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chronic diseases
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  慢性病
     the prevalence of chronic diseases reduced from 118.2 ‰to 86.4‰;
     慢性病患病率从 118.2‰降到86.4‰;
短句来源
     Results Compared to never-smokers,smokers (including current smokers and former smokers) had a higher rate of having chronic diseases,after adjusted in age,income,educational level,employment status and type of jobs with corresponding countryside( OR = 1.185 ,95% CI : 1.121- 1.253 and town OR = 1.083 ,95% CI : 1.010- 1.161 ).
     结果研究发现在控制年龄、经济状况、文化程度、就业状况、工作岗位的情况下,不论农村、城镇,与从不吸烟的人相比,有吸烟史的人群慢性病患病率均高(农村OR=1.185,95%CI:1.121~1.253;城镇OR=1.083,95%CI:1.010~1.161);
短句来源
     Results The standardized prevalence rate of all chronic diseases was 30.52%, thereinto hypertension was 11.88%, and heart diseases was 7.29%, chronic lung diseases was 5.39%, diabetes mellitus was 1.78%, cancer was 0.57%, stroke was 0.31%, and other chronic diseases was 17.74%.
     其中高血压为11.88%,心脏病为7.29%,慢性肺部疾病为5.39%,糖尿病为1.78%,恶性肿瘤为0.57%,脑卒中为0.31%,其他类型的慢性病为17.74%。
短句来源
     Spearman correlation coefficients of total QOL score of QOL-35 with those of WHO-100 and SF-36 were 0.805 and 0. 745. (5) The rates of chronic diseases were 53. 1 % , 33.1 % , 26.4 % and 25.1 % from first to fourth quantile of the total QOL scores of QOL-35(P<0.05).
     (4)标准效度:QOL-35总分与WHO-100总分和SF-36 的总分Spearman相关系数分别为0.805和0.745。 (5)判别效度:各种慢性病总患病率在QOL-35总分第一到第四分位人群中分别为53.1%、33.1%、26.4%和25.1%(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     Results Among the elderly people,70.2% suffered from certain chronic diseases,8.0% showed impairement in cognitive function,34.3% showed declined in their ability of daily living,22.9% manifested different level of depressive symptoms.
     结果老年人慢性病患病率70.2%,8.0%的老年人认知功能受损,34.3%的老年人生活能力减退,并有22.9%的老年人存在不同程度的抑郁症状。
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  慢性疾病
     The later the exercises started, the higher the prevalence of the chronic diseases (28.95% to 48.07%, χ2=16.85, P < 0.01).
     参与健身运动的年龄越晚,慢性疾病患病率越高(28.95%~48.07%,χ2=16.85P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The study revealed that the number of organs with MODS showed positive correlation with numbers of chronic diseases (r=0.375, P<0.01), and that number of MODS and MODS scores were negatively correlative to survive periods (r =-0.389, P<0.01; r=-0.505, P<0.01).
     通过相关分析发现,既往所患的慢性疾病数量与MODS的数量成正相关(r=0.375,P<0.01),且MODS的数量及评分与存活时间成负相关(r=-0.389,P<0.01;r=-0.505,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Results Among the 1 100 elderly people,4.2% had no chronic disease,9.8% and 86.0% suffered from one or two kinds of chronic diseases respectively.
     结果被调查的1100名老干部中,无慢性疾病者占4.2%,患1种慢性疾病者占9.8%,患2种及以上慢性疾病者占86.0%;
短句来源
     The study revealed that quantity of organs with MOP showed positive correlation with sorts of chronic diseases existed prior, (R=0.374,P<O.01 ),and negative correlation were detected between quantity of MOF,MOF scores and survive periods (R=-0.388,P<0.01; R=-0.504,P<0.01) through correlation analysis.
     通过相关分析发现,既往所患的慢性疾病数量与MOF的数量成正相关(R=0.374,P< 0.01),且MOF的数量及评分及存活时间成负相关(R=-0.388,P<0.01;R=-0. 504,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The risk factors of falling included age, sex, suffering chronic diseases, taking drugs long term, slide floor, and unstable gait (OR=2.120, 1.998, 2.182, 2.011, 2.008, 2.211, P< 0.01).
     女性、高龄、步态不稳、患慢性疾病、长期用药、地面太滑是跌倒的危险因子(OR=2.120,1.998,2.182,2.011,2.008,2.211;P均<0.01),使用手杖、体育锻炼则是保护因子OR=0.696,0.411;
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  慢性疾病的
     ③The chance of developing MOF in patients with preexisting more than 2 kinds of chronic diseases was significantly higher than that in patients with less than 2 kinds of chronic diseases ( P < 0.05 ).
     ③既往患有≥ 2种慢性疾病的患者发生MOF的机会明显多于慢性疾患 <2种的患者 (P <0 .0 5 )。
短句来源
     The total prevalence rate of 5 chronic diseases was 41.56% (421/1 013) in the exercise group and 43.6% (181/415) in the non-exercise group, and there was no difference between the two groups.
     ①运动组5种慢性疾病的总患病率为41.56%(421/1013),非运动组为43.6%(181/415)。 两组无差异。
短句来源
     Nutritional therapy plays an active role in the management of chronic diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases.
     营养治疗在慢性阻塞性肺疾病等慢性疾病的治疗中起着积极的作用,对能量代谢的研究促进了营养治疗的量化及个体化施治。
短句来源
     Objective To investigate general health status and the prevalence of chronic diseases of the aged persons in Chengdu.
     目的 了解成都市老年人的健康情况 ,以及各类慢性疾病的患病率及分布特征 ,为制订成都市老年人医疗保健服务对策提供依据。
短句来源
     The relationship between body mass index and chronic diseases in middle and elder population in communities of Beijing
     北京社区中老年人超重和肥胖与慢性疾病的关系调查
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  “chronic diseases”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Physical exercises ≥30 minutes /d was a protective factor for those four chronic diseases with OR values as 0.42(95%CI:0.28~0.68),0.60(95%CI:0.40~0.89),0.50(95%CI:0.35~0.80),0.61(95%CI:0.44~0.93)respectively.
     体育锻炼≥30min/d是保护因素,其OR值分别为0.42(95%CI:0.28~0.68),0.60(95%CI:0.40~0.89),0.50(95%CI:0.35~0.80),0.61(95%CI:0.44~0.93);
短句来源
     Clinical Application of Determination of Serum Thyroid Hormones (TSH,T_3,T_4,FT_3,FT_4) Levels in Elderly Patients with Chronic Diseases
     老年性疾病患者TSH、T_3、T_4、FT_3、FT_4测定的临床应用
短句来源
     Epidemiological Analysis on Chronic Diseases in Harbin from 1998 to 2002
     1998-2002年哈尔滨市慢性非传染性疾病流行病学分析
短句来源
     Non-communicable chronic diseases (NCD) are the main global diseases burden according to the World Health Organization Report of 2003, and the non-communicable diseases and the risk factors are the key point of diseases prevention.
     2003年世界卫生报告根据新的数据进行疾病负担分析,明确指出慢性非传染性疾病(non-communicable chronic diseases,NCD)是全球疾病的主要负担,慢性非传染性疾病及其危险因素是疾病防治的重点。
短句来源
     And the epidemiological character of chronic diseases of Tianjin has analyzed. The result showed that the prevalence of heart disease was 25 36‰,hyperension was 22 16‰,stroke was 8 2‰,and diabetes was 5 28‰.
     结果表明:居民的心脏病患病率为25-36 ‰,高血压患病率为22-16 ‰,脑血管病患病率为8-2 ‰,糖尿病患病率为5-28 ‰。
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  chronic diseases
Bifidobacteria as a Means of Prevention or Treatment of Endotoxin Aggression in Patients with Chronic Diseases during Remission
      
A structural design of clinical decision support system for chronic diseases risk management
      
Recent epidemiological studies suggest that habitual coffee consumption may help to prevent some chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes.
      
- Although chronic diseases play an important role in the somatic and mental disorders of the aged, mental institutions in the Federal Republic offer very little help to the chronically ill patient.
      
However, they were more emotionally distressed, less likely to rate their life or their health favorably, but did not report more frequent symptoms of illness or have more chronic diseases.
      
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The evolution of health and diseases is related to the developmemt of human ecological environment. Since the beginning of the century, disease types in the world have changed. (1) acute diseases caused by biological infe-ction have dropped substantially while non-infectious chronic diseases have increased. (2) Progress has been made in the battle against infantile and chi-ldren's diseases, at the same time, aged diseases have increased. (3) diseases induced by nutritional deficiency...

The evolution of health and diseases is related to the developmemt of human ecological environment. Since the beginning of the century, disease types in the world have changed. (1) acute diseases caused by biological infe-ction have dropped substantially while non-infectious chronic diseases have increased. (2) Progress has been made in the battle against infantile and chi-ldren's diseases, at the same time, aged diseases have increased. (3) diseases induced by nutritional deficiency have been abated while those caused by over-nutrition have increased. (4) endemic diseases origiginating from the natural environment are decreasing, diseases caused by pollution resulted from man-made-environment are increasing.Health level and disease types of the Chinese people are evidently related to China's ecological environment, the major emphasis being the character of transition. It includes. (1) China is following the precedent set by developed nations, ancient (acute-biological infectious) diseases are being superseded by modern (cardiovascular diseases and cancer) affliction. (2) viewing disease types from an ecological geography,China is not only different from developed nations, but also from developing nations. (3) There exist both Kinds of diseases, endemic diseases and technogenic diseases', in China. (4) Urban disease types close to those of developed nations while Rural disease types are similar to those of developing nations. Examining its disease types, life expectancy, aged structure and mortality, China assumes a median position now. It is related to its ecological and social character of geography.By the end of the century, China's disease pattern will appear very similar to that of developed nations. It means that Cardiovascular diseases and cancer will be the leading causes of death in China. Strategies in the realm of health care and medicine in China must be continued to reduce bio-infectious diseases while struggle against cardiovascular diseases and cancer must be developed quickly. The main emphasis must be gradually placed on the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and cancer.

我国当前疾病类型具有发达国家与发展中国家的过渡性特点,防治重点将由生物性传染病逐步转移到心血管性疾病和癌症上,同时应对疾病与人类生态系统和地理环境的关系作全面研究。

A study of proportional mortality ratios from cancer and other selected chronic diseases was conducted for male workers in 31 major plants of Anshan Iron and Steel Company.2903 workers deceased in 1971 through 1981 and the cause of death were determinated. Age- and cause - specif ic proportional mortality rates were compared with those of Anshan male population. The excess of overall cancer, accident, leucocythemia, malignant lymphadenoma, lung cancer, liver cancer coronary heart disease and cerebral...

A study of proportional mortality ratios from cancer and other selected chronic diseases was conducted for male workers in 31 major plants of Anshan Iron and Steel Company.2903 workers deceased in 1971 through 1981 and the cause of death were determinated. Age- and cause - specif ic proportional mortality rates were compared with those of Anshan male population. The excess of overall cancer, accident, leucocythemia, malignant lymphadenoma, lung cancer, liver cancer coronary heart disease and cerebral vessel disease were found, and the standardized proportional mortality ratios were 1.21 (P<0.01) , 1.21

对鞍钢三十一个主要工厂男职工的癌症和其他几种慢性病进行了比例死亡比的分析研究。查明这些工厂在1971—1981年期间死亡的工人2903名,并明确了死因。年龄别和死因别比例死亡率与鞍山男性人口年龄别比例死亡专率进行了比较。全癌、事故、白血病、恶性淋巴瘤、肺癌、肝癌、冠心病和脑血管病超出鞍山居民,这些疾病的标化比例死亡比(SPMR)分别为1.21(P<0.01)、1.21(P<0.01)、1.72(P<0.01)、2.31(P<0.01)1.46(P<0.01)、1.22(P<0.05)、2.10(P<0.01)、1.22(P<0.01)。同时也进行了癌症比例死亡比(PCMR)的研究,与比例死亡比研究结果相似。

In the early days, the standards for body height and weight of man were usually derived from the anthropometric data of retrospective studies, and the growth standards for children were also constructed from data of the same nature. The population thus measured consisted of the so-called "normals", i.e. excluding the anatomical abnormals and those with apparent chronic diseases. It is evident that the body size, particularly the height, of most of the boys and girls measured might not have attained their...

In the early days, the standards for body height and weight of man were usually derived from the anthropometric data of retrospective studies, and the growth standards for children were also constructed from data of the same nature. The population thus measured consisted of the so-called "normals", i.e. excluding the anatomical abnormals and those with apparent chronic diseases. It is evident that the body size, particularly the height, of most of the boys and girls measured might not have attained their optimal stage.It is well recognized now that, within the limits of heredity, the body size of man is strongly influenced by the environment in which he lives, and the nutritive value of the diet plays an important role on growth. So, in nowadays, in the construction of growth standards, emphasis is placed on measuring children living under favorable conditions and in optimal nutritional state.Chin and co-workers published (1957) their data of measurement of nearly 3,000 carefully selected children, from birth to 7 years with known backgrounds as stated above. This seems, therefore, to be the most suitable material for constructing a growth standard for preschool children.The method of construction is as follows: Chin's growth curves of height and weight and the corresponding S.D. curves were smoothed out in order to obtain the "ideal" growth curves of the children measured. From such smooth curves, the corrected average value of heights and weights of each age group were read off. The distances between each two age groups were all 1 month from birth to 7 years.For the convenience of evaluating the growth level of an individual child, the following scheme is proposed: it consists of 6 levels, namely: Level A (high): (M + 2S) and aboveB (middle high); (M + 2S) - (M + 1S)C (upper middle); (M + 1S) -(M)D (lower middle); (M) -(M-1S)E (middlelow); (M - 1S)-(M-2S)F (low); (M-2S) and belowWhere M is the mean value of height or weight, and S is the corresponding S.D. value.By using these figures, a "Table of the growth levels of children from birth to age 7" is constructed. Such a table may be used for the evaluation of the growth levels of both individual child and the "collective growth level" of a group of institutional children, i.e. in nurseries or kindergartens. To complete the later procedure, the percentages of the number of children who fall in each level (irrespective of sex and age) are calculated on the basis of the total number of children measured in an institution. By summing up the percentage value of levels A, B, and C (the sum is used as an index) one may easily judge the "collective growth level" of the group of children in such an institution.

以秦振庭等对近三千名七岁以下、能获得充分营养及合理护理的男女儿童的身长和体重测量结果为基础,制定了一份七岁以下儿童身体发育标准。把秦氏材料中男女儿童的身长和体重生长曲线和标准差曲线修勺,画成光滑曲线,即为此样本中的“理论”生长曲线。从这些曲线上可以读出以一个月为年龄组距的各年龄组男女儿童的身长和体重的修正平均值和相应的标准差。用这些数值先制成一份表。然后把每一个年龄组的修正平均值M加减一个或两个标准差S,连同超过两端范围的,就可以把每个年龄组的身长或体重的发育水平划分为六个等级。用这些数字来制定一份“七岁以下儿童的身长和体重发育水平评定标准表”。 在评定一个儿童的身长或体重发育水平时,先按照规定的要求,测量儿童的身长或体重,然后根据儿童的准确年龄,在标准表中查出该儿童的测量值在哪一个等级数字的范围内,就可以决定该儿童的身长和体重发育水平属于哪个等级。 用这个标准评定了15个托儿所的1672名儿童的身长和体重发育水平,并在这个基础上,又对每一个托儿所儿童的身长和体重的“集体发育水平”作了评定。结果看出:各单位儿童的身长和体重集体发育水平的高低,是和膳食的营养质量与生活条件有直接关系的,因而这样制定的标准和评定方...

以秦振庭等对近三千名七岁以下、能获得充分营养及合理护理的男女儿童的身长和体重测量结果为基础,制定了一份七岁以下儿童身体发育标准。把秦氏材料中男女儿童的身长和体重生长曲线和标准差曲线修勺,画成光滑曲线,即为此样本中的“理论”生长曲线。从这些曲线上可以读出以一个月为年龄组距的各年龄组男女儿童的身长和体重的修正平均值和相应的标准差。用这些数值先制成一份表。然后把每一个年龄组的修正平均值M加减一个或两个标准差S,连同超过两端范围的,就可以把每个年龄组的身长或体重的发育水平划分为六个等级。用这些数字来制定一份“七岁以下儿童的身长和体重发育水平评定标准表”。 在评定一个儿童的身长或体重发育水平时,先按照规定的要求,测量儿童的身长或体重,然后根据儿童的准确年龄,在标准表中查出该儿童的测量值在哪一个等级数字的范围内,就可以决定该儿童的身长和体重发育水平属于哪个等级。 用这个标准评定了15个托儿所的1672名儿童的身长和体重发育水平,并在这个基础上,又对每一个托儿所儿童的身长和体重的“集体发育水平”作了评定。结果看出:各单位儿童的身长和体重集体发育水平的高低,是和膳食的营养质量与生活条件有直接关系的,因而这样制定的标准和评定方法都是合用的。

 
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