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prosthesis     
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  假体
     Numerical Simulation of the Forming Defects for Multi-point Forming of Sheet Metal and Study on the Digital Manufacture of Titanium Prosthesis for Cranioplasty
     板材多点成形缺陷的数值模拟及颅骨钛板假体数字化制造研究
短句来源
     An Analysis of 32 Cases of Impotence Treated by Chemical Prosthesis
     化学假体治疗阳萎32例分析
短句来源
     An Analysis of Long-term Results of Prosthesis Replacement for Tumors of the Long Bone
     长骨肿瘤假体置换术长期疗效分析
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     Implantation of Jonas silicon-silver penile prosthesis for the treatment of impotence (Report of 102 cases)
     硅橡胶-银阴茎假体植入治疗阳萎102例报告.
短句来源
     Methods From July 2002 to April 2005, 17 cases of severe knee joint deformity and instability received rotating hinge knee prosthesis for total knee arthroplasty.
     方法2002年7月~2005年4月,应用旋转铰链型人工膝关节假体进行全膝关节置换术治疗膝关节严重畸形和不稳定17例17膝。
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  修复
     4 cases(26.7%) accepted blood vessel prosthesis, 4 cases(26.7%) blood vessel sutures, 3 cases(20.0%) partial pledgeted compression hemostasis, 1 case(6.7%)acute interventional thrombolysis and 1 case(6.7%) hepatic artery treatment, and 2 cases(13.3%) partial excision anastomosis of colon.
     救治方法行血管修复4例(26.7%),血管缝扎4例(26.7%),局部大纱布压迫止血3例(20.0%),导管介入溶栓术及肝动脉治疗各1例(各6.7%),结肠部分切除吻合术2例(13.3%)。
短句来源
     Results: the cumulative success rate and prosthesis stability was 98.7% and 100% respectively.
     结果 :种植成功率为98.7% ,修复成功率为100 % ,修复体稳定率为100 %。
短句来源
     Clinical observation of the replace implant prosthesis
     Replace种植义齿修复的临床观察
短句来源
     Application of Dyract AP Complex Material in Aesthetic Prosthesis of Anterior Teeth
     Dyract AP复合充填材料在前牙美容修复中的应用
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     The Clinical Study of Super-Bond C&B in the fixed Prosthesis
     Super-Bond C&B在固定义齿修复中的应用研究
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  假肢
     However the stresses of the posterior and anterior area of border sections in the traditional prosthesis were 47.2% and 60.7% higher than those in the monolimb (16.1 MPa, 17.8 MPa; 23.7 MPa, 28.6 MPa).
     两个模型在此区域的应力值则差异较大,一体化假肢的最大应力分别为16.1MPa和17.8MPa,而传统假肢则达到23.7MPa和28.6MPa,传统假肢的应力分别高于一体化假肢47.2%和60.7%。
短句来源
     The maximum normal and shear stresses of the stumps in the traditional prosthesis were 581.2 kPa and 178.7 kPa, respectively; while the values in the monolimb were 416.8 kPa and 118.3 kPa, respectively.
     传统假肢模型中残肢表面的最大正应力和最大剪应力分别为581.2kPa和178.7kPa,一体化假肢模型中残肢表面的最大正应力和最大剪应力分别为416.8kPa和118.3kPa。
短句来源
     Training and gait analysis of permanent prosthesis
     下肢永久性假肢装配后的功能训练和步态分析
短句来源
     The Study Advances and Prospects of Processing Surface EMG Signal in Prosthesis Control
     肌电假肢控制中的表面肌电信号的研究进展与展望
短句来源
     Information Detection of Peripheral Nerve and Nerve-signal Controlled Prosthesis: A Basic and Applied Experimental Study
     周围神经的信息检测及神经信息控制假肢的应用基础研究
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  修复体
     Basic Study on Application of Captek Prosthesis
     Captek修复体的应用基础研究
短句来源
     Results: the cumulative success rate and prosthesis stability was 98.7% and 100% respectively.
     结果 :种植成功率为98.7% ,修复成功率为100 % ,修复体稳定率为100 %。
短句来源
     Porcelain-Fused Metal Prosthesis 602 Clinical Lases Analysis
     金属烤瓷修复体602例临床分析
短句来源
     Objective: To realize the deformation of the standard tooth crowns and simulate occlusal adjustment of prosthesis.
     目的 :实现标准牙冠的整体几何变换以及咬合面局部的微小形变 ,模拟修复体的咬合调整。
短句来源
     Methods:According to the conventional methods of Anthogyr implant system, 398 Anthogyr implants were inserted in the first stage surgery, after3~6 months,the second stage surgery was done and fixed prosthesis was completed.
     方法:采用Anthogyr种植系统的常规操作方法Ⅰ期植入398枚种植体,3~6个月后进行Ⅱ期手术,完成烤瓷修复体修复。
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  prosthesis
Coating dental implants with hydroxyapatite (HA) may give certain advantages such as active encouragement of new bone growth, a lower rejection rate, and an improved long-term prosthesis fixation.
      
Study of growth processes in bone and skin tissues in porous implants designed for fixation of external prosthesis after amputat
      
Main vision approaches of retinal, optic nerve, and cortical prosthesis are reviewed.
      
In September 1993, the producer changed the name of the valve to TEKNA?, which is a low profile, bileaflet, mechanical prosthesis with a self-irrigating hinge mechanism.
      
The results of a prospective follow-up study after valve replacement with this prosthesis are presented.
      
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From 1957 to 1976, 592 cases of fractures of the femoral neck were treated with Smith-Peterson's nail. The results showed that it is still a reliable method. We found that severe displacement of thefracture and old age (more than 70 years old) are two main factors influencing uniod of the fracture. After we had treated those patients who had the lowest union rate with prosthesis, the rate of fracture union of the remaining patients was raiscd to 93.2%. It was obvious that there were technical errors in...

From 1957 to 1976, 592 cases of fractures of the femoral neck were treated with Smith-Peterson's nail. The results showed that it is still a reliable method. We found that severe displacement of thefracture and old age (more than 70 years old) are two main factors influencing uniod of the fracture. After we had treated those patients who had the lowest union rate with prosthesis, the rate of fracture union of the remaining patients was raiscd to 93.2%. It was obvious that there were technical errors in half of the non-union cases. So the rate of union could, still be higher if the operators are strict to the technic. The rate of avascular necrosis of the femoral head was 34.7%. There is still no effective method to prevent it. At present a better prognosis mainly depends upon close observation, early diagnosis and treatment.

自1957至1976年用三刃钉治疗股臂颈骨折592例,结果表明它仍是一种可靠的治疗方法。我们发现骨折错位严重和高龄(70岁以上)是影响骨折愈合的两个最主要的因素,对这部分愈合率极低的患者施行人工股骨头置换术后,使其余患者骨折愈合率提高至93.2%,在骨折不愈合的病例中约有半数存在明显的技术错误,如对手术操作严格要求,则愈合率仍可提高。股骨头缺血坏死率为34∶7%,尚无有效预防措施,目前主要依靠严密观察,早期发现和治疗。

Surgical intervention was carried out in 31 of 39 cases of infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period from June 1960 to August 1979. Anvurysmectomy with grafting of vascular prosthesis was performed in 28 case, among which silk vascular prosthesis was used in 26. Ligation of the abdominal aorta proximal to the aneurysm was carried out in 1 case. Post-operative complications included acute renal failure and coagulopathy after massive blood transfusion 1 case each and ischemia of the sigmoid...

Surgical intervention was carried out in 31 of 39 cases of infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period from June 1960 to August 1979. Anvurysmectomy with grafting of vascular prosthesis was performed in 28 case, among which silk vascular prosthesis was used in 26. Ligation of the abdominal aorta proximal to the aneurysm was carried out in 1 case. Post-operative complications included acute renal failure and coagulopathy after massive blood transfusion 1 case each and ischemia of the sigmoid colon, chronic arterial insufficiency of the lower extremities and cerebral anoxia 2 case each; anastomotic false aneurysm in 3 cases and acute intestinal obstruction in 4 cases. All patients were followed up, 20 of the 28 cases of aneurysmectomy with grafting were still alive, the postoperative survival averaged 54.8 months, the longest being 13 years and 7 months. In the non-operated-group only 2 of the 8 cases were living. 17 deaths were mainly caused by rupture of the aneurysm or cerebral vascular accident. The authors believe that aortography should be used only when the diagnosis is uncertain. Surgical treatment is indicated whenever the diagnosis is made. Arteriosclerotic involvement of multiple organs and advanced age are not absolute contra-indications. It is advisable to reinforce the anastomotic line with a silk taffeta cuff to safeguard against the occurrence of an anastomotic false aneurysm. Prolonged traction on the third and fourth portions of the duodenum should be avoided.

本文报道肾动脉水平以下腹主动脉瘤39例,31例施行了手术,其中28例作了动脉瘤切除及人造血管移植术。全部病例均获得随访,动脉瘤切除、人造血管移植者中目前仍有20例存活,平均术后时间为54.8个月,最长的已达13年7个月.作者认为除诊断有困难的病例外,腹主动脉造影术不宜列为常规,诊断明确者,应积极采取手术治疗.动脉瘤破裂时,应直视下找到瘤体近端动脉加以控制进行止血.

This paper presents the results of implantation of materials for construction of China-made pyrolytic carbon disc valve in canine thigh muscles, experiment of valve replacement in dogs and the preliminary clinical application. It was demonstrated that these materials were inert in animal tissue. The acid-resistant 00Cr17Ni14Mo2 stainless steel and dacron fabric (sewing ring) were the same as was used for caged-ball valve by us in 1965. The housing for the prosthesis was machined from a single piece of...

This paper presents the results of implantation of materials for construction of China-made pyrolytic carbon disc valve in canine thigh muscles, experiment of valve replacement in dogs and the preliminary clinical application. It was demonstrated that these materials were inert in animal tissue. The acid-resistant 00Cr17Ni14Mo2 stainless steel and dacron fabric (sewing ring) were the same as was used for caged-ball valve by us in 1965. The housing for the prosthesis was machined from a single piece of the stainless steel without welding and bending. In 40 mongrel dogs, the mitral valve was replaced with this prosthesis. The longest survival time was 28 days. According to testing data of the prosthesis in vitro and the above mentioned experiments, the prosthesis was considered justifiable for clinical use. From December 1978 to November 1979, 18 patients had undergone mitral replacement operation, resulting 16 long-term survivals and 2 early deaths unrelated to prosthesis itself. Follow-up studies of the 16 survivors 2-13 months after operation revealed reduction of cardiac size in varying degrees on X-ray films, and all had significent improvement in cardiac function. The disc was shown functioning well under echocardiographic observation. 11 patients had resumed their work. No complications related to prosthesis or to anti-coagulation therapy were observed. Based upon our clinical practice, we propose a new indirect method for measuring the diameter of mitral annulus. It is suggested that production of the valve and its clinical use may be extended.

本文报告国产各向同性热解碳侧倾碟型二尖瓣材料动物活体埋藏试验和动物应用实验,证明符合临床应用要求。于1978年12月应用于临床,至1979年11月共进行二尖瓣替换18例,16例长期生存,2例死亡。生存病例心功能均有显著改善。作者通过临床实践,提出了测量瓣膜口径的新方法,并作了讨论。根据临床应用结果,瓣膜性能良好,未发现血栓栓塞,可以组织大量生产,推广应用。

 
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