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  ovary cyst
All patients were treated successfully using minimally invasive techniques, the any age and size the ovary cyst.
      


The specific binding capacities of androgen receptor (AR) and estrogen receptor (ER) in the peripheral leukocytes were estimated by radioligand binding method in 33 patients with uterine myoma, 6 with carcinoma of the endometrium, 5 with carcinoma of the cervix, 10 with ovary cysts, 8 with ovary carcinoma and 2 with carcinoma of the fallopian tube. The specific binding capacities of AR in the leukocytes were 736±211, 517±103, 638±224, 934±192 and 695±207 sites/cell in the uterus myoma, carcinoma...

The specific binding capacities of androgen receptor (AR) and estrogen receptor (ER) in the peripheral leukocytes were estimated by radioligand binding method in 33 patients with uterine myoma, 6 with carcinoma of the endometrium, 5 with carcinoma of the cervix, 10 with ovary cysts, 8 with ovary carcinoma and 2 with carcinoma of the fallopian tube. The specific binding capacities of AR in the leukocytes were 736±211, 517±103, 638±224, 934±192 and 695±207 sites/cell in the uterus myoma, carcinoma of the endometrium, ovary cyst, ovary carcinoma and carcinoma of the fallopian tube, respectively. The number of AR of leukocytes in the ovary cyst and ovary carcinoma was significantly higher than that in healthy subjects (541 ±24 sites/cell, P<0.01). So they have masculinization. The specific binding capacities of ER were 1238±321,1436±298, 1419±413, 806±214 and 765±122 sites/cell in, respectively. The number of ER in uterine myoma, carcinoma of the endometrium and carcinoma of the cervix was significantly higher than that of controls (889±33 sites/cell P<0.01). It is suggested that estimation of AR and ER in peripheral leukocytes is useful for clarifying pathogencsis and making a differential diagnosis between ovarian and uterine neoplasms.

应用放射配体结合法检测外周血白细胞雄激素受体(AR)和雌激素受体(ER)。受检对象为子宫肌瘤患者33例、子宫内膜癌6例、子宫颈癌5例、卵巢囊肿10例、卵巢癌8例及输卵管癌2例。结果表明:子宫肌瘤、子宫内膜癌及子宫颈癌患者雌二醇(E2)及ER明显高于对照组:提示升高的E2及ER,在子宫肿瘤的生长、发展中可能起一定作用。卵巢囊肿及卵巢癌患者睾酮(T)及AR升高与某些男性化表现相吻合。提示测定AR、ER有助于子宫肿瘤和卵巢肿瘤的鉴别及病因的探讨。

Objective: To improve CT diagnostic accuracy of ovarian neoplasms. Materials and Methods: We carefully analyzed CT manifestations of 56 cases with ovarian tumors. All of them were proved by surgery or pathology. Results: CT diagnostic accuracy of malignancy was 89%, while the accuracy of teratoma was 93%, inflammatory masses was 73%. Conclusion: CT plays an important part in the diagnosis of ovarian teratoma and differential diagnosis of benign and malignant tumor. The diagnosis of ovary cyst and inflammatory...

Objective: To improve CT diagnostic accuracy of ovarian neoplasms. Materials and Methods: We carefully analyzed CT manifestations of 56 cases with ovarian tumors. All of them were proved by surgery or pathology. Results: CT diagnostic accuracy of malignancy was 89%, while the accuracy of teratoma was 93%, inflammatory masses was 73%. Conclusion: CT plays an important part in the diagnosis of ovarian teratoma and differential diagnosis of benign and malignant tumor. The diagnosis of ovary cyst and inflammatory masses must be compared with clinical materials.

目的:提高卵巢肿瘤及瘤样病变的术前CT定性诊断准确性。材料与方法:56例经手术及病理证实的卵巢肿瘤病变,对其CT表现进行分析,并与病理结果进行对照。结果:卵巢良、恶性肿瘤的CT诊断准确性均为89%,其中畸胎瘤达93%,卵巢区炎性包块的准确性为73%。结论:CT对于卵巢畸胎瘤的诊断及卵巢良恶性肿瘤的鉴别诊断价值值得肯定,对于各类囊肿及炎性包块作定性诊断时应密切结合临床。

Objective: To study retrospectively the misdiagnostic reasons in 214 cases of colorectal cancer in order to increase diagnostic rate at early phase.Methods: The cases which could not be diagnosed as colorectal cancer accurately more than three times were defined as misdiagnosed cases.A total of 1 802 cases were diagnosed definitely as colorectal cancer in the past eighteen years,and 214 cases were misdiagnosed.The longest time of misdiagnosis was three years,and the shortest time was one month.Results: The misdiagnostic...

Objective: To study retrospectively the misdiagnostic reasons in 214 cases of colorectal cancer in order to increase diagnostic rate at early phase.Methods: The cases which could not be diagnosed as colorectal cancer accurately more than three times were defined as misdiagnosed cases.A total of 1 802 cases were diagnosed definitely as colorectal cancer in the past eighteen years,and 214 cases were misdiagnosed.The longest time of misdiagnosis was three years,and the shortest time was one month.Results: The misdiagnostic rate was 11.9%(214/1 802).The misdiagnosed cases were internal hemorrhoids or anusitis,acute or chronic enteritis,acute or chronic dysentery,(acute) or chronic appendicitis,rectal polyp,intestinal obstruction,chronic colonic schistosomiasis,intestinal spasm and external intestinal diseases(such as iron-deficiency anaemia,cholecystitis,cholelithiasis,ulcer,ovary cyst,etc.).Conclusion: The diagnosis of colorectal cancer should be taken in consideration when the conventional treatment had no effect on the patients with intestinal symptoms.The diagnostic rate of colorectal cancer could be raised at early phase by combining detection of tumor symbolic markers and examination of endoscope.

目的:回顾性分析了214例结直肠癌的误诊原因,以期进一步提高早期诊断率。方法:患者就诊3次以上未能确诊为结直肠癌时定为误诊病例。18年间共确诊结直肠癌1 802例,误诊214例。误诊时间最长达3年,最短为1个月。结果:误诊率为11.9%(214/1 802)。易误诊为内痔及肛周炎、急慢性肠炎、急慢性痢疾、急慢性阑尾炎、直肠息肉、肠梗阻、慢性结肠血吸虫病、肠痉挛及肠外病变(缺铁性贫血、胆囊炎、胆石症、溃疡病、卵巢囊肿等)。结论:对有肠道症状的患者,按良性疾病治疗效果不佳时,应想到有结直肠癌的可能,及时行肿瘤标志物及结肠镜检查,可提高结直肠癌的早期诊断率。

 
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