed in the notch of the third.The two subfamilies are distinguished as follows:Cassidoidea: Tarsi 4-segmented (Fig. 1, 2); abdomen with 8 visible tergites, the 8th one forming the pygidium (Fig. 4) ; first two visible sternites more or less connate (with rase exceptions); head opisthognathous, its frontal part directed downwards and backwards, mouthparts visible only on underside, sometimes hidden in the thoracic cavity; antennal insertions closely approximated, nearly contiguous.Chrysomeloidea: Tarsi 5-segmented, the 4th one very small, inconspicuous (Fig. 3) ; abdomen usually with 7 visible tergites, the 7th one forming the pygidium (Fig. 5) ; first two sternites usually free, not connate; head prognathous or hypognathous, if hy-pognathous, antennal insertions always widely apart.The two groups thus differ from each other at least in three important points: tarsal formula, head orientation and abdominal segmentation. We hope we are justified in separating them into two superfamilies.II. The classification of CassidoideaUnder the new superfamily, four families may be recognized; they are: Aniso-deridae, Hispidae, Callispidae and Cassididae. Key to the families1(2) Head deeply inserted in thorax in repose, with the mouth-parts partly or entirely hidden; prono-tum and elytra usually with broad marginal expansions, the former often covering the head. Larva ectoparasitie, with a pair of caudal forks. Eggs contained in ootheca. Food-plants:Dicotyledons (with rare exceptions) Cassididae2(1) Head less deeply inserted in thorax, mouth-parts wholly exposed beneath:3(4) Claws divergent (Fig. 6); elytra usually spinose or tuberculate, especially in the old world species. Larva endoparasitic, without caudal forks. No ootheca. Food-plants: Monocotyledonsand Dicotyledons Hispidae4(3) Claws divaricate (Fig. 7); body above not spinose, elytra sometimes costate:5(6) Mouth cavity more or less circular in outline, broader than long. Larva endoparasitic (with rareexceptions), without caudal forks. No ootheca. Food-plants: Monocotyledons Anisoderidae6(5) Mouth cavity oval in outline, longer than broad. Larva ectoparasitie, with a pair of caudal forks (Fig. 8-10). Eggs contained in ootheca (Callispa). Food-plants: Monocotyledons CallispidaeComparing the new with the old, our Cassid family corresponds exactly to the subfamily Cassidinae of the old system, but the three other families are new developments; all from the old subfamily Hispinae with the original tribes distributed as follows:Anisoderidae: 1. Anisoderini (+Botryonopini), 2. Cryptonychini, 3. Eurispini (+ Aproidini), 4. Prosopodontini, 5. Alurnini, 6. Pharangispini, 7. Coelaenomenoderini, 8. Promecothecini, 9. Cephaloleiini, 10. Arescini, 11. Hibosispini, 12. Gonophorini.Hispidae: 1. Exothispini, 2. Chaeridionini, 3. Oncoeephalini, 4. Hispini, 5. Scelo-enoplini, 6. Hispoleptini, 7. Chalepini, 8. Uroplatini.Callispidae: 1. Callispini, 2. Leptispini, 3. Oediopalpini.Tribes of uncertain position: 1. Hemisphaerotini, 2. Spilophorini, 3. Delocranini, 4. Imatidiini.III. The classification of ChrysomeloideaIn a previous paper on the "Evolution and Classification of the Chrysomelid Beetles (1964)", We

作者发现叶甲总科内的隐口类只有4个跗节(真4跗型),腹部腹面第一、二两节或多或少愈合;而其他叶甲则都有5个跗节(隐5跗型),腹面第一、二两节一般不愈合。这两点差别,结合其他特征如头型、幼虫型等,说明了隐口类和其他叶甲是两个不同的物群,代表鞘翅目发展的两个不同阶段,应分立为两个不同总科。新总科定名为龟甲总科,下设4个科,即潜甲科、铁甲科、丽甲科和龟甲科。

This report deals with an investigation about the agent which causes the muscular hemorrhage of the grass carp. The disease is the most serious menace to the grass carp culture and causes much losses among both fry and fingerlings. The yearlings may also be infeeted but the mortality appears to be less. The epidemic occurs primari-ly during the warm summer months at a water temperature of 25 to 30℃. The clinical signs of diseased fish are hemorrhages.with some or all of the following signs: exophthalmia. hemorrhagic...

This report deals with an investigation about the agent which causes the muscular hemorrhage of the grass carp. The disease is the most serious menace to the grass carp culture and causes much losses among both fry and fingerlings. The yearlings may also be infeeted but the mortality appears to be less. The epidemic occurs primari-ly during the warm summer months at a water temperature of 25 to 30℃. The clinical signs of diseased fish are hemorrhages.with some or all of the following signs: exophthalmia. hemorrhagic or else pale gill, hemorrhagic areas at the base of fins and gill covers. Internally, hemorrhagic areas may occur throughout the musculature. mouth cavity, intestinal tract, liver, spleen and kidney. The agent isolated from the hemorrhage of grass carp could pass through Scitz(EKS 2 asbestos) filter. The filtrates thus obtained were inoculated into the healthy fingerlings of grass carp, and on the 4th passage they still retained their infeetivity to cause typical hemorrhagic symptoms, and cytopathic effeet (CPE) has also been observed on monolayer cells of muscle and gonad of grass carp. Marked cytopathic cffeet usually appeared three to four days after inoculation at 28℃. In addition, several characteristics have been tested for this particular agent. It is relatively heat stable but sensitive to ether; its virulence can be maintained in 50% glyeerol ; and it is insensitive to tetracycline antibiotics. From these results it seems justified to infer that the agent responsible for hemorrhage of grass carp is a virus.

草鱼出血病是草鱼种的一种严重疾病,通常在水温25-30℃时发病,其症状表现为全身性组织器官充血。其病原悬液能通过赛氏滤器(Seitz,EKS石棉滤板),能在草鱼种体内及草鱼鳍单层细胞中传代繁殖,在草鱼肌肉单层细胞和性腺单层细胞中感染并出现细胞病变。病原悬液对脂溶剂乙醚敏感,耐热性强,对四环素类药物不敏感。试验结果,我们认为草鱼出血病的病原是病毒。

 
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