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thoracolumbar spine
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  胸腰椎
     Methods:22 cases with tuberculosis of thoracolumbar spine were firstly treated by lesion excision and then,10 cases with T_5~T_ 11 TB and 4 T_ 12 ~L_1 TB received vascularized rib grafts in interbody,8 L_2~L_5 TB were performed by iliac bone grafts with deep iliac circumflex vessels.
     方法:手术治疗胸腰椎结核22例,首先清除病灶,其后T5~T11结核10例及T12~L1结核4例采用带肋间血管蒂的肋骨椎间植骨,L2~L5结核8例采用带旋髂深血管蒂髂骨椎间植骨。
短句来源
     Z-Plate Anterior Fixation System in Thoracolumbar Spine Injuries
     Z-PLATE前路内固定系统在胸腰椎损伤中的应用
短句来源
     Methods 32 cases suffered from severe burst fractures of thoracolumbar spine were managed by anterior decompression,bone autograft and Z-plate internal fixation.
     方法32例胸腰椎严重爆裂骨折患者行前路减压、植骨并Z-plate内固定系统治疗。
短句来源
     Results CT showed broken bone entered into the vertebral canal in 25 locations, hematoma in 1,appendixes fracture in 36,X- ray leak- diagnosed appendix fracture in 16 (44 % ). Eleven patients with paralysis due to thoracolumbar spine trauma underwent the surgery.
     结果48例胸腰椎外伤病人中椎体骨折73个,单发59个,多发14个,其中CT示碎骨入椎管内的有25处,血肿1处,附件骨折36处,X线片漏报附件骨折16处(44%)。
短句来源
     1. Experimental materials Six fresh thoracolumbar spine specimens(T-L4) were obtained from young male cadavers died in accident.
     1 实验材料 试验材料取自意外死亡的成人男性新鲜尸体的胸腰椎(T_(10)~L_4),共6例。
短句来源
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  胸腰椎
     Methods:22 cases with tuberculosis of thoracolumbar spine were firstly treated by lesion excision and then,10 cases with T_5~T_ 11 TB and 4 T_ 12 ~L_1 TB received vascularized rib grafts in interbody,8 L_2~L_5 TB were performed by iliac bone grafts with deep iliac circumflex vessels.
     方法:手术治疗胸腰椎结核22例,首先清除病灶,其后T5~T11结核10例及T12~L1结核4例采用带肋间血管蒂的肋骨椎间植骨,L2~L5结核8例采用带旋髂深血管蒂髂骨椎间植骨。
短句来源
     Z-Plate Anterior Fixation System in Thoracolumbar Spine Injuries
     Z-PLATE前路内固定系统在胸腰椎损伤中的应用
短句来源
     Methods 32 cases suffered from severe burst fractures of thoracolumbar spine were managed by anterior decompression,bone autograft and Z-plate internal fixation.
     方法32例胸腰椎严重爆裂骨折患者行前路减压、植骨并Z-plate内固定系统治疗。
短句来源
     Results CT showed broken bone entered into the vertebral canal in 25 locations, hematoma in 1,appendixes fracture in 36,X- ray leak- diagnosed appendix fracture in 16 (44 % ). Eleven patients with paralysis due to thoracolumbar spine trauma underwent the surgery.
     结果48例胸腰椎外伤病人中椎体骨折73个,单发59个,多发14个,其中CT示碎骨入椎管内的有25处,血肿1处,附件骨折36处,X线片漏报附件骨折16处(44%)。
短句来源
     1. Experimental materials Six fresh thoracolumbar spine specimens(T-L4) were obtained from young male cadavers died in accident.
     1 实验材料 试验材料取自意外死亡的成人男性新鲜尸体的胸腰椎(T_(10)~L_4),共6例。
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  “thoracolumbar spine”译为未确定词的双语例句
     From March 1987 to February 1993,A total of 52 cases had undergone the transpedicular internal fixation for the fracture of thoracolumbar spine, which consisted of 32 cases of Roy - Camille plate, 12 cases of Dick techniques,6 cases of Steffee fixator and 2 cases of R-F instrumentation.
     本院自1987年3月至1993年2月施行Roy—Camille钢板内固定32例、Dick器内固定12例、Steffee钢板内固定6例、R—F系统手术2例,共计52例。
短句来源
     35 patients had spinal kyphosis deformity with Cobb’s angles of the thoracolumbar spine were ranged from 14°~41°(average of 24°).
     影像学显示单椎体破坏塌陷9例,双椎体破坏塌陷楔形变43例,脊柱后凸畸形35例,cobb’s角14~41°,平均24°。
短句来源
     the appearance rate of specimens whose horizontal diameter less than 4mm was 5 3% in T11,15% in T12,25 9% in L1 30 3% in L2 8 1% in L3,and 2 6% in L4.Conclusion:The inner diameter of the pedicle of thoracolumbar spine(T11~L4 ) was too small to suit the pedicle screw fixation.
     内横径小于 4mm者T115 3% ,T12 15 % ,L12 5 9% ,L2 30 3% ,L38 1% ,L42 6 %。 结论 :部分T11~L4椎弓根内横径过小 (≤ 4mm ) ,不宜选择做椎弓根螺钉内固定。
短句来源
     Among the 55 cases, 23.6% of thoracic OPLL were found in upper thoracic spine, 21.8% in middle thoracic spine, 30.9% in lower thoracic spine and thoracolumbar spine, and 23.6% were distributed abroadly.
     单纯发生于上胸椎的OPLL13例(23.6%),中胸椎12例(21.8%),下胸椎及胸腰段17例(30.9%),广泛分布者13例(23.6%)。
短句来源
     Treatment of thoracolumbar spine burst fracture with limited decompression and internal fixation
     有限减压内固定治疗胸腰段脊柱爆裂骨折(附46例报告)
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  thoracolumbar spine
Thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score: a new paradigm for the treatment of thoracolumbar spine trauma
      
Pedicle screw instrumentation has become increasingly popular for rigid internal stabilization of the thoracolumbar spine.
      
A thoracolumbar spine model was made using synthetic resin vertebrae and silicon discs.
      
Biomechanical study of the development of scoliosis, using a thoracolumbar spine model
      
The authors describe a series of 28 patients with thoracolumbar spine injury who were decompressed via a posterolateral approach and stabilized with a new material for osteosynthesis called Diapason.
      
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41 cases with thoracolumbar spine injuries were classified based on the three column structure theory of spine and morphological changes of spinal canal showing by CT scan. 20 cases with neurological distusbances were operated by the new method,namely Harri-Luque instrumentation,and early rehabilitaion treatments were given subsequent- ly.The new classication has practical clinical significance.Satisfactory reduction and good stabilitg were obtained.Thus it provided a good basis for recovery of neurological...

41 cases with thoracolumbar spine injuries were classified based on the three column structure theory of spine and morphological changes of spinal canal showing by CT scan. 20 cases with neurological distusbances were operated by the new method,namely Harri-Luque instrumentation,and early rehabilitaion treatments were given subsequent- ly.The new classication has practical clinical significance.Satisfactory reduction and good stabilitg were obtained.Thus it provided a good basis for recovery of neurological function and early rehabilitation.

依据脊柱三柱结构理论及 CT 扫描所示椎管形态的变化,用新的方法对41例胸腰椎损伤进行了综合分类;对20例伴有神经症状者用新的手术方法,即 Harri—Luque法进行了复位固定,并实施了早期康复治疗。此分类法具有实际临床指导意义,手术法具有复位满意、稳定性好,为神经功能的恢复及早期康复治疗提供了有利条件。

The effects of three types of decompression on the stabilization of thoracolumbar spines were studied by biomechanics. The results were; (1)The range of flexion-extension were gradually increased in both lateral and posterior decompression groups. (2)The horizontal displacements and rotations along sagital plane of superior vertebra were increased, compression and bending strength were decreased in anterolateral and posterior decompression groups. We concluded that decompression operations could weak...

The effects of three types of decompression on the stabilization of thoracolumbar spines were studied by biomechanics. The results were; (1)The range of flexion-extension were gradually increased in both lateral and posterior decompression groups. (2)The horizontal displacements and rotations along sagital plane of superior vertebra were increased, compression and bending strength were decreased in anterolateral and posterior decompression groups. We concluded that decompression operations could weak the stability of thoracolumbar spines anatomically and cause a tendness of displacement either in horizontal or sagittal plane between vertebrae. Stability reconstructions of spines were necessary.

采用生物力学方法研究各种减压术对胸腰段脊柱稳定性的影响。结果表明:椎板减压术组抗弯强度降低最明显,约为对照组的1/3,屈伸活动则增加1倍;侧前方减压术使屈曲状态下水平位移及旋转角均增加,而抗压及抗弯强度降低;侧方减压术使水平位移及旋转角明显增加并使抗压强度降低最明显。实验结果提示各种减压木有引起胸腰段脊柱失稳的趋势,临床应认真选择减压水井采用适当措施重建胸腰段脊柱稳定。

32 fresh specimens of thoracolumbar spine, (T9-L3) were obtained from slaughtered swines. They were divided into four operation groups and five parameters were determined. The results were. (1) The lateral roentgenograms of flexion-extension showed that the motions of group C and group D were gr adually increased, and the range of motion of group D was as twice as that of group A(P<0.01). (2) Group B showed an increase in the horizontal displacement and rotation of sagittal plane of superior vertebral...

32 fresh specimens of thoracolumbar spine, (T9-L3) were obtained from slaughtered swines. They were divided into four operation groups and five parameters were determined. The results were. (1) The lateral roentgenograms of flexion-extension showed that the motions of group C and group D were gr adually increased, and the range of motion of group D was as twice as that of group A(P<0.01). (2) Group B showed an increase in the horizontal displacement and rotation of sagittal plane of superior vertebral body(P<0.05), and decrease in both com pression strength and bending strength (P<0.05) (3) Group D showed not only a significant increase (P<0.01) in the horizontal displacement and rotation of sagittal plane of superior vertebral body, but also a significant decrease (P>0.02)in bending strength. We concluded that the posterior column structures, especially the supraspinal ligaments and interspinal ligaments, would play an important role in maintaining the stability of the spine. An intact structure of both vertebral body and articular processes not only are important in transmiting axial loads, but also important in preventing the horizontal displacement and rotation of sagittal p plane under axial loads.

本文通过生物力学方法评价了各种减压术对胸腰段脊柱稳定性的影响。结果表明:(1)椎板减压术后抗弯强度降低最明显(P<0.01),约为对照组的三分之一。屈伸活动度亦较对照组增加了一倍(P<0.05)。(2)侧前方减压术使屈曲状态下水平位移及旋转角均增加(P<0.05)抗压及抗弯强度亦降低。(3)侧方减压术使矢状面水平位移及旋转角明显增加(P<0.01),并使抗压强度降低最明显(P<0.01)。从结果分析可以认为后柱结构、特别是棘上韧带和棘间韧带对维持脊柱稳定,防止胸腰椎过度屈曲起重要作用。椎体结构及两侧小关节突的完整对轴向载荷的传导起主要作用,并有防止在轴向载荷作用发生矢状面水平及旋转位移作用。

 
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