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feed
相关语句
  饲料
    Feed utilization plinciples and developments in physiology
    饲料利用的生理学原理及其发展
短句来源
    Higher feed prices reguire greater production efficiency
    饲料价格上涨需要提高生产效率
短句来源
    Studies on Application of Artificial Rumen Technique to Evaluate the Nutritive Value in Common Feed of Sika Deer
    应用人工瘤胃法评定梅花鹿常用饲料的营养价值
短句来源
    STUDY ON THE RAPID DETECTION OF SALMONELLAE IN ANIMAL FEED INGREDIENTS BY COAGGLUTNATION TEST AND HRP-SPA STAINING
    动物性饲料中沙门氏菌快速检验的研究——协同凝集试验及HRP-SPA酶染色法的应用
短句来源
    THE MICROCOMPUTERISED MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF FORMULA FEED DESIGN
    配合饲料设计的微型机管理系统
短句来源
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    Effect of Supplemented Cysteamine in the feed pellets on the weight gain in lambs
    半胱胺颗粒促进羔羊增重的试验
短句来源
    In terms of feed conversion ratio,the control group and the treated Ⅰ were remarkable lower than that of the treated Ⅱ and Ⅲ groups(P<0.01),but there were more remarkable difference between treated groups(P>0.05).
    而在肉比方面,对照组与处理组Ⅰ极显著低于处理组Ⅱ和Ⅲ(P<0.01),但处理组Ⅱ与处理组Ⅲ之间差异不显著(P>0.05)。
短句来源
    The results indicated that the daily gain of growing swine significantly increased and the feed to meat ratio decreased by substituting 5% and 10% in growing stage,while the average feed intake of the swine was influenced not significantly.
    结果发现:在生长阶段,5%、10%的替代水平使得生长猪的平均日增重显著增加,肉比下降; 对平均日采食量的影响不显著。
短句来源
    GroupⅡcan increase the weights of broilers significantly (P<0.05), and decrease feed gain significantly (P < 0.05), GroupⅢ can increase serum antibody levels significantly of broilers (P < 0.05).
    Ⅰ组与对照组相比,差异不显著(P>0.05)。 Ⅱ组能显著提高肉仔鸡日增重(P<0.05),且Ⅱ组能显著降低肉比(P<0.05),而Ⅲ组能显著提高肉仔鸡血清的抗体水平(P<0.05)。
短句来源
    According to the urease activity,trypsin inhibitor activity (TIA),protein solubility (PS),protein dispersibility index (PDI) and degree of starch gelatinization (SG) detected before and after processing,the optimal processing condition was that diet with feed/water of 1∶2 was heated at 121 ~ 126 ℃(0.10 ~ 0.15 MPa)for 3 minutes.
    根据加工饲粮的尿素酶活性、胰蛋白酶抑制活性、蛋白质溶解度、蛋白质分散指数及淀粉糊化度等指标,综合确定饲粮的适宜加工条件为水比1∶2,经121 ̄126℃(0.10 ̄0.15MPa)处理3min。
短句来源
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    Practial application of feed cnzymcs
    猪、禽用酶制剂的实际应用(下)
短句来源
    Activity Variances of Serum Alkaline Phosphatase in Rabbits Fed with Daily Feed at Varied Ratios of Calcium to Phosphorus
    兔粮钙磷比对血清碱性磷酸酶活力的影响
短句来源
    Effect of Water Content in Feed on Performance of Fattening Hog
    粮中水份含量对肥育猪生产效果的影响
短句来源
    EVALUATION AND STUDY ON THE STABILITY OF FEED FLAVOR
    用调味剂稳定性的评价与研究
短句来源
    Preliminary Studies on the Cellulases of Two Fungi Used on Feed Enzyme
    两种真菌纤维素酶用研究初报
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  “feed”译为未确定词的双语例句
    THE FEED EFFECT OF TAOYUAN CHICKENS RATION ON DIFFERENT NUTRITION LEVEL
    桃源鸡日粮不同营养水平的饲养效果初探
短句来源
    COMPARISON OF USING HIGH AND LOW TANNIN CONTENT SORGHUMS AS BROILER FEED
    两种单宁含量不同的高粱饲喂肉用仔鸡的效果
短句来源
    Study on Sieving Experiment of Optimum Formula Feed Prescriptions of Growing—Finishing Swine of 23—92Kgs.
    23—92公斤体重阶段生长肥育猪饲料最佳配方筛选研究
短句来源
    Trituration Experiment of Pig Concentrated Feed “710”
    猪浓缩饲料“710”研制试验
短句来源
    THE DESIGN OF FEED MANAGEMENT AND FORMULA OPTIMIZATION FOR RONGCHANG PIGS
    荣昌猪饲料管理及配方优化设计
短句来源
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  feed
The influence factors of the synthesis were discussed, and the best reaction conditions were found: the molar ratio of n-butyraldehyde to 1,2-propanediol is 1:1.5, the amount of catalyst used is 1.2% of feed stock, and the reaction time is 1.0 h.
      
It was found that the content of AGE in the copolymer increases with the increase in monomer conversion and molar faction of the AGE in the monomer feed.
      
However, the polymerization could slow down when the fraction of AGE increases in the monomer feed.
      
A feed rate self-adjusting method was proposed to uniform the grinding speed with the changes of sectional curvature.
      
Implementation of an adaptive feed speed 3D NURBS interpolation algorithm
      
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This is the second report of the results obtained on the improvement of Mongolian sheep by crossbreeding on the May First State Farm in Charhar, Inner Mongolia, and Chapei State Farm, in Changpei of Hopei Province (Formerly in Charhar). Mongolian ewes on these two Farms were crossed with rams of two finewool breeds-Soviet Merinoes and Caucasians,-and of a Medium-wool breed-Tsigai. all of which were introduced from the Soviet Union. The fleece of the Mongolian sheep on Chapei Farm is composed of 52.95°/o of true...

This is the second report of the results obtained on the improvement of Mongolian sheep by crossbreeding on the May First State Farm in Charhar, Inner Mongolia, and Chapei State Farm, in Changpei of Hopei Province (Formerly in Charhar). Mongolian ewes on these two Farms were crossed with rams of two finewool breeds-Soviet Merinoes and Caucasians,-and of a Medium-wool breed-Tsigai. all of which were introduced from the Soviet Union. The fleece of the Mongolian sheep on Chapei Farm is composed of 52.95°/o of true wool, 5.86% of hetero-typical fibres and 41.19% of hair (including kemp). When crossed with fine-wool rams, the true wool content rose to 82.32-87.36% in the F_1 generation, to 97.23-97.32% in the F_2 generation. Hair and kemp disappeared entirely on the shoulder sample of F_2, heterotypes decreased to 0.11%, while true wool content rose to 99.89%. The fleece of Mongolian sheep on the May First Farm contains 48.59% of true woo), which rose to 79.48% in the F_1 of Tsigai×Mongolian cross, and 91.17% in the F_1 of Soviet Merino×Mongolian cross. The results indicate that when Mongolian ewes are crossed with rams of finewool breeds, uniformity in fibre type can be attained in two generations. The fleece of F_2 sheep on the Chapei Farm is of 60-64's quality, the bettercared group being slightly coarser. When various groups of lambs and yearlings of F_1 and F_2 on Chapei Farm are compared, it is shown that under unfavourable environmental conditions, animals of the F_2 generation do not grow as fast as those of Ft, their constitution being also weaker than the latter. However, under better conditions, F_2 animals surpassed F_1 in either development of the body, fleece quality or fleece weight. It is evident that feeding and management conditions play a decisive role in animal improvement. The better-cared group of F_2 yearling ewes attained the following averages: body weight-41.3 kgs, height at withers-64.2 cm, fleece weight-4.69 kgs, yolk content of the fleece-20.65%, clean wool yield-53.85%, staple length-7.88 cm, average fineness of the fibres being of 60's quality.

1.察北牧场蒙古羊毛被中含细毛52.95%,一代杂种提高到82.32—87.36%,二代杂种提高到97.23—97.32%,五一牧场蒙古羊细毛含量为48.59%,一代杂种提高到79.48—91.17%。用细毛公羊与蒙古羊杂交,二代以后基本上已达到同质程度。 2.二代杂种羊毛细度为60—64支,营养较好者羊毛略粗。 3.将察北牧场小家畜组和二道渠组的二代杂种加以比较后,表明在不良的生活条件下,二代杂种发育较一代杂种为差,有退化现象。但在管理较为周到的条件下所育成的二代杂种,无论在体格发育和毛质、毛量方面都超过了不良生活条件下的一代杂种,证明主要关键在于饲养管理的条件。察北牧场小家畜组的二代杂种母羊,在一岁时平均体重达41.3公斤,体高64.2厘米,剪毛量4.69公斤,油脂含量20.65%,净毛率53.85%,毛长7.88厘米,细度60支,已达到或接近育种目标。

Mongolian cattle are raised mainly on the Mongolian plateau.They are distributed in the whole of Inner Mongolia and its neighboring provinces.They are well adapted and acclimated to the cold and dry climate of the plateau and can stand poor feeding and management conditions. The body of the cow is rectangular, the head being somewhat large, horns long and fine, chest narrow and deep, hind quarters a little narrow, hips sloping, short-legged with bowed-in hind legs, back, straight, thighs not full, udders...

Mongolian cattle are raised mainly on the Mongolian plateau.They are distributed in the whole of Inner Mongolia and its neighboring provinces.They are well adapted and acclimated to the cold and dry climate of the plateau and can stand poor feeding and management conditions. The body of the cow is rectangular, the head being somewhat large, horns long and fine, chest narrow and deep, hind quarters a little narrow, hips sloping, short-legged with bowed-in hind legs, back, straight, thighs not full, udders small with short and small teats.The color patterns are mostly yellowish brown, black, and black and white; cows of reddish-brown and wild cat are lesser in numbre, occasionally with grey or white hair. Average weight of heifer calf at birth is 17.47kg, at 6 months 102.53kg.Yearling heifers weigh 131.37kg on the average, 3 year olds 281.5kg, 5 year olds 330.5kg, and 7—9 year olds 365—370kg.The average height at withers of adult cow is 112.61cm; body length 135.96cm; heart girth 167.72cm; and the circumference of the ankle is 15.55cm. The average.length of lactation is 159.4 days, 51.64% of the cows between 121— 210 days.Milk production averages: for 1st lactation 416.35kg, 2nd lactation 513.29kg, 3rd lactation 582.38kg, 4th lactation and onwards 651.06kg, 48.37% of the cows yield between 500—1,100kg.Highest production record was 2,195.8kg, and highest daily production was 14.13kg.The average fat content was 5.22% (range from 3.1% to 9.0%), mostly between 5.0%—5.9%, which amounting to 55.38%.

蒙古牛主要产在蒙古高原。分布在我国内蒙全境及其临近的西北、东北、华北各省的部分地区。蒙古母牛体躯呈长方形,头稍大,角细长,胸扁深,后躯稍窄,尻部较倾斜,四肢短,后肢内缩,背腰平直,后腿肌肉不够丰满,乳房小,乳头细短。被毛以黄褐、黑及黑白色最多,红褐、狸色灰之,间有青灰和白色。母牛体重,初生平均为17.47公斤,6个月102.53公斤,12个月131.73公斤,3岁281.5公斤,5岁330.5公斤,7—9岁母牛为365—370公斤。成年母牛鬐甲高平均为112.61厘米,体长135.96厘米,胸围167.72厘米,管围15.55厘米。蒙古牛泌乳日数平均为159.4天。第一产泌乳量平均为416.35公斤,第二产为 513.29公斤,第三产为582.38公斤,第四产和以后各产为651.06公斤。产乳在500—1,100公斤者为多,占全群牛数的48.37%,泌乳期最高产量达2,195.8公斤,最高日泌乳量14.13公斤。乳脂率平均为5.22%(范围3.1—9.0%)。

To comply with a breeding project,data were collected on the growth and development of Harbin White pigs and their crossbreds.Herein are presented the developmental specifieities of this breed group and treatise made with regard to their general trend: 1.During the first post-partum year,the Harbin White pigs grew initially at a fast rate, followed by a slow growth rate,thus exhibiting the characteristic features of an early-maturing, easily-fattening type,capable of adipose deposition at a very early stage.Intensive...

To comply with a breeding project,data were collected on the growth and development of Harbin White pigs and their crossbreds.Herein are presented the developmental specifieities of this breed group and treatise made with regard to their general trend: 1.During the first post-partum year,the Harbin White pigs grew initially at a fast rate, followed by a slow growth rate,thus exhibiting the characteristic features of an early-maturing, easily-fattening type,capable of adipose deposition at a very early stage.Intensive grewth of lean meat also commenced at a relatively young age.On the ether hand,sacral vertebrae grew at a slow rate and hind-quarters were not as fully developed. 2.Among the various parts of the carcass,the loin grew with the greatest intensity, followed by the hind-quarters and shoulder-breast.Change in the composition of the carcass was reflected by a narrowing of the lean-fat ratio.Lean predominated at first,their ratio was 9:1.The ratio narrowed with increasing age,the proportion of fat increased while that of lean decreased.Under adequate feeding regime,the lean-fat ratio at 8 months of age was 1:1,however,under adverse feeding regime,it was only 1:0.6 at 12 months of age.The rela- tive percentages of mesentery and kidney fat to subcutaneous fat was 15:85. Among the various tissue components,fat grew at the greatest intensity and ascended from birth at a continuous rate,that of lean increased at an early stage,but declined after- wards.Skeletal growth was less intensive.The spinal column and pelvis grew at compara- tively faster rate.Along the spinal column,the lumbar vertebrae grew the fastest. 3.The digestive organs grew with the greatest intensity at the 1-4 month period.Their relative rates were large intestine,stomach and small intestines in a descending order.On the other hand,the small intestines showed a higher intensity at an earlier age than the stomach or large intestines. 4.Grewth intensity of tissues and organs during the first year of a pig’s life,when re- presented by growth curves may be classified under three categories:1)ascending order, such as fat,2)descending order,such as skeleton,3)parabolical order,such as digestive organs.The various tissues and organs were also characterized by specific periodism.The digestive organs grew more intensively during the nursing period,muscle grew at a faster rate at the 2-6-month stage.These periodic developmental features may be employed by swine breeders as bases to outline appropriate rearing programs.

围绕哈白猪育种工作,对哈白猪及其杂种进行生长发育试验。本文综合这些资料,探讨哈白猪的发育特点及猪的生长发育一般规律。1.哈白猪前期生长快,后期生长慢,表现早熟易肥小型猪的特点。其沉积脂肪能力很强,尤共早期更为突出;肌肉组织早期进入强度生长时期;荐椎发育较弱,后躯不够丰满。2.以腰部生长强度为最大,腿臀和肩胸次之。胴体组成的变化主要决定于肉、脂的变化。生后肌肉的此重占绝对优势,肉、脂此例约为9:1;随着年龄的增长脂肪此例增加,而肌肉比例减少。正常饲养条件下,哈白猪八个月龄肉、脂此例可达1:1,而低营养水平下十二个月龄仅达1:0.6。水油及板油与膘油的此例,一般保持在15:85左右。在各组织和器官中,脂肪的生长强度为最大,而且生后一直上升。肌肉的生长强度早期上升而后期下降。骨骼的生长强度较小,共中以脊椎和髋骨的生长强度较大。脊椎之中以腰椎生长强度为最大。3.消化器官以1—4个月龄生长强度为最大,其中大肠生长强度为最大,胃次之,小肠最小。但小肠出现生长强度最大时期较早,而胃和大肠较晚。4.猪由初生到一年各组织和器官的生长强度变化曲线可分为三种类型:1)一直上升者,如脂肪;2)一直下降者,如骨骼;3)上升到一定程度而...

围绕哈白猪育种工作,对哈白猪及其杂种进行生长发育试验。本文综合这些资料,探讨哈白猪的发育特点及猪的生长发育一般规律。1.哈白猪前期生长快,后期生长慢,表现早熟易肥小型猪的特点。其沉积脂肪能力很强,尤共早期更为突出;肌肉组织早期进入强度生长时期;荐椎发育较弱,后躯不够丰满。2.以腰部生长强度为最大,腿臀和肩胸次之。胴体组成的变化主要决定于肉、脂的变化。生后肌肉的此重占绝对优势,肉、脂此例约为9:1;随着年龄的增长脂肪此例增加,而肌肉比例减少。正常饲养条件下,哈白猪八个月龄肉、脂此例可达1:1,而低营养水平下十二个月龄仅达1:0.6。水油及板油与膘油的此例,一般保持在15:85左右。在各组织和器官中,脂肪的生长强度为最大,而且生后一直上升。肌肉的生长强度早期上升而后期下降。骨骼的生长强度较小,共中以脊椎和髋骨的生长强度较大。脊椎之中以腰椎生长强度为最大。3.消化器官以1—4个月龄生长强度为最大,其中大肠生长强度为最大,胃次之,小肠最小。但小肠出现生长强度最大时期较早,而胃和大肠较晚。4.猪由初生到一年各组织和器官的生长强度变化曲线可分为三种类型:1)一直上升者,如脂肪;2)一直下降者,如骨骼;3)上升到一定程度而又下降者,如消化器官。同时,各组织和器官具有某种程度的阶段性特征;如哺乳期消化器官生长强度较大;二——六个月肌肉生长强度较大。育种实践中应利用这些阶段发育特点制定相应的培育措施。

 
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